Compendium of Phenomena

2.1 Arising of Mind

2.1.6. The Twelve Bad Thoughts

1.

Which are the states that are bad?

When a bad thought has arisen, which is accompanied by happiness, and associated with views and opinions, and has as its object a sight, a sound, a smell, a taste, a touch, a [mental] state, or what not, then there is

  • contact,
  • feeling,
  • perception,
  • thinking,
  • thought,
  • conception,
  • discursive thought,
  • joy,
  • ease,
  • self-collectedness;
  • the faculties of energy,
  • concentration,
  • ideation,
  • happiness,
  • vitality;
  • wrong views,
  • wrong intention,
  • wrong endeavour,
  • wrong concentration;
  • the powers of energy,
  • concentration,
  • unconscientiousness,
  • disregard of blame;
  • lust,
  • covetousness,
  • dullness,
  • wrong views,
  • unconscientiousness,
  • disregard of blame,
  • quiet,
  • grasp,
  • balance.

Now, these—or whatever other incorporeal, causally induced states that there are on that occasion—these are states that are bad.

What on that occasion is contact … feeling … perception … thinking … thought?

Answers as in §§2–6 respectively.

What on that occasion is conception?

Answer as in §7, substituting ‘wrong intention’ (micchasankappo) for ‘right intention’.

What on that occasion is discursive thought … joy … ease?

Answers as in §§8–10 respectively.

What on that occasion is self-collectedness?

Answer as in §11, substituting ‘ wrong concentration ‘for’ right concentration’.

What on that occasion is the faculty of energy?

Answer as in §13, substituting ‘wrong endeavour’ for ‘right endeavour’.

What on that occasion is the faculty of concentration?

Answer as in §375.

What on that occasion is the faculty of ideation … happiness … vitality?

Answers as in §§17–19 respectively.

What on that occasion are wrong views?

The views which on that occasion are

  • a walking in opinion,
  • the jungle of opinion,
  • the wilderness of opinion,
  • the puppet-show of opinion,
  • the scuffling of opinion,
  • the Fetter of opinion,
  • the grip and tenacity of it,
  • the inclination towards it,
  • the being infected by it,
  • a by-path,
  • a wrong road,
  • wrongness,
  • the ‘fording place’,
  • shiftiness of grasp

— these are the wrong views that there then are.

What on that occasion is wrong intention . . wrong endeavour … wrong concentration?

Answers as in §§371, 376, 375 respectively.

What on that occasion is the power of energy … the power of concentration?

Ansicers as in §§383, 384 respectively.

What on that occasion is the power of unconscientiousness?

The absence which there is on that occasion of any feeling of conscientious scruple when scruples ought to be felt, the absence of conscientious scruple at attaining to bad and evil states—this is the power of unconscientiousness that there then is.

What on that occasion is the power of disregard of blame?

The absence which there is on that occasion of any sense of guilt where a sense of guilt ought to be felt, the absence of a sense of guilt at attaining to bad and evil states—this is the power of disregard of blame that there then is.

What on that occasion is lust?

The lust, lusting, lustfulness which there is on that occasion, the infatuation, the feeling and being infatuated, the covetousness, the lust that is the root of badness—this is the lust that there then is.

What on that occasion is dullness?

  • The lack of knowledge, of vision, which there is on that occasion;
  • the lack of co-ordination, of judgment, of wakefulness, of penetration;
  • the inability to comprehend, to grasp thoroughly;
  • the inability to compare, to consider, to demonstrate;
  • the folly, the childishness, the lack of intelligence;
  • the dullness that is vagueness, obfuscation, ignorance, the Flood of ignorance, the Bond of ignorance, the bias of ignorance, the obsession of ignorance, the barrier of ignorance;
  • the dullness that is the root of badness

— this the dullness that there then is.

What on that occasion is covetousness … are wrong views … is unconscientiousness … disregard of blame … quiet … grasp … balance?

