Majjhima Nikāya 127

Anuruddhasutta

Evaṃ me sutaṃ—​   ekaṃ samayaṃ bhagavā sāvatthiyaṃ viharati jetavane anātha­piṇḍi­kassa ārāme. Atha kho pañcakaṅgo thapati aññataraṃ purisaṃ āmantesi: “ehi tvaṃ, ambho purisa, yenāyasmā anuruddho tenupasaṅkama; upasaṅkamitvā mama vacanena āyasmato anuruddhassa pāde sirasā vandāhi: ‘pañcakaṅgo, bhante, thapati āyasmato anuruddhassa pāde sirasā vandatī’ti; evañca vadehi: ‘adhivāsetu kira, bhante, āyasmā anuruddho pañcakaṅgassa thapatissa svātanāya attacatuttho bhattaṃ; yena ca kira, bhante, āyasmā anuruddho pagevataraṃ āgaccheyya; pañcakaṅgo, bhante, thapati bahukicco bahukaraṇīyo rājakaraṇīyenā’”ti. “Evaṃ, bhante”ti kho so puriso pañcakaṅgassa thapatissa paṭissutvā yenāyasmā anuruddho tenupasaṅkami; upasaṅkamitvā āyasmantaṃ anuruddhaṃ abhivādetvā ekamantaṃ nisīdi. Ekamantaṃ nisinno kho so puriso āyasmantaṃ anuruddhaṃ etadavoca: “pañcakaṅgo, bhante, thapati āyasmato anuruddhassa pāde sirasā vandati, evañca vadeti: ‘adhivāsetu kira, bhante, āyasmā anuruddho pañcakaṅgassa thapatissa svātanāya attacatuttho bhattaṃ; yena ca kira, bhante, āyasmā anuruddho pagevataraṃ āgaccheyya; pañcakaṅgo, bhante, thapati bahukicco bahukaraṇīyo rājakaraṇīyenā’”ti. Adhivāsesi kho āyasmā anuruddho tuṇhībhāvena.

Atha kho āyasmā anuruddho tassā rattiyā accayena pubbaṇ­ha­samayaṃ nivāsetvā patta­cīvara­mādāya yena pañcakaṅgassa thapatissa nivesanaṃ tenupasaṅkami; upasaṅkamitvā paññatte āsane nisīdi. Atha kho pañcakaṅgo thapati āyasmantaṃ anuruddhaṃ paṇītena khādanīyena bhojanīyena sahatthā santappesi sampavāresi. Atha kho pañcakaṅgo thapati āyasmantaṃ anuruddhaṃ bhuttāviṃ onīta­patta­pāṇiṃ aññataraṃ nīcaṃ āsanaṃ gahetvā ekamantaṃ nisīdi. Ekamantaṃ nisinno kho pañcakaṅgo thapati āyasmantaṃ anuruddhaṃ etadavoca: 

“Idha maṃ, bhante, therā bhikkhū upasaṅkamitvā evamāhaṃsu: ‘appamāṇaṃ, gahapati, cetovimuttiṃ bhāvehī’ti. Ekacce therā evamāhaṃsu: ‘mahaggataṃ, gahapati, cetovimuttiṃ bhāvehī’ti. Yā cāyaṃ, bhante, appamāṇā cetovimutti yā ca mahaggatā cetovimutti—ime dhammā nānatthā ceva nānābyañjanā ca, udāhu ekatthā byañjanameva nānan”ti? “Tena hi, gahapati, taṃyevettha paṭibhātu, apaṇṇakante ito bhavissatī”ti. “Mayhaṃ kho, bhante, evaṃ hoti: ‘yā cāyaṃ appamāṇā cetovimutti yā ca mahaggatā cetovimutti ime dhammā ekatthā byañjanameva nānan’”ti. “Yā cāyaṃ, gahapati, appamāṇā cetovimutti yā ca mahaggatā cetovimutti ime dhammā nānatthā ceva nānābyañjanā ca. Tadamināpetaṃ, gahapati, pariyāyena veditabbaṃ yathā ime dhammā nānatthā ceva nānābyañjanā ca.

