Aṅguttara Nikāya 10

10. Upālivagga

99. Upālisutta

Atha kho āyasmā upāli yena bhagavā tenupasaṅkami; upasaṅkamitvā bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā ekamantaṃ nisīdi. Ekamantaṃ nisinno kho āyasmā upāli bhagavantaṃ etadavoca: “icchāmahaṃ, bhante, arañña­vana­patthāni pantāni senāsanāni paṭisevitun”ti.

Dura­bhi­sam­bha­vāni hi kho, upāli, arañña­vana­patthāni pantāni senāsanāni. Dukkaraṃ pavivekaṃ durabhiramaṃ. Ekatte haranti maññe mano vanāni samādhiṃ alabhamānassa bhikkhuno. Yo kho, upāli, evaṃ vadeyya: ‘ahaṃ samādhiṃ alabhamāno arañña­vana­patthāni pantāni senāsanāni paṭisevissāmī’ti, tassetaṃ pāṭikaṅkhaṃ: ‘saṃsīdissati vā uplavissati vā’ti.

Seyyathāpi, upāli, mahāu­dakara­hado. Atha āgaccheyya hatthināgo sattaratano vā aḍḍhaṭṭha­ra­tano vā. Tassa evamassa: ‘yannūnāhaṃ imaṃ udakarahadaṃ ogāhetvā kaṇṇa­san­dhovi­kampi khiḍḍaṃ kīḷeyyaṃ piṭṭhi­san­dhovi­kampi khiḍḍaṃ kīḷeyyaṃ. Kaṇṇa­san­dhovi­kampi khiḍḍaṃ kīḷitvā piṭṭhi­san­dhovi­kampi khiḍḍaṃ kīḷitvā nhatvā ca pivitvā ca paccuttaritvā yena kāmaṃ pakkameyyan’ti. So taṃ udakarahadaṃ ogāhetvā kaṇṇa­san­dhovi­kampi khiḍḍaṃ kīḷeyya piṭṭhi­san­dhovi­kampi khiḍḍaṃ kīḷeyya; kaṇṇa­san­dhovi­kampi khiḍḍaṃ kīḷitvā piṭṭhi­san­dhovi­kampi khiḍḍaṃ kīḷitvā nhatvā ca pivitvā ca paccuttaritvā yena kāmaṃ pakkameyya. Taṃ kissa hetu? Mahā, upāli, attabhāvo gambhīre gādhaṃ vindati.

Atha āgaccheyya saso vā biḷāro vā. Tassa evamassa: ‘ko cāhaṃ, ko ca hatthināgo. Yannūnāhaṃ imaṃ udakarahadaṃ ogāhetvā kaṇṇa­san­dhovi­kampi khiḍḍaṃ kīḷeyyaṃ piṭṭhi­san­dhovi­kampi khiḍḍaṃ kīḷeyyaṃ; kaṇṇa­san­dhovi­kampi khiḍḍaṃ kīḷitvā piṭṭhi­san­dhovi­kampi khiḍḍaṃ kīḷitvā nhatvā ca pivitvā ca paccuttaritvā yena kāmaṃ pakkameyyan’ti. So taṃ udakarahadaṃ sahasā appaṭisaṅkhā pakkhandeyya. Tassetaṃ pāṭikaṅkhaṃ: ‘saṃsīdissati vā uplavissati vā’ti. Taṃ kissa hetu? Paritto, upāli, attabhāvo gambhīre gādhaṃ na vindati. Evamevaṃ kho, upāli, yo evaṃ vadeyya: ‘ahaṃ samādhiṃ alabhamāno arañña­vana­patthāni pantāni senāsanāni paṭisevissāmī’ti, tassetaṃ pāṭikaṅkhaṃ: ‘saṃsīdissati vā uplavissati vā’ti.

Seyyathāpi, upāli, daharo kumāro mando uttānaseyyako sakena muttakarīsena kīḷati. Taṃ kiṃ maññasi, upāli, nanvāyaṃ kevalā paripūrā bālakhiḍḍā”ti? “Evaṃ, bhante”.

