Aṅguttara Nikāya 9

4. Mahāvagga

38. Lokāyati­ka­sutta

Atha kho dve lokāyatikā brāhmaṇā yena bhagavā tenu­pasaṅka­miṃsu; upasaṅkamitvā bhagavatā saddhiṃ sammodiṃsu. Sammodanīyaṃ kathaṃ sāraṇīyaṃ vītisāretvā ekamantaṃ nisīdiṃsu. Ekamantaṃ nisinnā kho te brāhmaṇā bhagavantaṃ etadavocuṃ:

“Pūraṇo, bho gotama, kassapo sabbaññū sabbadassāvī aparisesaṃ ñāṇadassanaṃ paṭijānāti: ‘carato ca me tiṭṭhato ca suttassa ca jāgarassa ca satataṃ samitaṃ ñāṇadassanaṃ paccupaṭṭhitan’ti. So evamāha: ‘ahaṃ anantena ñāṇena anantaṃ lokaṃ jānaṃ passaṃ viharāmī’ti. Ayampi, bho gotama, nigaṇṭho nāṭaputto sabbaññū sabbadassāvī aparisesaṃ ñāṇadassanaṃ paṭijānāti: ‘carato ca me tiṭṭhato ca suttassa ca jāgarassa ca satataṃ samitaṃ ñāṇadassanaṃ paccupaṭṭhitan’ti. So evamāha: ‘ahaṃ anantena ñāṇena anantaṃ lokaṃ jānaṃ passaṃ viharāmī’ti. Imesaṃ, bho gotama, ubhinnaṃ ñāṇavādānaṃ ubhinnaṃ aññamaññaṃ vipac­canī­ka­vādānaṃ ko saccaṃ āha ko musā”ti?

“Alaṃ, brāhmaṇā. Tiṭṭhatetaṃ: ‘imesaṃ ubhinnaṃ ñāṇavādānaṃ ubhinnaṃ aññamaññaṃ vipac­canī­ka­vādānaṃ ko saccaṃ āha ko musā’ti. Dhammaṃ vo, brāhmaṇā, desessāmi, taṃ suṇātha, sādhukaṃ manasi karotha, bhāsissāmī”ti. “Evaṃ, bho”ti kho te brāhmaṇā bhagavato paccassosuṃ. Bhagavā etadavoca: 

“Seyyathāpi, brāhmaṇā, cattāro purisā catuddisā ṭhitā paramena javena ca samannāgatā paramena ca padavītihārena. Te evarūpena javena samannāgatā assu, seyyathāpi nāma daḷhadhammā dhanuggaho sikkhito katahattho katūpāsano lahukena asanena appakasirena tiriyaṃ tālacchāyaṃ atipāteyya; evarūpena ca padavītihārena, seyyathāpi nāma puratthimā samuddā pacchimo samuddo atha puratthimāya disāya ṭhito puriso evaṃ vadeyya: ‘ahaṃ gamanena lokassa antaṃ pāpuṇissāmī’ti. So aññatreva asita­pīta­khā­yi­ta­sāyitā aññatra uccāra­passā­va­kammā aññatra niddā­kila­matha­paṭi­vinodanā vassasatāyuko vassasatajīvī vassasataṃ gantvā appatvāva lokassa antaṃ antarā kālaṃ kareyya. Atha pacchimāya disāya … pe … atha uttarāya disāya … atha dakkhiṇāya disāya ṭhito puriso evaṃ vadeyya: ‘ahaṃ gamanena lokassa antaṃ pāpuṇissāmī’ti. So aññatreva asita­pīta­khā­yi­ta­sāyitā aññatra uccāra­passā­va­kammā aññatra niddā­kila­matha­paṭi­vinodanā vassasatāyuko vassasatajīvī vassasataṃ gantvā appatvāva lokassa antaṃ antarā kālaṃ kareyya. Taṃ kissa hetu? Nāhaṃ, brāhmaṇā, evarūpāya sandhāvanikāya lokassa antaṃ ñāteyyaṃ daṭṭheyyaṃ patteyyanti vadāmi. Na cāhaṃ, brāhmaṇā, appatvāva lokassa antaṃ dukkhassa antakiriyaṃ vadāmi.