Katamā ca, gahapati, appamāṇā cetovimutti? Idha, gahapati, bhikkhu mettā­saha­gatena cetasā ekaṃ disaṃ pharitvā viharati, tathā dutiyaṃ tathā tatiyaṃ tathā catutthaṃ; iti uddhamadho tiriyaṃ sabbadhi sabbattatāya sabbāvantaṃ lokaṃ mettā­saha­gatena cetasā vipulena mahaggatena appamāṇena averena abyābajjhena pharitvā viharati. Karuṇā­saha­gatena cetasā … muditā­saha­gatena cetasā … upekkhā­saha­gatena cetasā ekaṃ disaṃ pharitvā viharati, tathā dutiyaṃ tathā tatiyaṃ tathā catutthaṃ; iti uddhamadho tiriyaṃ sabbadhi sabbattatāya sabbāvantaṃ lokaṃ upekkhā­saha­gatena cetasā vipulena mahaggatena appamāṇena averena abyābajjhena pharitvā viharati. Ayaṃ vuccati, gahapati, appamāṇā cetovimutti.

Katamā ca, gahapati, mahaggatā cetovimutti? Idha, gahapati, bhikkhu yāvatā ekaṃ rukkhamūlaṃ mahaggatanti pharitvā adhimuccitvā viharati. Ayaṃ vuccati, gahapati, mahaggatā cetovimutti. Idha pana, gahapati, bhikkhu yāvatā dve vā tīṇi vā rukkhamūlāni mahaggatanti pharitvā adhimuccitvā viharati. Ayampi vuccati, gahapati, mahaggatā cetovimutti. Idha pana, gahapati, bhikkhu yāvatā ekaṃ gāmakkhettaṃ mahaggatanti pharitvā adhimuccitvā viharati. Ayampi vuccati, gahapati, mahaggatā cetovimutti. Idha pana, gahapati, bhikkhu yāvatā dve vā tīṇi vā gāmakkhettāni mahaggatanti pharitvā adhimuccitvā viharati. Ayampi vuccati, gahapati, mahaggatā cetovimutti. Idha pana, gahapati, bhikkhu yāvatā ekaṃ mahārajjaṃ mahaggatanti pharitvā adhimuccitvā viharati. Ayampi vuccati, gahapati, mahaggatā cetovimutti. Idha pana, gahapati, bhikkhu yāvatā dve vā tīṇi vā mahārajjāni mahaggatanti pharitvā adhimuccitvā viharati. Ayampi vuccati, gahapati, mahaggatā cetovimutti. Idha pana, gahapati, bhikkhu yāvatā ­samud­da­pariyan­taṃ pathaviṃ mahaggatanti pharitvā adhimuccitvā viharati. Ayampi vuccati, gahapati, mahaggatā cetovimutti. Iminā kho etaṃ, gahapati, pariyāyena veditabbaṃ yathā ime dhammā nānatthā ceva nānābyañjanā ca.

Catasso kho imā gahapati, bhavūpapattiyo. Katamā catasso? Idha, gahapati, ekacco ‘parittābhā’ti pharitvā adhimuccitvā viharati. So kāyassa bhedā paraṃ maraṇā parittābhānaṃ devānaṃ sahabyataṃ upapajjati. Idha pana, gahapati, ekacco ‘appamāṇābhā’ti pharitvā adhimuccitvā viharati. So kāyassa bhedā paraṃ maraṇā appamāṇābhānaṃ devānaṃ sahabyataṃ upapajjati. Idha pana, gahapati, ekacco ‘saṅkiliṭṭhābhā’ti pharitvā adhimuccitvā viharati. So kāyassa bhedā paraṃ maraṇā saṅki­liṭṭhā­bhānaṃ devānaṃ sahabyataṃ upapajjati. Idha pana, gahapati, ekacco ‘parisuddhābhā’ti pharitvā adhimuccitvā viharati. So kāyassa bhedā paraṃ maraṇā pari­suddhā­bhānaṃ devānaṃ sahabyataṃ upapajjati. Imā kho, gahapati, catasso bhavūpapattiyo.

Hoti kho so, gahapati, samayo, yā tā devatā ekajjhaṃ sannipatanti, tāsaṃ ekajjhaṃ sannipatitānaṃ vaṇṇa­nā­nattañhi kho paññāyati no ca ābhānānattaṃ. Seyyathāpi, gahapati, puriso sambahulāni telappadīpāni ekaṃ gharaṃ paveseyya. Tesaṃ ekaṃ gharaṃ pavesitānaṃ accinānattañhi kho paññāyetha, no ca ābhānānattaṃ; evameva kho, gahapati, hoti kho so samayo, yā tā devatā ekajjhaṃ sannipatanti tāsaṃ ekajjhaṃ sannipatitānaṃ vaṇṇa­nā­nattañhi kho paññāyati, no ca ābhānānattaṃ.