“Sa kho so, upāli, kumāro aparena samayena vuddhimanvāya indriyānaṃ pari­pāka­man­vāya yāni kānici kumārakānaṃ kīḷāpanakāni bhavanti, seyyathidaṃ— vaṅkakaṃ ghaṭikaṃ mokkhacikaṃ ciṅgulakaṃ pattāḷhakaṃ rathakaṃ dhanukaṃ, tehi kīḷati. Taṃ kiṃ maññasi, upāli, nanvāyaṃ khiḍḍā purimāya khiḍḍāya abhikkantatarā ca paṇītatarā cā”ti? “Evaṃ, bhante”.

“Sa kho so, upāli, kumāro aparena samayena vuddhimanvāya indriyānaṃ pari­pāka­man­vāya pañcahi kāmaguṇehi samappito samaṅgibhūto paricāreti cak­khu­viññeyyehi rūpehi iṭṭhehi kantehi manāpehi piyarūpehi kāmū­pasaṃ­hi­tehi rajanīyehi, sotaviññeyyehi saddehi … ghāna­viññeyyehi gandhehi … jivhā­viññeyyehi rasehi … kāyaviññeyyehi phoṭṭhabbehi iṭṭhehi kantehi manāpehi piyarūpehi kāmū­pasaṃ­hi­tehi rajanīyehi. Taṃ kiṃ maññasi, upāli, nanvāyaṃ khiḍḍā purimāhi khiḍḍāhi abhikkantatarā ca paṇītatarā cā”ti? “Evaṃ, bhante”.

Idha kho pana vo, upāli, tathāgato loke uppajjati arahaṃ sammāsambuddho vij­jācara­ṇa­sam­panno sugato lokavidū anuttaro purisa­damma­sāra­thi satthā devamanussānaṃ buddho bhagavā. So imaṃ lokaṃ sadevakaṃ samārakaṃ sabrahmakaṃ ­sassama­ṇab­rāhma­ṇiṃ pajaṃ sadevamanussaṃ sayaṃ abhiññā sacchikatvā pavedeti. So dhammaṃ deseti ādikalyāṇaṃ majjhekalyāṇaṃ pari­yosāna­kal­yāṇaṃ sātthaṃ sabyañjanaṃ, kevala­pari­puṇṇaṃ parisuddhaṃ brahmacariyaṃ pakāseti.

Taṃ dhammaṃ suṇāti gahapati vā gahapatiputto vā aññatarasmiṃ vā kule paccājāto. So taṃ dhammaṃ sutvā tathāgate saddhaṃ paṭilabhati. So tena saddhā­paṭi­lā­bhena samannāgato iti paṭi­sañcik­khati: ‘sambādho gharāvāso rajāpatho, abbhokāso pabbajjā. Nayidaṃ sukaraṃ agāraṃ ajjhāvasatā ekanta­pari­puṇṇaṃ ekanta­pari­suddhaṃ saṅkhalikhitaṃ brahmacariyaṃ carituṃ. Yannūnāhaṃ kesamassuṃ ohāretvā kāsāyāni vatthāni acchādetvā agārasmā anagāriyaṃ pabbajeyyan’ti.

So aparena samayena appaṃ vā bhogakkhandhaṃ pahāya mahantaṃ vā bhogakkhandhaṃ pahāya appaṃ vā ñātiparivaṭṭaṃ pahāya mahantaṃ vā ñātiparivaṭṭaṃ pahāya kesamassuṃ ohāretvā kāsāyāni vatthāni acchādetvā agārasmā anagāriyaṃ pabbajati.

So evaṃ pabbajito samāno bhikkhūnaṃ sikkhā­sājīva­samā­panno pāṇātipātaṃ pahāya pāṇātipātā paṭivirato hoti nihitadaṇḍo nihitasattho lajjī dayāpanno sabba­pāṇa­bhūta­hi­tānukampī viharati.