Pañcime, brāhmaṇā, kāmaguṇā ariyassa vinaye lokoti vuccati. Katame pañca? Cakkhuviññeyyā rūpā iṭṭhā kantā manāpā piyarūpā kāmūpasaṃhitā rajanīyā; sotaviññeyyā saddā … pe … ghānaviññeyyā gandhā … jivhāviññeyyā rasā … kāyaviññeyyā phoṭṭhabbā iṭṭhā kantā manāpā piyarūpā kāmūpasaṃhitā rajanīyā; ime kho, brāhmaṇā, pañca kāmaguṇā ariyassa vinaye lokoti vuccati.

Idha, brāhmaṇā, bhikkhu vivicceva kāmehi vivicca akusalehi dhammehi savitakkaṃ savicāraṃ vivekajaṃ pītisukhaṃ paṭhamaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. Ayaṃ vuccati, brāhmaṇā, ‘bhikkhu lokassa antamāgamma, lokassa ante viharati’. Tamaññe evamāhaṃsu: ‘ayampi loka­pariyā­panno, ayampi anissaṭo lokamhā’ti. Ahampi hi, brāhmaṇā, evaṃ vadāmi: ‘ayampi loka­pariyā­panno, ayampi anissaṭo lokamhā’ti.

Puna caparaṃ, brāhmaṇā, bhikkhu vitak­ka­vicārā­naṃ vūpasamā … pe … dutiyaṃ jhānaṃ … tatiyaṃ jhānaṃ … catutthaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. Ayaṃ vuccati, brāhmaṇā, ‘bhikkhu lokassa antamāgamma lokassa ante viharati’. Tamaññe evamāhaṃsu: ‘ayampi loka­pariyā­panno, ayampi anissaṭo lokamhā’ti. Ahampi hi, brāhmaṇā, evaṃ vadāmi: ‘ayampi loka­pariyā­panno, ayampi anissaṭo lokamhā’ti.

Puna caparaṃ, brāhmaṇā, bhikkhu sabbaso rūpasaññānaṃ samatikkamā paṭi­gha­saññā­naṃ atthaṅgamā nānat­ta­saññā­naṃ amanasikārā ‘ananto ākāso’ti ākāsānañ­cāyata­naṃ upasampajja viharati. Ayaṃ vuccati, brāhmaṇā, ‘bhikkhu lokassa antamāgamma lokassa ante viharati’. Tamaññe evamāhaṃsu: ‘ayampi loka­pariyā­panno, ayampi anissaṭo lokamhā’ti. Ahampi hi, brāhmaṇā, evaṃ vadāmi: ‘ayampi loka­pariyā­panno, ayampi anissaṭo lokamhā’ti.

Puna caparaṃ, brāhmaṇā, bhikkhu sabbaso ākāsānañ­cāyata­naṃ samatikkamma ‘anantaṃ viññāṇan’ti viñ­ñā­ṇañ­cāyata­naṃ upasampajja viharati … pe … sabbaso viñ­ñā­ṇañ­cāyata­naṃ samatikkamma ‘natthi kiñcī’ti ākiñ­cañ­ñā­yatanaṃ upasampajja viharati … pe … sabbaso ākiñ­cañ­ñā­yatanaṃ samatikkamma neva­saññā­nā­sañ­ñāyata­naṃ upasampajja viharati. Ayaṃ vuccati, brāhmaṇā, ‘bhikkhu lokassa antamāgamma lokassa ante viharati’. Tamaññe evamāhaṃsu: ‘ayampi loka­pariyā­panno, ayampi anissaṭo lokamhā’ti. Ahampi hi, brāhmaṇā, evaṃ vadāmi: ‘ayampi loka­pariyā­panno, ayampi anissaṭo lokamhā’ti.

Puna caparaṃ, brāhmaṇā, bhikkhu sabbaso neva­saññā­nā­sañ­ñāyata­naṃ samatikkamma saññā­ve­dayi­ta­nirodhaṃ upasampajja viharati, paññāya cassa disvā āsavā parikkhīṇā honti. Ayaṃ vuccati, brāhmaṇā, ‘bhikkhu lokassa antamāgamma lokassa ante viharati tiṇṇo loke visattikan’”ti.

Sattamaṃ.