Jātaka

Mahānipāta

Mūga­pak­kha­vagga

1 Mūga­pak­kha­jātaka

“Mā paṇḍiccayaṃ vibhāvaya,
Bālamato bhava sabbapāṇinaṃ;
Sabbo taṃ jano ocināyatu,
Evaṃ tava attho bhavissati”.

“Karomi te taṃ vacanaṃ,
yaṃ maṃ bhaṇasi devate;
Atthakāmāsi me amma,
hitakāmāsi devate”.

“Kiṃ nu santaramānova,
kāsuṃ khaṇasi sārathi;
Puṭṭho me samma akkhāhi,
kiṃ kāsuyā karissasi”.

“Rañño mūgo ca pakkho ca,
putto jāto acetaso;
Somhi raññā samajjhiṭṭho,
puttaṃ me nikhaṇaṃ vane”.

“Na badhiro na mūgosmi,
na pakkho na ca vīkalo;
Adhammaṃ sārathi kayirā,
mañce tvaṃ nikhaṇaṃ vane.

Ūrū bāhuñca me passa,
bhāsitañca suṇohi me;
Adhammaṃ sārathi kayirā,
mañce tvaṃ nikhaṇaṃ vane”.

“Devatā nusi gandhabbo,
adu sakko purindado;
Ko vā tvaṃ kassa vā putto,
kathaṃ jānemu taṃ mayaṃ”.

“Namhi devo na gandhabbo,
nāpi sakko purindado;
Kāsirañño ahaṃ putto,
yaṃ kāsuyā nikhaññasi.

Tassa rañño ahaṃ putto,
yaṃ tvaṃ sammūpajīvasi;
Adhammaṃ sārathi kayirā,
mañce tvaṃ nikhaṇaṃ vane.

Yassa rukkhassa chāyāya,
nisīdeyya sayeyya vā;
Na tassa sākhaṃ bhañjeyya,
mittadubbho hi pāpako.

Yathā rukkho tathā rājā,
yathā sākhā tathā ahaṃ;
Yathā chāyūpago poso,
evaṃ tvamasi sārathi;
Adhammaṃ sārathi kayirā,
mañce tvaṃ nikhaṇaṃ vane.

Pahūtabhakkho bhavati,
vippavuttho sakaṃ gharā;
Bahū naṃ upajīvanti,
yo mittānaṃ na dubbhati.

Yaṃ yaṃ janapadaṃ yāti,
nigame rājadhāniyo;
Sabbattha pūjito hoti,
yo mittānaṃ na dubbhati.

Nāssa corā pasāhanti,
nātimaññanti khattiyā;
Sabbe amitte tarati,
yo mittānaṃ na dubbhati.

Akkuddho sagharaṃ eti,
sabhāyaṃ paṭinandito;
Ñātīnaṃ uttamo hoti,
yo mittānaṃ na dubbhati.

Sakkatvā sakkato hoti,
garu hoti sagāravo;
Vaṇṇa­kitti­bhato hoti,
yo mittānaṃ na dubbhati.

Pūjako labhate pūjaṃ,
vandako paṭivandanaṃ;
Yaso kittiñca pappoti,
yo mittānaṃ na dubbhati.

Aggi yathā pajjalati,
devatāva virocati;
Siriyā ajahito hoti,
yo mittānaṃ na dubbhati.

Gāvo tassa pajāyanti,
khette vuttaṃ virūhati;
Vuttānaṃ phalamasnāti,
yo mittānaṃ na dubbhati.

Darito pabbatāto vā,
rukkhato patito naro;
Cuto patiṭṭhaṃ labhati,
yo mittānaṃ na dubbhati.

Virūḷha­mūla­santā­naṃ,
nigrodhamiva māluto;
Amittā nappasāhanti,
yo mittānaṃ na dubbhati”.

“Ehi taṃ paṭinessāmi,
rājaputta sakaṃ gharaṃ;
Rajjaṃ kārehi bhaddante,
kiṃ araññe karissasi”.

“Alaṃ me tena rajjena,
ñātakehi dhanena vā;
Yaṃ me adhamma­cari­yāya,
rajjaṃ labbhetha sārathi”.

