Aṅguttara Nikāya 9

1. Sambodhivagga

4. Nandakasutta

Ekaṃ samayaṃ bhagavā sāvatthiyaṃ viharati jetavane anātha­piṇḍi­kassa ārāme. Tena kho pana samayena āyasmā nandako upaṭṭhā­na­sālā­yaṃ bhikkhū dhammiyā kathāya sandasseti samādapeti samuttejeti sampahaṃseti. Atha kho bhagavā sāyanhasamayaṃ paṭisallānā vuṭṭhito yenu­paṭṭhā­na­sālā tenupasaṅkami; upasaṅkamitvā bahid­vāra­koṭṭhake aṭṭhāsi kathā­pari­yosānaṃ āgamayamāno. Atha kho bhagavā kathā­pari­yosānaṃ viditvā ukkāsetvā aggaḷaṃ ākoṭesi. Vivariṃsu kho te bhikkhū bhagavato dvāraṃ.

Atha kho bhagavā upaṭṭhānasālaṃ pavisitvā paññattāsane nisīdi. Nisajja kho bhagavā āyasmantaṃ nandakaṃ etadavoca: “dīgho kho tyāyaṃ, nandaka, dhammapariyāyo bhikkhūnaṃ paṭibhāsi. Api me piṭṭhi āgilāyati bahid­vāra­koṭṭhake ṭhitassa kathā­pari­yosānaṃ āgamayamānassā”ti.

Evaṃ vutte, āyasmā nandako sārajja­māna­rūpo bhagavantaṃ etadavoca: “na kho pana mayaṃ, bhante, jānāma ‘bhagavā bahid­vāra­koṭṭhake ṭhito’ti. Sace hi mayaṃ, bhante, jāneyyāma ‘bhagavā bahid­vāra­koṭṭhake ṭhito’ti, ettakampi () no nappa­ṭibhā­seyyā”ti.

Atha kho bhagavā āyasmantaṃ nandakaṃ sārajja­mā­narūpaṃ viditvā āyasmantaṃ nandakaṃ etadavoca: “sādhu sādhu, nandaka. Etaṃ kho, nandaka, tumhākaṃ patirūpaṃ kulaputtānaṃ saddhāya agārasmā anagāriyaṃ pabbajitānaṃ, yaṃ tumhe dhammiyā kathāya sanni­sīdey­yā­tha. Sannipatitānaṃ vo, nandaka, dvayaṃ karaṇīyaṃ—dhammī vā kathā ariyo vā tuṇhībhāvo. Saddho ca, nandaka, bhikkhu hoti, no ca sīlavā. Evaṃ so tenaṅgena aparipūro hoti. Tena taṃ aṅgaṃ paripūretabbaṃ: ‘kintāhaṃ saddho ca assaṃ sīlavā cā’ti. Yato ca kho, nandaka, bhikkhu saddho ca hoti sīlavā ca, evaṃ so tenaṅgena paripūro hoti.

Saddho ca, nandaka, bhikkhu hoti sīlavā ca, no ca lābhī ajjhattaṃ cetosamādhissa. Evaṃ so tenaṅgena aparipūro hoti. Tena taṃ aṅgaṃ paripūretabbaṃ: ‘kintāhaṃ saddho ca assaṃ sīlavā ca lābhī ca ajjhattaṃ cetosamādhissā’ti. Yato ca kho, nandaka, bhikkhu saddho ca hoti sīlavā ca lābhī ca ajjhattaṃ cetosamādhissa, evaṃ so tenaṅgena paripūro hoti.

