The Book of Analysis

10. Analysis Of The Awakening Factors

10.1. Analysis According To The Discourses

The seven awakening factors are: Mindfulness-awakening-factor, truth investigation-awakening-factor, energy-awakening-factor, rapture-awakening-factor, calmness-awakening-factor, samādhi-awakening-factor, equanimity-awakening-factor.

Therein what is mindfulness-awakening-factor? Herein a monk is mindful, furnished with excellent mindfulness-penetration, he remembers, remembers constantly, what has long been done and long been said (concerning release). This is called mindfulness-awakening-factor. (1)

He, dwelling mindful in the above manner, searches, investigates and reasons out thoroughly that same thing with wisdom. This is called truth investigation-awakening-factor. (2)

The energy of his searching, investigating and reasoning out thoroughly that same thing with wisdom, is strenuous, unshrinking. This is called energy-awakening-factor. (3)

For him of strenuous energy there arises rapture that is not worldly. This is called rapture-awakening-factor. (4)

For him of raptureful mind the body (of mental aggregates) becomes calm, also consciousness becomes calm. This is called calmness-awakening-factor. (5)

For him of calm body (of mental aggregates) and mental pleasure, consciousness is in samādhi. This is called samādhi-awakening-factor. (6)

He, having consciousness in samādhi in the above manner, is well balanced. This is called equanimity-awakening-factor. (7)

The seven awakening factors are: Mindfulness-awakening-factor, truth investigation-awakening-factor, energy-awakening-factor, rapture-awakening-factor, calmness-awakening-factor, samādhi-awakening-factor, equanimity-awakening-factor.

Therein what is mindfulness-awakening-factor? There is mindfulness on internal dhammas; there is mindfulness on external dhammas. That which is mindfulness on internal dhammas; that mindfulness-awakening-factor is for full knowledge, for awakening, for full emancipation also. That which is mindfulness on external dhammas; that mindfulness-awakening-factor is for full knowledge, for awakening, for full emancipation also. (1)

Therein what is truth investigation-awakening-factor? There is investigation of internal dhammas; there is investigation of external dhammas. That which is investigation of internal dhammas; that truth investigation-awakening-factor is for full knowledge, for awakening, for full emancipation also. That which is investigation of external dhammas; that truth investigation-awakening-factor is for full knowledge, for awakening, for full emancipation also. (2)

Therein what is energy-awakening-factor? There is bodily energy; there is mental energy. That which is bodily energy; that energy-awakening-factor is for full knowledge, for awakening, for full emancipation also. That which is mental energy; that energy-awakening-factor is for full knowledge, for awakening, for full emancipation also. (3)

Therein what is rapture-awakening-factor? There is rapture accompanied by initial application, accompanied by sustained application; there is rapture without initial application, without sustained application. That which is rapture accompanied by initial application, accompanied by sustained application; that rapture-awakening-factor is for full knowledge, for awakening, for full emancipation also. That which is rapture without initial application, without sustained application; that rapture-awakening-factor is for full knowledge, for awakening, for full emancipation also. (4)

Therein what is calmness-awakening-factor? There is calmness of the body (of mental aggregates); there is calmness of consciousness. That which is calmness of body, that calmness-awakening-factor is for full knowledge, for awakening, for full emancipation also. That which is calmness of consciousness; that calmness-awakening-factor is for full knowledge, for awakening, for full emancipation also. (5)

Therein what is samādhi-awakening-factor? There is samādhi accompanied by initial application, accompanied by sustained application; there is samādhi without initial application, without sustained application. That which is samādhi accompanied by initial application, accompanied by sustained application; that samādhi-awakening-factor is for full knowledge, for awakening, for full emancipation also. That which is samādhi without initial application, without sustained application; that samādhi-awakening-factor is for full knowledge, for awakening, for full emancipation also. (6)

Therein what is equanimity-awakening-factor? There is equanimity of internal dhammas; there is equanimity of external dhammas. That which is equanimity of internal dhammas; that equanimity awakening-factor is for full knowledge, for awakening, for full emancipation also. That which is equanimity of external dhammas; that equanimity-awakening-factor is for full knowledge, for awakening, for full emancipation also. (7)

The seven awakening factors are: Mindfulness-awakening-factor, truth investigation-awakening-factor, energy-awakening-factor, rapture-awakening-factor, calmness-awakening-factor, samādhi-awakening-factor, equanimity-awakening-factor.

