Aṅguttara Nikāya 4

20. Mahāvagga

198. Attantapasutta

“Cattārome, bhikkhave, puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasmiṃ. Katame cattāro? Idha, bhikkhave, ekacco puggalo attantapo hoti atta­pari­tāpa­nā­nu­yoga­manu­yutto. Idha pana, bhikkhave, ekacco puggalo parantapo hoti para­pari­tāpa­nā­nu­yoga­manu­yutto. Idha pana, bhikkhave, ekacco puggalo attantapo ca hoti atta­pari­tāpa­nā­nu­yoga­manu­yutto, parantapo ca para­pari­tāpa­nā­nu­yoga­manu­yutto. Idha pana, bhikkhave, ekacco puggalo nevattantapo hoti nātta­pari­tāpa­nā­nu­yoga­manu­yutto na parantapo na para­pari­tāpa­nā­nu­yoga­manu­yutto. So neva attantapo na parantapo diṭṭheva dhamme nicchāto nibbuto sītībhūto sukhap­paṭi­saṃ­vedī brahmabhūtena attanā viharati.

Kathañca, bhikkhave, puggalo attantapo hoti atta­pari­tāpa­nā­nu­yoga­manu­yutto? Idha, bhikkhave, ekacco acelako hoti muttācāro hatthā­pa­lekhano naehi­bhaddan­tiko ­natiṭ­ṭha­bhaddan­tiko nābhihaṭaṃ na uddissakataṃ na nimantanaṃ sādiyati. So na kumbhimukhā paṭiggaṇhāti, na kaḷopimukhā paṭiggaṇhāti, na eḷakamantaraṃ na daṇḍamantaraṃ na musalamantaraṃ na dvinnaṃ bhuñjamānānaṃ na gabbhiniyā na pāyamānāya na puri­santara­gatāya na saṅkittīsu na yattha sā upaṭṭhito hoti na yattha makkhikā saṇḍa­saṇ­ḍa­cārinī na macchaṃ na maṃsaṃ na suraṃ na merayaṃ na thusodakaṃ pivati. So ekāgāriko vā hoti ekālopiko dvāgāriko vā hoti dvālopiko … pe … sattāgāriko vā hoti sattālopiko; ekissāpi dattiyā yāpeti dvīhipi dattīhi yāpeti … pe … sattahipi dattīhi yāpeti; ekāhikampi āhāraṃ āhāreti dvāhikampi āhāraṃ āhāreti … pe … sattāhikampi āhāraṃ āhāreti. Iti evarūpaṃ aḍḍhamāsikampi ­pariyā­ya­bhatta­bhoja­nā­nu­yoga­manu­yutto viharati.

So sākabhakkhopi hoti sāmāka­bhak­khopi hoti nīvāra­bhak­khopi hoti daddu­la­bhak­khopi hoti haṭabhakkhopi hoti kaṇabhakkhopi hoti ācāmabhakkhopi hoti piñ­ñāka­bhak­khopi hoti tiṇabhakkhopi hoti gomaya­bhak­khopi hoti; vana­mū­laphalā­hāropi yāpeti pavat­ta­phala­bhojī.

So sāṇānipi dhāreti masāṇānipi dhāreti chavadussānipi dhāreti paṃsukūlānipi dhāreti tirīṭānipi dhāreti ajinampi dhāreti ajinakkhipampi dhāreti kusacīrampi dhāreti vākacīrampi dhāreti phalakacīrampi dhāreti kesakambalampi dhāreti vāḷakambalampi dhāreti ulūkapakkhampi dhāreti; kesa­massu­lo­ca­kopi hoti kesa­massu­loca­nānu­yoga­manu­yutto; ubbhaṭṭhakopi hoti āsanap­pa­ṭikkhitto; ukkuṭikopi hoti ukkuṭi­kap­pa­dhā­na­manu­yutto; kaṇṭa­kā­passa­yi­kopi hoti kaṇṭakāpassaye seyyaṃ kappeti; sāya­tatiya­kampi uda­koro­ha­nā­nu­yoga­manu­yutto viharati. Iti evarūpaṃ anekavihitaṃ kāyassa ātāpa­na­pari­tāpa­nā­nu­yoga­manu­yutto viharati. Evaṃ kho, bhikkhave, puggalo attantapo hoti atta­pari­tāpa­nā­nu­yoga­manu­yutto.

Kathañca, bhikkhave, puggalo parantapo hoti para­pari­tāpa­nā­nu­yoga­manu­yutto? Idha, bhikkhave, ekacco puggalo orabbhiko hoti sūkariko sākuṇiko māgaviko luddo macchaghātako coro coraghātako goghātako bandhanāgāriko, ye vā panaññepi keci kurūrakammantā. Evaṃ kho, bhikkhave, puggalo parantapo hoti para­pari­tāpa­nā­nu­yoga­manu­yutto.