Saddho ca, nandaka, bhikkhu hoti sīlavā ca lābhī ca ajjhattaṃ cetosamādhissa, na lābhī adhipañ­ñā­dhamma­vi­passa­nāya. Evaṃ so tenaṅgena aparipūro hoti. Seyyathāpi, nandaka, pāṇako catuppādako assa. Tassa eko pādo omako lāmako. Evaṃ so tenaṅgena aparipūro assa. Evamevaṃ kho, nandaka, bhikkhu saddho ca hoti sīlavā ca lābhī ca ajjhattaṃ cetosamādhissa, na lābhī adhipañ­ñā­dhamma­vi­passa­nāya. Evaṃ so tenaṅgena aparipūro hoti. Tena taṃ aṅgaṃ paripūretabbaṃ: ‘kintāhaṃ saddho ca assaṃ sīlavā ca lābhī ca ajjhattaṃ cetosamādhissa lābhī ca adhipañ­ñā­dhamma­vi­passa­nāyā’ti.

Yato ca kho, nandaka, bhikkhu saddho ca hoti sīlavā ca lābhī ca ajjhattaṃ cetosamādhissa lābhī ca adhipañ­ñā­dhamma­vi­passa­nāya, evaṃ so tenaṅgena paripūro hotī”ti. Idamavoca bhagavā. Idaṃ vatvāna sugato uṭṭhāyāsanā vihāraṃ pāvisi.

Atha kho āyasmā nandako acira­pakkan­tassa bhagavato bhikkhū āmantesi: “idāni, āvuso, bhagavā catūhi padehi kevala­pari­puṇṇaṃ parisuddhaṃ brahmacariyaṃ pakāsetvā uṭṭhāyāsanā vihāraṃ paviṭṭho: ‘saddho ca, nandaka, bhikkhu hoti, no ca sīlavā. Evaṃ so tenaṅgena aparipūro hoti. Tena taṃ aṅgaṃ paripūretabbaṃ— kintāhaṃ saddho ca assaṃ sīlavā cā’ti. Yato ca kho, nandaka, bhikkhu saddho ca hoti sīlavā ca, evaṃ so tenaṅgena paripūro hoti. Saddho ca, nandaka, bhikkhu hoti sīlavā ca, no ca lābhī ajjhattaṃ cetosamādhissa … pe … lābhī ca ajjhattaṃ cetosamādhissa, na lābhī adhipañ­ñā­dhamma­vi­passa­nāya, evaṃ so tenaṅgena aparipūro hoti. Seyyathāpi, nandaka, pāṇako catuppādako assa, tassa eko pādo omako lāmako, evaṃ so tenaṅgena aparipūro assa. Evamevaṃ kho, nandaka, bhikkhu saddho ca hoti sīlavā ca, lābhī ca ajjhattaṃ cetosamādhissa, na lābhī adhipañ­ñā­dhamma­vi­passa­nāya, evaṃ so tenaṅgena aparipūro hoti, tena taṃ aṅgaṃ paripūretabbaṃ ‘kintāhaṃ saddho ca assaṃ sīlavā ca, lābhī ca ajjhattaṃ cetosamādhissa, lābhī ca adhipañ­ñā­dhamma­vi­passa­nāyā’ti. Yato ca kho, nandaka, bhikkhu saddho ca hoti sīlavā ca lābhī ca ajjhattaṃ cetosamādhissa lābhī ca adhipañ­ñā­dhamma­vi­passa­nāya, evaṃ so tenaṅgena paripūro hotīti.

Pañcime, āvuso, ānisaṃsā kālena dhammassavane kālena dhamma­sākac­chāya. Katame pañca? Idhāvuso, bhikkhu bhikkhūnaṃ dhammaṃ deseti ādikalyāṇaṃ majjhekalyāṇaṃ pari­yosāna­kal­yāṇaṃ sātthaṃ sabyañjanaṃ, kevala­pari­puṇṇaṃ parisuddhaṃ brahmacariyaṃ pakāseti. Yathā yathā, āvuso, bhikkhu bhikkhūnaṃ dhammaṃ deseti ādikalyāṇaṃ majjhekalyāṇaṃ pari­yosāna­kal­yāṇaṃ sātthaṃ sabyañjanaṃ, kevala­pari­puṇṇaṃ parisuddhaṃ brahmacariyaṃ pakāseti tathā tathā so satthu piyo ca hoti manāpo ca garu ca bhāvanīyo ca. Ayaṃ, āvuso, paṭhamo ānisaṃso kālena dhammassavane kālena dhamma­sākac­chāya.

