Aṅguttara Nikāya 9

1. Sambodhivagga

1. Sambodhisutta

Evaṃ me sutaṃ—​   ekaṃ samayaṃ bhagavā sāvatthiyaṃ viharati jetavane anātha­piṇḍi­kassa ārāme. Tatra kho bhagavā bhikkhū āmantesi:

“Sace, bhikkhave, aññatitthiyā paribbājakā evaṃ puccheyyuṃ: ‘sam­bodhi­pak­khi­kā­naṃ, āvuso, dhammānaṃ kā upanisā bhāvanāyā’ti, evaṃ puṭṭhā tumhe, bhikkhave, tesaṃ añña­titthi­yā­naṃ paribbājakānaṃ kinti byākareyyāthā”ti? “Bhagavaṃmūlakā no, bhante, dhammā … pe … bhagavato sutvā bhikkhū dhāressantī”ti.

“Tena hi, bhikkhave, suṇātha, sādhukaṃ manasi karotha; bhāsissāmī”ti. “Evaṃ, bhante”ti kho te bhikkhū bhagavato paccassosuṃ. Bhagavā etadavoca: 

“Sace, bhikkhave, aññatitthiyā paribbājakā evaṃ puccheyyuṃ: ‘sam­bodhi­pak­khi­kā­naṃ, āvuso, dhammānaṃ kā upanisā bhāvanāyā’ti, evaṃ puṭṭhā tumhe, bhikkhave, tesaṃ añña­titthi­yā­naṃ paribbājakānaṃ evaṃ byākareyyātha: 

‘Idhāvuso, bhikkhu kalyāṇamitto hoti kalyāṇasahāyo kal­yāṇa­sam­pa­vaṅko. Sam­bodhi­pak­khi­kā­naṃ, āvuso, dhammānaṃ ayaṃ paṭhamā upanisā bhāvanāya. (1)

Puna caparaṃ, āvuso, bhikkhu sīlavā hoti, pāti­mokkha­saṃ­vara­saṃ­vuto viharati ācāra­gocara­sam­panno aṇumattesu vajjesu bhayadassāvī, samādāya sikkhati sikkhāpadesu. (2) Sam­bodhi­pak­khi­kā­naṃ, āvuso, dhammānaṃ ayaṃ dutiyā upanisā bhāvanāya.

Puna caparaṃ, āvuso, bhikkhu yāyaṃ kathā abhisallekhikā ceto­vivara­ṇa­sappāyā, seyyathidaṃ—appicchakathā santuṭṭhikathā pavivekakathā asaṃsaggakathā vīriyā­rambha­kathā sīlakathā samādhikathā paññākathā vimuttikathā vimutti­ñāṇadas­sana­kathā, evarūpiyā kathāya nikāmalābhī hoti akicchalābhī akasiralābhī. Sam­bodhi­pak­khi­kā­naṃ, āvuso, dhammānaṃ ayaṃ tatiyā upanisā bhāvanāya. (3)

Puna caparaṃ, āvuso, bhikkhu āraddhavīriyo viharati akusalānaṃ dhammānaṃ pahānāya, kusalānaṃ dhammānaṃ upasampadāya, thāmavā daḷhaparakkamo anikkhit­ta­dhuro kusalesu dhammesu. Sam­bodhi­pak­khi­kā­naṃ, āvuso, dhammānaṃ ayaṃ catutthī upanisā bhāvanāya. (4)

Puna caparaṃ, āvuso, bhikkhu paññavā hoti uda­yattha­gā­miniyā paññāya samannāgato ariyāya nibbedhikāya sammā duk­khak­kha­ya­gā­miniyā. Sam­bodhi­pak­khi­kā­naṃ, āvuso, dhammānaṃ ayaṃ pañcamī upanisā bhāvanāya’.

Kal­yāṇa­mittas­setaṃ, bhikkhave, bhikkhuno pāṭikaṅkhaṃ kal­yāṇa­sahāyassa kal­yāṇa­sampa­vaṅkassa—sīlavā bhavissati, pāti­mokkha­saṃ­vara­saṃ­vuto viharissati ācāra­gocara­sam­panno aṇumattesu vajjesu bhayadassāvī, samādāya sikkhissati sikkhāpadesu.

Kal­yāṇa­mittas­setaṃ, bhikkhave, bhikkhuno pāṭikaṅkhaṃ kal­yāṇa­sahāyassa kal­yāṇa­sampa­vaṅkassa—yāyaṃ kathā abhisallekhikā ceto­vivara­ṇa­sappāyā, seyyathidaṃ—appicchakathā santuṭṭhikathā pavivekakathā asaṃsaggakathā vīriyā­rambha­kathā sīlakathā samādhikathā paññākathā vimuttikathā vimutti­ñāṇadas­sana­kathā, evarūpiyā kathāya nikāmalābhī bhavissati akicchalābhī akasiralābhī.

Kal­yāṇa­mittas­setaṃ, bhikkhave, bhikkhuno pāṭikaṅkhaṃ kal­yāṇa­sahāyassa kal­yāṇa­sampa­vaṅkassa—āraddhavīriyo viharissati akusalānaṃ dhammānaṃ pahānāya, kusalānaṃ dhammānaṃ upasampadāya, thāmavā daḷhaparakkamo anikkhit­ta­dhuro kusalesu dhammesu.

Kal­yāṇa­mittas­setaṃ, bhikkhave, bhikkhuno pāṭikaṅkhaṃ kal­yāṇa­sahāyassa kal­yāṇa­sampa­vaṅkassa—paññavā bhavissati uda­yattha­gā­miniyā paññāya samannāgato ariyāya nibbedhikāya sammā duk­khak­kha­ya­gā­miniyā. (5)

Tena ca pana, bhikkhave, bhikkhunā imesu pañcasu dhammesu patiṭṭhāya cattāro dhammā uttari bhāvetabbā—asubhā bhāvetabbā rāgassa pahānāya, mettā bhāvetabbā byāpādassa pahānāya, ānāpānassati bhāvetabbā vitak­kupac­che­dāya, aniccasaññā bhāvetabbā asmi­māna­samug­ghātāya. Aniccasaññino, bhikkhave, anattasaññā saṇṭhāti. Anattasaññī asmi­māna­samug­ghātaṃ pāpuṇāti diṭṭheva dhamme nibbānan”ti. (6–9.)

Paṭhamaṃ.