Hoti kho so, gahapati, samayo, yā tā devatā tato vipakkamanti, tāsaṃ tato vipak­ka­mantī­naṃ vaṇṇa­nā­nattañ­ceva paññāyati ābhānānattañca. Seyyathāpi, gahapati, puriso tāni sambahulāni telappadīpāni tamhā gharā nīhareyya. Tesaṃ tato nīhatānaṃ acci­nānat­tañ­ceva paññāyetha ābhānānattañca; evameva kho, gahapati, hoti kho so samayo, yā tā devatā tato vipakkamanti, tāsaṃ tato vipak­ka­mantī­naṃ vaṇṇa­nā­nattañ­ceva paññāyati ābhānānattañca.

Na kho, gahapati, tāsaṃ devatānaṃ evaṃ hoti: ‘idaṃ amhākaṃ niccanti vā dhuvanti vā sassatanti vā’, api ca yattha yattheva devatā abhinivisanti tattha tattheva tā devatā abhiramanti. Seyyathāpi, gahapati, makkhikānaṃ kājena vā piṭakena vā harīyamānānaṃ na evaṃ hoti: ‘idaṃ amhākaṃ niccanti vā dhuvanti vā sassatanti vā’, api ca yattha yattheva makkhikā abhinivisanti tattha tattheva tā makkhikā abhiramanti; evameva kho, gahapati, tāsaṃ devatānaṃ na evaṃ hoti: ‘idaṃ amhākaṃ niccanti vā dhuvanti vā sassatanti vā’, api ca yattha yattheva tā devatā abhinivisanti tattha tattheva tā devatā abhiramantī”ti.

Evaṃ vutte, āyasmā sabhiyo kaccāno āyasmantaṃ anuruddhaṃ etadavoca: “sādhu, bhante anuruddha. Atthi ca me ettha uttariṃ paṭi­pucchi­tab­baṃ. Yā tā, bhante, devatā ābhā sabbā tā parittābhā udāhu santettha ekaccā devatā appamāṇābhā”ti? “Tadaṅgena kho, āvuso kaccāna, santettha ekaccā devatā parittābhā, santi panettha ekaccā devatā appamāṇābhā”ti. “Ko nu kho, bhante anuruddha, hetu ko paccayo yena tāsaṃ devatānaṃ ekaṃ devanikāyaṃ upapannānaṃ santettha ekaccā devatā parittābhā, santi panettha ekaccā devatā appamāṇābhā”ti?

“Tena hāvuso kaccāna, taṃyevettha paṭi­pucchis­sāmi. Yathā te khameyya tathā naṃ byākareyyāsi. Taṃ kiṃ maññasi, āvuso kaccāna, yvāyaṃ bhikkhu yāvatā ekaṃ rukkhamūlaṃ ‘mahaggatan’ti pharitvā adhimuccitvā viharati, yo cāyaṃ bhikkhu yāvatā dve vā tīṇi vā rukkhamūlāni ‘mahaggatan’ti pharitvā adhimuccitvā viharati—imāsaṃ ubhinnaṃ citta­bhāva­nā­naṃ katamā cittabhāvanā mahaggatatarā”ti? “Yvāyaṃ, bhante, bhikkhu yāvatā dve vā tīṇi vā rukkhamūlāni ‘mahaggatan’ti pharitvā adhimuccitvā viharati—ayaṃ imāsaṃ ubhinnaṃ citta­bhāva­nā­naṃ mahaggatatarā”ti.

“Taṃ kiṃ maññasi, āvuso kaccāna, yvāyaṃ bhikkhu yāvatā dve vā tīṇi vā rukkhamūlāni ‘mahaggatan’ti pharitvā adhimuccitvā viharati, yo cāyaṃ bhikkhu yāvatā ekaṃ gāmakkhettaṃ ‘mahaggatan’ti pharitvā adhimuccitvā viharati—imāsaṃ ubhinnaṃ citta­bhāva­nā­naṃ katamā cittabhāvanā mahaggatatarā”ti? “Yvāyaṃ, bhante, bhikkhu yāvatā ekaṃ gāmakkhettaṃ ‘mahaggatan’ti pharitvā adhimuccitvā viharati—ayaṃ imāsaṃ ubhinnaṃ citta­bhāva­nā­naṃ mahaggatatarā”ti.