Kathañca, bhikkhave, puggalo attantapo ca hoti atta­pari­tāpa­nā­nu­yoga­manu­yutto parantapo ca para­pari­tāpa­nā­nu­yoga­manu­yutto? Idha, bhikkhave, ekacco puggalo rājā vā hoti khattiyo muddhāvasitto, brāhmaṇo vā hoti mahāsālo. So puratthimena nagarassa navaṃ santhāgāraṃ kārāpetvā kesamassuṃ ohāretvā kharājinaṃ nivāsetvā sappitelena kāyaṃ abbhañjitvā magavisāṇena piṭṭhiṃ kaṇḍuvamāno navaṃ santhāgāraṃ pavisati, saddhiṃ mahesiyā brāhmaṇena ca purohitena. So tattha anantarahitāya bhūmiyā hari­tu­palittāya seyyaṃ kappeti. Ekissāya gāviyā sarūpavacchāya yaṃ ekasmiṃ thane khīraṃ hoti tena rājā yāpeti; yaṃ dutiyasmiṃ thane khīraṃ hoti tena mahesī yāpeti; yaṃ tatiyasmiṃ thane khīraṃ hoti tena brāhmaṇo purohito yāpeti; yaṃ catutthasmiṃ thane khīraṃ hoti tena aggiṃ juhati; avasesena vacchako yāpeti. So evamāha: ‘ettakā usabhā haññantu yaññatthāya, ettakā vacchatarā haññantu yaññatthāya, ettakā vacchatariyo haññantu yaññatthāya, ettakā ajā haññantu yaññatthāya, ettakā urabbhā haññantu yaññatthāya, ettakā assā haññantu yaññatthāya, ettakā rukkhā chijjantu yūpatthāya, ettakā dabbhā lūyantu barihisatthāyā’ti. Yepissa te honti dāsāti vā pessāti vā kammakarāti vā tepi daṇḍatajjitā bhayatajjitā assumukhā rudamānā parikammāni karonti. Evaṃ kho, bhikkhave, puggalo attantapo ca hoti atta­pari­tāpa­nā­nu­yoga­manu­yutto parantapo ca para­pari­tāpa­nā­nu­yoga­manu­yutto.

Kathañca, bhikkhave, puggalo nevattantapo hoti nātta­pari­tāpa­nā­nu­yoga­manu­yutto na parantapo na para­pari­tāpa­nā­nu­yoga­manu­yutto? So anattantapo aparantapo diṭṭheva dhamme nicchāto nibbuto sītībhūto sukhap­paṭi­saṃ­vedī brahmabhūtena attanā viharati. Idha, bhikkhave, tathāgato loke uppajjati arahaṃ sammāsambuddho vij­jācara­ṇa­sam­panno sugato lokavidū anuttaro purisa­damma­sāra­thi satthā devamanussānaṃ buddho bhagavā. So imaṃ lokaṃ sadevakaṃ samārakaṃ sabrahmakaṃ ­sassama­ṇab­rāhma­ṇiṃ pajaṃ sadevamanussaṃ sayaṃ abhiññā sacchikatvā pavedeti. So dhammaṃ deseti ādikalyāṇaṃ majjhekalyāṇaṃ pari­yosāna­kal­yāṇaṃ sātthaṃ sabyañjanaṃ, kevala­pari­puṇṇaṃ parisuddhaṃ brahmacariyaṃ pakāseti. Taṃ dhammaṃ suṇāti gahapati vā gahapatiputto vā aññatarasmiṃ vā kule paccājāto. So taṃ dhammaṃ sutvā tathāgate saddhaṃ paṭilabhati. So tena saddhā­paṭi­lā­bhena samannāgato iti paṭi­sañcik­khati: ‘sambādho gharāvāso rajāpatho, abbhokāso pabbajjā; nayidaṃ sukaraṃ agāraṃ ajjhāvasatā ekanta­pari­puṇṇaṃ ekanta­pari­suddhaṃ saṅkhalikhitaṃ brahmacariyaṃ carituṃ; yannūnāhaṃ kesamassuṃ ohāretvā kāsāyāni vatthāni acchādetvā agārasmā anagāriyaṃ pabbajeyyan’ti. So aparena samayena appaṃ vā bhogakkhandhaṃ pahāya, mahantaṃ vā bhogakkhandhaṃ pahāya, appaṃ vā ñātiparivaṭṭaṃ pahāya, mahantaṃ vā ñātiparivaṭṭaṃ pahāya, kesamassuṃ ohāretvā kāsāyāni vatthāni acchādetvā agārasmā anagāriyaṃ pabbajati.

