Aṅguttara Nikāya 7

4. Devatāvagga

42. Paṭha­ma­nidda­sasutta

Atha kho āyasmā sāriputto pubbaṇ­ha­samayaṃ nivāsetvā patta­cīvara­mādāya sāvatthiṃ piṇḍāya pāvisi. Atha kho āyasmato sāriputtassa etadahosi: “atippago kho tāva sāvatthiyaṃ piṇḍāya carituṃ. Yannūnāhaṃ yena añña­titthi­yā­naṃ paribbājakānaṃ ārāmo tenu­pasaṅka­meyyan”ti. Atha kho āyasmā sāriputto yena añña­titthi­yā­naṃ paribbājakānaṃ ārāmo tenupasaṅkami; upasaṅkamitvā tehi aññatitthiyehi paribbājakehi saddhiṃ sammodi. Sammodanīyaṃ kathaṃ sāraṇīyaṃ vītisāretvā ekamantaṃ nisīdi. Tena kho pana samayena tesaṃ añña­titthi­yā­naṃ paribbājakānaṃ sannisinnānaṃ sannipatitānaṃ aya­manta­rākathā udapādi: “yo hi koci, āvuso, dvādasavassāni paripuṇṇaṃ parisuddhaṃ brahmacariyaṃ carati, ‘niddaso bhikkhū’ti alaṃvacanāyā”ti.

Atha kho āyasmā sāriputto tesaṃ añña­titthi­yā­naṃ paribbājakānaṃ bhāsitaṃ neva abhinandi nappaṭikkosi. Anabhinanditvā appaṭikkositvā uṭṭhāyāsanā pakkāmi: “bhagavato santike etassa bhāsitassa atthaṃ ājānissāmī”ti. Atha kho āyasmā sāriputto sāvatthiyaṃ piṇḍāya caritvā pacchābhattaṃ piṇḍa­pāta­paṭik­kanto yena bhagavā tenupasaṅkami; upasaṅkamitvā bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā ekamantaṃ nisīdi. Ekamantaṃ nisinno kho āyasmā sāriputto bhagavantaṃ etadavoca: 

“Idhāhaṃ, bhante, pubbaṇ­ha­samayaṃ nivāsetvā patta­cīvara­mādāya sāvatthiṃ piṇḍāya pāvisiṃ. Tassa mayhaṃ, bhante, etadahosi: ‘atippago kho tāva sāvatthiyaṃ piṇḍāya carituṃ. Yannūnāhaṃ yena añña­titthi­yā­naṃ paribbājakānaṃ ārāmo tenu­pasaṅka­meyyan’ti. Atha khvāhaṃ, bhante, yena añña­titthi­yā­naṃ paribbājakānaṃ ārāmo tenupasaṅkamiṃ; upasaṅkamitvā tehi aññatitthiyehi paribbājakehi saddhiṃ sammodiṃ. Sammodanīyaṃ kathaṃ sāraṇīyaṃ vītisāretvā ekamantaṃ nisīdiṃ. Tena kho pana, bhante, samayena tesaṃ añña­titthi­yā­naṃ paribbājakānaṃ sannisinnānaṃ sannipatitānaṃ aya­manta­rākathā udapādi: ‘yo hi koci, āvuso, dvādasavassāni paripuṇṇaṃ parisuddhaṃ brahmacariyaṃ carati, niddaso bhikkhūti alaṃvacanāyā’ti. Atha khvāhaṃ, bhante, tesaṃ añña­titthi­yā­naṃ paribbājakānaṃ bhāsitaṃ neva abhinandiṃ nappaṭikkosiṃ. Anabhinanditvā appaṭikkositvā uṭṭhāyāsanā pakkamiṃ: ‘bhagavato santike etassa atthaṃ ājānissāmī’ti. Sakkā nu kho, bhante, imasmiṃ dhammavinaye kevalaṃ vassa­gaṇana­mat­tena niddaso bhikkhu paññāpetun”ti?

“Na kho, sāriputta, sakkā imasmiṃ dhammavinaye kevalaṃ vassa­gaṇana­mat­tena niddaso bhikkhu paññāpetuṃ. Satta kho imāni, sāriputta, nidda­sa­vatthūni mayā sayaṃ abhiññā sacchikatvā paveditāni.

Katamāni satta? Idha, sāriputta, bhikkhu sikkhāsamādāne tibbacchando hoti āyatiñca sikkhāsamādāne avigatapemo, dhamma­ni­santiyā tibbacchando hoti āyatiñca dhamma­ni­santiyā avigatapemo, icchāvinaye tibbacchando hoti āyatiñca icchāvinaye avigatapemo, paṭisallāne tibbacchando hoti āyatiñca paṭisallāne avigatapemo, vīriyārambhe tibbacchando hoti āyatiñca vīriyārambhe avigatapemo, satinepakke tibbacchando hoti āyatiñca satinepakke avigatapemo, diṭṭhi­paṭi­vedhe tibbacchando hoti āyatiñca diṭṭhi­paṭi­vedhe avigatapemo. Imāni kho, sāriputta, satta nidda­sa­vatthūni mayā sayaṃ abhiññā sacchikatvā paveditāni. Imehi kho, sāriputta, sattahi nidda­sa­vatthūhi samannāgato bhikkhu dvādasa cepi vassāni paripuṇṇaṃ parisuddhaṃ brahmacariyaṃ carati, ‘niddaso bhikkhū’ti alaṃvacanāya; catubbīsati cepi vassāni paripuṇṇaṃ parisuddhaṃ brahmacariyaṃ carati, ‘niddaso bhikkhū’ti alaṃvacanāya; chattiṃsati cepi vassāni paripuṇṇaṃ parisuddhaṃ brahmacariyaṃ carati, ‘niddaso bhikkhū’ti alaṃvacanāya, aṭṭha­cat­tārīsañ­cepi vassāni paripuṇṇaṃ parisuddhaṃ brahmacariyaṃ carati, ‘niddaso bhikkhū’ti alaṃvacanāyā”ti.

Ekādasamaṃ.