Compendium of Phenomena

2.2 Form

2.2.3. Exposition Of Form

Chapter 1 Exposition Of Form Under Single Concepts

All form is that which is

  • not a cause,
  • not the concomitant of a cause,
  • disconnected with cause,
  • conditioned,
  • compound,
  • endowed with form,
  • mundane,
  • co-Intoxicant,
  • favourable to:
  • the Fetters,
  • the Ties,
  • the Floods,
  • the Bonds,
  • the Hindrances;
  • infected,
  • favourable to grasping,
  • belonging to corruption,
  • indeterminate,
  • void of idea,
  • neither feeling, nor perception, nor synthesis,
  • disconnected with thought,
  • neither moral result, nor productive of moral result,
  • uncorrupted yet belonging to corruption,
  • not that ‘where conception works and thought discursive’,
  • not that ‘wherein is no working of conception, but only of thought discursive’,
  • void of ‘the working of conception and of thought discursive’,
  • not ‘accompanied by joy’,
  • not ‘accompanied by ease’,
  • not ‘accompanied by disinterestedness’,
  • not something capable of being got rid of either by insight or by cultivation,
  • not that the cause of which may be got rid of either by insight or by cultivation,
  • neither tending to, nor away from, the accumulation involving re-birth,
  • belonging neither to studentship nor to that which is beyond studentship,
  • limited,
  • related to the universe of sense,
  • not related to the universe of form,
  • nor to that of the formless,
  • included,
  • not of the Unincluded,
  • not something entailing inevitable retribution,
  • unavailing for (ethical) guidance,
  • cognizable when apparent by the six modes of cognition,
  • impermanent,
  • subject to decay.

Such is the category of Form considered by way of single attributes.

Chapter 2 The Category Of Form Considered By Way Of Dual Attributes

Positive And Negative

“There is form which is derived”

What is that form which is derived?

  • The spheres of vision
  • smell,
  • hearing
  • taste,
  • body sensibility;
  • the spheres of sights,
  • odours,
  • sounds
  • tastes;
  • the faculties of femininity
  • masculinity,
  • vitality;
  • intimation by act,
  • intimation by speech;
  • the element of space;
  • the buoyancy of form
  • plasticity of form
  • wieldiness of form
  • integration of form
  • maintenance
  • decay
  • impermanence
  • solid nutriment.

What is that form which is the sphere of vision?

The eye, that is to say the sentient organ, derived from the Great Phenomena, forming part of the nature of the self, invisible and reacting

— by which eye, invisible and reacting, one has seen, sees, will, or may see form that is visible and impingeing —

  • this that is sight,
  • the sphere of sight,
  • the element of vision,
  • the faculty of vision,

this that is:

  • ‘a world’,
  • ‘a door’,
  • ‘an ocean’,
  • ‘lucent’,
  • ‘a field’,
  • ‘a basis’,
  • ‘a guide’,
  • ‘guidance’,
  • the ‘hither shore’,
  • an ‘empty village’

— this is that form which constitutes the sphere of vision.

What is that form which is the sphere of vision?

The eye, that is to say the sentient organ, derived from the four Great Phenomena, forming part of the nature of the self, invisible and reacting, and against which eye, invisible and reacting, form that is visible and impingeing, has impinged, impinges, will, or may impinge

— this that is

  • sight,
  • the sphere of sight,
  • the constituent element of sight,
  • etc.

continue as in §597.

What is that form which is the sphere of vision?

The eye, that is to say the sentient organ, derived from the four Great Phenomena, forming part of the nature of the self, invisible and reacting, which eye, invisible and reacting, has impinged, impinges, will, or may impinge on form that is visible and impingeing

— this that is

  • sight,
  • the sphere of sight,
  • etc.

continue as in §597.

What is that form which is the sphere of vision?

The eye, that is to say the sentient organ, derived from the four Great Phenomena, forming part of the nature of the self, invisible and reacting, (i.) depending on which eye, in consequence of some visible form, there has arisen, arises, will, or may arise

  • visual contact; …

(ii.) and depending on which eye, in consequence of some visible form, there has arisen, arises, will, or may arise (born of that visual contact)

  • a feeling …
  • [or iii.] a perception …
  • [or iv.] thinking …
  • [or v.] a visual cognition …

[further, vi.] depending on which eye, and having a visible form as its object, there has arisen, arises, will, or may arise

  • visual contact,

(vii.) and depending on which eye, and having a visible form as its object, there has arisen, arises, will, or may arise, born of that visual contact,

  • a feeling …
  • [or viii.] a perception …
  • [or ix.] thinking …
  • [or x.] visual cognition—this that is sight, the sphere of sight, etc.

continue as in §597.

What is that form which is the sphere of hearing?

The ear, that is to say the sentient organ, derived from the four Great Phenomena, forming part of the nature of the self, invisible and reacting, —

  1. by which ear, invisible and reacting, one has heard, hears, will, or may hear sound that is invisible and impingeing;—
  2. against which ear, invisible and reacting, sound that is invisible and impingeing, has impinged, impinges, will, or may impinge; —
  3. which ear, invisible and reacting, has impinged, impinges, will, or may impinge on sound that is invisible and impingeing; —
  4. depending on which ear, in consequence of a sound, there has arisen, arises, will, or may arise:

auditory contact; …

and, depending on which ear, in consequence of a sound, there has arisen, arises, will, or may arise, born of that auditory contact,

  • a feeling …
  • [or] a perception …
  • [or] thinking …
  • [or] auditory cognition; —

[further] depending on which ear, and having a sound as its object, there has arisen, arises, will, or may arise

auditory contact; …

and, depending on which ear, and having a sound as its object, there has arisen, arises, will, or may arise, born of that auditory contact,

  • a feeling …
  • [or] a perception …
  • [or] thinking …
  • [or] auditory cognition;

— this that is

  • hearing,
  • the sphere of hearing,
  • the constituent element of hearing,
  • the faculty of hearing,

this that is

  • ‘a world’,
  • ‘a door’,
  • ‘an ocean’,
  • ‘lucent’,
  • ‘a field’,
  • ‘a basis’,
  • ‘the hither shore’,
  • ‘an empty village’

— this is that form which is the sphere of hearing.

What is that form which is the sphere of smell?

The nose, that is to say the sentient organ, derived from the four Great Phenomena, forming part of the nature of the self, invisible and reacting, —

  1. by which nose, invisible and reacting, one has smelt, smells, will, or may smell odour that is invisible and impingeing; —
  2. against which nose, invisible and reacting, odour that is invisible and impingeing, has impinged, impinges, will, or may impinge; —
  3. which nose, invisible and reacting, has impinged, impinges, will, or may impinge on odour that is invisible and impingeing; —
  4. depending on which nose, in consequence of an odour … depending on which nose, and having an odour as its object, there has arisen, arises, will, or may arise:

olfactory contact,

and, depending on which nose, in consequence of an odour … depending on which nose, and having an odour as its object, there has arisen, arises, will or may arise, born of that olfactory contact,

  • a feeling …
  • [or] a perception …
  • [or] thinking …
  • [or] olfactory cognition;

— this that is smell, the sphere, the constituent element, the faculty, of smell, this that is ‘a world’, etc.

continue as in §604.

What is that form which is the sphere of taste?