“Puṇṇapattaṃ maṃ lābhehi,
rājaputta ito gato;
Pitā mātā ca me dajjuṃ,
rājaputta tayī gate.

Orodhā ca kumārā ca,
vesiyānā ca brāhmaṇā;
Tepi attamanā dajjuṃ,
rājaputta tayī gate.

Hatthārohā anīkaṭṭhā,
rathikā pattikārakā;
Tepi attamanā dajjuṃ,
rājaputta tayī gate.

Bahudhaññā jānapadā,
negamā ca samāgatā;
Upāyanāni me dajjuṃ,
rājaputta tayī gate”.

“Pitu mātu cahaṃ catto,
raṭṭhassa nigamassa ca;
Atho sabbakumārānaṃ,
natthi mayhaṃ sakaṃ gharaṃ.

Anuññāto ahaṃ matyā,
sañcatto pitarā mahaṃ;
Ekoraññe pabbajito,
na kāme abhipatthaye.

Api ataramānānaṃ,
phalāsāva samijjhati;
Vipak­kab­rahma­cari­yosmi,
evaṃ jānāhi sārathi.

Api ataramānānaṃ,
sammadattho vipaccati;
Vipak­kab­rahma­cari­yosmi,
nikkhanto akutobhayo”.

“Evaṃ vaggukatho santo,
visaṭṭhavacano casi;
Kasmā pitu ca mātucca,
santike na bhaṇī tadā”.

“Nāhaṃ asandhitā pakkho,
na badhiro asotatā;
Nāhaṃ ajivhatā mūgo,
mā maṃ mūgamadhārayi.

Purimaṃ sarāmahaṃ jātiṃ,
yattha rajjamakārayiṃ;
Kārayitvā tahiṃ rajjaṃ,
pāpatthaṃ nirayaṃ bhusaṃ.

Vīsatiñceva vassāni,
tahiṃ rajjamakārayiṃ;
Asīti­vassa­sahas­sāni,
nirayamhi apaccisaṃ.

Tassa rajjassahaṃ bhīto,
mā maṃ rajjā­bhise­cayuṃ;
Tasmā pitu ca mātucca,
santike na bhaṇiṃ tadā.

Ucchaṅge maṃ nisādetvā,
pitā atthānusāsati;
Ekaṃ hanatha bandhatha,
ekaṃ khā­rā­pa­tacchi­kaṃ;
Ekaṃ sūlasmiṃ uppetha,
iccassa manusāsati.

Tāyāhaṃ pharusaṃ sutvā,
vācāyo samudīritā;
Amūgo mūgavaṇṇena,
apakkho pakkhasammato;
Sake mutta­karīsas­miṃ,
acchāhaṃ samparipluto.

Kasirañca parittañca,
tañca dukkhena saṃyutaṃ;
Komaṃ jīvitamāgamma,
veraṃ kayirātha kenaci.

Paññāya ca alābhena,
dhammassa ca adassanā;
Komaṃ jīvitamāgamma,
veraṃ kayirātha kenaci.

Api ataramānānaṃ,
phalāsāva samijjhati;
Vipak­kab­rahma­cari­yosmi,
evaṃ jānāhi sārathi.

Api ataramānānaṃ,
sammadattho vipaccati;
Vipak­kab­rahma­cari­yosmi,
nikkhanto akutobhayo”.

“Ahampi pabbajissāmi,
rājaputta tavantike;
Avhāyassu maṃ bhaddante,
pabbajjā mama ruccati”.

“Rathaṃ niyyādayitvāna,
anaṇo ehi sārathi;
Anaṇassa hi pabbajjā,
etaṃ isīhi vaṇṇitaṃ”.

“Yadeva tyāhaṃ vacanaṃ,
akaraṃ bhaddamatthu te;
Tadeva me tvaṃ vacanaṃ,
yācito kattumarahasi.

Idheva tāva acchassu,
yāva rājānamānaye;
Appeva te pitā disvā,
patīto sumano siyā”.

“Karomi tetaṃ vacanaṃ,
yaṃ maṃ bhaṇasi sārathi;
Ahampi daṭṭhukāmosmi,
pitaraṃ me idhāgataṃ.

