Points of Controversy

11.8. Of Impermanence

Controverted Point: That impermanence is predetermined.

Theravādin: Then is impermanence predetermined by impermanence already predetermined. And if you admit this, you imply that there is no making an end of suffering, no cutting off the round of rebirth, no Nibbāna without residual stuff of rebirth. This holds good for both decay and death, the two manifestations of impermanence.

Take now these manifestations of impermanence in the five aggregates, body-mind: body is undoubtedly predetermined and characterized by impermanence in the form of decay, dissolution, disappearance. But you cannot equally affirm all this of impermanence, decay, or death itself. So for the mental aggregates … .