The tongue, that is to say the sentient organ, derived from the four Great Phenomena, forming part of the nature of the self, invisible and reacting; —

  1. by which tongue, invisible and reacting, one has tasted, tastes, will, or may taste sapids that are invisible and impingeing; —
  2. against which tongue, invisible and reacting, sapids that are invisible and impingeing, have impinged, impinge, will, or may impinge; —
  3. which tongue, invisible and reacting, has impinged, impinges, will, or may impinge on sapids that are invisibleand impingeing; —
  4. depending on which tongue, in consequence of a sapid … depending on which tongue, and having a sapid as its object, there has arisen, arises, will, or may arise:

gustatory contact …

and depending on which tongue, in consequence of a sapid … depending on which tongue, and having a sapid as its object, there has arisen, arises, will, or may arise, born of that gustatory contact,

  • a feeling …
  • [or] a perception …
  • [or] thinking …
  • [or] gustatory cognition;

— this that is

  • taste,
  • the sphere,
  • the constituent element,
  • the faculty of taste,

this that is

  • ‘a world’,
  • etc.

continue as in §604.

What is that form which is the sphere of body [-sensibility]?

The body, that is to say the sentient organ, derived from the four Great Phenomena, forming part of the nature of the self, invisible and reacting; —

  1. by which body-sensibility, invisible and reacting, one has touched, touches, will, or may touch the tangible that is invisible and impingeing; —
  2. against which body-sensibility, invisible and reacting, the tangible, which is invisible and impingeing, has impinged, impinges, will, or may impinge; —
  3. which body-sensibility, invisible and reacting, has impinged, impinges, will, or may impinge on the tangible that is invisible and impingeing; —
  4. depending on which body-sensibility, in consequence of something tangible … depending on which body-sensibility, and having something tangible as its object, there has arisen, arises, will, or may arise:

tactile contact,

and depending on which body-sensibility, in consequence of something tangible … depending on which body-sensibility, and having something tangible as its object, there has arisen, arises, will, or may arise, born of that tactile contact,

  • a feeling …
  • [or] a perception …
  • [or] thinking …
  • [or] tactile cognition;—

this that is

  • body sensibility,
  • the sphere,
  • constituent element,
  • faculty of body-sensibility,

this that is

  • ‘a world’,
  • etc.

continue as in §604.

What is that form which is the sphere of [visible] form?

The form which, derived from the great principles, is visible under the appearance of colour and produces impact —

  • is blue,
  • yellow,
  • red,
  • white,
  • black,
  • crimson,
  • bronze,
  • green-coloured,
  • of the hue of the mangobud;
  • is long,
  • short,
  • big,
  • little,
  • circular,
  • oval,
  • square,
  • hexagonal,
  • octagonal,
  • hekkaidecagonal;
  • low,
  • high,
  • shady,
  • glowing,
  • light,
  • dim,
  • dull,
  • frosty,
  • smoky,
  • dusty;
  • like in colour to the
  • disc of moon,
  • sun,
  • stars,
  • a mirror,
  • a gem,
  • a shell,
  • a pearl,
  • a cat's eye,
  • gold or silver;

or whatever other form there is which, derived from the four Great Phenomena, is visible and productive of impact—form which, visible and productive of impact, one has seen, sees, will, or may see with the eye that is invisible and reacting

— this which is

  • visible form,

this which is

  • the sphere of visible form,
  • the constituent element of visible form

— this is that form which is the sphere of visible form.

What is that form which is the sphere of visible form?

That form which, derived from the Great Phenomena, is visible under the appearance of colour and produces impact … on which form, visible and productive of impact, the eye, invisible and impingeing, has impinged, impinges, will, or may impinge

— this that is

  • visible form,
  • etc.

continue as in §617.

What is that form which is the sphere of visible form?

That form which, derived from the Great Phenomena, is visible under the appearance of colour and produces impact—which form, visible and producing impact, has impinged, impinges, will, or may impinge on the eye that is invisible and reacting

— this which is

  • visible form,
  • etc.

continue as in §617.

What is that form which is the sphere of visible form?

That form which, derived from the four Great Phenomena, is visible and produces impact—in consequence of which form, and depending on the eye, there has arisen, arises, will, or may arise

  • visual contact …

in consequence of which form and depending on the eye, there has arisen, arises, will, or may arise, born of that visual contact,

  • a feeling …
  • [or] a perception …
  • [or] thinking …
  • [or] visual cognition …

[further] having which visible form as its object, and depending on the eye there has arisen, arises, will, or may arise

  • visual contact,

and, having which visible form as its object, and depending on the eye, there has arisen, arises, will, or may arise

  • a feeling …
  • [or] a perception …
  • [or] thinking …
  • [or] visual cognition …

this which is

  • visible form,
  • the sphere,
  • the constituent element of visible form

— this is that form which is the sphere of visible form.

What is that form which is the sphere of sound?

That sound which is derived from the four Great Phenomena, is invisible and produces impact, such as

  • the sound
  • of drums,
  • of tabors,
  • of chank-shells,
  • of tom-toms,
  • of singing,
  • of music;
  • clashing sounds,
  • manual sounds,
  • the noise of people,
  • the sound
  • of the concussion of substances,
  • of wind,
  • of water,
  • sounds human and other than human,

or whatever other sound there is, derived from the Great Phenomena, invisible and producing impact—such a sound, invisible and producing impact, as, by the ear, invisible and reacting, one has heard, hears, will, or may hear …

… and on which sound, invisible and producing impact, the ear, invisible and reacting, has impinged, impinges, will, or may impinge …

… which sound, invisible and producing impact, has impinged, impinges, will, or may impinge on the ear that is invisible and reacting …

… in consequence of which sound and depending on the ear, there has arisen, arises, will, or may arise

auditory contact; …

… and … born of that auditory contact,

  • a feeling …
  • [or] a perception …
  • [or] thinking …
  • [or] auditory cognition …

… [further] having a sound as its object and depending on the ear, there has arisen, arises, will, or may arise,

auditory contact; …

… and … born of that auditory contact,

  • a feeling …
  • [or] a perception …
  • [or] thinking …
  • [or] auditory cognition;

this that is sound, the sphere and constituent element of sound—this is that form which is the sphere of sound.

What is that form which is the sphere of odour?

That odour which is derived from the four Great Phenomena, is invisible and produces impact, such as

  • the odour of roots,
  • sap,
  • bark,
  • leaves,
  • Flowers,
  • fruit;
  • verminous odours,
  • putrid odours,
  • pleasant and unpleasant odours,

or whatever other odour there is, derived from the four Great Phenomena, invisible and producing impact; such an odour, invisible and producing impact, as one has smelt, smells, will, or may smell with the nose, that is invisible and impingeing …

… on which odour, invisible and producing impact, the nose, invisible and impingeing, has impinged, impinges, will, or may impinge …

… such an odour, invisible and producing impact, as has impinged, impinges, will, or may impinge on the nose, invisible and reacting …

… in consequence of which odour and depending on the nose, there has arisen, arises, will, or may arise

  • olfactory contact …

and … born of that olfactory contact,

  • a feeling …
  • [or] a perception …
  • [or] thinking …
  • [or] olfactory cognition …

… [further] having an odour as its object and depending on the nose, there has arisen, arises, will, or may arise

  • olfactory contact,

… and … born of that olfactory contact,

  • a feeling …
  • [or] a perception …
  • [or] thinking …
  • [or] olfactory cognition;

this that is odour, the sphere and constituent element of odour—this is that form which is the sphere of odours.

What is that form which is the sphere of taste?