Ehi samma nivattassu,
kusalaṃ vajjāsi ñātinaṃ;
Mātaraṃ pitaraṃ mayhaṃ,
vutto vajjāsi vandanaṃ”.

Tassa pāde gahetvāna,
katvā ca naṃ padakkhiṇaṃ;
Sārathi rathamāruyha,
rājadvāraṃ upāgami.

Suññaṃ mātā rathaṃ disvā,
ekaṃ sārathimāgataṃ;
Assupuṇṇehi nettehi,
rodantī naṃ udikkhati.

“Ayaṃ so sārathi eti,
nihantvā mama atrajaṃ;
Nihato nūna me putto,
pathabyā bhūmivaḍḍhano.

Amittā nūna nandanti,
patītā nūna verino;
Āgataṃ sārathiṃ disvā,
nihantvā mama atrajaṃ”.

Suññaṃ mātā rathaṃ disvā,
ekaṃ sārathimāgataṃ;
Assupuṇṇehi nettehi,
rodantī paripucchi naṃ.

“Kiṃ nu mūgo kiṃ nu pakkho,
kiṃ nu so vilapī tadā;
Nihaññamāno bhūmiyā,
taṃ me akkhāhi sārathi.

Kathaṃ hatthehi pādehi,
mūgapakkho vivajjayi;
Nihaññamāno bhūmiyā,
taṃ me akkhāhi pucchito”.

Akkheyyaṃ te ahaṃ ayye,
dajjāsi abhayaṃ mama;
Yaṃ me sutaṃ vā diṭṭhaṃ vā,
rājaputtassa santike”.

“Abhayaṃ samma te dammi,
abhīto bhaṇa sārathi;
Yaṃ te sutaṃ vā diṭṭhaṃ vā,
rājaputtassa santike”.

“Na so mūgo na so pakkho,
visaṭṭhavacano ca so;
Rajjassa kira so bhīto,
akarā ālaye bahū.

Purimaṃ sarati so jātiṃ,
yattha rajjamakārayi;
Kārayitvā tahiṃ rajjaṃ,
pāpattha nirayaṃ bhusaṃ.

Vīsatiñceva vassāni,
tahiṃ rajjamakārayi;
Asīti­vassa­sahas­sāni,
nirayamhi apacci so.

Tassa rajjassa so bhīto,
mā maṃ rajjā­bhise­cayuṃ;
Tasmā pitu ca mātucca,
santike na bhaṇī tadā.

Aṅgapaccaṅ­ga­sam­panno,
āroha­pari­ṇāhavā;
Visaṭṭhavacano pañño,
magge saggassa tiṭṭhati.

Sace tvaṃ daṭṭhukāmāsi,
rājaputtaṃ tavatrajaṃ;
Ehi taṃ pāpayissāmi,
yattha sammati temiyo”.

“Yojayantu rathe asse,
Kacchaṃ nāgāna bandhatha;
Udīrayantu saṅkhapaṇavā,
Vādantu ekapokkharā.

Vādantu bherī sannaddhā,
vaggū vādantu dundubhī;
Negamā ca maṃ anventu,
gacchaṃ puttanivedako.

Orodhā ca kumārā ca,
vesiyānā ca brāhmaṇā;
Khippaṃ yānāni yojentu,
gacchaṃ puttanivedako.

Hatthārohā anīkaṭṭhā,
rathikā pattikārakā;
Khippaṃ yānāni yojentu,
gacchaṃ puttanivedako.

Samāgatā jānapadā,
negamā ca samāgatā;
Khippaṃ yānāni yojentu,
gacchaṃ puttanivedako”.

Asse ca sārathī yutte,
sindhave sīghavāhane;
Rājadvāraṃ upāgacchuṃ,
“yuttā deva ime hayā”.

“Thūlā javena hāyanti,
kisā hāyanti thāmunā;
Kise thūle vivajjetvā,
saṃsaṭṭhā yojitā hayā”.

Tato rājā taramāno,
yuttamāruyha sandanaṃ;
Itthāgāraṃ ajjhabhāsi,
“sabbāva anuyātha maṃ.

Vāla­bīja­ni­muṇhīsaṃ,
khaggaṃ chattañca paṇḍaraṃ;
Upādhī rathamāruyha,
suvaṇṇehi alaṅkatā”.