Adinnādānaṃ pahāya adinnādānā paṭivirato hoti dinnādāyī dinna­pāṭikaṅ­khī; athenena sucibhūtena attanā viharati.

Abrahmacariyaṃ pahāya brahmacārī hoti ārācārī virato methunā gāmadhammā.

Musāvādaṃ pahāya musāvādā paṭivirato hoti saccavādī saccasandho theto paccayiko avisaṃvādako lokassa.

Pisuṇaṃ vācaṃ pahāya pisuṇāya vācāya paṭivirato hoti, ito sutvā na amutra akkhātā imesaṃ bhedāya, amutra vā sutvā na imesaṃ akkhātā amūsaṃ bhedāya. Iti bhinnānaṃ vā sandhātā sahitānaṃ vā anuppadātā, samaggārāmo samaggarato samagganandī; samaggakaraṇiṃ vācaṃ bhāsitā hoti.

Pharusaṃ vācaṃ pahāya pharusāya vācāya paṭivirato hoti. Yā sā vācā nelā kaṇṇasukhā pemanīyā hadayaṅgamā porī bahujanakantā bahujanamanāpā, tathārūpiṃ vācaṃ bhāsitā hoti.

Samphappalāpaṃ pahāya samphappalāpā paṭivirato hoti kālavādī bhūtavādī atthavādī dhammavādī vinayavādī, nidhānavatiṃ vācaṃ bhāsitā hoti kālena sāpadesaṃ pariyantavatiṃ atthasaṃhitaṃ.

So bīja­gāma­bhūta­gāma­samāram­bhā paṭivirato hoti. Ekabhattiko hoti rattūparato, virato vikālabhojanā. Nacca­gīta­vādita­visūka­dassanā paṭivirato hoti, mālā­gandha­vi­lepa­na­dhāra­ṇa­maṇḍa­na­vi­bhū­sa­naṭ­ṭhānā paṭivirato hoti, uccāsaya­na­ma­hāsayanā paṭivirato hoti, jāta­rūpa­rajata­paṭig­gahaṇā paṭivirato hoti, āmaka­dhañña­paṭig­gahaṇā paṭivirato hoti, āmaka­maṃsa­paṭig­gahaṇā paṭivirato hoti, itthi­kumāri­ka­paṭig­gahaṇā paṭivirato hoti, dāsi­dāsa­paṭig­gahaṇā paṭivirato hoti, ajeḷa­ka­paṭig­gahaṇā paṭivirato hoti, kukku­ṭa­sūkara­paṭig­gahaṇā paṭivirato hoti, hatthi­ga­vassava­ḷava­paṭig­gahaṇā paṭivirato hoti, khetta­vatthu­paṭig­gahaṇā paṭivirato hoti, dūteyya­pahiṇa­gamanā­nuyogā paṭivirato hoti, kayavikkayā paṭivirato hoti, tulā­kūṭa­kaṃsa­kūṭa­māna­kūṭā paṭivirato hoti, ukko­ṭana­vañ­cana­nikati­sāci­yogā paṭivirato hoti, cheda­na­va­dha­bandha­na­vi­parā­mo­sa­ālo­pa­saha­sā­kārā paṭivirato hoti.

So santuṭṭho hoti kāya­pari­hāri­kena cīvarena kucchi­pari­hāri­kena piṇḍapātena. Yena yeneva pakkamati samādāyeva pakkamati, seyyathāpi nāma pakkhī sakuṇo yena yeneva ḍeti sapattabhārova ḍeti. Evamevaṃ bhikkhu santuṭṭho hoti kāya­pari­hāri­kena cīvarena kucchi­pari­hāri­kena piṇḍapātena. Yena yeneva pakkamati samādāyeva pakkamati. So iminā ariyena sīlakkhandhena samannāgato ajjhattaṃ anavajjasukhaṃ paṭisaṃvedeti.

