Aṅguttara Nikāya 4

7. Patta­kam­ma­vagga

61. Patta­kam­masutta

Atha kho anāthapiṇḍiko gahapati yena bhagavā tenupasaṅkami; upasaṅkamitvā bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā ekamantaṃ nisīdi. Ekamantaṃ nisinnaṃ kho anāthapiṇḍikaṃ gahapatiṃ bhagavā etadavoca: 

“Cattārome, gahapati, dhammā iṭṭhā kantā manāpā dullabhā lokasmiṃ. Katame cattāro? Bhogā me uppajjantu sahadhammenāti, ayaṃ paṭhamo dhammo iṭṭho kanto manāpo dullabho lokasmiṃ.

Bhoge laddhā sahadhammena yaso me āgacchatu saha ñātīhi saha upajjhāyehīti, ayaṃ dutiyo dhammo iṭṭho kanto manāpo dullabho lokasmiṃ.

Bhoge laddhā sahadhammena yasaṃ laddhā saha ñātīhi saha upajjhāyehi ciraṃ jīvāmi dīghamāyuṃ pālemīti, ayaṃ tatiyo dhammo iṭṭho kanto manāpo dullabho lokasmiṃ.

Bhoge laddhā sahadhammena yasaṃ laddhā saha ñātīhi saha upajjhāyehi ciraṃ jīvitvā dīghamāyuṃ pāletvā kāyassa bhedā paraṃ maraṇā sugatiṃ saggaṃ lokaṃ upapajjāmīti, ayaṃ catuttho dhammo iṭṭho kanto manāpo dullabho lokasmiṃ. Ime kho, gahapati, cattāro dhammā iṭṭhā kantā manāpā dullabhā lokasmiṃ.

Imesaṃ kho, gahapati, catunnaṃ dhammānaṃ iṭṭhānaṃ kantānaṃ manāpānaṃ dullabhānaṃ lokasmiṃ cattāro dhammā paṭilābhāya saṃvattanti. Katame cattāro? Saddhāsampadā, sīlasampadā, cāgasampadā, paññāsampadā.

Katamā ca, gahapati, saddhāsampadā? Idha, gahapati, ariyasāvako saddho hoti, saddahati tathāgatassa bodhiṃ: ‘itipi so bhagavā arahaṃ sammāsambuddho vij­jācara­ṇa­sam­panno sugato lokavidū anuttaro purisa­damma­sāra­thi, satthā devamanussānaṃ buddho bhagavā’ti. Ayaṃ vuccati, gahapati, saddhāsampadā.

Katamā ca, gahapati, sīlasampadā? Idha, gahapati, ariyasāvako pāṇātipātā paṭivirato hoti … pe … surā­meraya­majja­pa­mā­daṭṭhānā paṭivirato hoti. Ayaṃ vuccati, gahapati, sīlasampadā.

Katamā ca, gahapati, cāgasampadā? Idha, gahapati, ariyasāvako viga­tamala­mac­che­rena cetasā agāraṃ ajjhāvasati muttacāgo payatapāṇi vosaggarato yācayogo dāna­saṃ­vibhā­ga­rato. Ayaṃ vuccati, gahapati, cāgasampadā.

Katamā ca, gahapati, paññāsampadā? Abhij­jhā­visama­lo­bhā­bhi­bhū­tena, gahapati, cetasā viharanto akiccaṃ karoti, kiccaṃ aparādheti. Akiccaṃ karonto kiccaṃ aparādhento yasā ca sukhā ca dhaṃsati. Byāpā­dā­bhi­bhū­tena, gahapati, cetasā viharanto akiccaṃ karoti, kiccaṃ aparādheti. Akiccaṃ karonto kiccaṃ aparādhento yasā ca sukhā ca dhaṃsati. Thina­mid­dhā­bhi­bhū­tena, gahapati, cetasā viharanto akiccaṃ karoti kiccaṃ aparādheti. Akiccaṃ karonto kiccaṃ aparādhento yasā ca sukhā ca dhaṃsati. Uddhac­ca­kukkuc­cā­bhi­bhū­tena, gahapati, cetasā viharanto akiccaṃ karoti, kiccaṃ aparādheti. Akiccaṃ karonto kiccaṃ aparādhento yasā ca sukhā ca dhaṃsati. Vici­kicchā­bhi­bhū­tena, gahapati, cetasā viharanto akiccaṃ karoti, kiccaṃ aparādheti. Akiccaṃ karonto kiccaṃ aparādhento yasā ca sukhā ca dhaṃsati.

Sa kho so, gahapati, ariyasāvako abhij­jhā­visama­lobho cittassa upakkilesoti, iti viditvā abhij­jhā­visama­lobhaṃ cittassa upakkilesaṃ pajahati. Byāpādo cittassa upakkilesoti, iti viditvā byāpādaṃ cittassa upakkilesaṃ pajahati. Thinamiddhaṃ cittassa upakkilesoti, iti viditvā thinamiddhaṃ cittassa upakkilesaṃ pajahati. Uddhac­ca­kukkuc­caṃ cittassa upakkilesoti, iti viditvā uddhac­ca­kukkuc­caṃ cittassa upakkilesaṃ pajahati. Vicikicchā cittassa upakkilesoti, iti viditvā vicikicchaṃ cittassa upakkilesaṃ pajahati.