So evaṃ pabbajito samāno bhikkhūnaṃ sikkhā­sājīva­samā­panno pāṇātipātaṃ pahāya pāṇātipātā paṭivirato hoti nihitadaṇḍo nihitasattho lajjī dayāpanno, sabba­pāṇa­bhūta­hi­tānukampī viharati. Adinnādānaṃ pahāya adinnādānā paṭivirato hoti dinnādāyī dinna­pāṭikaṅ­khī, athenena sucibhūtena attanā viharati. Abrahmacariyaṃ pahāya brahmacārī hoti ārācārī virato asaddhammā gāmadhammā. Musāvādaṃ pahāya musāvādā paṭivirato hoti saccavādī saccasandho theto paccayiko avisaṃvādako lokassa. Pisuṇaṃ vācaṃ pahāya pisuṇāya vācāya paṭivirato hoti, na ito sutvā amutra akkhātā imesaṃ bhedāya, na amutra vā sutvā imesaṃ akkhātā amūsaṃ bhedāya; iti bhinnānaṃ vā sandhātā, sahitānaṃ vā anuppadātā, samaggārāmo samaggarato samagganandī samaggakaraṇiṃ vācaṃ bhāsitā hoti. Pharusaṃ vācaṃ pahāya pharusāya vācāya paṭivirato hoti; yā sā vācā nelā kaṇṇasukhā pemanīyā hadayaṅgamā porī bahujanakantā bahujanamanāpā tathārūpiṃ vācaṃ bhāsitā hoti. Samphappalāpaṃ pahāya samphappalāpā paṭivirato hoti kālavādī bhūtavādī atthavādī dhammavādī vinayavādī; nidhānavatiṃ vācaṃ bhāsitā hoti kālena sāpadesaṃ pariyantavatiṃ atthasaṃhitaṃ.

So bīja­gāma­bhūta­gāma­samāram­bhā paṭivirato hoti. Ekabhattiko hoti rattūparato virato vikālabhojanā. Nacca­gīta­vādita­visūka­dassanā paṭivirato hoti. Mālā­gandha­vi­lepa­na­dhāra­ṇa­maṇḍa­na­vi­bhū­sa­naṭ­ṭhānā paṭivirato hoti. Uccāsaya­na­ma­hāsayanā paṭivirato hoti. Jāta­rūpa­rajata­paṭig­gahaṇā paṭivirato hoti. Āmaka­dhañña­paṭig­gahaṇā paṭivirato hoti. Āmaka­maṃsa­paṭig­gahaṇā paṭivirato hoti. Itthi­kumāri­ka­paṭig­gahaṇā paṭivirato hoti. Dāsi­dāsa­paṭig­gahaṇā paṭivirato hoti. Ajeḷa­ka­paṭig­gahaṇā paṭivirato hoti. Kukku­ṭa­sūkara­paṭig­gahaṇā paṭivirato hoti. Hatthi­ga­vāssava­ḷava­paṭig­gahaṇā paṭivirato hoti. Khetta­vatthu­paṭig­gahaṇā paṭivirato hoti. Dūteyya­pahiṇa­gamanā­nuyogā paṭivirato hoti. Kayavikkayā paṭivirato hoti. Tulā­kūṭa­kaṃsa­kūṭa­māna­kūṭā paṭivirato hoti. Ukko­ṭana­vañ­cana­nikati­sāci­yogā paṭivirato hoti. Cheda­na­va­dha­bandha­na­vi­parā­mo­sa­ālo­pa­saha­sā­kārā paṭivirato hoti.

So santuṭṭho hoti kāya­pari­hāri­kena cīvarena kucchi­pari­hāri­kena piṇḍapātena. So yena yeneva pakkamati samādāyeva pakkamati. Seyyathāpi nāma pakkhī sakuṇo yena yeneva ḍeti, sapattabhārova ḍeti; evamevaṃ bhikkhu santuṭṭho hoti kāya­pari­hāri­kena cīvarena kucchi­pari­hāri­kena piṇḍapātena. So yena yeneva pakkamati, samādāyeva pakkamati. So iminā ariyena sīlakkhandhena samannāgato ajjhattaṃ anavajjasukhaṃ paṭisaṃvedeti.