Therein what is mindfulness-awakening-factor? : Herein a monk develops mindfulness-awakening-factor dependent on detachment, dependent on absence of lust, dependent on cessation, culminating in abandonment. Develops truth investigation-awakening-factor. Complete as final example. Develops energy-awakening-factor. Complete as final example. Develops rapture-awakening-factor. Complete as final example. Develops calmness-awakening-factor. Complete as final example. Develops samādhi-awakening-factor. Complete as final example. Develops equanimity-awakening-factor dependent on detachment, dependent on absence of lust, dependent on cessation, culminating in abandonment.

(Here Ends) Analysis According To The Discourses

10.2. Analysis According To Abhidhamma

The seven awakening factors are: Mindfulness-awakening-factor, truth investigation-awakening-factor, energy-awakening-factor, rapture-awakening-factor, calmness-awakening-factor, samādhi-awakening-factor, equanimity-awakening-factor.

Therein what are the seven awakening factors? Herein at the time when a monk develops supramundane jhāna tending to release, dispersive of continuing rebirth and death; he, for the abandoning of wrong view, for the entering of the first stage, aloof from sense pleasures, See section 205. attains and dwells in the first jhāna that is hard practice and knowledge slowly acquired; at that time there are seven awakening factors (viz.) mindfulness-awakening-factor, Intermediate awakening factors. equanimity-awakening-factor.

Therein what is mindfulness-awakening-factor? That which is mindfulness, constant mindfulness, See section 220. right mindfulness, mindfulness-awakening-factor, path constituent, included in the path. This is called mindfulness-awakening-factor. (1)

Therein what is truth investigation-awakening-factor? That which is wisdom, understanding, See section 525. absence of delusion, truth investigation, right view, truth investigation-awakening-factor, path constituent, included in the path. This is called truth investigation-awakening-factor. (2)

Therein what is energy-awakening-factor? That which is the arousing of mental energy, See section 220. right effort, energy-awakening-factor, path constituent, included in the path. This is called energy-awakening-factor. (3)

Therein what is rapture-awakening-factor? That which is rapture, gladness, rejoicing, rapture, mirth, merriment, felicity, elation, delight of consciousness, rapture-awakening-factor. This is called rapture-awakening-factor. (4)

Therein what is calmness-awakening-factor? That which of the aggregate of feeling, of the aggregate of perception, of the aggregate of volitional activities, of the aggregate of consciousness is calmness, serenity, being calm, being serene, state of being serene, calmness-awakening-factor. This is called calmness-awakening-factor. (5)

Therein what is samādhi-awakening-factor? That which is stability of consciousness, See section 220. right samādhi, samādhi-awakening-factor, path constituent, included in the path. This is called samādhi-awakening-factor. (6)

Therein what is equanimity-awakening-factor? That which is equanimity, having equanimity, supreme equanimity, state of balance of consciousness, equanimity-awakening-factor. This is called equanimity-awakening-factor. These are called the seven awakening factors. (As also are) The remaining dhammas associated with the seven awakening factors. (7)

The seven awakening factors are: Mindfulness-awakening-factor, Intermediate awakening factors. equanimity-awakening-factor.

Therein what is mindfulness-awakening-factor? Herein at the time when a monk develops supramundane jhāna tending to release, dispersive of continuing rebirth and death; he, for the abandoning of wrong view, for the entering of the first stage, aloof from sense pleasures, See section 205. attains and dwells in the first jhāna that is hard practice and knowledge slowly acquired; that which at that time is mindfulness, constant mindfulness, See section 220. right mindfulness, mindfulness-awakening-factor, path constituent, included in the path. This is called mindfulness-awakening-factor. (As also are) The remaining dhammas associated with mindfulness-awakening-factor. Complete as first example, but with appropriate modifications as section 474. (As also are) The remaining dhammas associated with truth investigation-awakening-factor. Complete as first example, but with appropriate modifications as section 474. (As also are) The remaining dhammas associated with energy-awakening-factor. Complete as first example, but with appropriate modifications as section 474. (As also are) The remaining dhammas associated with rapture-awakening-factor. Complete as first example, but with appropriate modifications as section 474. (As also are) The remaining dhammas associated with calmness-awakening-factor. Complete as first example, but with appropriate modifications as section 474. (As also are) The remaining dhammas associated with samādhi-awakening-factor.

Therein what is equanimity-awakening-factor? Herein at the time when a monk develops supramundane jhāna tending to release, dispersive of continuing rebirth and death; he, for the abandoning of wrong view, for the entering of the first stage, aloof from sense pleasures, See section 205. attains and dwells in the first jhāna that is hard practice and knowledge slowly acquired; that which at that time is equanimity, having equanimity, supreme equanimity, state of balance of consciousness, equanimity-awakening-factor. This is called equanimity-awakening-factor. (As also are) The remaining dhammas associated with equanimity-awakening-factor.

