Aṅguttara Nikāya 6

6. Mahāvagga

60. Hatthi­sāri­putta­sutta

Evaṃ me sutaṃ—​   ekaṃ samayaṃ bhagavā bārāṇasiyaṃ viharati isipatane migadāye. Tena kho pana samayena sambahulā therā bhikkhū pacchābhattaṃ piṇḍa­pāta­paṭik­kantā maṇḍalamāḷe sannisinnā sannipatitā abhi­dhamma­kathaṃ kathenti. Tatra sudaṃ āyasmā citto hatthi­sāri­putto therānaṃ bhikkhūnaṃ abhi­dhamma­kathaṃ kathentānaṃ antarantarā kathaṃ opāteti. Atha kho āyasmā mahākoṭṭhiko āyasmantaṃ cittaṃ hatthi­sāri­puttaṃ etadavoca: “māyasmā citto hatthi­sāri­putto therānaṃ bhikkhūnaṃ abhi­dhamma­kathaṃ kathentānaṃ antarantarā kathaṃ opātesi, yāva kathā­pari­yosānaṃ āyasmā citto āgametū”ti. Evaṃ vutte, āyasmato cittassa hatthi­sāri­puttassa sahāyakā bhikkhū āyasmantaṃ mahākoṭṭhikaṃ etadavocuṃ: “māyasmā mahākoṭṭhiko āyasmantaṃ cittaṃ hatthi­sāri­puttaṃ apasādesi, paṇḍito āyasmā citto hatthi­sāri­putto. Pahoti cāyasmā citto hatthi­sāri­putto therānaṃ bhikkhūnaṃ abhi­dhamma­kathaṃ kathetun”ti.

“Dujjānaṃ kho etaṃ, āvuso, parassa cetopariyāyaṃ ajānantehi. Idhāvuso, ekacco puggalo tāvadeva soratasorato hoti, nivātanivāto hoti, upasan­tu­pasanto hoti, yāva satthāraṃ upanissāya viharati aññataraṃ vā garuṭṭhāniyaṃ sabrahmacāriṃ. Yato ca kho so vapakassateva satthārā, vapakassati garuṭṭhāniyehi sabrahmacārīhi, so saṃsaṭṭho viharati bhikkhūhi bhikkhunīhi upāsakehi upāsikāhi raññā rāja­mahā­mattehi titthiyehi ­titthi­ya­sā­vakehi. Tassa saṃsaṭṭhassa vissatthassa pākatassa bhassa­manu­yuttassa viharato rāgo cittaṃ anuddhaṃseti. So rāgā­nuddhaṃ­sitena cittena sikkhaṃ paccakkhāya hīnāyāvattati.

Seyyathāpi, āvuso, goṇo kiṭṭhādo dāmena vā baddho vaje vā oruddho. Yo nu kho, āvuso, evaṃ vadeyya: ‘na dānāyaṃ goṇo kiṭṭhādo punadeva kiṭṭhaṃ otarissatī’ti, sammā nu kho so, āvuso, vadamāno vadeyyā”ti? “No hidaṃ, āvuso”. “Ṭhānañhetaṃ, āvuso, vijjati, yaṃ so goṇo kiṭṭhādo dāmaṃ vā chetvā vajaṃ vā bhinditvā, atha punadeva kiṭṭhaṃ otareyyāti. Evamevaṃ kho, āvuso, idhekacco puggalo tāvadeva soratasorato hoti, nivātanivāto hoti, upasan­tu­pasanto hoti yāva satthāraṃ upanissāya viharati aññataraṃ vā garuṭṭhāniyaṃ sabrahmacāriṃ. Yato ca kho so vapakassateva satthārā, vapakassati garuṭṭhāniyehi sabrahmacārīhi, so saṃsaṭṭho viharati bhikkhūhi bhikkhunīhi upāsakehi upāsikāhi raññā rāja­mahā­mattehi titthiyehi ­titthi­ya­sā­vakehi. Tassa saṃsaṭṭhassa vissatthassa pākatassa bhassa­manu­yuttassa viharato rāgo cittaṃ anuddhaṃseti. So rāgā­nuddhaṃ­sitena cittena sikkhaṃ paccakkhāya hīnāyāvattati. (1)