That taste which is derived from the four Great Phenomena, is invisible and produces impact, such as

  • the taste of roots,
  • stems,
  • bark,
  • leaves,
  • flowers,
  • fruits,
  • of sour,
  • sweet,
  • bitter,
  • pungent,
  • saline,
  • alkaline,
  • acrid,
  • astringent,
  • nice and nauseous sapids,

or whatever other taste there is, derived from the four Great Phenomena, invisible and producing impact—such tastes, invisible and producing impact, as with the tongue, invisible and reacting, one has tasted, tastes, will, or may taste …

… against which taste, invisible and producing impact, the tongue, invisible and impingeing, has impinged, impinges, will, or may impinge …

… a taste which, invisible and producing impact, has impinged, impinges, will, or may impinge on the tongue, invisible and reacting …

… in consequence of which taste and depending •on the tongue, there has arisen, arises, will, or may arise

gustatory contact …

… and … born of that gustatory contact,

  • a feeling …
  • [or] a perception …
  • [or] thinking …
  • [or] gustatory cognition,

[further] having a taste as its object and depending on the tongue, there has arisen, arises, will, or may arise

gustatory contact …

… and … born of that gustatory contact,

  • a feeling …
  • [or] a perception …
  • [or] thinking …
  • [or] gustatory cognition;

this that is taste, the sphere and constituent element of taste—this is that form which is the sphere of taste.

What is that form which is femininity?

That which is of the female, feminine in appearance, feminine in characteristics, in occupation, in deportment, feminine in condition and being—this is that form which constitutes femininity.

What is that form which is masculinity?

That which is of the male, masculine in appearance, masculine in characteristics, in occupation, in deportment, masculine in condition and being—this is that form which constitutes masculinity.

What is that form which is vitality?

The persistence of these corporeal states, their subsistence, their going on, their being kept going on, their progress, continuance, preservation, life, life as faculty—this is that form which is vitality.

What is that form which is bodily intimation?

That tension, that intentness, that state of making the body tense, in response to a thought, whether good, bad, or indeterminate, on the part of one who advances, or recedes, or fixes the gaze, or glances around, or retracts an arm, or stretches it forth—the intimation, the making known, the state of having made known—this is that form which constitutes bodily intimation.

What is that form which is intimation by language?

That speech, voice, enunciation, utterance, noise, making noises, language as articulate speech, which expresses a thought whether good, bad, or indeterminate—this is called language.

And that intimation, that making known, the state of having made known by language—this is that form which constitutes intimation by language.

What is that form which is the element of space?

That which is space and belongs to space, is sky and belongs to sky, is vacuum and belongs to vacuum, and is not in contact’ with the four Great Phenomena—this is that form which is the element of space.

What is that form which is lightness of form?

That lightness of form which is its capacity for changing easily, its freedom from sluggishness and inertia—this is that form which is lightness of form.

What is that form which is plasticity of form?

That plasticity of form which is its softness, smoothness, non-rigidity—this is that form which is plasticity of form.

What is that form which is wieldiness of form?

That wieldiness of form which is its serviceableness, its workable condition—this is that form which is wieldiness of form.

What is that form which is the integration (upacayo) of form?

That which is accumulation of form is the integration of form—this is that form which is the integration of form.

What is that form which is the subsistence of form?

That which is integration of form is the subsistence of form.—This is that form which is the subsistence of form.

What is that form which is the decay of form?

That decay of form which is ageing, decrepitude, hoariness, wrinkles, the shrinkage in length of days, the hypermaturity of faculties—this is that form which is the decay of form.

What is that form which is the impermanence of form?

The destruction, disease, breaking-up, dissolution of form, the impermanence which is decline—this is that form which is the impermanence of form.

What is that form which is bodily?

Boiled rice, sour gruel, flour, fish, flesh, milk, curds, butter, cheese, tila-oil, cane-syrup, or whatever else there is in whatever region that by living beings may be eaten, chewed, swallowed, digested into the juice by which living beings are kept alive—this is that form which is bodily nutriment.

[All] this is form which is derived.

[End of] the Section on Derivatives.

First Portion for Recitation in the Division on Form

“There is form which is not derived”

What is that form which is not derived?

The sphere of the tangible, the fluid element—this is that form which is not derived.

What is that form which is the sphere of the tangible?

  • The earthy (solid) element,
  • the lambent (calorific) element,
  • the gaseous (aerial) element;
  • the hard and the soft;
  • the smooth and the rough;
  • pleasant (easeful) contact,
  • painful contact;
  • the heavy and the light

— such a tangible, invisible and producing impact, as, with the body-sensibility, invisible and reacting, one has touched, touches, will, or may touch …

… against which tangible, invisible, and producing impact, the body-sensibility, invisible and reacting, has impinged, impinges, will, or may impinge …

… such a tangible, invisible and producing impact, as has impinged, impinges, will, or may impinge against the body-sensibility, invisible and reacting …

… in consequence of which tangible and depending on the body-sensibility, there has arisen, arises, will, or may arise

  • bodily contact …

and … born of that bodily contact,

  • a feeling …
  • [or] a perception …
  • [or] thinking …
  • [or] cognition of body …

[further,] having a tangible as its object and depending on the body (-sensibility), there has arisen, arises, will, or may arise

  • bodily contact …

and … born of that bodily contact,

  • a feeling …
  • [or] a perception …
  • [or] thinking …
  • [or] cognition of body;

this that is the tangible, the sphere and element of the tangible—this is that form which is the sphere of the tangible.

What is that form which is the fluid?

That which is fluid and belongs to fluid, that which is viscid and belongs to viscous, the cohesiveness of form—this is that form which is the fluid element.

[All] this is that form which is not derived.

What is that form which is the issue of grasping?

  • The spheres of:
  • sight,
  • hearing,
  • smell,
  • taste,
  • body-sensibility,
  • femininity,
  • masculinity,
  • vitality,

or whatever form there exists through karma having been wrought, whether it be in

  • the spheres of:
  • visible forms,
  • odours,
  • tastes,
  • or the tangible;
  • the element of space,
  • the fluid element,
  • the integration or the subsistence of form,
  • or bodily nutriment

— this is that form which is the issue of grasping.

What is that form which is not the issue of grasping?

The sphere of sound, bodily and vocal intimation, lightness, plasticity and wieldiness of form, decay and impermanence of form, or whatever other form exists which is not due to karma having been wrought, whether it be in the sphere of visible forms, smells, tastes, or the tangible; the element of space or that of fluidity; the integration or the subsistence of form, or bodily nutriment—this is that form which is not the issue of grasping.

What is that form which is both the issue of grasping and favourable to grasping?

  • The spheres of:
  • the five senses,
  • femininity,
  • masculinity and vitality,

or whatever other form exists through karma having been wrought, whether it be in

  • the spheres of:
  • visible forms,
  • odours,
  • tastes or the tangible,
  • in the elements of space or fluidity,
  • in the integration,
  • or the subsistence of form
  • or in bodily nutriment

— this is that form which is both the issue of grasping and favourable to grasping.

What is that form which is not the issue of grasping, but is favourable to grasping?

  • The sphere of:
  • sounds,
  • bodily and vocal intimation,
  • the lightness,
  • plasticity,
  • wieldiness,
  • decay and impermanence of form,

or whatever other form exists which is not due to karma having been wrought, whether it be in

  • the sphere of
  • visible forms,
  • smells,
  • tastes,
  • the tangible,
  • in the element of space or of fluidity,
  • in the integration,
  • or the subsistence of form,
  • or in bodily nutriment

— this is that form which is not the issue of grasping but is favourable to grasping.

