Theravāda Vinayapiṭaka

Parivāra

16. Synopsis Of Kaṭhina

By whom is kaṭhina cloth not formally made? By whom is kaṭhina cloth formally made? How is kaṭhina cloth not formally made? How is kaṭhina cloth formally made?

“By whom is kaṭhina cloth not formally made?” means: kaṭhina cloth is not formally made by two individuals: by him who does not formally make it and by him who does not give thanks. Kaṭhina cloth is not formally made by these two individuals.

“By whom is kaṭhina cloth formally made?” means: kaṭhina cloth is formally made by two individuals: by him who formally makes it and by him who gives thanks. Kaṭhina cloth is formally made by these two individuals.

“How is kaṭhina cloth not formally made?” means: in twenty-four ways is kaṭhina cloth not formally made. Kaṭhina cloth is not formally made merely by marking it … (Kd.7.1.5) … Thus also is kaṭhina cloth not formally made.

Insinuation is called: he insinuates, saying “I will formally make kaṭhina out of this cloth”. Roundabout talk is called: he makes roundabout talk, saying “I will get the cloth for kaṭhina cloth by means of this roundabout talk”. Temporary is called: it is called a gift that should not be appropriated. Postponement is called: there are two kinds of postponement: a postponement in carrying out (doing) and a postponement of possessions. To be forfeited is called: if the dawn breaks while it is being made. In these twenty-four ways is kaṭhina cloth not formally made.

“How is kaṭhina cloth formally made?” means in seventeen ways is kaṭhina cloth formally made. Kaṭhina cloth is formally made when it is unsoiled … see Kd.7.1.6 Thus also is kaṭhina cloth formally made. In these seventeen ways is kaṭhina cloth formally made.

With the formal making of kaṭhina cloth how many things are produced? With the formal making of kaṭhina cloth fifteen things are produced: eight grounds, two impediments, five advantages. With the formal making of kaṭhina cloth these fifteen things are produced.

Of a means how many things are the condition through the contiguous condition, the condition through the immediate condition, the condition through the foundation condition, the condition through the inducement condition, the condition through the pre-arising condition, the condition through the post-arising condition, the condition through the co-arising condition? Of a former action how many things are the condition through the contiguous condition … ?

Of a removal how many things, of an allotting how many things, of a formal making how many things, of the grounds and the impediments how many things, of the clothing how many things are the condition through the contiguous condition … the condition through the co-arising condition?

A former action is the condition of the means through a contiguous condition, it is the condition through an immediate condition, it is the condition through a foundation condition, it is the condition through an inducement condition. A means is a condition of a former action through a pre-arising condition. A former action is the condition of the means through a post-arising condition. Fifteen things are the condition through a co-arising condition.

Removal is a condition of a former action through a contiguous condition, it is the condition through an immediate condition, it is the condition through a foundation condition, it is the condition through an inducement condition. A former action is the condition of removal through a pre-arising condition. Removal is the condition of a former action through a post-arising condition. Fifteen things are the condition through a co-arising condition.

Allotting is a condition of removal through a contiguous condition … an immediate condition … a foundation condition … an inducement condition. Removal is a condition of allotting through a pre-arising condition. Allotting is a condition of removal through a post-arising condition. Fifteen things are the condition through a co-arising condition.

Formal making is a condition of allotting through a contiguous … immediate … foundation … inducement-condition. Allotting is a condition of formal making through a pre-arising condition. Formal making is a condition of allotting through a post-arising condition. Fifteen things are the condition through a co-arising condition.

The grounds and the impediments are the condition of formal making through a contiguous … immediate … foundation … inducement condition. The formal making is the condition of the grounds and the impediments through a pre-arising condition. The grounds and impediments are the condition of the formal making through a post-arising condition. Fifteen things are the condition through a co-arising condition.

Expectation and lack of expectation are the condition of clothing through a contiguous … immediate … foundation … inducement condition. Clothing is the condition of expectation and lack of expectation through a pre-arising condition. Expectation and lack of expectation are the condition of clothing through a post-arising condition. Fifteen things are the condition through a co-arising condition.

What is the provenance, what the arising, what the birth what the source, what the bringing forth, what the origin of a former action? What is the provenance … what the origin of a removal? What is the provenance … what the origin of an allotting … of formal making? What is the provenance what the origin of grounds and impediments … of expectation and lack of expectation?