Idha panāvuso, ekacco puggalo vivicceva kāmehi … pe … paṭhamaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. So ‘lābhimhi paṭhamassa jhānassā’ti saṃsaṭṭho viharati bhikkhūhi … pe … sikkhaṃ paccakkhāya hīnāyāvattati. Seyyathāpi, āvuso, cātumahāpathe thulla­phusi­tako devo vassanto rajaṃ antaradhāpeyya, cikkhallaṃ pātukareyya. Yo nu kho, āvuso, evaṃ vadeyya: ‘na dāni amusmiṃ cātumahāpathe punadeva rajo pātubhavissatī’ti, sammā nu kho so, āvuso, vadamāno vadeyyā”ti? “No hidaṃ, āvuso”. “Ṭhānañhetaṃ, āvuso, vijjati, yaṃ amusmiṃ cātumahāpathe manussā vā atikkameyyuṃ, gopasū vā atikkameyyuṃ, vātātapo vā snehagataṃ pariyādiyeyya, atha punadeva rajo pātubhaveyyāti. Evamevaṃ kho, āvuso, idhekacco puggalo vivicceva kāmehi … pe … paṭhamaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. So ‘lābhimhi paṭhamassa jhānassā’ti saṃsaṭṭho viharati bhikkhūhi … pe … sikkhaṃ paccakkhāya hīnāyāvattati. (2)

Idha panāvuso, ekacco puggalo vitak­ka­vicārā­naṃ vūpasamā … pe … dutiyaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. So ‘lābhimhi dutiyassa jhānassā’ti saṃsaṭṭho viharati bhikkhūhi … pe … sikkhaṃ paccakkhāya hīnāyāvattati. Seyyathāpi, āvuso, gāmassa vā nigamassa vā avidūre mahantaṃ taḷākaṃ. Tattha thulla­phusi­tako devo vuṭṭho sippi­sambu­kampi ­sak­kha­ra­kaṭha­lampi antaradhāpeyya. Yo nu kho, āvuso, evaṃ vadeyya: ‘na dāni amusmiṃ taḷāke punadeva sippisambukā vā ­sak­kha­ra­kaṭhalā vā pātu­bhavis­santī’ti, sammā nu kho so, āvuso, vadamāno vadeyyā”ti? “No hidaṃ, āvuso”. “Ṭhānañhetaṃ, āvuso, vijjati, yaṃ amusmiṃ taḷāke manussā vā piveyyuṃ, gopasū vā piveyyuṃ, vātātapo vā snehagataṃ pariyādiyeyya, atha punadeva sippisambukāpi ­sak­kha­ra­kaṭha­lāpi pātu­bhavey­yunti. Evamevaṃ kho, āvuso, idhekacco puggalo vitak­ka­vicārā­naṃ vūpasamā … pe … dutiyaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. So ‘lābhimhi dutiyassa jhānassā’ti saṃsaṭṭho viharati bhikkhūhi … pe … sikkhaṃ paccakkhāya hīnāyāvattati. (3)