So cakkhunā rūpaṃ disvā na nimittaggāhī hoti ­nānub­yañ­janag­gāhī. Yat­vādhika­ra­ṇa­menaṃ cakkhundriyaṃ asaṃvutaṃ viharantaṃ abhij­jhā­do­manassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāssaveyyuṃ, tassa saṃvarāya paṭipajjati; rakkhati cakkhundriyaṃ; cakkhundriye saṃvaraṃ āpajjati. Sotena saddaṃ sutvā … ghānena gandhaṃ ghāyitvā … jivhāya rasaṃ sāyitvā … kāyena phoṭṭhabbaṃ phusitvā … manasā dhammaṃ viññāya na nimittaggāhī hoti ­nānub­yañ­janag­gāhī. Yat­vādhika­ra­ṇa­menaṃ manindriyaṃ asaṃvutaṃ viharantaṃ abhij­jhā­do­manassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāssaveyyuṃ, tassa saṃvarāya paṭipajjati; rakkhati manindriyaṃ; manindriye saṃvaraṃ āpajjati. So iminā ariyena indriya­saṃ­varena samannāgato ajjhattaṃ abyāsekasukhaṃ paṭisaṃvedeti.

So abhikkante paṭikkante sampajānakārī hoti, ālokite vilokite sampajānakārī hoti, samiñjite pasārite sampajānakārī hoti, saṅghā­ṭi­patta­cīvara­dhāraṇe sampajānakārī hoti, asite pīte khāyite sāyite sampajānakārī hoti, uccāra­passā­va­kamme sampajānakārī hoti, gate ṭhite nisinne sutte jāgarite bhāsite tuṇhībhāve sampajānakārī hoti.

So iminā ca ariyena sīlakkhandhena samannāgato, imāya ca ariyāya santuṭṭhiyā samannāgato, iminā ca ariyena indriya­saṃ­varena samannāgato, iminā ca ariyena sati­sam­pajañ­ñena samannāgato vivittaṃ senāsanaṃ bhajati araññaṃ rukkhamūlaṃ pabbataṃ kandaraṃ giriguhaṃ susānaṃ vanappatthaṃ abbhokāsaṃ palālapuñjaṃ. So pacchābhattaṃ piṇḍa­pāta­paṭik­kanto nisīdati pallaṅkaṃ ābhujitvā ujuṃ kāyaṃ paṇidhāya parimukhaṃ satiṃ upaṭṭhapetvā. So abhijjhaṃ loke pahāya vigatā­bhij­jhena cetasā viharati, abhijjhāya cittaṃ parisodheti. Byāpādapadosaṃ pahāya abyāpannacitto viharati sabba­pāṇa­bhūta­hi­tānukampī, byāpādapadosā cittaṃ parisodheti. Thinamiddhaṃ pahāya vigata­thina­middho viharati ālokasaññī sato sampajāno, thinamiddhā cittaṃ parisodheti. Uddhac­ca­kukkuc­caṃ pahāya anuddhato viharati ajjhattaṃ vūpasantacitto, uddhac­ca­kukkuccā cittaṃ parisodheti. Vicikicchaṃ pahāya tiṇ­ṇavici­kiccho viharati akathaṃkathī kusalesu dhammesu, vicikicchāya cittaṃ parisodheti. So ime pañca nīvaraṇe pahāya cetaso upakkilese paññāya dubbalīkaraṇe vivicceva kāmehi … pe … catutthaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati.

So evaṃ samāhite citte parisuddhe pariyodāte anaṅgaṇe viga­tū­pak­kilese mudubhūte kammaniye ṭhite āneñjappatte pubbe­nivāsā­nus­sati­ñāṇāya … pe … sattānaṃ cutū­papāta­ñā­ṇāya … pe … āsavānaṃ khayañāṇāya cittaṃ abhininnāmeti. So ‘idaṃ dukkhan’ti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti, ‘ayaṃ dukkhasamudayo’ti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti, ‘ayaṃ dukkhanirodho’ti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti, ‘ayaṃ duk­kha­nirodha­gāminī paṭipadā’ti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. ‘Ime āsavā’ti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti, ‘ayaṃ āsavasamudayo’ti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti, ‘ayaṃ āsavanirodho’ti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti, ‘ayaṃ āsava­nirodha­gāminī paṭipadā’ti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti.

Tassa evaṃ jānato evaṃ passato kāmāsavāpi cittaṃ vimuccati, bhavāsavāpi cittaṃ vimuccati, avijjāsavāpi cittaṃ vimuccati; vimuttasmiṃ vimuttamiti ñāṇaṃ hoti. ‘Khīṇā jāti, vusitaṃ brahmacariyaṃ, kataṃ karaṇīyaṃ, nāparaṃ itthattāyā’ti pajānāti. Evaṃ kho, bhikkhave, puggalo nevattantapo hoti nātta­pari­tāpa­nā­nu­yoga­manu­yutto na parantapo na para­pari­tāpa­nā­nu­yoga­manu­yutto. So na attantapo na parantapo diṭṭheva dhamme nicchāto nibbuto sītībhūto sukhap­paṭi­saṃ­vedī brahmabhūtena attanā viharati. Ime kho, bhikkhave, cattāro puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasmin”ti.

Aṭṭhamaṃ.