So cakkhunā rūpaṃ disvā na nimittaggāhī hoti ­nānub­yañ­janag­gāhī. Yat­vādhika­ra­ṇa­menaṃ cakkhundriyaṃ asaṃvutaṃ viharantaṃ abhij­jhā­do­manassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāssaveyyuṃ, tassa saṃvarāya paṭipajjati; rakkhati cakkhundriyaṃ, cakkhundriye saṃvaraṃ āpajjati. Sotena saddaṃ sutvā … ghānena gandhaṃ ghāyitvā … jivhāya rasaṃ sāyitvā … kāyena phoṭṭhabbaṃ phusitvā … manasā dhammaṃ viññāya na nimittaggāhī hoti ­nānub­yañ­janag­gāhī. Yat­vādhika­ra­ṇa­menaṃ manindriyaṃ asaṃvutaṃ viharantaṃ abhij­jhā­do­manassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāssaveyyuṃ, tassa saṃvarāya paṭipajjati; rakkhati manindriyaṃ, manindriye saṃvaraṃ āpajjati. So iminā ariyena indriya­saṃ­varena samannāgato ajjhattaṃ abyāsekasukhaṃ paṭisaṃvedeti.

So abhikkante paṭikkante sampajānakārī hoti, ālokite vilokite sampajānakārī hoti, samiñjite pasārite sampajānakārī hoti, saṅghā­ṭi­patta­cīvara­dhāraṇe sampajānakārī hoti, asite pīte khāyite sāyite sampajānakārī hoti, uccāra­passā­va­kamme sampajānakārī hoti, gate ṭhite nisinne sutte jāgarite bhāsite tuṇhībhāve sampajānakārī hoti.

So iminā ca ariyena sīlakkhandhena samannāgato, iminā ca ariyena indriya­saṃ­varena samannāgato, iminā ca ariyena sati­sam­pajañ­ñena samannāgato vivittaṃ senāsanaṃ bhajati araññaṃ rukkhamūlaṃ pabbataṃ kandaraṃ giriguhaṃ susānaṃ vanapatthaṃ abbhokāsaṃ palālapuñjaṃ. So araññagato vā rukkhamūlagato vā suññāgāragato vā nisīdati pallaṅkaṃ ābhujitvā ujuṃ kāyaṃ paṇidhāya parimukhaṃ satiṃ upaṭṭhapetvā.

So abhijjhaṃ loke pahāya vigatā­bhij­jhena cetasā viharati, abhijjhāya cittaṃ parisodheti. Byāpādapadosaṃ pahāya abyāpannacitto viharati sabba­pāṇa­bhūta­hi­tānukampī, byāpādapadosā cittaṃ parisodheti. Thinamiddhaṃ pahāya vigata­thina­middho viharati ālokasaññī sato sampajāno, thinamiddhā cittaṃ parisodheti. Uddhac­ca­kukkuc­caṃ pahāya anuddhato viharati ajjhattaṃ vūpasantacitto, uddhac­ca­kukkuccā cittaṃ parisodheti. Vicikicchaṃ pahāya tiṇ­ṇavici­kiccho viharati akathaṅkathī kusalesu dhammesu, vicikicchāya cittaṃ parisodheti.

So ime pañca nīvaraṇe pahāya cetaso upakkilese paññāya dubbalīkaraṇe, vivicceva kāmehi vivicca akusalehi dhammehi savitakkaṃ savicāraṃ vivekajaṃ pītisukhaṃ paṭhamaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. Taṃ kiṃ maññasi, upāli, ‘nanvāyaṃ vihāro purimehi vihārehi abhikkantataro ca paṇītataro cā’”ti? “Evaṃ, bhante”.

“Imampi kho, upāli, mama sāvakā attani dhammaṃ sampassamānā arañña­vana­patthāni pantāni senāsanāni paṭisevanti, no ca kho tāva anup­patta­sadat­thā viharanti.