Tato sa rājā pāyāsi,
purakkhatvāna sārathiṃ;
Khippameva upāgacchi,
yattha sammati temiyo.

Tañca disvāna āyantaṃ,
jalantamiva tejasā;
Khat­ta­saṅgha­parib­yūḷhaṃ,
temiyo etadabravi.

“Kacci nu tāta kusalaṃ,
kacci tāta anāmayaṃ;
Sabbā ca rājakaññāyo,
arogā mayha mātaro”.

“Kusalañceva me putta,
atho putta anāmayaṃ;
Sabbā ca rājakaññāyo,
arogā tuyha mātaro”.

Kacci amajjapo tāta,
kacci te suramappiyaṃ;
Kacci sacce ca dhamme ca,
dāne te ramate mano”.

“Amajjapo ahaṃ putta,
atho me suramappiyaṃ;
Atho sacce ca dhamme ca,
dāne me ramate mano”.

“Kacci arogaṃ yoggaṃ te,
kacci vahati vāhanaṃ;
Kacci te byādhayo natthi,
sarīras­su­patā­panā”.

“Atho arogaṃ yoggaṃ me,
atho vahati vāhanaṃ;
Atho me byādhayo natthi,
sarīras­su­patā­panā”.

“Kacci antā ca te phītā,
majjhe ca bahalā tava;
Koṭṭhāgārañca kosañca,
kacci te paṭisanthataṃ”.

“Atho antā ca me phītā,
majjhe ca bahalā mama;
Koṭṭhāgārañca kosañca,
sabbaṃ me paṭisanthataṃ”.

“Svāgataṃ te mahārāja,
atho te adurāgataṃ;
Patiṭṭhapentu pallaṅkaṃ,
yattha rājā nisakkati.

Idheva te nisīdassu,
niyate paṇṇasanthare;
Etto udakamādāya,
pāde pakkhālayassu te.

Idampi paṇṇakaṃ mayhaṃ,
randhaṃ rāja aloṇakaṃ;
Paribhuñja mahārāja,
pāhuno mesidhāgato”.

Na cāhaṃ paṇṇaṃ bhuñjāmi,
Na hetaṃ mayha bhojanaṃ;
Sālīnaṃ odanaṃ bhuñje,
Suciṃ maṃsūpasecanaṃ”.

“Accherakaṃ maṃ paṭibhāti,
ekakampi rahogataṃ;
Edisaṃ bhuñjamānānaṃ,
kena vaṇṇo pasīdati”.

“Eko rāja nipajjāmi,
niyate paṇṇasanthare;
Tāya me ekaseyyāya,
rāja vaṇṇo pasīdati.

Na ca nettiṃsabandhā me,
rājarakkhā upaṭṭhitā;
Tāya me sukhaseyyāya,
rāja vaṇṇo pasīdati.

Atītaṃ nānusocāmi,
nappa­jappā­mi­nāgataṃ;
Paccuppannena yāpemi,
tena vaṇṇo pasīdati.

Anāga­tap­pa­jappāya,
atītas­sānu­socanā;
Etena bālā sussanti,
naḷova harito luto”.

“Hatthānīkaṃ rathānīkaṃ,
asse pattī ca vammino;
Nivesanāni rammāni,
ahaṃ putta dadāmi te.

Itthāgārampi te dammi,
sab­bā­laṅkā­ra­bhū­sitaṃ;
putta paṭipajjassu,
tvaṃ no rājā bhavissasi.

Kusalā naccagītassa,
sikkhitā cāturitthiyo;
Kāme taṃ ramayissanti,
kiṃ araññe karissasi.

Paṭirājūhi te kaññā,
ānayissaṃ alaṅkatā;
Tāsu putte janetvāna,
atha pacchā pabbajissasi.

Yuvā ca daharo cāsi,
paṭha­mup­pat­tiko susu;
Rajjaṃ kārehi bhaddante,
kiṃ araññe karissasi”.

“Yuvā care brahmacariyaṃ,
brahmacārī yuvā siyā;
Daharassa hi pabbajjā,
etaṃ isīhi vaṇṇitaṃ.

Yuvā care brahmacariyaṃ,
brahmacārī yuvā siyā;
Brahmacariyaṃ carissāmi,
nāhaṃ rajjena matthiko.