Means is the provenance, means is the arising … means is the origin of former action. Former action is the provenance … the origin of removal. Removal is the provenance … of allotting. Allotting is the provenance … of formal making. Formal making is the provenance … of allotting. The grounds and the impediments are the provenance … of formal making. Expectation and lack of expectation are the provenance of clothing … the origin of clothing.

What is the provenance, what the arising … what the origin of means … former action … removal … allotting … formal making … the ground? and the impediments … clothing? What is the provenance … what the origin of expectation and lack of expectation?

Cause is the provenance, cause the arising … of means … Cause is the provenance, cause is … the origin of expectation and lack of expectation.

What is the provenance … of means … What is the provenance … what the origin of expectation and lack of expectation?

Condition is the provenance, condition the arising … of means … Condition is the provenance, condition is … the origin of expectation and lack of expectation.

With how many things is former action classified? Former action is classified with seven things: with washing, with calculating, with cutting, with tacking, with sewing, with dyeing, with making allowable. Former action is classified with these seven things.

With how many things is removal classified? Removal is classified with three things: with outer cloak, with upper robe, with inner robe.

With how many things is allotting classified? … with three things: with outer cloak, with upper robe, with inner robe.

With how many things is formal making classified? Formal making is classified with one thing: with breaking into speech.

How many roots of kaṭhina cloth, how many matters, how many materials? One root of kaṭhina cloth: the Order; three matters: outer cloak, upper robe, inner robe; six materials: linen, cotton, silk, wool, coarse hemp, canvas.

What is the beginning of kaṭhina cloth, what is in the middle, what is the ending? Former action is the beginning of kaṭhina cloth, carrying out is in the middle, formal making is the ending.

When an individual is possessed of how many qualities is he incapable of formally making kaṭhina cloth? When an individual is possessed of how many qualities is he capable of formally making kaṭhina cloth? When an individual is possessed of eight qualities he is incapable of formally making kaṭhina cloth. When an individual is possessed of eight qualities he is capable of formally making kaṭhina cloth. Possessed of which eight qualities is the individual incapable of formally making kaṭhina cloth? He does not know former action … removal … allotting … formal making … ground … impediment … withdrawal … advantage. Possessed of these eight qualities an individual is incapable of formally making kaṭhina cloth. Possessed of which eight qualities is the individual capable of formally making kaṭhina cloth? He knows former action he knows advantage. Possessed of these eight qualities an individual is capable of formally making kaṭhina cloth.

Of how many individuals are formal makings of kaṭhina cloth not effective? Of how many individuals are formal makings of kaṭhina cloth effective? Of three individuals formal makings of kaṭhina cloth are not effective. Of three individuals formal makings of kaṭhina cloth are effective. Of which three individuals are formal makings of kaṭhina cloth not effective? If, standing outside the boundary, he gives thanks; if, giving thanks, he does not break into speech; if breaking into speech, he does not inform another (monk). Of these three individuals formal makings of kaṭhina cloth are not effective. Of which three individuals are formal makings of kaṭhina cloth effective? If, standing on the boundary, he gives thanks; if, giving thanks, he breaks into speech; if, breaking into speech, he informs another (monk). Of these three individuals formal makings of kaṭhina cloth are effective.

How many formal makings of kaṭhina cloth are not effective? How many formal makings of kaṭhina cloth are effective? Three formal makings … are not effective. Three formal makings … are effective. Which three formal makings of kaṭhina cloth are not effective? There is failure as to clothing, and failure as to time, and failure as to making. These three formal makings of kaṭhina cloth are not effective. Which three formal makings of kaṭhina cloth are effective? There is success as to clothing, success as to time, and success as to making. These three formal makings … are effective.

Kaṭhina cloth should be known, the formal making of kaṭhina cloth should be known, the month for the formal making of kaṭhina cloth should be known, failure in the formal making of kaṭhina cloth should be known, success in the formal making of kaṭhina cloth should be known, insinuation should be known, roundabout talking should be known, what is temporary should be known, postponement should be known, what is to be forfeited should be known.

“Kaṭhina cloth should be known” means: the classification of these very things, the combination, the name, the denomination, the giving of a name, the interpretation, the distinctive sign, the expression,—that is to say, kaṭhina cloth.