What is that form which is visible?

The sphere of visible forms—this is that form which is visible.

What is that form which is invisible?

The sphere of vision … and bodily nutriment—this is that form which is invisible.

What is that form which reacts and impinges?

  • The spheres of:
  • vision,
  • hearing,
  • smell,
  • taste,
  • body-sensibility;
  • the spheres of:
  • visible forms,
  • sounds,
  • smells,
  • tastes,
  • tangibles

— this is that form which reacts and impinges.

What is that form which does not react or impinge?

Femininity … and bodily nutriment

— this is that form which does not react or impinge.

What is that form which is faculty?

  • The faculties (or personal potentialities) of:
  • vision,
  • hearing,
  • smell,
  • taste,
  • body-sensibility,
  • femininity,
  • masculinity,
  • vitality

— this is that form which is faculty.

What is that form which is not faculty?

The spheres of visible form … and bodily nutriment—this is that form which is not faculty.

What is that form which is Great Phenomenon?

The sphere of the tangible and the element of fluidity—this is that form which is Great Phenomenon.

What is that form which is not Great Phenomenon?

The sphere of vision … and bodily nutriment—this is that form which is not Great Phenomenon.

What is that form which is intimation?

Bodily and vocal intimation —this is that form which is intimation.

What is that form which is not intimation?

The sphere of vision … and bodily nutriment—this is that form which is not intimation.

What is that form which is sprung from thought?

Bodily and vocal intimation, or whatever other form exists that is born of thought, caused by thought, has its source in thought, whether it be in

  • the sphere of:
  • visible forms,
  • sounds,
  • odours,
  • tastes or tangibles,
  • in the spatial,
  • or the fluid element,
  • in the lightness,
  • plasticity,
  • wieldiness,
  • integration
  • or subsistence of form,
  • or in bodily nutriment

— this is that form which is sprung from thought.

What is that form which is not sprung from thought?

  • The sphere of:
  • the five senses,
  • femininity,
  • masculinity and vitality,
  • the decay and the impermanence of form,

or whatever other form exists that is not born of thought, not caused by thought, does not have its source in thought, whether it be in

  • the sphere of
  • visible forms,
  • sounds,
  • odours,
  • tastes,
  • or tangibles,
  • in the spatial or fluid element,
  • in the lightness,
  • plasticity,
  • wieldiness,
  • integration or subsistence of form,
  • or in bodily nutriment

— this is that form which is not sprung from thought.

What is that form which comes into being together with thought?

What is that form which does not come into being; together with thought?

Answers as in the preceding pair of relatives.

What is that form which is consecutive to thought?

What is that form which is not consecutive to thought?

Answers as in the preceding pair of relatives.

What is that form which belongs to the self?

The spheres of the five senses—this is that form which belongs to the self.

What is that form which is external?

The sphere of the five kinds of sense-objects … and bodily nutriment—this is that form which is external (to the self).

Which is that form which is gross?

The spheres of the five senses and of the five kinds of sense-objects—this is that form which is gross.

Which is that form which is subtle?

Femininity … and bodily nutriment—this is that form which is subtle.

What is that form which is remote?

Femininity … and bodily nutriment—this is that form which is remote.

What is that form which is near?

The spheres of the five senses and of the five kinds of sense-objects—this is that form which is near.

Basis

What is that form which is the basis of visual contact?

The sphere of vision—this is that form which is the basis of visual contact.

What is that form which is not the basis of visual contact?

The sphere of hearing … and bodily nutriment—this is that form which is not, etc.

What is that form which is the basis of

  • the feeling …
  • the perception …
  • the thinking …
  • the visual cognition

which is born of visual contact?

The sphere of vision—this is that form which is the basis of the … visual cognition which is born of visual contact.

What is that form which is not the basis of the … visual cognition born of visual contact?

The sphere of hearing … and bodily nutriment—this is that form which is not the basis of the … visual cognition born of visual contact.

What is that form which is the basis of

  • auditory …
  • olfactory …
  • gustatory …
  • bodily contact?

The sphere of … body-sensibility—this is that form which is the basis of … bodily contact.

What is that form which is not the basis of … bodily contact?

The sphere of vision … and bodily nutriment—this is that form which is not the basis of … bodily contact.

What is that form which is the basis of

  • the feeling …
  • the perception …
  • the thinking …
  • the … cognition of body

that is born of … bodily contact?

The sphere … of body-sensibility—this is that form which is the basis of the … cognition of body that is born of … bodily contact.

What is that form which is not the basis of the … cognition of body born of … bodily contact?

The sphere of vision … and bodily nutriment—this is that form which is not the basis of the … cognition of body born, etc.

Mental object or idea (arammanaṃ).

What is that form which is the object in visual contact?

The sphere of visible forms—this is that form which is the object in visual contact.

What is that form which is not the object in visual contact?

The sphere of vision … and bodily nutriment—this is that form which is not, etc.

What is that form which is the object in

  • the feeling …
  • the perception …
  • the thinking …
  • the visual cognition

that is born of visual contact?

The sphere of visible forms—this is that form which is the object in … the visual cognition that is born of visual contact.

What is that form which is not the object in the … visual cognition born of visual contact?

The sphere of vision … and bodily nutriment—this is that form which is not the object, etc.

What is that form which is the object in

  • auditory …
  • olfactory …
  • gustatory …
  • bodily contact?

The sphere of … the tangible—this is that form which is the object in … bodily contact.

What is that form which is not the object in … bodily contact?

The sphere of vision … and bodily nutriment—this is that form which is not the object in … bodily contact.

What is that form which is the object in

  • the feeling …
  • the perception …
  • the thinking …
  • the … cognition of body

that is born of … bodily contact?

The sphere of the tangible—this is that form which is the object in the … cognition of body that is born of … bodily contact.

What is that form which is not the object in the … cognition of body that is born of bodily contact?

The sphere of vision … and bodily nutriment—this is that form which is not the object, etc.

Sphere of sense

What is that form which is the sphere of vision?

The eye, that is to say, the sentient organ which is derived from the four Great Phenomena … this that is ‘an empty village’—this is that form which is the sphere of vision.

What is that form which is not the sphere of vision?

The sphere of hearing … and bodily nutriment—this is that form which is not the sphere of vision.

What is that form which is the sphere of hearing … smell … taste … body-sensibility?

The body, that is to say, the sentient organ which is derived from the four Great Phenomena … this that is ‘an empty village’—this is that form which is the sphere of … body-sensibility.

What is that form which is not the sphere of … body-sensibility?

The sphere of vision … and bodily nutriment—this is that form which is not, etc.

What is that form which is the sphere of visible forms?

That form which, derived from the four Great Phenomena, is visible under the appearance of colour … this … which is the constituent element of visible form—this is that form which is the sphere of visible forms.

What is that form which is not the sphere of visible forms?

The sphere of vision … and bodily nutriment—this is that form which is not, etc.

What is that form which is the sphere of

  • sound,
  • odour,
  • taste,
  • the tangible?

The earthy (solid) element … this that is the … element of the tangible—this is that form which is the sphere of the tangible.

What is that form which is not the sphere of … the tangible?

The sphere of vision … and bodily nutriment—this is that form which is not, etc.

Element

What is that form which is the element of vision?

The sphere of vision—this is that form which is the element of vision.

What is that form which is not the element of vision?

The sphere of hearing … and bodily nutriment—this is that form which is not the element of vision.

What is that form which is the element of visible form?

