Nuns’ rules and their analysis
Nuns’ Expiation (Pācittiya) 8
… at Sāvatthī in the Jeta Grove in Anāthapiṇḍika’s monastery. Now at that time a certain brahmin who earned (his keep) as a hireling of a king, saying, “I will ask for wages as before,” having washed his head, went along beside a nunnery to the royal court. A certain nun, having relieved herself in a receptacle, in throwing it away over a wall, let it fall on that brahmin’s head. Then that brahmin … spread it about, saying: “These shaven-headed strumpets are not true recluses. How can they let a pot fall on my head? I will set fire to their dwelling,” and having taken up a fire-brand, he entered the dwelling. A certain lay follower as he was going out from the dwelling saw that brahmin who, having taken up the fire-brand, was entering the dwelling. Seeing him, he spoke thus to that brahmin: “Why do you, good sir, having taken up a fire-brand, enter the dwelling?”
“Good sir, these shaven-headed strumpets let a pot fall on my head. I will set fire to their dwelling.”
“Go away, good brahmin, this is auspicious; you will receive a thousand, and this is (your) wage.” Then that brahmin, having washed his head, having gone to the royal court, received a thousand, and this was the wage. Then that lay follower, having entered the dwelling, having told this matter to the nuns, scolded them. Those who were modest nuns … spread it about, saying: “How can these nuns throw out excrement over a wall?” …
Is it true, as is said, monks, that nuns threw out excrement over a wall?”
“It is true, lord.”
“How, monks, can nuns … over a wall? It is not, monks, for pleasing those who are not (yet) pleased … this rule of training:
Excrement means: it is called faeces.
Urine means: it is called water.
Rubbish means: it is called sweepings.
Remains of food means: odd bits or bones or impure water.
Wall means: there are three (kinds of) walls, a wall of bricks, a wall of stones, a wall of wood.
Fence means: there are three (kinds of) fences, a fence of bricks, a fence of stones, a fence of wood.
Over a wall means: beyond a wall.
Over a fence means: beyond a fence.
Should throw out means: if she herself throws out, there is an offence of expiation.
Should cause (another) to throw out means: if she commands another, there is an offence of expiation. When once commanded, if she throws out many times, there is an offence of expiation.