Idha panāvuso, ekacco puggalo pītiyā ca virāgā … pe … tatiyaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. So ‘lābhimhi tatiyassa jhānassā’ti saṃsaṭṭho viharati bhikkhūhi … pe … sikkhaṃ paccakkhāya hīnāyāvattati. Seyyathāpi, āvuso, purisaṃ paṇītabhojanaṃ bhuttāviṃ ābhidosikaṃ bhojanaṃ nacchādeyya. Yo nu kho, āvuso, evaṃ vadeyya: ‘na dāni amuṃ purisaṃ punadeva bhojanaṃ chādessatī’ti, sammā nu kho so, āvuso, vadamāno vadeyyā”ti? “No hidaṃ, āvuso”. “Ṭhānañhetaṃ, āvuso, vijjati, amuṃ purisaṃ paṇītabhojanaṃ bhuttāviṃ yāvassa sā ojā kāye ṭhassati tāva na aññaṃ bhojanaṃ chādessati. Yato ca khvassa sā ojā antara­dhāyis­sati, atha punadeva taṃ bhojanaṃ chādeyyāti. Evamevaṃ kho, āvuso, idhekacco puggalo pītiyā ca virāgā … pe … tatiyaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. So ‘lābhimhi tatiyassa jhānassā’ti saṃsaṭṭho viharati bhikkhūhi … pe … sikkhaṃ paccakkhāya hīnāyāvattati. (4)

Idha, panāvuso, ekacco puggalo sukhassa ca pahānā dukkhassa ca pahānā … pe … catutthaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. So ‘lābhimhi catutthassa jhānassā’ti saṃsaṭṭho viharati bhikkhūhi … pe … sikkhaṃ paccakkhāya hīnāyāvattati. Seyyathāpi, āvuso, pabba­ta­saṅ­khepe udakarahado nivāto vigataūmiko. Yo nu kho, āvuso, evaṃ vadeyya: ‘na dāni amusmiṃ udakarahade punadeva ūmi pātubhavissatī’ti, sammā nu kho so, āvuso, vadamāno vadeyyā”ti? “No hidaṃ, āvuso”. “Ṭhānañhetaṃ, āvuso, vijjati, yā puratthimāya disāya āgaccheyya bhusā vātavuṭṭhi. Sā tasmiṃ udakarahade ūmiṃ janeyya. Yā pacchimāya disāya āgaccheyya … pe … yā uttarāya disāya āgaccheyya … yā dakkhiṇāya disāya āgaccheyya bhusā vātavuṭṭhi. Sā tasmiṃ udakarahade ūmiṃ janeyyāti. Evamevaṃ kho, āvuso, idhekacco puggalo sukhassa ca pahānā dukkhassa ca pahānā … pe … catutthaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. So ‘lābhimhi catutthassa jhānassā’ti saṃsaṭṭho viharati bhikkhūhi … pe … sikkhaṃ paccakkhāya hīnāyāvattati. (5)

Idha, panāvuso, ekacco puggalo sabba­nimittā­naṃ amanasikārā animittaṃ cetosamādhiṃ upasampajja viharati. So ‘lābhimhi animittassa cetosamādhissā’ti saṃsaṭṭho viharati bhikkhūhi bhikkhunīhi upāsakehi upāsikāhi raññā rāja­mahā­mattehi titthiyehi ­titthi­ya­sā­vakehi. Tassa saṃsaṭṭhassa vissatthassa pākatassa bhassa­manu­yuttassa viharato rāgo cittaṃ anuddhaṃseti. So rāgā­nuddhaṃ­sitena cittena sikkhaṃ paccakkhāya hīnāyāvattati. Seyyathāpi, āvuso, rājā vā rājamahāmatto vā caturaṅginiyā senāya addhā­na­maggap­paṭi­panno aññatarasmiṃ vanasaṇḍe ekarattiṃ vāsaṃ upagaccheyya. Tatra hatthisaddena assasaddena rathasaddena pattisaddena bheri­paṇava­saṅ­kha­tiṇava­ninnā­da­sad­dena cīrikasaddo antaradhāyeyya. Yo nu kho, āvuso, evaṃ vadeyya: ‘na dāni amusmiṃ vanasaṇḍe punadeva cīrikasaddo pātubhavissatī’ti, sammā nu kho so, āvuso, vadamāno vadeyyā”ti? “No hidaṃ, āvuso”. “Ṭhānañhetaṃ, āvuso, vijjati, yaṃ so rājā vā rājamahāmatto vā tamhā vanasaṇḍā pakkameyya, atha punadeva cīrikasaddo pātubhaveyyāti. Evamevaṃ kho, āvuso, idhekacco puggalo sabba­nimittā­naṃ amanasikārā animittaṃ cetosamādhiṃ upasampajja viharati. So ‘lābhimhi animittassa cetosamādhissā’ti saṃsaṭṭho viharati bhikkhūhi bhikkhunīhi upāsakehi upāsikāhi raññā rāja­mahā­mattehi titthiyehi ­titthi­ya­sā­vakehi. Tassa saṃsaṭṭhassa vissatthassa pākatassa bhassa­manu­yuttassa viharato rāgo cittaṃ anuddhaṃseti. So rāgā­nuddhaṃ­sitena cittena sikkhaṃ paccakkhāya hīnāyāvattatī”ti. (6)