The sphere of visible form—this is that form which is the element of visible form.

What is that form which is not the element of visible form?

The sphere of vision … and bodily nutriment—this is that form which is not, etc.

What is that form which is the element of sound … of odour … of taste … of the tangible?

The sphere of … the tangible—this is that form which is the element of … the tangible.

What is that form which is not the element of … the tangible?

The sphere of vision … and bodily nutriment—this is that form which is not the element of … the tangible.

Faculty

What is that form which is the faculty of vision?

The eye, that is to say, the sentient organ which is derived from the four Great Phenomena … this that is ‘an empty village’—this is that form which is the faculty of vision.

What is that form which is not the faculty of vision?

The sphere of hearing … and bodily nutriment—this is that form which is not, etc.

What is that form which is the faculty of hearing … smell … taste … body-sensibility?

The … body, that is to say, the sentient principle, which is derived from the four Great Phenomena … this that is ‘an empty village’—this is that form which is the faculty of … body-sensibility.

What is that form which is not the faculty of … body-sensibility?

The sphere of vision … and bodily nutriment—this is that form which is not, etc.

What is that form which is femininity?

That which is of the female, feminine in appearance, characteristics, occupation, and deportment, feminine in condition and being—this is that form which is femininity.

What is that form which is not femininity?

The sphere of vision … and bodily nutriment—this is that form which is not, etc.

What is that form which is masculinity?

That which is of the male, masculine in appearance, characteristics, occupation, and deportment, masculine in condition and being—this is that form which is masculinity.

What is that form which is not masculinity?

Answer as in §713a.

What is that form which is (the faculty of) vitality?

The persistence of these corporeal states, their subsistence, their going on, their being kept going on, their progress, continuance, preservation, life, life as faculty—this is that form which is (the faculty of) vitality.

What is that form which is not (the faculty of) vitality?

Answer as in §713a.

Intimation

What is that form which is bodily intimation?

Answer as in §636.

What is that form which is not bodily intimation?

The sphere of vision … and bodily nutriment—this is that form which is bodily intimation.

What is that form which is vocal intimation?

Answer as in §637.

What is that form which is not vocal intimation?

The sphere of vision … and bodily nutriment—this is that form which is not, etc.

Space and fluid

What is that form which is the element of space?

That which is space and belongs to space, is sky, belongs to sky, is vacuum, belongs to vacuum, and is not in contact with the four Great Phenomena—this is that form which is the element of space.

What is that form which is not the element of space?

Answer as §721.

What is that form which is the element of fluidity?

That which is fluid and belongs to fluid, that which is viscid and belongs to viscid; the cohesiveness of form—this is that form which is the element of fluidity.

What is that form which is not the element of fluidity?

Answer as in §721.

Modes of form

What is that form which is lightness of form?

That lightness of form which is its capacity for changing easily, its freedom from sluggishness and inertia—this is that form which is lightness of form.

What is that form which is not lightness of form?

The sphere of vision … and bodily nutriment—this is that form which is not lightness of form.

Questions on the other two modes of form ‘plasticity’ and ‘wieldiness’ are answered by the descriptions given in §§640, 641. The corresponding contradictory terms are described in the same terms as in §727, viz,: as in §596, with the omissions and insertion as indicated on p, 216, n. 5.

Evolution of form.

What is that form which is the integration of form?

That which is accumulation of form is the integration of form—this is that form which is, etc.

What is that form which is not the integration of form?

The sphere of vision … and bodily nutriment — this is that form which is not, etc.

Questions on the ‘subsistence’, ‘decay’, and ‘impermanence’ of form and their contradictories are answered analogously with those in the group on ‘Modes of form’, the three positives being described as in §§642–645.

Nutrition

What is that form which is bodily nutriment?

This is answered as in §646.

What is that form which is not bodily nutriment?

The sphere of vision … and the impermanence of form—this is that form which is not bodily nutriment.

Such are the Categories of Form under Dual Aspects.

End of the Exposition of the Pairs.

Chapter 3 Categories Of Form Under Triple Aspects

Exposition Of The Triplets

What is that form which is

(i.) personal and derived?

The spheres of the five senses.

(ii.) external and derived?

The sphere of visible form … and bodily nutriment.

(iii.) external and not derived?

The sphere of the tangible and the fluid element.

What is that form which is

(i.) personal and the issue of grasping?

The spheres of the five senses.

(ii.) external and the issue of grasping?

  • Femininity,
  • masculinity,
  • vitality,

or whatever other form exists through karma having been wrought,

whether it be

  • in the spheres of visible form,
  • odour,
  • taste,
  • or the tangible,
  • in the spatial or the fluid element,
  • in the integration or subsistence of form,
  • or in bodily nutriment.

(iii.) external and not the issue of grasping?

  • The sphere of sound,
  • bodily and vocal intimation,
  • the lightness,
  • plasticity,
  • wieldiness,
  • decay,
  • and impermanence of form,

or whatever other form exists which is not due to karma having been wrought,

whether it be

  • in the spheres of visible form,
  • odour,
  • taste,
  • or the tangible,
  • in the spatial or the fluid element,
  • etc.

[continue as in ii.].

What is that form which is

  • (i.) personal and both the issue of grasping and favourable to grasping?
  • (ii.) external and both the issue of grasping and favourable to grasping?
  • (iii.) external and not the issue of grasping but favourable to grasping?

The answers are identical with those in the jweceding triplet, taken in order.

What is that form which is

(i.) personal and invisible?

The spheres of the five senses.

(ii.) external and visible?

The sphere of visible form.

(iii.) external and invisible?

The sphere of sound … and bodily nutriment

What is that form which is

(i.) personal and reacting (impingeing)?

The spheres of the five senses.

(ii.) external and impingeing?

The spheres of the five kinds of sense-objects.

(iii.) external and non-impingeing?

Sex … and bodily nutriment.

What is that form which is

(i.) personal and a faculty?

The five faculties of sense.

(ii.) external and a faculty?

Sex and vitality.

(iii.) external and not a faculty?

The sphere of visible form … and bodily nutriment.

What is that form which is

(i.) personal and not one of the Great Phenomena?

The spheres of the five senses.

(ii.) external and belonging to the Great Phenomena?

The sphere of the tangible and the fluid element.

(iii.) external and not one of the Great Phenomena?

The spheres of the [other four kinds of sense-objects] … and bodily nutriment.

What is that form which is

(i.) personal and not intimation?

The spheres of the five senses.

(ii.) external and intimation?

Bodily and vocal intimation.

(iii.) external and not intimation?

The spheres of the five kinds of sense-objects … and bodily nutriment.

What is that form which is

(i.) personal and sprung from thought?

The spheres of the five senses.

(ii.) external and sprung from thought?

  • Bodily and vocal intimation,

or whatever other form exists which is

  • born of thought,
  • caused by thought, etc.

continue as in §667.

(iii.) external and not sprung from thought?

  • Sex and vitality,
  • the decay and impermanence of form,

or whatever other form exists which is

  • not born of thought,
  • caused by thought, etc.

continue as in §668.

What is that form which is

(i.) personal and does not come into being together with a thought?

The spheres of the five senses.

(ii.) external and comes into being together with a thought?

Bodily and vocal intimation.

(iii.) external and does not come into being, etc.?

The spheres of the five kinds of sense-objects … and bodily nutriment.

What is that form which is

  • (i.) personal and not consecutive to a thought?
  • (ii.) external and consecutive to a thought?
  • (iii.) external and not consecutive to a thought?