The seven awakening factors are: Mindfulness-awakening-factor, Intermediate awakening factors. equanimity-awakening-factor.

Therein what are the seven awakening factors? Herein at the time when a monk develops supramundane jhāna tending to release, dispersive of continuing rebirth and death; he, for the abandoning of wrong view, for the entering of the first stage, aloof from sense pleasures, See section 205. attains and dwells in the first jhāna that is hard practice and knowledge slowly acquired; that which at that time is contact, See Dhammasaṅgaṇī section 277. is non-wavering. These dhammas are skilful. Having done, having developed that same skilful supramundane jhāna, he, aloof from sense pleasures, See section 205. attains and dwells in resultant first jhāna that is hard practice, knowledge slowly acquired and is empty; at that time there are the seven awakening factors (viz.) mindfulness-awakening-factor, Intermediate awakening factors. equanimity-awakening-factor.

Therein what is mindfulness-awakening-factor? That which is mindfulness, constant mindfulness, See section 220. right mindfulness, mindfulness-awakening-factor, path constituent, included in the path. This is called mindfulness-awakening-factor. Five subsequent awakening factors, see section 474.

Therein what is equanimity-awakening-factor? That which is equanimity, having equanimity, supreme equanimity, state of balance of consciousness, equanimity-awakening-factor. This is called equanimity-awakening-factor. These are called the seven awakening factors. (As also are) The remaining dhammas associated with the seven awakening factors.

The seven awakening factors are: Mindfulness-awakening-factor, Intermediate awakening factors. equanimity-awakening-factor.

Therein what is mindfulness-awakening-factor? Herein at the time when a monk develops supramundane jhāna tending to release, dispersive of continuing rebirth and death; he, for the abandoning of wrong view, for the entering of the first stage, aloof from sense pleasures, See section 205. attains and dwells in the first jhāna that is hard practice and knowledge slowly acquired; at that time there is contact, See Dhammasaṅgaṇī section 277. there is non-wavering. These dhammas are skilful. Having done, having developed that same skilful supramundane jhāna, he, aloof from sense pleasures, See section 205. attains and dwells in resultant first jhāna that is hard practice, knowledge slowly acquired and is empty; that which at that time is mindfulness, constant mindfulness, See section 220. right mindfulness, mindfulness-awakening-factor, path constituent, included in the path. This is called mindfulness-awakening-factor. (As also are) The remaining dhammas associated with mindfulness-awakening-factor. Complete as first example but with appropriate modifications as section 474. (As also are) The remaining dhammas associated with truth investigation-awakening-factor. Complete as first example but with appropriate modifications as section 474. (As also are) The remaining dhammas associated with energy-awakening-factor. Complete as first example but with appropriate modifications as section 474. (As also are) The remaining dhammas associated with rapture-awakening-factor. Complete as first example but with appropriate modifications as section 474. (As also are) The remaining dhammas associated with calmness-awakening-factor. Complete as first example but with appropriate modifications as section 474. (As also are) The remaining dhammas associated with samādhi-awakening-factor.

Therein what is equanimity-awakening-factor? Herein at the time when a monk develops supramundane jhāna tending to release, dispersive of continuing rebirth and death; he, for the abandoning of wrong view, for the entering of the first stage, aloof from sense pleasures, See section 205. attains and dwells in the first jhāna that is hard practice and knowledge slowly acquired; at that time there is contact, See Dhammasaṅgaṇī section 277. there is non-wavering. These dhammas are skilful. Having done, having developed that same skilful supramundane jhāna, he, aloof from sense pleasures, See section 205. attains and dwells in resultant first jhāna that is hard practice, knowledge slowly acquired and is empty; that which at that time is equanimity, having equanimity, supreme equanimity, state of balance of consciousness, equanimity-awakening-factor. This is called equanimity-awakening-factor. (As also are) The remaining dhammas associated with equanimity-awakening-factor.

(Here Ends) Analysis According To Abhidhamma

10.3. Interrogation

The seven awakening factors are: Mindfulness-awakening-factor, truth investigation-awakening-factor, energy-awakening-factor, rapture-awakening-factor, calmness-awakening-factor, samādhi-awakening-factor, equanimity-awakening-factor.

Of the seven awakening factors how many are skilful; how many unskilful; how many neither-skilful-nor-unskilful. Remaining appropriate triplets and couplets. How many with cause of bewailing; how many without cause of bewailing?

