Majjhima Nikāya 131

Bhad­deka­ratta­sutta

Evaṃ me sutaṃ—​   ekaṃ samayaṃ bhagavā sāvatthiyaṃ viharati jetavane anātha­piṇḍi­kassa ārāme. Tatra kho bhagavā bhikkhū āmantesi: “bhikkhavo”ti. “Bhadante”ti te bhikkhū bhagavato paccassosuṃ. Bhagavā etadavoca: “bhad­deka­rattassa vo, bhikkhave, uddesañca vibhaṅgañca desessāmi. Taṃ suṇātha, sādhukaṃ manasi karotha, bhāsissāmī”ti. “Evaṃ, bhante”ti kho te bhikkhū bhagavato paccassosuṃ. Bhagavā etadavoca: 

“Atītaṃ nānvāgameyya,
nappaṭikaṅkhe anāgataṃ;
Yadatītaṃ pahīnaṃ taṃ,
appattañca anāgataṃ.

Paccuppannañca yo dhammaṃ,
Tattha tattha vipassati;
Asaṃhīraṃ asaṃkuppaṃ,
Taṃ vidvā manubrūhaye.

Ajjeva kiccamātappaṃ,
ko jaññā maraṇaṃ suve;
Na hi no saṅgaraṃ tena,
mahāsenena maccunā.

Evaṃvihāriṃ ātāpiṃ,
ahorat­ta­matandi­taṃ;
Taṃ ve bhadde­karat­toti,
santo ācikkhate muni.

Kathañca, bhikkhave, atītaṃ anvāgameti? ‘Evaṃrūpo ahosiṃ atītamaddhānan’ti tattha nandiṃ samanvāneti, ‘evaṃvedano ahosiṃ atītamaddhānan’ti tattha nandiṃ samanvāneti, ‘evaṃsañño ahosiṃ atītamaddhānan’ti tattha nandiṃ samanvāneti, ‘evaṃsaṅkhāro ahosiṃ atītamaddhānan’ti tattha nandiṃ samanvāneti, ‘evaṃviññāṇo ahosiṃ atītamaddhānan’ti tattha nandiṃ samanvāneti—evaṃ kho, bhikkhave, atītaṃ anvāgameti.

Kathañca, bhikkhave, atītaṃ nānvāgameti? ‘Evaṃrūpo ahosiṃ atītamaddhānan’ti tattha nandiṃ na samanvāneti, ‘evaṃvedano ahosiṃ atītamaddhānan’ti tattha nandiṃ na samanvāneti, ‘evaṃsañño ahosiṃ atītamaddhānan’ti tattha nandiṃ na samanvāneti, ‘evaṃsaṅkhāro ahosiṃ atītamaddhānan’ti tattha nandiṃ na samanvāneti, ‘evaṃviññāṇo ahosiṃ atītamaddhānan’ti tattha nandiṃ na samanvāneti—evaṃ kho, bhikkhave, atītaṃ nānvāgameti.

Kathañca, bhikkhave, anāgataṃ paṭikaṅkhati? ‘Evaṃrūpo siyaṃ anāga­ta­maddhā­nan’ti tattha nandiṃ samanvāneti, evaṃvedano siyaṃ … pe … evaṃsañño siyaṃ … evaṃsaṅkhāro siyaṃ … evaṃviññāṇo siyaṃ anāga­ta­maddhā­nanti tattha nandiṃ samanvāneti—evaṃ kho, bhikkhave, anāgataṃ paṭikaṅkhati.

Kathañca, bhikkhave, anāgataṃ nap­paṭikaṅ­khati? ‘Evaṃrūpo siyaṃ anāga­ta­maddhā­nan’ti tattha nandiṃ na samanvāneti, evaṃvedano siyaṃ … evaṃsañño siyaṃ … evaṃsaṅkhāro siyaṃ … ‘evaṃviññāṇo siyaṃ anāga­ta­maddhā­nan’ti tattha nandiṃ na samanvāneti—evaṃ kho, bhikkhave, anāgataṃ nap­paṭikaṅ­khati.

Kathañca, bhikkhave, paccuppannesu dhammesu saṃhīrati? Idha, bhikkhave, assutavā puthujjano ariyānaṃ adassāvī ariyadhammassa akovido ariyadhamme avinīto sappurisānaṃ adassāvī sap­purisa­dhammassa akovido sap­purisa­dhamme avinīto rūpaṃ attato samanupassati, rūpavantaṃ vā attānaṃ, attani vā rūpaṃ, rūpasmiṃ vā attānaṃ; vedanaṃ … pe … saññaṃ … saṅkhāre … viññāṇaṃ attato samanupassati, viññāṇavantaṃ vā attānaṃ attani vā viññāṇaṃ, viññāṇasmiṃ vā attānaṃ—evaṃ kho, bhikkhave, paccuppannesu dhammesu saṃhīrati.

Kathañca, bhikkhave, paccuppannesu dhammesu na saṃhīrati? Idha, bhikkhave, sutavā ariyasāvako ariyānaṃ dassāvī ariyadhammassa kovido ariyadhamme suvinīto sappurisānaṃ dassāvī sap­purisa­dhammassa kovido sap­purisa­dhamme suvinīto na rūpaṃ attato samanupassati, na rūpavantaṃ vā attānaṃ, na attani vā rūpaṃ, na rūpasmiṃ vā attānaṃ; na vedanaṃ … na saññaṃ … na saṅkhāre … na viññāṇaṃ attato samanupassati, na viññāṇavantaṃ vā attānaṃ, na attani vā viññāṇaṃ, na viññāṇasmiṃ vā attānaṃ—evaṃ kho, bhikkhave, paccuppannesu dhammesu na saṃhīrati.

Atītaṃ nānvāgameyya,
nappaṭikaṅkhe anāgataṃ;
Yadatītaṃ pahīnaṃ taṃ,
appattañca anāgataṃ.

Paccuppannañca yo dhammaṃ,
tattha tattha vipassati;
Asaṃhīraṃ asaṅkuppaṃ,
taṃ vidvā manubrūhaye.

Ajjeva kiccamātappaṃ,
ko jaññā maraṇaṃ suve;
Na hi no saṅgaraṃ tena,
mahāsenena maccunā.

Evaṃvihāriṃ ātāpiṃ,
ahorat­ta­matandi­taṃ;
Taṃ ve bhadde­karat­toti,
santo ācikkhate munīti.

‘Bhad­deka­rattassa vo, bhikkhave, uddesañca vibhaṅgañca desessāmī’ti—iti yaṃ taṃ vuttaṃ idametaṃ paṭicca vuttan”ti.

Idamavoca bhagavā. Attamanā te bhikkhū bhagavato bhāsitaṃ abhinandunti.

Bhadde­karat­ta­suttaṃ niṭṭhitaṃ paṭhamaṃ.