The answers are identical with those in the preceding triplet, taken in order.

What is that form which is

(i.) personal and gross?

The spheres of the five senses.

(ii.) external and gross?

The spheres of the five kinds of sense-objects.

(iii.) external and subtle?

Sex … and bodily nutriment.

What is that form which is

(i.) personal and near?

The spheres of the five senses.

(ii.) external and remote?

Sex … and bodily nutriment.

(iii.) external and near?

The spheres of the five kinds of sense-objects.

What is that form which is

(i.) external and not the basis of visual contact?

The spheres of the five kinds of sense-objects … and bodily nutriment.

(ii.) personal and the basis of visual contact?

The sphere of vision.

(iii.) personal and not the basis of visual contact?

The sphere of the other four senses.

What is that form which is

  • (i.) external and not a basis of
    • the feeling …
    • the perception …
    • the thinking …
    • the visual cognition
    • that is born of visual contact?
  • (ii.) personal and a basis of the feeling … the visual cognition that is born of visual contact?
  • (iii.) personal and not a basis of the feeling … the visual cognition that is born of visual contact?

Answers identical with those in the preceding triplet.

What is that form which is

  • (i.) external and not a basis of
  • auditory …
  • olfactory …
  • gustatory …
  • bodily contact?

The spheres of the five kinds of sense objects … and bodily nutriment.

(ii.) personal and a basis of … bodily contact?

The spheres of the other four senses respectively.

(iii.) personal and not a basis of … bodily contact?

The sphere of … vision, hearing, smell, taste.

What is that form which is

  • (i.) external and not a basis of
    • the feeling …
    • the perception …
    • the thinking …
    • the … cognition of body
    • that is born of … bodily contact?
  • (ii.) personal and a basis of … the cognition of body that is born of bodily contact?
  • (iii.) personal and not a basis of … the cognition of body that is born of bodily contact?

Answers identical with those in the preceding triplet taken in order.

What is that form which is

(i.) personal and not the object apprehended on occasion of visual contact?

The spheres of the five senses.

(ii.) external and the object apprehended on occasion of visual contact?

The sphere of visible form.

(iii.) external and not the object apprehended on occasion of visual contact?

The spheres of the other four kinds of sense-objects … and bodily nutriment.

What is that form which is

  • (i.) personal and not the object of
    • the feeling …
    • the perception …
    • the thinking …
    • the visual cognition
    • that is born of visual contact?
  • (ii.) external and the object of … visual cognition?
  • (iii.) external and not the object of … . visual cognition?

Answers identical with those in the preceding triplet, taken in order.

What is that form which is

(i.) personal and not the object apprehended on occasion of:

  • auditory …
  • olfactory …
  • gustatory …
  • bodily contact?

The spheres of the five senses.

(ii.) external and the object apprehended on occasion of … bodily contact?

The sphere of the tangible.

(iii.) external and not the object apprehended on occasion of … bodily contact?

The spheres of the five kinds of sense-objects … and bodily nutriment.

What is that form which is

(i.) personal and not the object of:

  • the feeling …
  • the perception …
  • the thinking …
  • the … cognition of body
  • that is born of … bodily contact?

The spheres of the five senses.

(ii.) external and the object of the … cognition of body that is born of bodily contact?

The sphere of … the tangible.

(iii.) external and not the object of the … cognition of body that is born, etc.

The spheres of the other four kinds of sense-objects … and bodily nutriment.

What is that form which is

(i.) external and not the sphere of vision?

The spheres of the five kinds of sense-objects … and bodily nutriment.

(ii.) personal and the sphere of vision?

The eye, that is to say the sentient organ which is derived from the four Great Phenomena … this that is ‘an empty village’—this, etc.

(iii.) personal and not the sphere of vision?

The spheres of the other four senses.

What is that form which is

(i.) external and not the sphere of hearing, smell, taste, or body -sensibility?

The spheres of the five kinds of sense-objects … and bodily nutriment.

(ii.) personal and the sphere of … body -sensibility?

The body, that is to say the sentient organ, which is derived from the Great Phenomena … this that is ‘an empty village’—this, etc.

(iii.) personal and not the sphere of … body-sensibility?

The spheres of the other four senses.

What is that form which is

(i.) personal and not the sphere of visible fonn?

The spheres of the five senses.

(ii.) external and the sphere of visible form?

That form which, derived from the four Great Phenomena, is visible under the appearance of colour … this that is the element of visible form—this, etc.

(iii.) external and not the sphere of visible form?

The spheres of the other four kinds of sense-objects … and bodily nutriment.

What is that form which is

(i.) personal and not the sphere of sound, or of odour, or of taste, or of the tangible?

The spheres of the five senses.

(ii.) external and the sphere of … the tangible?

The earthy (solid) element, etc… . this that is the constituent element of the tangible—this, etc.

(iii.) external and not the sphere of … the tangible? The spheres of the other four kinds of sense-objects … and bodily nutriment.

What is that form which is

(i.) external and not the element of vision?

The spheres of the five kinds of sense-objects … and bodily nutriment.

(ii.) personal and the element of vision?

The sphere of vision.

(iii.) personal and not the element of vision?

The other four senses.

What is that form which is

(i.) external and not the element of hearing, smell, taste, or body -sensibility?

The spheres of the five kinds of sense-objects … and bodily nutriment.

(ii.) personal and the element of … body -sensibility?

The sphere of … body-sensibility.

(iii.) personal and not the element of … hody-sensihility? The spheres of the other four senses.

What is that form which is

(i.) personal and not the element of visible form?

The spheres of the five senses.

(ii.) external and the element of visible form?

The sphere of visible forms.

(iii.) external and not the element of visible form?

The spheres of the other four kinds of sense-objects … and bodily nutriment.

What is that form which is

(i.) personal and not the element of sounds odour, taste or the tangible?

The spheres of the five senses.

(ii.) external and the element of … the tangible?

The sphere of the tangible.

(iii.) external and not the element of … the tangible?

The spheres of the five kinds of sense-objects … and bodily nutriment.

What is that form which is

(i.) external and not the faculty of vision?

The spheres of the five kinds of sense-objects … and bodily nutriment.

(ii.) personal and the faculty of vision?

The sphere of vision.

(iii.) personal and not the faculty of vision?

The spheres of the other four senses.

What is that form which is

(i.) external and not the faculty of hearing, smell, taste, or body -sensibility?

The spheres of the five kinds of sense-objects … and bodily nutriment.

(ii.) personal and the faculty of … body -sensibility?

The body, that is to say the sentient organ which is derived from the four Great Phenomena … this that is ‘an empty village’—this, etc.

(iii.) personal and not the faculty of … body-sensibility?

The spheres of the other four senses.

What is that form which is

(i.) personal and not the potentiality of femininity?

The spheres of the five senses

(ii.) external and femininity?

That which is of the female, female in appearance, etc.

continue as in §633.

(iii.) external and not femininity?

The spheres of the five kinds of sense-objects … and bodily nutriment.

What is that form which is

(i.) personal and not the potentiality of mascidinity? etc.

The questions and answers in this triplet are exactly analogous with those in the foregoing, §634 constituting the answer to (ii.).

This triplet is on ‘vitality’, and is also exactly analogous with that on ‘femininity’, §635 being substituted in (ii.).

What is that form which is

(i.) personal and not bodily intimation?

The spheres of the five senses.

(ii.) external and bodily intimation?

That tension, intension, tense state of the body, etc. continue as in §636.