Answers as in §§389, 381, 387, 388, 375, 376, and, again, 375 respectively.

Or whatever other incorporeal, causally induced states there are on that occasion—these are states that are bad.

Summary

Now, on that occasion

  • the skandhas are four,
  • the spheres are two,
  • the elements are two,
  • the nutriments are three,
  • the faculties are five,
  • the Jhāna is fivefold,
  • the Path is fourfold,
  • the powers are four,
  • the causes are two,
  • contact, etc. are each single [factors];
  • etc., etc.

Continue as in §58.

What on that occasion is the skandha of syntheses?

  • Contact,
  • thinking,
  • conception,
  • discursive thought,
  • joy,
  • self-collectedness;
  • the faculties of energy,
  • concentration,
  • vitality;
  • wrong views,
  • wrong intention,
  • wrong endeavour,
  • wrong concentration;
  • the powers of energy,
  • concentration,
  • unconscientiousness,
  • disregard of blame;
  • lust, covetousness,
  • dullness; wrong views;
  • unconscientiousness,
  • disregard of blame;
  • quiet,
  • grasp,
  • balance.

These, or whatever other incorporeal, causally induced states there are on that occasion, exclusive of the skandhas of feeling, perception and intellect—these are the skandha of syntheses.

Continue as in §58.

2.

Which are the states that are bad?

When a bad thought has arisen which is accompanied by pleasure, associated with views and opinions, and prompted by a conscious motive, and which has as its object a sight … or what not, then there is contact … balance …

Continue as in the First Thought, §365.

3.

Which are the states that are bad?

When a bad thought has arisen which is accompanied by happiness and disconnected with views and opinions, and which has as its object a sight, a sound, a smell, a taste, a touch, or what not, then there is contact, etc.

Continue as in the first Bad Thought, but omitting the single, twice enumerated item ‘wrong views’.

Summary

Now, at that time

  • the skandhas are four,
  • the spheres are two,
  • the elements are two,
  • the nutriments are three,
  • the faculties are five,
  • the Jhāna is fivefold,
  • the Path is threefold,
  • etc., etc.

Continue as in §58.

What on that occasion is the skandha of syntheses?

Answer as in §398, omitting ‘wrong views’.

4.

Which are the states that are bad?

When a bad thought has arisen which is accompanied by pleasure, disconnected with views and opinions, and prompted by a conscious motive, and which has as its object a sight … or what not, then there is contact … balance …

Continue as in the Third Thought, §400.

5.

Which are the states that are bad?

When a bad thought has arisen which is accompanied by disinterestedness, and associated with views and opinions, and has as its object a sight, a sound, a smell, a taste, a touch, a [mental] state, or what not, then there is

  • contact,
  • thought,
  • feeling,
  • conception,
  • perception,
  • discursive thought,
  • thinking,
  • disinterestedness,
  • self-collectedness;
  • the faculties of energy,
  • concentration,
  • ideation;
  • disinterestedness,
  • vitality;
  • wrong views,
  • wrong intention,
  • wrong endeavour,
  • wrong concentration;
  • the powers of energy,
  • concentration,
  • unconscientiousness,
  • disregard of blame;
  • lust,
  • covetousness,
  • dullness;
  • wrong views;
  • unconscientiousness,
  • disregard of blame,
  • composure,
  • grasp,
  • balance.

These, or whatever other incorporeal, causally induced states there are on that occasion—these are states that are bad.

Questions and answers on ‘contact’, ‘feeling’, ‘disinterestedness’, and the faculty of disinterestedness’ identical with those in §§151–154.

Summary

Now, at that time

  • the skandhas are four,
  • etc.,
  • the faculties are five,
  • the Jhāna is fourfold,
  • the Path is fourfold,
  • etc.

Continue as in §58.

What on that occasion is the skandha of syntheses?

Contact, thinking, conception, discursive thought, self-collectedness, etc.