Atha kho āyasmā citto hatthi­sāri­putto aparena samayena sikkhaṃ paccakkhāya hīnāyāvattati. Atha kho cittassa hatthi­sāri­puttassa sahāyakā bhikkhū yenāyasmā mahākoṭṭhiko tenu­pasaṅka­miṃsu; upasaṅkamitvā āyasmantaṃ mahākoṭṭhikaṃ etadavocuṃ: “kiṃ nu kho āyasmatā mahākoṭṭhikena citto hatthi­sāri­putto cetasā ceto paricca vidito: ‘imāsañca imāsañca vihāra­samā­pattī­naṃ citto hatthi­sāri­putto lābhī, atha ca pana sikkhaṃ paccakkhāya hīnā­yāvattis­satī’ti; udāhu devatā etamatthaṃ ārocesuṃ: ‘citto, bhante, hatthi­sāri­putto imāsañca imāsañca vihāra­samā­pattī­naṃ lābhī, atha ca pana sikkhaṃ paccakkhāya hīnā­yāvattis­satī’”ti? “Cetasā ceto paricca vidito me, āvuso: ‘citto hatthi­sāri­putto imāsañca imāsañca vihāra­samā­pattī­naṃ lābhī, atha ca pana sikkhaṃ paccakkhāya hīnā­yāvattis­satī’ti. Devatāpi me etamatthaṃ ārocesuṃ: ‘citto, bhante, hatthi­sāri­putto imāsañca imāsañca vihāra­samā­pattī­naṃ lābhī, atha ca pana sikkhaṃ paccakkhāya hīnā­yāvattis­satī’”ti.

Atha kho cittassa hatthi­sāri­puttassa sahāyakā bhikkhū yena bhagavā tenu­pasaṅka­miṃsu; upasaṅkamitvā bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā ekamantaṃ nisīdiṃsu. Ekamantaṃ nisinnā kho te bhikkhū bhagavantaṃ etadavocuṃ: “citto, bhante, hatthi­sāri­putto imāsañca imāsañca vihāra­samā­pattī­naṃ lābhī, atha ca pana sikkhaṃ paccakkhāya hīnāyāvattatī”ti. “Na, bhikkhave, citto ciraṃ sarissati nekkhammassā”ti.

Atha kho citto hatthi­sāri­putto nacirasseva kesamassuṃ ohāretvā kāsāyāni vatthāni acchādetvā agārasmā anagāriyaṃ pabbaji. Atha kho āyasmā citto hatthi­sāri­putto eko vūpakaṭṭho appamatto ātāpī pahitatto viharanto nacirasseva—yassatthāya kulaputtā sammadeva agārasmā anagāriyaṃ pabbajanti, tadanuttaraṃ—brahma­cari­ya­pari­yosānaṃ diṭṭheva dhamme sayaṃ abhiññā sacchikatvā upasampajja vihāsi. “Khīṇā jāti, vusitaṃ brahmacariyaṃ, kataṃ karaṇīyaṃ, nāparaṃ itthattāyā”ti abbhaññāsi. Aññataro ca panāyasmā citto hatthi­sāri­putto arahataṃ ahosīti.

Chaṭṭhaṃ.