Passāmi vohaṃ daharaṃ,
amma tāta vadantaraṃ;
Kicchāladdhaṃ piyaṃ puttaṃ,
appatvāva jaraṃ mataṃ.

Passāmi vohaṃ dahariṃ,
kumāriṃ cārudassaniṃ;
Nava­vaṃsa­kaḷīraṃva,
paluggaṃ jīvitakkhayaṃ.

Daharāpi hi miyyanti,
narā ca atha nāriyo;
Tattha ko vissase poso,
daharomhīti jīvite.

Yassa ratyā vivasāne,
āyu appataraṃ siyā;
Appodakeva macchānaṃ,
kiṃ nu komārakaṃ tahiṃ.

Nicca­mabbhā­hato loko,
niccañca parivārito;
Amoghāsu vajantīsu,
kiṃ maṃ rajje­bhisiñ­casi”.

“Kena mabbhāhato loko,
kena ca parivārito;
Kāyo amoghā gacchanti,
taṃ me akkhāhi pucchito”.

“Maccu­nābbhā­hato loko,
jarāya parivārito;
Ratyo amoghā gacchanti,
evaṃ jānāhi khattiya.

Yathāpi tante vitate,
yaṃ yadevū­paviy­yati;
Appakaṃ hoti vetabbaṃ,
evaṃ maccāna jīvitaṃ.

Yathā vārivaho pūro,
gacchan­nupa­nivat­tati;
Evamāyu manussānaṃ,
gacchan­nupa­nivat­tati.

Yathā vārivaho pūro,
vahe rukkhepakūlaje;
Evaṃ jarāmaraṇena,
vuyhante sabbapāṇino”.

“Hatthānīkaṃ rathānīkaṃ,
asse pattī ca vammino;
Nivesanāni rammāni,
ahaṃ putta dadāmi te.

Itthāgārampi te dammi,
sab­bā­laṅkā­ra­bhū­sitaṃ;
Tā putta paṭipajjassu,
tvaṃ no rājā bhavissasi.

Kusalā naccagītassa,
sikkhitā cāturitthiyo;
Kāme taṃ ramayissanti,
kiṃ araññe karissasi.

Paṭirājūhi te kaññā,
ānayissaṃ alaṅkatā;
Tāsu putte janetvāna,
atha pacchā pabbajissasi.

Yuvā ca daharo cāsi,
paṭha­mup­pat­tiko susu;
Rajjaṃ kārehi bhaddante,
kiṃ araññe karissasi.

Koṭṭhāgārañca kosañca,
vāhanāni balāni ca;
Nivesanāni rammāni,
ahaṃ putta dadāmi te.

Gomaṇḍa­la­parib­yūḷho,
dāsi­saṅgha­pu­rak­khato;
Rajjaṃ kārehi bhaddante,
kiṃ araññe karissasi”.

“Kiṃ dhanena yaṃ khīyetha,
Kiṃ bhariyāya marissati;
Kiṃ yobbanena jiṇṇena,
Yaṃ jarā­yā­bhi­bhuy­yati.

Tattha kā nandi kā khiḍḍā,
kā rati kā dhanesanā;
Kiṃ me puttehi dārehi,
rāja muttosmi bandhanā.

Yohaṃ evaṃ pajānāmi,
maccu me nappamajjati;
Anta­ke­nādhipan­nassa,
kā ratī kā dhanesanā.

Phalānamiva pakkānaṃ,
niccaṃ patanato bhayaṃ;
Evaṃ jātāna maccānaṃ,
niccaṃ maraṇato bhayaṃ.

Sāyameke na dissanti,
pāto diṭṭhā bahū janā;
Pāto eke na dissanti,
sāyaṃ diṭṭhā bahū janā.

Ajjeva kiccaṃ ātapaṃ,
ko jaññā maraṇaṃ suve;
Na hi no saṅgaraṃ tena,
mahāsenena maccunā.

Corā dhanassa patthenti,
rāja muttosmi bandhanā;
Ehi rāja nivattassu,
nāhaṃ rajjena matthiko”ti.

Mūga­pak­kha­jātakaṃ paṭhamaṃ.