Puna caparaṃ, āvuso, bhikkhu bhikkhūnaṃ dhammaṃ deseti ādikalyāṇaṃ majjhekalyāṇaṃ pari­yosāna­kal­yāṇaṃ sātthaṃ sabyañjanaṃ, kevala­pari­puṇṇaṃ parisuddhaṃ brahmacariyaṃ pakāseti. Yathā yathā, āvuso, bhikkhu bhikkhūnaṃ dhammaṃ deseti ādikalyāṇaṃ … pe … brahmacariyaṃ pakāseti tathā tathā so tasmiṃ dhamme atthap­paṭi­saṃ­vedī ca hoti dhammap­paṭi­saṃ­vedī ca. Ayaṃ, āvuso, dutiyo ānisaṃso kālena dhammassavane kālena dhamma­sākac­chāya.

Puna caparaṃ, āvuso, bhikkhu bhikkhūnaṃ dhammaṃ deseti ādikalyāṇaṃ majjhekalyāṇaṃ pari­yosāna­kal­yāṇaṃ sātthaṃ sabyañjanaṃ, kevala­pari­puṇṇaṃ parisuddhaṃ brahmacariyaṃ pakāseti. Yathā yathā, āvuso, bhikkhu bhikkhūnaṃ dhammaṃ deseti ādikalyāṇaṃ … pe … brahmacariyaṃ pakāseti tathā tathā so tasmiṃ dhamme gambhīraṃ atthapadaṃ paññāya ativijjha passati. Ayaṃ, āvuso, tatiyo ānisaṃso kālena dhammassavane kālena dhamma­sākac­chāya.

Puna caparaṃ, āvuso, bhikkhu bhikkhūnaṃ dhammaṃ deseti ādikalyāṇaṃ … pe … brahmacariyaṃ pakāseti. Yathā yathā, āvuso, bhikkhu bhikkhūnaṃ dhammaṃ deseti ādikalyāṇaṃ … pe … brahmacariyaṃ pakāseti tathā tathā naṃ sabrahmacārī uttari sambhāventi: ‘addhā ayamāyasmā patto vā pajjati vā’. Ayaṃ, āvuso, catuttho ānisaṃso kālena dhammassavane kālena dhamma­sākac­chāya.

Puna caparaṃ, āvuso, bhikkhu bhikkhūnaṃ dhammaṃ deseti ādikalyāṇaṃ majjhekalyāṇaṃ pari­yosāna­kal­yāṇaṃ sātthaṃ sabyañjanaṃ, kevala­pari­puṇṇaṃ parisuddhaṃ brahmacariyaṃ pakāseti. Yathā yathā, āvuso, bhikkhu bhikkhūnaṃ dhammaṃ deseti ādikalyāṇaṃ majjhekalyāṇaṃ pari­yosāna­kal­yāṇaṃ sātthaṃ sabyañjanaṃ, kevala­pari­puṇṇaṃ parisuddhaṃ brahmacariyaṃ pakāseti, tattha ye kho bhikkhū sekhā appattamānasā anuttaraṃ yogakkhemaṃ patthayamānā viharanti, te taṃ dhammaṃ sutvā vīriyaṃ ārabhanti appattassa pattiyā anadhigatassa adhigamāya asacchikatassa sacchikiriyāya. Ye pana tattha bhikkhū arahanto khīṇāsavā vusitavanto katakaraṇīyā ohitabhārā anup­patta­sadat­thā parik­khī­ṇa­bhavasaṃ­yojanā samma­dañ­ñā­vimuttā, te taṃ dhammaṃ sutvā diṭṭha­dhamma­su­kha­vihāraṃ­yeva anuyuttā viharanti. Ayaṃ, āvuso, pañcamo ānisaṃso kālena dhammassavane kālena dhamma­sākac­chāya. Ime kho, āvuso, pañca ānisaṃsā kālena dhammassavane kālena dhamma­sākac­chāyā”ti.

Catutthaṃ.