Aṅguttara Nikāya 7

4. Devatāvagga

43. Dutiya­nidda­sasutta

Evaṃ me sutaṃ—​   ekaṃ samayaṃ bhagavā kosambiyaṃ viharati ghositārāme. Atha kho āyasmā ānando pubbaṇ­ha­samayaṃ nivāsetvā patta­cīvara­mādāya kosambiṃ piṇḍāya pāvisi. Atha kho āyasmato ānandassa etadahosi: “atippago kho tāva kosambiyaṃ piṇḍāya carituṃ. Yannūnāhaṃ yena añña­titthi­yā­naṃ paribbājakānaṃ ārāmo tenu­pasaṅka­meyyan”ti. Atha kho āyasmā ānando yena añña­titthi­yā­naṃ paribbājakānaṃ ārāmo tenupasaṅkami; upasaṅkamitvā tehi aññatitthiyehi paribbājakehi saddhiṃ sammodi. Sammodanīyaṃ kathaṃ sāraṇīyaṃ vītisāretvā ekamantaṃ nisīdi.

Tena kho pana samayena tesaṃ añña­titthi­yā­naṃ paribbājakānaṃ sannisinnānaṃ sannipatitānaṃ aya­manta­rākathā udapādi: “yo hi koci, āvuso, dvādasavassāni paripuṇṇaṃ parisuddhaṃ brahmacariyaṃ carati, ‘niddaso bhikkhū’ti alaṃvacanāyā”ti.

Atha kho āyasmā ānando tesaṃ añña­titthi­yā­naṃ paribbājakānaṃ bhāsitaṃ neva abhinandi nappaṭikkosi. Anabhinanditvā appaṭikkositvā uṭṭhāyāsanā pakkāmi: “bhagavato santike etassa bhāsitassa atthaṃ ājānissāmī”ti. Atha kho āyasmā ānando kosambiyaṃ piṇḍāya caritvā pacchābhattaṃ piṇḍa­pāta­paṭik­kanto yena bhagavā tenupasaṅkami; upasaṅkamitvā bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā ekamantaṃ nisīdi. Ekamantaṃ nisinno kho āyasmā ānando bhagavantaṃ etadavoca: 

“Idhāhaṃ, bhante, pubbaṇ­ha­samayaṃ nivāsetvā patta­cīvara­mādāya kosambiṃ piṇḍāya pāvisiṃ. Tassa mayhaṃ, bhante, etadahosi: ‘atippago kho tāva kosambiyaṃ piṇḍāya carituṃ. Yannūnāhaṃ yena añña­titthi­yā­naṃ paribbājakānaṃ ārāmo tenu­pasaṅka­meyyan’ti … pe … tehi saddhiṃ sammodiṃ. Sammodanīyaṃ kathaṃ sāraṇīyaṃ vītisāretvā ekamantaṃ nisīdiṃ.

Tena kho pana, bhante, samayena tesaṃ añña­titthi­yā­naṃ paribbājakānaṃ sannisinnānaṃ sannipatitānaṃ aya­manta­rākathā udapādi: ‘yo hi koci, āvuso, dvādasavassāni paripuṇṇaṃ parisuddhaṃ brahmacariyaṃ carati, niddaso bhikkhūti alaṃvacanāyā’ti. Atha khvāhaṃ, bhante, tesaṃ añña­titthi­yā­naṃ paribbājakānaṃ bhāsitaṃ neva abhinandiṃ nappaṭikkosiṃ. Anabhinanditvā, appaṭikkositvā uṭṭhāyāsanā pakkamiṃ: ‘bhagavato santike etassa bhāsitassa atthaṃ ājānissāmī’ti. Sakkā nu kho, bhante, imasmiṃ dhammavinaye kevalaṃ vassa­gaṇana­mat­tena niddaso bhikkhu paññāpetun”ti?

“Na kho, ānanda, sakkā imasmiṃ dhammavinaye kevalaṃ vassa­gaṇana­mat­tena niddaso bhikkhu paññāpetuṃ. Satta kho imāni, ānanda, nidda­sa­vatthūni mayā sayaṃ abhiññā sacchikatvā paveditāni.

Katamāni satta? Idhānanda, bhikkhu, saddho hoti, hirīmā hoti, ottappī hoti, bahussuto hoti, āraddhavīriyo hoti, satimā hoti, paññavā hoti. Imāni kho, ānanda, satta nidda­sa­vatthūni mayā sayaṃ abhiññā sacchikatvā paveditāni. Imehi kho, ānanda, sattahi nidda­sa­vatthūhi samannāgato bhikkhu dvādasa cepi vassāni paripuṇṇaṃ parisuddhaṃ brahmacariyaṃ carati, ‘niddaso bhikkhū’ti alaṃvacanāya; catubbīsati cepi vassāni paripuṇṇaṃ parisuddhaṃ brahmacariyaṃ carati, ‘niddaso bhikkhū’ti alaṃvacanāya; chattiṃsati cepi vassāni paripuṇṇaṃ parisuddhaṃ brahmacariyaṃ carati, ‘niddaso bhikkhū’ti alaṃvacanāya, aṭṭha­cat­tārīsañ­cepi vassāni paripuṇṇaṃ parisuddhaṃ brahmacariyaṃ carati, ‘niddaso bhikkhū’ti alaṃvacanāyā”ti.

Dvādasamaṃ.

Devatāvaggo catuttho.

Appamādo hirī ceva,
dve suvacā duve mittā;
Dve paṭisambhidā dve vasā,
duve nidda­sa­vatthu­nāti.