Aṅguttara Nikāya 7

6. Abyākatavagga

61. Pacalāya­māna­sutta

Evaṃ me sutaṃ—​   ekaṃ samayaṃ bhagavā bhaggesu viharati susumāragire bhesakaḷāvane migadāye. Tena kho pana samayena āyasmā mahāmoggallāno magadhesu kalla­vāḷa­putta­gāme pacalāyamāno nisinno hoti. Addasā kho bhagavā dibbena cakkhunā visuddhena atik­kanta­mānusa­kena āyasmantaṃ ­mahā­mog­gallā­naṃ magadhesu kalla­vāḷa­putta­gāme pacalāyamānaṃ nisinnaṃ. Disvā—seyyathāpi nāma balavā puriso samiñjitaṃ vā bāhaṃ pasāreyya, pasāritaṃ vā bāhaṃ samiñjeyya; evamevaṃ—bhaggesu susumāragire bhesakaḷāvane migadāye antarahito magadhesu kalla­vāḷa­putta­gāme āyasmato ­mahā­mog­gallā­nassa sammukhe pāturahosi. Nisīdi bhagavā paññatte āsane. Nisajja kho bhagavā āyasmantaṃ ­mahā­mog­gallā­naṃ etadavoca:

“Pacalāyasi no tvaṃ, moggallāna, pacalāyasi no tvaṃ, moggallānā”ti? “Evaṃ, bhante”. “Tasmātiha, moggallāna, yathāsaññissa te viharato taṃ middhaṃ okkamati, taṃ saññaṃ mā manasākāsi, taṃ saññaṃ mā bahulamakāsi. Ṭhānaṃ kho panetaṃ, moggallāna, vijjati yaṃ te evaṃ viharato taṃ middhaṃ pahīyetha. (1)

No ce te evaṃ viharato taṃ middhaṃ pahīyetha, tato tvaṃ, moggallāna, yathāsutaṃ yathā­pariyat­taṃ dhammaṃ cetasā anu­vitak­keyyāsi anuvicāreyyāsi, manasā anupekkheyyāsi. Ṭhānaṃ kho panetaṃ vijjati yaṃ te evaṃ viharato taṃ middhaṃ pahīyetha. (2)

No ce te evaṃ viharato taṃ middhaṃ pahīyetha, tato tvaṃ, moggallāna, yathāsutaṃ yathā­pariyat­taṃ dhammaṃ vitthārena sajjhāyaṃ kareyyāsi. Ṭhānaṃ kho panetaṃ vijjati yaṃ te evaṃ viharato taṃ middhaṃ pahīyetha. (3)

No ce te evaṃ viharato taṃ middhaṃ pahīyetha, tato tvaṃ, moggallāna, ubho kaṇṇasotāni āviñcheyyāsi, pāṇinā gattāni anumajjeyyāsi. Ṭhānaṃ kho panetaṃ vijjati yaṃ te evaṃ viharato taṃ middhaṃ pahīyetha. (4)

No ce te evaṃ viharato taṃ middhaṃ pahīyetha, tato tvaṃ, moggallāna, uṭṭhāyāsanā udakena akkhīni anumajjitvā disā anuvilokeyyāsi, nakkhattāni tārakarūpāni ullokeyyāsi. Ṭhānaṃ kho panetaṃ vijjati yaṃ te evaṃ viharato taṃ middhaṃ pahīyetha. (5)

No ce te evaṃ viharato taṃ middhaṃ pahīyetha, tato tvaṃ, moggallāna, ālokasaññaṃ manasi kareyyāsi, divāsaññaṃ adhiṭṭha­hey­yāsi—yathā divā tathā rattiṃ yathā rattiṃ tathā divā. Iti vivaṭena cetasā apari­yonad­dhena sappabhāsaṃ cittaṃ bhāveyyāsi. Ṭhānaṃ kho panetaṃ vijjati yaṃ te evaṃ viharato taṃ middhaṃ pahīyetha. (6)

No ce te evaṃ viharato taṃ middhaṃ pahīyetha, tato tvaṃ, moggallāna, pacchā­pure­saññī caṅkamaṃ adhiṭṭha­hey­yāsi antogatehi indriyehi abahigatena mānasena. Ṭhānaṃ kho panetaṃ vijjati yaṃ te evaṃ viharato taṃ middhaṃ pahīyetha. (7)

No ce te evaṃ viharato taṃ middhaṃ pahīyetha, tato tvaṃ, moggallāna, dakkhiṇena passena sīhaseyyaṃ kappeyyāsi pāde pādaṃ accādhāya sato sampajāno uṭṭhānasaññaṃ manasi karitvā. Paṭibuddhena ca te, moggallāna, khippaññeva ­pac­cuṭ­ṭhātab­baṃ: ‘na seyyasukhaṃ na passasukhaṃ na middhasukhaṃ anuyutto viharissāmī’ti. Evañhi te, moggallāna, sikkhitabbaṃ.