(iii.) external and not bodily intimation?

The spheres of the five kinds of sense-objects … and bodily nutriment.

This triplet is on ‘vocal intimation’, and similar to the foregoing, §637 being quoted as the answer to the second question.

Here follow ten triplets on the presence or absence, inform that is personal or external, of the ten following attributes—identical with those ending the categories according to Pairs (§§722–741).

  • the element of space, the integration of form,
  • the element of fluidity, the subsistence of form,
  • the lightness of form, the decay of form,
  • the plasticity of form, the impermanence of form,
  • the wieldiness of form, bodily nutriment.

Questions and answers in each of these triplets are identical with those in the triplet last set out on ‘bodily intimation’ (§§844–846), the only varying elements being the specific kind of form inquired into and its definition in the second answer of each triplet.

Thus the schema of the questions is

  • (i.) personal and not …
  • external and …
  • external and not …

Such are the Categories of Form under Threefold Aspects.

End of the Exposition of Triplets.

Chapter 4 Categories Of Form Under Fourfold Aspects

Derivation—Work of Karma

What is that form which is

(i.) derived and the issue of grasping?

The spheres of the five senses; the potentialities of sex and vitality, or whatever other form exists through karma having been wrought, whether it be in the sphere of visible forms, odours, or tastes, the element of space, the integration or subsistence of form, or bodily nutriment,

(ii.) derived and not the issue of grasping?

The sphere of sounds, bodily and vocal intimation, the lightness, plasticity, and wieldiness of form, or whatever other form exists which is not due to karma having been wrought, whether it be in the spheres of visible forms, odours, or tastes, the element of space, the integration or subsistence of form, or bodily nutriment.

(iii.) underived and the issue of grasping?

[Form] due to karma having been wrought, which is in the sphere of the tangible and the fluid element.

(iv.) underived and not the issue of grasping?

[Form] not due to karma having been wrought, which is in the sphere of the tangible and the fluid element.

Derivation—Production of Karma.

What is that form which is

  • (i.) derived and both the issue of grasping and favourable to it?
  • (ii.) derived and not the issue of grasping but favourable to it?
  • (iii.) underived and both the issue of grasping and favourable to it?
  • (iv.) underived and not the issue of grasping but favourable to it?

The four answers are respectively identical with those in the preceding group.

Derivation—Impact.

What is that form which is

(i.) derived and impingeing?

The spheres of the five senses, and of visible form, sound, odour and taste.

(ii.) derived and non-impingeing?

Sex … and bodily nutriment.

(iii.) underived and impingeing?

The sphere of the tangible.

(iv.) underived and non -impingeing?

The fluid element.

[Derivation—Bulk.]

What is that form which is

  • (i.) derived and gross?
  • (ii.) derived and subtle?
  • (iii.) underived and gross?
  • (iv.) derived and subtle?

Answers respectively identical with those in the preceding group.

Derivation—Proximity.

What is that form which is

(i.) derived and remote?

Sex … and bodily nutriment.

(ii.) derived and near?

The spheres of the five senses, and those of visible form, sound, odour and taste.

(iii.) underived and remote?

The fluid element.

(iv.) underived and near?

The sphere of the tangible.

Work of Karma—Visibility

What is that form which is

(i.) the issue of grasping and visible?

The sphere of visible form which is due to karma having been wrought.

(ii.) the issue of grasping and invisible?

  • The spheres of the five senses;
  • sex and vitality,

or whatever other form exists through karma having been wrought,

whether it be in

  • the spheres of odour, taste, or the tangible,
  • the elements of space or fluidity,
  • the integration or subsistence of form, or bodily nutriment.

(iii.) not the issue of grasping and visible?

The sphere of visible form which is not due to karma having been wrought.

(iv.) not the issue of grasping and invisible?

  • The sphere of sound,
  • bodily and vocal intimation,
  • the lightness,
  • plasticity,
  • wieldiness of form,
  • the decay,
  • or the impermanence of form,

or whatever other form exists which is not due to karma having been wrought,

whether it be in

  • the spheres of odour, or of taste, or of the tangible,
  • the elements of space, or of fluidity,
  • the integration or subsistence of form,
  • or bodily nutriment.

Work of Karma—Impact

What is that form which is

(i.) the issue of grasping and impingeing?

The spheres of the five senses, or whatever other form exists through karma having been wrought in

  • the spheres of visible form, odour, taste or the tangible.

(ii.) the issue of grasping and non-imping eing?

Sex or vitality, or whatever other form exists through karma having been wrought in

  • the elements of space or fluidity,
  • in the integration, or subsistence of form,
  • or in bodily nutriment.

(iii.) not the issue of grasping and impingeing?

The sphere of sound, or whatever other form exists which is not due to karma having been wrought in the spheres of the other four kinds of sense-objects.

(iv.) not the issue of grasping and non-impingeing?

  • Bodily and vocal intimation,
  • the lightness,
  • plasticity,
  • wieldiness,
  • decay,
  • or impermanence of form,

or whatever other form exists which is not due to karma having been wrought in

  • the elements of space or fluidity,
  • in the integration or subsistence of form,
  • or in bodily nutriment.

Work of Karma—Great Phenomena

What is that form which is

(i.) the issue of grasping and great phenomenon?

The sphere of the tangible and the fluid element which are due to karma having been wrought.

(ii.) the issue of grasping and not great phenomenon?

  • The spheres of the five senses,
  • sex,
  • vitality,

or whatever other form exists through karma having been wrought,

  • in the element of space,
  • in the integration or subsistence of form,
  • or in bodily nutriment.

(iii.) not the issue of grasping but great phenomenon?

The sphere of the tangible and the fluid element which are not due to karma having been wrought.

(iv.) not the issue of grasping nor great phenomenon?

  • The sphere of sound,
  • bodily and vocal intimation,
  • the lightness,
  • plasticity,
  • wieldiness,
  • decay
  • and impermanence of form,

or whatever other form exists which is not due to karma having been wrought,

whether it be

  • in the spheres of visible form, odour, or taste,
  • in the element of space,
  • in the integration or subsistence of form,
  • or in bodily nutriment.

Work of Karma—Bulk

What is that form which is

  • (i.) the issue of grasping and gross?
  • (ii.) the issue of grasping and subtle?
  • (iii.) not the issue of grasping and gross?
  • (iv.) not the issue of grasping and subtle?

Answers respectively identical with the four in the next preceding group but one (§§901–904).

Work of Karma—Proximity

What is that form which is

  • (i.) the issue of grasping and remote?
  • (ii.) the issue of grasping and near?
  • (iii.) not the issue of grasping and remote?
  • (iv.) not the issue of grasping and near?

Answers identical with those in the preceding group (i.e., with those in §§901–904), but having the order of the first and second answers inverted, as ivell as that of the third and fourth.

In the next five groups of four, form is considered as a combination of

  • (a) ‘the issue of grasping and favourable to grasping’, and either
  • ‘visible’,
  • ‘impingeing’,
  • ‘a great phenomenon’,
  • ‘gross’ or
  • ‘remote’, or the opposites of these five taken successively;
  • (b) ‘not the issue of grasping, but favourable to grasping’,
  • and the five above-named attributes and their opposites taken successively.

Thus the questions are analogous to, and the answers identical with, those in the preceding five groups (§§897–916).

Impact—Faculty

What is that form which is

(i.) impingeing and faculty?

The faculties of the five senses.

(ii.) impingeing and not faculty?