Puna caparaṃ, upāli, bhikkhu vitak­ka­vicārā­naṃ vūpasamā … pe … dutiyaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. Taṃ kiṃ maññasi, upāli, ‘nanvāyaṃ vihāro purimehi vihārehi abhikkantataro ca paṇītataro cā’”ti? “Evaṃ, bhante”.

“Imampi kho, upāli, mama sāvakā attani dhammaṃ sampassamānā arañña­vana­patthāni pantāni senāsanāni paṭisevanti, no ca kho tāva anup­patta­sadat­thā viharanti.

Puna caparaṃ, upāli, bhikkhu pītiyā ca virāgā … pe … tatiyaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. Taṃ kiṃ maññasi, upāli, ‘nanvāyaṃ vihāro purimehi vihārehi abhikkantataro ca paṇītataro cā’”ti? “Evaṃ, bhante”.

“Imampi kho, upāli, mama sāvakā attani dhammaṃ sampassamānā arañña­vana­patthāni pantāni senāsanāni paṭisevanti, no ca kho tāva anup­patta­sadat­thā viharanti.

Puna caparaṃ, upāli, bhikkhu sukhassa ca pahānā … pe … catutthaṃ jhānaṃ … pe ….

Puna caparaṃ, upāli, bhikkhu sabbaso rūpasaññānaṃ samatikkamā paṭi­gha­saññā­naṃ atthaṅgamā nānat­ta­saññā­naṃ amanasikārā ‘ananto ākāso’ti ākāsānañ­cāyata­naṃ upasampajja viharati. Taṃ kiṃ maññasi, upāli, ‘nanvāyaṃ vihāro purimehi vihārehi abhikkantataro ca paṇītataro cā’”ti? “Evaṃ, bhante”.

“Imampi kho, upāli, mama sāvakā attani dhammaṃ sampassamānā arañña­vana­patthāni pantāni senāsanāni paṭisevanti, no ca kho tāva anup­patta­sadat­thā viharanti.

Puna caparaṃ, upāli, bhikkhu sabbaso ākāsānañ­cāyata­naṃ samatikkamma ‘anantaṃ viññāṇan’ti viñ­ñā­ṇañ­cāyata­naṃ upasampajja viharati … pe ….

Sabbaso viñ­ñā­ṇañ­cāyata­naṃ samatikkamma ‘natthi kiñcī’ti ākiñ­cañ­ñā­yatanaṃ upasampajja viharati … pe ….

Sabbaso ākiñ­cañ­ñā­yatanaṃ samatikkamma ‘santametaṃ paṇītametan’ti neva­saññā­nā­sañ­ñāyata­naṃ upasampajja viharati. Taṃ kiṃ maññasi, upāli, ‘nanvāyaṃ vihāro purimehi vihārehi abhikkantataro ca paṇītataro cā’”ti? “Evaṃ, bhante”.

“Imampi kho, upāli, mama sāvakā attani dhammaṃ sampassamānā arañña­vana­patthāni pantāni senāsanāni paṭisevanti, no ca kho tāva anup­patta­sadat­thā viharanti.

Puna caparaṃ, upāli, bhikkhu sabbaso neva­saññā­nā­sañ­ñāyata­naṃ samatikkamma saññā­ve­dayi­ta­nirodhaṃ upasampajja viharati; paññāya cassa disvā āsavā parikkhīṇā honti. Taṃ kiṃ maññasi, upāli, ‘nanvāyaṃ vihāro purimehi vihārehi abhikkantataro ca paṇītataro cā’”ti? “Evaṃ, bhante”.

“Imampi kho, upāli, mama sāvakā attani dhammaṃ sampassamānā arañña­vana­patthāni pantāni senāsanāni paṭisevanti, anup­patta­sadat­thā ca viharanti. Iṅgha tvaṃ, upāli, saṅghe viharāhi. Saṅghe te viharato phāsu bhavissatī”ti.

Navamaṃ.