Nuns’ rules and their analysis
Nuns’ Expiation (Pācittiya) 37
… at Sāvatthī in the Jeta Grove in Anāthapiṇḍika’s monastery. Now at that time nuns walked without a weapon on almstour within (their own) region (when this was) agreed upon as dangerous, frightening. Bad men assaulted them. Those who were modest nuns … spread it about, saying: “How can these nuns … dangerous, frightening?” …
“Is it true, as is said, monks, that nuns … dangerous, frightening?”
“It is true, lord.”
The enlightened one, the lord, rebuked them, saying:
“How, monks, can nuns … dangerous, frightening? It is not, monks, for pleasing those who are not (yet) pleased … this rule of training:
“Whatever nun should walk without a weapon on alms-tour within (her own) region (when this is) agreed upon as dangerous, frightening, there is an offence of expiation.”
Within (her own) region means: in a region of that country in which she lives.
Dangerous means: if on this road a place where thieves are halting is seen, a place where they are eating is seen, a place where they are resting is seen, a place where they are sitting down is seen, a place where they are lying down is seen.
Frightening means: if on this road people injured by thieves are seen, (people) plundered are seen, (people) beaten down are seen.
Without a weapon means: without a weapon.
Should walk on almstour means: in a village close enough for a cock (to walk), among every (such) village, there is an offence of expiation. For every half yojana in what is not a village, in a jungle, there is an offence of expiation.