The five kinds of sense-objects.

(iii.) non-impingeingandfaculty?

Sex and vitality.

(iv.) non-impingeing and not faculty?

Bodily and vocal intimation … and bodily nutriment.

Impact—Great Phenomenon

What is that form which is

(i.) impingeing and a great phenomenon? The sphere of the tangible.

(ii.) impingeing and not a great phenomenon ‘? The spheres of visible form, sound, odour and taste.

(iii.) non-impingeing and a great phenomenon? The fluid element.

(iv.) non-impingeing and not a great phenomenon? Sex … and bodily nutriment.

Faculty (Potentiality)—Bulk

What is that form which is

(i.) faculty and gross?

The faculties of the five senses.

(ii.) faculty and subtle?

Sex and vitality.

(iii.) non faculty and gross?

The spheres of the five kinds, of sense-objects.

(iv.) nonfaculty and subtle?

Intimation … and bodily nutriment.

Faculty (Potentiality)—Proximity

What is that form which is

(i.) faculty and remote?

Sex and vitality.

(ii.) faculty and near?

The faculties of the five senses.

(iii.) nonfaculty and remote?

Intimation … and bodily nutriment.

(iv.) non faculty and near?

The spheres of the five kinds of sense-objects.

Great Phenomenon—Bulk

What is that form which is

(i.) a great phenomenon and gross?

The sphere of the tangible.

(ii.) a great phenomenon and subtle?

The fluid element.

(iii.) not a great phenomenon and gross?

The spheres of the five senses and of visible form, sounds odour and taste.

(iv.) not a great phenomenon and subtle?

Sex … and bodily nutriment.

Great Phenomenon—Proximity

What is that form which is

(i.) a great phenomenon and remote?

The fluid element.

(ii.) a great phenomenon and near?

The sphere of the tangible.

(iii.) not a great phenomenon and remote?

Sex and vitality.

(iv.) not a great phenomenon and near?

The spheres of the five senses and of visible form, sound, odour and taste.

Form as Seen, Heard, Imagined, Understood

  • (i.) The sphere of visible form is Form Seen,
  • (ii.) The sphere of sound is Form Heard,
  • (iii.) The sphere of odour, taste and the tangible is Form Imagined,
  • (iv.) All form is Form Cognized by the mind.

Such are the Categories of Form under Fourfold Aspects.

End of the Groups of Four.

Chapter 5 The Category Of Form Under A Fivefold Aspect

What is that form which is

(i.) earth-element (paṭhavī-dhātu)?

That which is

  • hard,
  • rough,
  • hardness,
  • rigidity,

whether it be

  • of the self,
  • or external,
  • or the issue of grasping,
  • or not the issue of grasping.

(ii.) fluid-element (apodhātu)?

That which is

  • fluid, belonging to fluid,
  • viscid, belonging to what is viscid,
  • the cohesiveness of form,

whether it be

  • of the self,
  • or external,
  • or the issue of grasping
  • or not the issue of grasping.

(iii.) flame-element (tejodhātu)?

That which is

  • flame, belonging to flame,
  • heat, belonging to heat,
  • hot, belonging to what is hot,

whether it be

  • of the self,
  • or, etc,

continue as in preceding.

(iv.) air-element (vayodhātu)?

That which is

  • air, belongs to air [the fluctuation],
  • the inflation,
  • of form,

whether it be

  • of the self,
  • or, etc.

(v.) derived?

The spheres of the five senses … and solid nutriment.

Such is the Category of Form under a Fivefold Aspect.

End of the Group of Five.

Chapter 6 The Category Of Form Under A Sixfold Aspect

  • (i.) The sphere of visible forms is form cognizable by sight,
  • (ii.) The sphere of sounds is form cognizable by hearing,
  • (iii.) The sphere of odours is form cognizable by smell,
  • (iv.) The sphere of tastes is form cognizable by taste,
  • (v.) The sphere of the tangible is form cognizable by body-sensibility.
  • (vi.) All form is form cognizable by the mind.

Such is the Category of Form under a Sixfold Aspect.

End of the Group of Six.

Chapter 7 The Category Of Form Under A Sevenfold Aspect

  • (i.) The sphere of visible form is form cognizable by sight,
  • (ii.) The sphere of sound is form cognizable by hearing,
  • (iii.) The sphere of odour is form cognizable by smell.
  • (iv.) The sphere of taste is form cognizable by taste,
  • (v.) The sphere of the tangible is form cognizable by body-sensibility.
  • (vi.) The spheres of visible form, sound, odour, taste, and the tangible are form cognizable by the element of ideation.
  • (vii.) All form is form comprehensible by the element of representative intellection.

Such is the Category of Form under a Sevenfold Aspect.

End of the Group of Seven.

Chapter 8 The Category Of Form Under An Eightfold Aspect

  • (i.) The sphere of visible form is form cognizable by the eye.
  • (ii.) The sphere of sound is form cognizable by the ear.
  • (iii.) The sphere of odour is form cognizable by the nose.
  • (iv.) The sphere of taste is form cognizable by the tongue,
  • (v.) Pleasurable agreeable contact obtainable by touch is form cognizable by the body,
  • (vi.) Unpleasant disagreeable contact obtainable by touch is form cognizable by the body,
  • (vii.) The spheres of the five kinds of sense-objects are form cognizable by ideation,
  • (viii.) All form is form comprehensible by representative intellection.

Such is the Category of Form under an Eightfold Aspect.

End of the Group of Eight.

Chapter 9 The Category Of Form Under A Ninefold Aspect

What is that form which is

  • (i.) the faculty of vision?
  • (ii.) the faculty of hearing?
  • (iii.) the faculty of smell?
  • (iv.) the faculty of taste?
  • (v.) the faculty of body-sensibility?
  • (vi.) the potentiality of femininity?
  • (vii.) the potentiality of masculinity?
  • (viii.) the potentiality of vitality?

The eight answers are those given in the original descriptions of the eight faculties or potentialities enumerated (§§597, 601, 605, 609, 613, 633–535).

(ix.) What is that form which is not faculty? The spheres of the five kinds of sense-objects … and bodily nutriment.

Such is the Category of Form under a Ninefold Aspect.

End of the Group of Nine.

Chapter 10 The Category Of Form Under A Tenfold Aspect

The first eight questions and answers are identical with the first eight in the preceding group.

What is that form which is

(ix.) not faculty but impingeing?

The spheres of the five kinds of sense-objects.

(x.) not faculty and non-imping eing?

Intimation … and bodily nutriment.

Such is the Category of Form under a Tenfold Aspect.

End of the Group of Ten.

Chapter 11 The Category Of Form Under An Elevenfold Aspect

What is that form which is

  • (i.) the sphere of vision?
  • (ii.) the sphere of hearing?
  • (iii.) the sphere of smell?
  • (iv.) the sphere of taste?
  • (v.) the sphere of body-sensibility?
  • (vi.) the sphere of visible form?
  • (vii.) the sphere of sound?
  • (viii.) the sphere of odour?
  • (ix.) the sphere of sapids?
  • (x.) the sphere of the tangible?

Answers as in §§597, 601, 605, 609, 613, 617, 621, 625, 629, 649 respectively.

(xi.) What is that form which is invisible, nonimpingeing, and included in the sphere of [mental] states?

Sex … and bodily nutriment.

Such is the Category of Form under an Elevenfold Aspect.

End of the Group of Eleven.

End of THE Divisions of Form.

End of the Eighth Portion for Recitation.