Points of Controversy

15.5. Of the Defilements (āsavas)

Controverted Point: That the four defilements are themselves undefiled.

Theravādin: Then you must be prepared to classify them with one of the approved undefiled—the Path, Fruit, Nibbāna, one of the four Paths or Fruits, one of the Factors of Enlightenment—which you, of course, may not do.

Hetuvādins: If I am wrong, I ask you to show me any other defilement, concomitant with which those four may be pronounced co-defilement… .