Itivuttaka 84

Bahu­jana­hita­sutta

Vuttañhetaṃ bhagavatā ­vuttama­rahatāti me sutaṃ: 

“Tayome puggalā loke uppajjamānā uppajjanti bahujanahitāya bahu­jana­su­khāya lokānukampāya atthāya hitāya sukhāya devamanussānaṃ. Katame tayo? Idha, bhikkhave, tathāgato loke uppajjati arahaṃ sammāsambuddho vij­jācara­ṇa­sam­panno sugato lokavidū anuttaro purisa­damma­sāra­thi satthā devamanussānaṃ buddho bhagavā. So dhammaṃ deseti ādikalyāṇaṃ majjhekalyāṇaṃ pari­yosāna­kal­yāṇaṃ sātthaṃ sabyañjanaṃ, kevala­pari­puṇṇaṃ parisuddhaṃ brahmacariyaṃ pakāseti. Ayaṃ, bhikkhave, paṭhamo puggalo loke uppajjamāno uppajjati bahujanahitāya bahu­jana­su­khāya lokānukampāya atthāya hitāya sukhāya devamanussānaṃ.

Puna caparaṃ, bhikkhave, tasseva satthu sāvako arahaṃ hoti khīṇāsavo vusitavā katakaraṇīyo ohitabhāro anup­patta­sadat­tho parik­khī­ṇa­bhavasaṃ­yojano samma­dañ­ñā­vimutto. So dhammaṃ deseti ādikalyāṇaṃ majjhekalyāṇaṃ pari­yosāna­kal­yāṇaṃ sātthaṃ sabyañjanaṃ, kevala­pari­puṇṇaṃ parisuddhaṃ brahmacariyaṃ pakāseti. Ayaṃ, bhikkhave, dutiyo puggalo loke uppajjamāno uppajjati bahujanahitāya bahu­jana­su­khāya lokānukampāya atthāya hitāya sukhāya devamanussānaṃ.

Puna caparaṃ, bhikkhave, tasseva satthu sāvako sekho hoti pāṭipado bahussuto sīla­vatū­papanno. Sopi dhammaṃ deseti ādikalyāṇaṃ majjhekalyāṇaṃ pari­yosāna­kal­yāṇaṃ sātthaṃ sabyañjanaṃ, kevala­pari­puṇṇaṃ parisuddhaṃ brahmacariyaṃ pakāseti. Ayaṃ, bhikkhave, tatiyo puggalo loke uppajjamāno uppajjati bahujanahitāya bahu­jana­su­khāya lokānukampāya atthāya hitāya sukhāya devamanussānaṃ. Ime kho, bhikkhave, tayo puggalā loke uppajjamānā uppajjanti bahujanahitāya bahu­jana­su­khāya lokānukampāya atthāya hitāya sukhāya devamanussānan”ti. Etamatthaṃ bhagavā avoca. Tatthetaṃ iti vuccati:

“Satthā hi loke paṭhamo mahesi,
Tassanvayo sāvako bhāvitatto;
Athāparo pāṭipadopi sekho,
Bahussuto sīla­vatū­papanno.

Ete tayo deva­manus­sa­seṭṭhā,
Pabhaṅkarā dhamma­mudī­rayantā;
Apāpuranti amatassa dvāraṃ,
Yogā pamocenti bahujjanaṃ te.

Ye satthavāhena anuttarena,
Sudesitaṃ magga­ma­nukka­manti;
Idheva dukkhassa karonti antaṃ,
Ye appamattā sugatassa sāsane”ti.

Ayampi attho vutto bhagavatā, iti me sutanti.

Pañcamaṃ.