“Taṃ kiṃ maññasi, āvuso kaccāna, yvāyaṃ bhikkhu yāvatā ekaṃ gāmakkhettaṃ ‘mahaggatan’ti pharitvā adhimuccitvā viharati, yo cāyaṃ bhikkhu yāvatā dve vā tīṇi vā gāmakkhettāni ‘mahaggatan’ti pharitvā adhimuccitvā viharati—imāsaṃ ubhinnaṃ citta­bhāva­nā­naṃ katamā cittabhāvanā mahaggatatarā”ti? “Yvāyaṃ, bhante, bhikkhu yāvatā dve vā tīṇi vā gāmakkhettāni ‘mahaggatan’ti pharitvā adhimuccitvā viharati—ayaṃ imāsaṃ ubhinnaṃ citta­bhāva­nā­naṃ mahaggatatarā”ti.

“Taṃ kiṃ maññasi, āvuso kaccāna, yvāyaṃ bhikkhu yāvatā dve vā tīṇi vā gāmakkhettāni ‘mahaggatan’ti pharitvā adhimuccitvā viharati, yo cāyaṃ bhikkhu yāvatā ekaṃ mahārajjaṃ ‘mahaggatan’ti pharitvā adhimuccitvā viharati—imāsaṃ ubhinnaṃ citta­bhāva­nā­naṃ katamā cittabhāvanā mahaggatatarā”ti? “Yvāyaṃ, bhante, bhikkhu yāvatā ekaṃ mahārajjaṃ ‘mahaggatan’ti pharitvā adhimuccitvā viharati—ayaṃ imāsaṃ ubhinnaṃ citta­bhāva­nā­naṃ mahaggatatarā”ti.

“Taṃ kiṃ maññasi, āvuso kaccāna, yvāyaṃ bhikkhu yāvatā ekaṃ mahārajjaṃ ‘mahaggatan’ti pharitvā adhimuccitvā viharati, yo cāyaṃ bhikkhu yāvatā dve vā tīṇi vā mahārajjāni ‘mahaggatan’ti pharitvā adhimuccitvā viharati—imāsaṃ ubhinnaṃ citta­bhāva­nā­naṃ katamā cittabhāvanā mahaggatatarā”ti? “Yvāyaṃ, bhante, bhikkhu yāvatā dve vā tīṇi vā mahārajjāni ‘mahaggatan’ti pharitvā adhimuccitvā viharati—ayaṃ imāsaṃ ubhinnaṃ citta­bhāva­nā­naṃ mahaggatatarā”ti.

“Taṃ kiṃ maññasi, āvuso kaccāna, yvāyaṃ bhikkhu yāvatā dve vā tīṇi vā mahārajjāni ‘mahaggatan’ti pharitvā adhimuccitvā viharati, yo cāyaṃ bhikkhu yāvatā ­samud­da­pariyan­taṃ pathaviṃ ‘mahaggatan’ti pharitvā adhimuccitvā viharati—imāsaṃ ubhinnaṃ citta­bhāva­nā­naṃ katamā cittabhāvanā mahaggatatarā”ti? “Yvāyaṃ, bhante, bhikkhu yāvatā ­samud­da­pariyan­taṃ pathaviṃ ‘mahaggatan’ti pharitvā adhimuccitvā viharati—ayaṃ imāsaṃ ubhinnaṃ citta­bhāva­nā­naṃ mahaggatatarā”ti? “Ayaṃ kho, āvuso kaccāna, hetu ayaṃ paccayo, yena tāsaṃ devatānaṃ ekaṃ devanikāyaṃ upapannānaṃ santettha ekaccā devatā parittābhā, santi panettha ekaccā devatā appamāṇābhā”ti.

“Sādhu, bhante anuruddha. Atthi ca me ettha uttariṃ paṭi­pucchi­tab­baṃ. Yāvatā, bhante, devatā ābhā sabbā tā saṃkiliṭṭhābhā udāhu santettha ekaccā devatā parisuddhābhā”ti? “Tadaṅgena kho, āvuso kaccāna, santettha ekaccā devatā saṃkiliṭṭhābhā, santi panettha ekaccā devatā parisuddhābhā”ti. “Ko nu kho, bhante, anuruddha, hetu ko paccayo, yena tāsaṃ devatānaṃ ekaṃ devanikāyaṃ upapannānaṃ santettha ekaccā devatā saṃkiliṭṭhābhā, santi panettha ekaccā devatā parisuddhābhā”ti?