10.3.1. The Triplets

(The seven awakening factors) Sometimes are skilful; sometimes are neither-skilful-nor-unskilful. Rapture-awakening-factor is associated with pleasant feeling. Six awakening factors sometimes are associated with pleasant feeling; sometimes are associated with neither-painful-nor-pleasant feeling. (The seven awakening factors) Sometimes are resultants; sometimes are productive of resultants. Are not grasped (by craving and false view), are not objects of the graspings. Are not corrupt, are not objects of the corruptions. Sometimes are accompanied by initial application, accompanied by sustained application; sometimes are without initial application, sustained application only; sometimes are without initial application, without sustained application. Rapture-awakening-factor is not accompanied by rapture; is accompanied by pleasure; is not accompanied by indifference. Six awakening factors sometimes are accompanied by rapture; sometimes are accompanied by pleasure; sometimes are accompanied by indifference. (The seven awakening factors) Are not to be abandoned either by the first path or by the subsequent paths; have no roots to be abandoned either by the first path or by the subsequent paths. Sometimes are dispersive (of continuing rebirth and death); sometimes are neither cumulative nor dispersive. Sometimes are of the seven supramundane stages; sometimes are of the final supramundane stage. Are immeasurable. Have immeasurable object. Are superior. Sometimes are right (dhammas with) fixed (resultant time); sometimes are of no fixed (resultant time). Do not have path as their object; sometimes have path as their cause; sometimes have path as their dominating factor; sometimes should not be said to have, path as their cause or path as their dominating factor. Sometimes are risen; sometimes are not risen; sometimes are bound to arise. Sometimes are past; sometimes are future; sometimes are present. Should not be said to have either, past objects; future objects or present objects. Sometimes are internal; sometimes are external; sometimes are both internal and external. Have external objects. Are not visible, are not impingent.

10.3.2. The Couplets

Truth investigation-awakening-factor is root. Six awakening factors are associated with roots. Truth investigation-awakening-factor is root also accompanied by root; six awakening factors should not be said to be, roots also accompanied by roots; (they) are accompanied by roots but are not roots. Truth investigation-awakening-factor is root also associated with root. Six awakening factors should not be said to be, roots also associated with roots; (they) are associated with roots but are not roots. Six awakening factors are not roots, are accompanied by roots. Truth investigation-awakening-factor should not be said to be, not root, is accompanied by root or not root, is not accompanied by root. (The seven awakening factors) Are with cause. Are conditioned. Are not visible. Are not impingent. Are not material. Are supramundane. Are cognizable by one way; are not cognizable by another way. Are not defilements. Are not objects of the defilements. Are not associated with the defilements. Should not be said to be, defilements also objects of the defilements or objects of the defilements but are not defilements. Should not be said to be, defilements also associated with the defilements or associated with the defilements but are not defilements. Are not associated with the defilements, are not objects of the defilements. Are not fetters. Complete as for defilements in this section. Are not ties. Complete as for defilements in this section. Are not floods. Complete as for defilements in this section. Are not bonds. Complete as for defilements in this section. Are not hindrances. Complete as for defilements in this section. Are not perversions. Complete as for defilements in this section. Have objects. Are not consciousness. Are volitional activities. Are associated with consciousness. Are conjoined with consciousness. Are generated by consciousness. Are co-existent with consciousness. Accompany consciousness. Are conjoined with, generated by consciousness. Are conjoined with, generated by, co-existent with consciousness. Are conjoined with, generated by, accompany consciousness. Are external. Are not derived. Are not grasped. Are not graspings. Complete as for defilements in this section. Are not corruptions. Complete as for defilements in this section. Are not to be abandoned by the first path. Are not to be abandoned by the subsequent paths. Have no roots to be abandoned by the first path. Have no roots to be abandoned by the subsequent paths. Sometimes are accompanied by initial application; sometimes are without initial application. Sometimes are accompanied by sustained application; sometimes are without sustained application.

Rapture-awakening-factor is without rapture. Six awakening factors sometimes are with rapture; sometimes are without rapture. Rapture-awakening-factor is not accompanied by rapture. Six awakening factors sometimes are accompanied by rapture; sometimes are not accompanied by rapture. Rapture-awakening-factor is accompanied by pleasure. Six awakening factors sometimes are accompanied by pleasure; sometimes are not accompanied by pleasure. Rapture-awakening-factor is not accompanied by indifference. Six awakening factors sometimes are accompanied by indifference; sometimes are not accompanied by indifference.

(The seven awakening factors) Are not characteristic of the plane of desire. Are not characteristic of the plane of form. Are not characteristic of the formless plane. Are not included (i.e. are supramundane). Sometimes tend to release; sometimes do not tend to release. Sometimes are of fixed (resultant time); sometimes are of no fixed (resultant time). Are not surpassable. Are without cause of bewailing.

(Here Ends) Interrogation

Analysis Of The Awakening Factors Is Ended