Aṅguttara Nikāya 6

4. Devatāvagga

37. Chaḷaṅ­ga­dāna­sutta

Ekaṃ samayaṃ bhagavā sāvatthiyaṃ viharati jetavane anātha­piṇḍi­kassa ārāme. Tena kho pana samayena veḷukaṇḍakī nandamātā upāsikā sāri­putta­mog­gallā­nappa­mukhe bhikkhusaṃghe ­chaḷaṅ­ga­saman­nā­gataṃ dakkhiṇaṃ patiṭṭhāpeti. Addasā kho bhagavā dibbena cakkhunā visuddhena atik­kanta­mānusa­kena veḷukaṇḍakiṃ nandamātaraṃ upāsikaṃ sāri­putta­mog­gallā­nappa­mukhe bhikkhusaṃghe ­chaḷaṅ­ga­saman­nā­gataṃ dakkhiṇaṃ patiṭṭhāpentiṃ. Disvā bhikkhū āmantesi: “esā, bhikkhave, veḷukaṇḍakī nandamātā upāsikā sāri­putta­mog­gallā­nappa­mukhe bhikkhusaṃghe ­chaḷaṅ­ga­saman­nā­gataṃ dakkhiṇaṃ patiṭṭhāpeti.

Kathañca, bhikkhave, ­chaḷaṅ­ga­saman­nā­gatā dakkhiṇā hoti? Idha, bhikkhave, dāyakassa tīṇaṅgāni honti, paṭiggāhakānaṃ tīṇaṅgāni. Katamāni dāyakassa tīṇaṅgāni? Idha, bhikkhave, dāyako pubbeva dānā sumano hoti, dadaṃ cittaṃ pasādeti, datvā attamano hoti. Imāni dāyakassa tīṇaṅgāni.

Katamāni paṭiggāhakānaṃ tīṇaṅgāni? Idha, bhikkhave, paṭiggāhakā vītarāgā vā honti rāgavinayāya vā paṭipannā, vītadosā vā honti dosavinayāya vā paṭipannā, vītamohā vā honti mohavinayāya vā paṭipannā. Imāni paṭiggāhakānaṃ tīṇaṅgāni. Iti dāyakassa tīṇaṅgāni, paṭiggāhakānaṃ tīṇaṅgāni. Evaṃ kho, bhikkhave, ­chaḷaṅ­ga­saman­nā­gatā dakkhiṇā hoti.

Evaṃ ­chaḷaṅ­ga­saman­nā­gatāya, bhikkhave, dakkhiṇāya na sukaraṃ puññassa pamāṇaṃ gahetuṃ: ‘ettako puññābhisando kusalābhisando sukhassāhāro sovaggiko sukhavipāko sagga­saṃ­vatta­niko iṭṭhāya kantāya manāpāya hitāya sukhāya saṃvattatī’ti. Atha kho asaṅkhyeyyo appameyyo mahā­puñ­ñak­khan­dhot­veva saṅkhaṃ gacchati.

Seyyathāpi, bhikkhave, mahāsamudde na sukaraṃ udakassa pamāṇaṃ gahetuṃ: ‘ettakāni udakāḷhakānīti vā ettakāni udakāḷ­ha­kasatā­nīti vā ettakāni udakāḷ­haka­sahas­sā­nīti vā ettakāni udakāḷ­haka­sata­sahas­sānī’ti vā. Atha kho asaṅkhyeyyo appameyyo mahā­uda­kak­khan­dhot­veva saṅkhaṃ gacchati. Evamevaṃ kho, bhikkhave, evaṃ ­chaḷaṅ­ga­saman­nā­gatāya dakkhiṇāya na sukaraṃ puññassa pamāṇaṃ gahetuṃ: ‘ettako puññābhisando kusalābhisando sukhassāhāro sovaggiko sukhavipāko sagga­saṃ­vatta­niko iṭṭhāya kantāya manāpāya hitāya sukhāya saṃvattatī’ti. Atha kho asaṅkhyeyyo appameyyo mahā­puñ­ñak­khan­dhot­veva saṅkhaṃ gacchatī”ti.

“Pubbeva dānā sumano,
dadaṃ cittaṃ pasādaye;
Datvā attamano hoti,
esā yaññassa sampadā.

Vītarāgā vītadosā,
vītamohā anāsavā;
Khettaṃ yaññassa sampannaṃ,
saññatā brahmacārayo.

Sayaṃ ācamayitvāna,
datvā sakehi pāṇibhi;
Attano parato ceso,
yañño hoti mahapphalo.

Evaṃ yajitvā medhāvī,
saddho muttena cetasā;
Abyāpajjaṃ sukhaṃ lokaṃ,
paṇḍito upapajjatī”ti.

Sattamaṃ.