“Tena hāvuso kaccāna, upamaṃ te karissāmi. Upamāya­pi­dhekacce viññū purisā bhāsitassa atthaṃ ājānanti. Seyyathāpi, āvuso kaccāna, telappadīpassa jhāyato telampi aparisuddhaṃ vaṭṭipi aparisuddhā. So telassapi aparisuddhattā vaṭṭiyāpi aparisuddhattā andhandhaṃ viya jhāyati; evameva kho, āvuso kaccāna, idhekacco bhikkhu ‘saṃkiliṭṭhābhā’ti pharitvā adhimuccitvā viharati, tassa kāya­duṭṭhul­lampi na sup­pa­ṭippas­sad­dhaṃ hoti, thinamiddhampi na susamūhataṃ hoti, uddhac­ca­kukkuc­campi na suppaṭivinītaṃ hoti. So kāya­duṭṭhul­las­sapi na sup­pa­ṭippas­sad­dhattā thina­middhas­sapi na susamūhatattā uddhac­ca­kukkuc­cas­sapi na ­suppaṭi­vinītattā andhandhaṃ viya jhāyati. So kāyassa bhedā paraṃ maraṇā saṃ­kiliṭ­ṭhā­bhānaṃ devānaṃ sahabyataṃ upapajjati. Seyyathāpi, āvuso kaccāna, telappadīpassa jhāyato telampi parisuddhaṃ vaṭṭipi parisuddhā. So telassapi parisuddhattā vaṭṭiyāpi parisuddhattā na andhandhaṃ viya jhāyati; evameva kho, āvuso kaccāna, idhekacco bhikkhu ‘parisuddhābhā’ti pharitvā adhimuccitvā viharati. Tassa kāya­duṭṭhul­lampi sup­pa­ṭippas­sad­dhaṃ hoti, thinamiddhampi susamūhataṃ hoti, uddhac­ca­kukkuc­campi suppaṭivinītaṃ hoti. So kāya­duṭṭhul­las­sapi sup­pa­ṭippas­sad­dhattā thina­middhas­sapi susamūhatattā uddhac­ca­kukkuc­cas­sapi ­suppaṭi­vinītattā na andhandhaṃ viya jhāyati. So kāyassa bhedā paraṃ maraṇā pari­suddhā­bhānaṃ devānaṃ sahabyataṃ upapajjati. Ayaṃ kho, āvuso kaccāna, hetu ayaṃ paccayo yena tāsaṃ devatānaṃ ekaṃ devanikāyaṃ upapannānaṃ santettha ekaccā devatā saṃkiliṭṭhābhā, santi panettha ekaccā devatā parisuddhābhā”ti.

Evaṃ vutte, āyasmā sabhiyo kaccāno āyasmantaṃ anuruddhaṃ etadavoca: “sādhu, bhante anuruddha. Na, bhante, āyasmā anuruddho evamāha: ‘evaṃ me sutan’ti vā ‘evaṃ arahati bhavitun’ti vā; atha ca pana, bhante, āyasmā anuruddho ‘evampi tā devatā, itipi tā devatā’tveva bhāsati. Tassa mayhaṃ, bhante, evaṃ hoti: ‘addhā āyasmatā anuruddhena tāhi devatāhi saddhiṃ san­nivuttha­pubbañ­ceva salla­pi­ta­pubbañca sākacchā ca samā­pajji­ta­pubbā’”ti. “Addhā kho ayaṃ, āvuso kaccāna, āsajja upanīya vācā bhāsitā, api ca te ahaṃ byākarissāmi: ‘dīgharattaṃ kho me, āvuso kaccāna, tāhi devatāhi saddhiṃ san­nivuttha­pubbañ­ceva salla­pi­ta­pubbañca sākacchā ca samā­pajji­ta­pubbā’”ti.

Evaṃ vutte, āyasmā sabhiyo kaccāno pañcakaṅgaṃ thapatiṃ etadavoca: “lābhā te, gahapati, suladdhaṃ te, gahapati, yaṃ tvañceva taṃ kaṅkhādhammaṃ pahāsi, mayañcimaṃ dhamma­pariyā­yaṃ alatthamhā savanāyā”ti.

Anu­ruddha­suttaṃ niṭṭhitaṃ sattamaṃ.