“The month for the formal making of kaṭhina cloth should be known” means: the last month of the rains should be known.

“Failure in the formal making of kaṭhina cloth should be known” means: the failure in the formal making of kaṭhina cloth in the twenty-four ways should be known.

“Success in the formal making of kaṭhina cloth should be known” means: the success in the formal making of kaṭhina cloth in the seventeen ways should be known.

“Insinuation should be known” means: he insinuates, saying, “I will formally make kaṭhina cloth with this cloth.”

“Roundabout talk should be known” means: he makes roundabout talk, saying, “I will get the cloth for kaṭhina cloth by this roundabout talk.”

“What is temporary should be known” means: a gift that should not be appropriated should be known.

“Postponement should be known” means: the two postponements should be known: the postponement in carrying out and the postponement of possessions.

“What is to be forfeited should be known” means: if the dawn breaks while it is being made.

“The formal making of kaṭhina cloth should be known” means: if cloth for kaṭhina cloth has accrued to an Order, what line of action should be taken by the Order, what line of action should be taken by (the monk) who is the formal maker of it, what line of action should be taken by (the monk) who gives the thanks? A monk who is a formal maker of kaṭhina cloth should be given by the Order a formal act at which motion is followed by one resolution. Kaṭhina cloth should be made that same day by a monk who is the formal maker of it after he has washed it, smoothed it, calculated it, cut it sewn it, dyed it, made it allowable. If he wants formally to make kaṭhina cloth into an outer cloak the old outer cloak must be removed, a new outer cloak allotted, and he should break into speech, saying, “I will formally make kaṭhina cloth into this outer cloak.” If he wants formally … to make an upper robe … If he wants formally to make kaṭhina cloth into an inner robe … speech, saying, “I will formally make kaṭhina cloth into this inner robe.” After the monk who is the formal maker of kaṭhina cloth has approached the Order arranged his outer robe over one shoulder, stretched out his joined palms in salutation, he should speak thus to it: “Venerable sirs, the Order’s kaṭhina cloth has been formally made, the formal making of kaṭhina cloth was according to regulation; give thanks.” After he has arranged his upper robe over one shoulder and has stretched forth his joined palms in salutation, he should be spoken to thus by those monks who gave the thanks: “Revered sir, the Order’s kaṭhina cloth has been formally made, the formal making of kaṭhina cloth was according to regulation; we are giving thanks.” After a monk who is a formal maker of kaṭhina cloth has approached several monks, arranged his upper robe over one shoulder, stretched out his joined palms in salutation, he should speak thus to them: “Venerable sirs, the Order’s kaṭhina cloth … give thanks.” … by those monks who give the thanks … “ … we are giving thanks”. After the monk who is a formal maker of kaṭhina cloth has approached one monk, … he should speak thus to him: “Reverend sir … give thanks.” After he has arranged his upper robe over one shoulder, stretched out his joined palms in salutation, he should be spoken to thus by the monk who is the giver of the thanks: “Reverend sir, the Order’s kaṭhina cloth has been formally made, the making of kaṭhina cloth was according to regulation; I am giving thanks.”

An Order formally makes kaṭhina cloth, a group … an individual formally makes kaṭhina cloth. An Order does not formally make kaṭhina cloth, a group does not … an individual formally makes kaṭhina cloth. If the Order does not formally make kaṭhina cloth, if a group does not … if an individual formally makes kaṭhina cloth: kaṭhina cloth is not formally made by the Order, kaṭhina cloth is not formally made by a group, kaṭhina cloth is formally made by an individual.

An Order recites the Pātimokkha, a group recites the Pātimokkha, an individual recites the Pātimokkha. An Order does not recite the Pātimokkha, a group does not recite the Pātimokkha, an individual recites the Pātimokkha. If an Order … if a group does not recite the Pātimokkha, if an individual recites the Pātimokkha the Pātimokkha is not recited by an Order … not recited by a group, the Pātimokkha is recited by an individual.

When an Order is complete, when a group is complete, on the recital by the individual the Pātimokkha is recited by an Order … by a group … by an individual. In the same way an Order does not formally make kaṭhina cloth, a group does not formally make kaṭhina cloth, an individual formally makes kaṭhina cloth: by the thanking of an Order, by the thanking of a group, by the formal making by an individual kaṭhina cloth is formally made by an Order … by a group, kaṭhina cloth is formally made by an individual.