Tasmātiha, moggallāna, evaṃ sikkhitabbaṃ: ‘na uccāsoṇḍaṃ paggahetvā kulāni upasaṅka­mis­sāmī’ti. Evañhi te, moggallāna, sikkhitabbaṃ. Sace, moggallāna, bhikkhu uccāsoṇḍaṃ paggahetvā kulāni upasaṅkamati, santi hi, moggallāna, kulesu kic­cakara­ṇīyāni. Yehi manussā āgataṃ bhikkhuṃ na manasi karonti, tatra bhikkhussa evaṃ hoti: ‘kosu nāma idāni maṃ imasmiṃ kule paribhindi, virattarūpā dānime mayi manussā’ti. Itissa alābhena maṅkubhāvo, maṅkubhūtassa uddhaccaṃ, uddhatassa asaṃvaro, asaṃvutassa ārā cittaṃ samādhimhā.

Tasmātiha, moggallāna, evaṃ sikkhitabbaṃ: ‘na vig­gāhi­kaka­thaṃ kathessāmī’ti. Evañhi te, moggallāna, sikkhitabbaṃ. Viggāhikāya, moggallāna, kathāya sati kathābāhullaṃ pāṭikaṅkhaṃ, kathābāhulle sati uddhaccaṃ, uddhatassa asaṃvaro, asaṃvutassa ārā cittaṃ samādhimhā. Nāhaṃ, moggallāna, sabbeheva saṃsaggaṃ vaṇṇayāmi. Na panāhaṃ, moggallāna, sabbeheva saṃsaggaṃ na vaṇṇayāmi. Sagahaṭ­ṭha­pabba­ji­tehi kho ahaṃ, moggallāna, saṃsaggaṃ na vaṇṇayāmi. Yāni ca kho tāni senāsanāni appasaddāni appanigghosāni vijanavātāni ­manus­sa­rāhas­seyya­kāni paṭi­sallā­na­sārup­pāni tathārūpehi senāsanehi saṃsaggaṃ vaṇṇayāmī”ti.

Evaṃ vutte, āyasmā mahāmoggallāno bhagavantaṃ etadavoca: “kittāvatā nu kho, bhante, bhikkhu saṅkhittena taṇhā­saṅ­kha­ya­vimutto hoti accantaniṭṭho accan­ta­yogak­khemī accan­tab­rahma­cārī accan­ta­pari­yosāno seṭṭho devamanussānan”ti?

“Idha, moggallāna, bhikkhuno sutaṃ hoti: ‘sabbe dhammā nālaṃ abhinivesāyā’ti; evañcetaṃ, moggallāna, bhikkhuno sutaṃ hoti: ‘sabbe dhammā nālaṃ abhinivesāyā’ti. So sabbaṃ dhammaṃ abhijānāti, sabbaṃ dhammaṃ abhiññāya sabbaṃ dhammaṃ parijānāti. Sabbaṃ dhammaṃ pariññāya yaṃ kiñci vedanaṃ vediyati sukhaṃ vā dukkhaṃ vā aduk­kha­ma­su­khaṃ vā. So tāsu vedanāsu aniccānupassī viharati, virāgānupassī viharati, nirodhānupassī viharati, paṭi­nissag­gā­nu­passī viharati. So tāsu vedanāsu aniccānupassī viharanto virāgānupassī viharanto nirodhānupassī viharanto paṭi­nissag­gā­nu­passī viharanto na kiñci loke upādiyati, anupādiyaṃ na paritassati, aparitassaṃ paccattaṃyeva parinibbāyati. ‘Khīṇā jāti, vusitaṃ brahmacariyaṃ, kataṃ karaṇīyaṃ, nāparaṃ itthattāyā’ti pajānāti. Ettāvatā kho, moggallāna, bhikkhu saṃkhittena taṇhā­saṅ­kha­ya­vimutto hoti accantaniṭṭho accan­ta­yogak­khemī accan­tab­rahma­cārī accan­ta­pari­yosāno seṭṭho devamanussānan”ti.

Aṭṭhamaṃ.