Continue as in §398, ‘joy’ having been omitted as incompatible with ‘disinterestedness’.

6.

Which are the states that are bad?

When a bad thought has arisen which is accompanied by disinterestedness, associated with views and opinions, and prompted by a conscious motive, and which has as its object a sight … or what not, then there is contact, etc.

Continue as in Thought 5.

7.

Which are the states that are bad?

When a bad thought has arisen which is accompanied by disinterestedness, and disconnected with views and opinions, and which has as its object a sight … or what not, then there is contact, etc.

Continue as in Thought 5, omitting ‘wrong views’.

Summary

Now at that time

  • the skandhas are four,
  • etc.,
  • the faculties are five,
  • the Jhāna is fourfold,
  • the Path is threefold,
  • etc.

Continue as in §397a.

What on that occasion is the skandha of syntheses?

Answer as in §398, omitting both ‘joy’ and ‘wrong views’.

8.

Which are the states that are bad?

Answer as in Thought 7, with the additional factor, inserted as in Thoughts 2, 4, 6, of ‘prompted by a conscious motive’.

9.

Which are the states that are bad?

When a bad thought has arisen which is accompanied by melancholy and associated with repugnance, and which has as its object a sight, a sound, a smell, a taste, a touch, a mental state, or what not, then there is

  • contact,
  • feeling,
  • perception,
  • thinking,
  • thought,
  • conception,
  • discursive thought,
  • distress,
  • self-collectedness;
  • the faculties of energy,
  • concentration,
  • ideation,
  • melancholy,
  • vitality;
  • wrong intention,
  • wrong endeavour,
  • wrong concentration;
  • the powers of energy,
  • concentration,
  • unconscientiousness,
  • disregard of blame;
  • hate,
  • dullness;
  • malice;
  • unconscientiousness,
  • disregard of blame,
  • quiet,
  • grasp,
  • balance.

These, or whatever other incorporeal, causally induced states there are on that occasion—these are states that are bad.

The question and answer on ‘contact’, §2.

What on that occasion is feeling?

The mental pain, the mental distress (dukkhaṃ), which, on that occasion, is born of contact with the appropriate element of representative intellection; the painful, distressful sensation which is born of contact with thought; the painful, distressful feeling which is born of contact with thought—this is the distress that there then is.

What on that occasion is distress?

Answers as for ‘feeling’ in §415, omitting ‘with the appropriate element of representative intellection’.

What on that occasion is hate?

The hate, hating, hatred which on that occasion is a disordered temper, the getting upset, opposition, hostility, churlishness, abruptness, disgust of heart—this is the hate that there then is.

What on that occasion is malice?

Answer as for ‘hate’.

Or whatever other incorporeal, causally induced states there are on that occasion—these are states that are bad.

Summary

Now, on that occasion

  • the skandhas are four,
  • etc.,
  • the faculties are five,
  • the Jhāna is fourfold,
  • the Path is threefold,
  • the powers are four,
  • the causes are two,
  • etc.

Continue as in §§58–61.

What on that occasion is the skandha of syntheses?

  • Contact,
  • thinking,
  • conception,
  • discursive thought,
  • self-collectedness;
  • the faculties of energy,
  • concentration,
  • vitality
  • wrong intention,
  • wrong endeavour,
  • wrong concentration;
  • the powers of energy,
  • concentration,
  • unconscientiousness,
  • disregard of blame;
  • hate,
  • dullness;
  • malice;
  • unconscientiousness,
  • disregard of blame,
  • quiet,
  • grasp,
  • balance.

These, or whatever other incorporeal, causally induced states there are on that occasion, exclusive of the skandhas of feeling, perception and intellect—these are the skandha of syntheses.

10.

Which are the states that are bad?

When a bad thought has arisen which is accompanied by melancholy, associated with repugnance, and prompted by a conscious motive, and which has as its object a sight … or what not, then there is contact, etc.

Continue as in Thought 9.

11.