“Depending on his going away
his kaṭhina (privileges) are called removed
by the Kinsman of the Sun:
And I ask you this:
Which impediment is cut off first?”

“Depending on his going away
his kaṭhina (privileges) are called removed
by the Kinsman of the Sun,
And I answer you this:
the robes-impediment is cut off first,
On his going outside the boundary
the residence-impediment is cut off.”

“Depending on (his robes) being settled
his kaṭhina (privileges) are called removed
by the Kinsman of the Sun:
And I ask you this … ”

“And I answer you this:
the residence-impediment is cut off first,
When the robes are settled
the robes-impediment is cut off.”

“Depending on his resolves
his kaṭhina (privileges) are called removed
by the Kinsman of the Sun:
And I ask you this … ”

“And I answer you this:
the two impediments are cut off simultaneously.”

“Depending on (the robe-material) being lost
his kaṭhina (privileges) are called removed
by the Kinsman of the Sun:
And I ask you this … ”

“And I answer you this:
the residence-impediment is cut off first,
When the robe is lost
the robes-impediment is cut off.”

“Depending on his hearing (the news)
his kaṭhina (privileges) are called removed
by the Kinsman of the Sun:
And I ask you this … ”

“And I answer you this:
the robes-impediment is cut off first,
On his hearing of it
the residence-impediment is cut off.”

“(Depending on) the disappointment of his expectation
his kaṭhina (privileges) are called removed
by the Kinsman of the Sun:
And I ask you this … ”

“And I answer you this:
the residence-impediment is cut off first,
When there is disappointment of robe-material
the robes-impediment is cut off.”

“Depending on his crossing a boundary
his kaṭhina (privileges) are called removed
by the Kinsman of the Sun:
And I ask you this …”

“And I answer you this:
the robes-impediment is cut off first,
When he has gone outside the boundary
the residence-impediment is cut off.”

“Depending on withdrawal
together with (the kaṭhina privileges)
his kaṭhina privileges are called removed
by the Kinsman of the Sun:
And I ask you this:
Which impediment is cut off first?”

“And I answer you this:
the two impediments are cut off simultaneously.”

How many removals of the kaṭhina (privileges) are dependent on an Order, how many … on an individual, how many removals of the kaṭhina (privileges) are dependent neither on an Order nor on an individual? One removal of the kaṭhina (privileges) is dependent on an Order: a temporary withdrawal. Four removals of the kaṭhina (privileges) are dependent on an individual: that depending on his going away, that depending on (his robe) being settled, that depending on his resolves, that depending on his crossing the boundary. Four removals of the kaṭhina (privileges) are dependent neither on an Order nor on an individual: that depending on (the robe) being lost, that depending on (his) hearing, the disappointment of an expectation, the withdrawal together with.

How many removals of the kaṭhina (privileges) are removed inside the boundary … outside the boundary, how many removals of the kaṭhina (privileges) may be removed inside the boundary … outside the boundary? Two removals of the kaṭhina (privileges) are removed inside the boundary: temporary withdrawal and withdrawal together with. Three removals of the kaṭhina (privileges) are removed outside the boundary: that depending on going away, that depending on hearing, that depending on crossing the boundary. Four removals of the kaṭhina (privileges) may be removed inside the boundary and may be removed outside the boundary; that depending on (the robes) being settled, that depending on resolves, that depending on (the robe) being lost, the disappointment of an expectation.

How many removals of the kaṭhina (privileges) are of one arising, one cessation? How many removals of the kaṭhina (privileges) are of one arising, different cessations? Two removals of the kaṭhina (privileges) are of one arising, one cessation: temporary withdrawal, withdrawal together with. The remaining withdrawals of the kaṭhina (privileges) are of one arising, different cessations.

Concluded is the Synopsis of Kaṭhina

Its Summary

By whom, how, fifteen, things, and cause as provenance,
Condition, classification, roots, and the beginning, eight individuals, /
Of three breakings, three, should be known,
and formal making compared with recital,
Impediment, depending on, boundaries,
and about arising and cessation. /

Concluded is the Parivāra