Yato ca kho, gahapati, ariyasāvakassa abhij­jhā­visama­lobho cittassa upakkilesoti, iti viditvā abhij­jhā­visama­lobho cittassa upakkileso pahīno hoti. Byāpādo cittassa upakkilesoti, iti viditvā byāpādo cittassa upakkileso pahīno hoti. Thinamiddhaṃ cittassa upakkilesoti, iti viditvā thinamiddhaṃ cittassa upakkileso pahīno hoti. Uddhac­ca­kukkuc­caṃ cittassa upakkilesoti, iti viditvā uddhac­ca­kukkuc­caṃ cittassa upakkileso pahīno hoti. Vicikicchā cittassa upakkilesoti, iti viditvā vicikicchā cittassa upakkileso pahīno hoti. Ayaṃ vuccati, gahapati, ariyasāvako mahāpañño puthupañño āpātadaso paññāsampanno. Ayaṃ vuccati, gahapati, paññāsampadā. Imesaṃ kho, gahapati, catunnaṃ dhammānaṃ iṭṭhānaṃ kantānaṃ manāpānaṃ dullabhānaṃ lokasmiṃ ime cattāro dhammā paṭilābhāya saṃvattanti.

Sa kho so, gahapati, ariyasāvako uṭṭhā­na­vīriyā­dhi­gatehi bhogehi bāhā­bala­pari­citehi sedā­vak­khit­tehi dhammikehi dhammaladdhehi cattāri pattakammāni kattā hoti. Katamāni cattāri? Idha, gahapati, ariyasāvako uṭṭhā­na­vīriyā­dhi­gatehi bhogehi bāhā­bala­pari­citehi sedā­vak­khit­tehi dhammikehi dhammaladdhehi attānaṃ sukheti pīṇeti sammā sukhaṃ pariharati. Mātāpitaro sukheti pīṇeti sammā sukhaṃ pariharati. Putta­dāra­dā­sakam­ma­ka­ra­porise sukheti pīṇeti sammā sukhaṃ pariharati. Mittāmacce sukheti pīṇeti sammā sukhaṃ pariharati. Idamassa paṭhamaṃ ṭhānagataṃ hoti pattagataṃ āyatanaso paribhuttaṃ.

Puna caparaṃ, gahapati, ariyasāvako uṭṭhā­na­vīriyā­dhi­gatehi bhogehi bāhā­bala­pari­citehi sedā­vak­khit­tehi dhammikehi dhammaladdhehi yā tā honti āpadā aggito vā udakato vā rājato vā corato vā appiyato vā dāyādato, tathārūpāsu āpadāsu pariyodhāya saṃvattati. Sotthiṃ attānaṃ karoti. Idamassa dutiyaṃ ṭhānagataṃ hoti pattagataṃ āyatanaso paribhuttaṃ.

Puna caparaṃ, gahapati, ariyasāvako uṭṭhā­na­vīriyā­dhi­gatehi bhogehi bāhā­bala­pari­citehi sedā­vak­khit­tehi dhammikehi dhammaladdhehi pañcabaliṃ kattā hoti—ñātibaliṃ, atithibaliṃ, pubbapetabaliṃ, rājabaliṃ, devatābaliṃ. Idamassa tatiyaṃ ṭhānagataṃ hoti pattagataṃ āyatanaso paribhuttaṃ.

Puna caparaṃ, gahapati, ariyasāvako uṭṭhā­na­vīriyā­dhi­gatehi bhogehi bāhā­bala­pari­citehi sedā­vak­khit­tehi dhammikehi dhammaladdhehi ye te samaṇabrāhmaṇā madappamādā paṭiviratā khantisoracce niviṭṭhā ekamattānaṃ damenti, ekamattānaṃ samenti, ekamattānaṃ parinibbāpenti, tathārūpesu samaṇab­rāhma­ṇesu uddhaggikaṃ dakkhiṇaṃ patiṭṭhāpeti sovaggikaṃ sukhavipākaṃ sagga­saṃ­vatta­ni­kaṃ. Idamassa catutthaṃ ṭhānagataṃ hoti pattagataṃ āyatanaso paribhuttaṃ.

Sa kho so, gahapati, ariyasāvako uṭṭhā­na­vīriyā­dhi­gatehi bhogehi bāhā­bala­pari­citehi sedā­vak­khit­tehi dhammikehi dhammaladdhehi imāni cattāri pattakammāni kattā hoti. Yassa kassaci, gahapati, aññatra imehi catūhi pattakammehi bhogā parikkhayaṃ gacchanti, ime vuccanti, gahapati, bhogā aṭṭhānagatā apattagatā anāyatanaso paribhuttā. Yassa kassaci, gahapati, imehi catūhi pattakammehi bhogā parikkhayaṃ gacchanti, ime vuccanti, gahapati, bhogā ṭhānagatā pattagatā āyatanaso paribhuttāti.

Bhuttā bhogā bhatā bhaccā,
Vitiṇṇā āpadāsu me;
Uddhaggā dakkhiṇā dinnā,
Atho pañcabalī katā;
Upaṭṭhitā sīlavanto,
Saññatā brahmacārayo.

Yadatthaṃ bhogaṃ iccheyya,
paṇḍito gharamāvasaṃ;
So me attho anuppatto,
kataṃ ananutāpiyaṃ.

Etaṃ anussaraṃ macco,
ariyadhamme ṭhito naro;
Idheva naṃ pasaṃsanti,
pecca sagge pamodatī”ti.

Paṭhamaṃ.