Which are the states that are bad?

When a bad thought has arisen which is accompanied by disinterestedness and associated with perplexity, and which has as its object a sight, a sound, a smell, a taste, a touch, a mental state, or what not, then there is

  • contact,
  • feeling,
  • perception,
  • thinking,
  • thought,
  • conception,
  • discursive thought,
  • disinterestedness,
  • self-collectedness;
  • the faculties of energy,
  • disinterestedness,
  • ideation,
  • vitality;
  • wrong intention,
  • wrong endeavour;
  • the powers of energy,
  • unconscientiousness,
  • disregard of blame;
  • perplexity;
  • dullness;
  • unconscientiousness,
  • disregard of blame,
  • grasp.

These, or whatever other incorporeal, causally induced states there are on that occasion—these are states that are bad.

What on that occasion is contact?

The usual formula.

What on that occasion is self-collectedness?

The sustaining of thought which there is on that occasion—this is the self-collectedness that there then is.

What on that occasion is perplexity?

The doubt, the hesitating, the dubiety, which on that occasion is puzzlement perplexity; distraction, standing at cross-roads; collapse, uncertainty of grasp; evasion, hesitation; incapacity of grasping thoroughly, stiffness of mind, mental scarifying—this is the perplexity that there then is.

Summary

Now, at that time

  • the skandhas are four,
  • etc.,
  • the faculties are four,
  • the Jhāna is fourfold,
  • the Path is twofold,
  • the powers are three,
  • the cause is one,
  • etc.

Continue as in §58.

What on that occasion is the skandha of syntheses?

  • Contact,
  • thinking,
  • conception,
  • discursive thought,
  • self-collectedness;
  • the faculties of energy,
  • vitality;
  • wrong intention,
  • wrong endeavour;
  • the powers of energy,
  • unconscientiousness,
  • disregard of blame;
  • perplexity,
  • dullness;
  • unconscientiousness,
  • disregard of blame,
  • grasp.

Or whatever other, etc.

Continue as in §420.

12.

Which are the states that are bad?

When a bad thought has arisen which is accompanied by disinterestedness and associated with excitement, and which has as its object a sight, a sound, a smell, a taste, a touch, a mental state, or what not, then there is

  • contact,
  • feeling,
  • perception,
  • thinking,
  • thought,
  • conception,
  • discursive thought,
  • disinterestedness,
  • self-collectedness,
  • the faculties of energy,
  • concentration,
  • ideation,
  • disinterestedness,
  • vitality;
  • wrong intention,
  • wrong endeavour,
  • wrong concentration;
  • the powers of energy,
  • concentration,
  • unconscientiousness,
  • disregard of blame;
  • excitement;
  • dullness;
  • unconscientiousness,
  • disregard of blame,
  • quiet,
  • grasp,
  • balance.

These, or whatever other incorporeal, causally induced states there are on that occasion—these are states that are bad.

Usual question and answer on ‘contact’.

What on that occasion is excitement?

The excitement of mind which on that occasion is disquietude, agitation of heart, turmoil of mind—this is the excitement that there then is.

Now, at that time

  • the skandhas are four, etc.,
  • the faculties are five,
  • the Jhāna is fourfold,
  • the Path is threefold,
  • the powers are four,
  • the cause is one, etc.

Continue as in §58.

What on that occasion is the skandha of syntheses?

  • Contact,
  • thinking,
  • conception,
  • discursive thought,
  • self-collectedness;
  • the faculties of
  • energy,
  • concentration,
  • vitality;
  • wrong intention,
  • wrong endeavour,
  • wrong concentration;
  • the powers of energy,
  • concentration,
  • unconscientiousness,
  • disregard of blame;
  • excitement;
  • dullness;
  • unconscientiousness,
  • disregard of blame,
  • quiet,
  • grasp,
  • balance.

Or whatever other, etc.

Continue as in §62.

[Here end] the Twelve Bad Thoughts.