Majjhima Nikāya 146

Nanda­kovāda­sutta

Evaṃ me sutaṃ—​   ekaṃ samayaṃ bhagavā sāvatthiyaṃ viharati jetavane anātha­piṇḍi­kassa ārāme. Atha kho mahā­pajā­pati­gotamī pañcamattehi ­bhik­khu­ni­satehi saddhiṃ yena bhagavā tenupasaṅkami; upasaṅkamitvā bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā ekamantaṃ aṭṭhāsi. Ekamantaṃ ṭhitā kho mahā­pajā­pati­gotamī bhagavantaṃ etadavoca: “ovadatu, bhante, bhagavā bhikkhuniyo; anusāsatu, bhante, bhagavā bhikkhuniyo; karotu, bhante, bhagavā bhikkhunīnaṃ dhammiṃ kathan”ti.

Tena kho pana samayena therā bhikkhū bhikkhuniyo ovadanti pariyāyena. Āyasmā nandako na icchati bhikkhuniyo ovadituṃ pariyāyena. Atha kho bhagavā āyasmantaṃ ānandaṃ āmantesi: “kassa nu kho, ānanda, ajja pariyāyo bhikkhuniyo ovadituṃ pariyāyenā”ti? “Sabbeheva, bhante, kato pariyāyo bhikkhuniyo ovadituṃ pariyāyena. Ayaṃ, bhante, āyasmā nandako na icchati bhikkhuniyo ovadituṃ pariyāyenā”ti.

Atha kho bhagavā āyasmantaṃ nandakaṃ āmantesi: “ovada, nandaka, bhikkhuniyo; anusāsa, nandaka, bhikkhuniyo; karohi tvaṃ, brāhmaṇa, bhikkhunīnaṃ dhammiṃ kathan”ti. “Evaṃ, bhante”ti kho āyasmā nandako bhagavato paṭissutvā pubbaṇ­ha­samayaṃ nivāsetvā patta­cīvara­mādāya sāvatthiṃ piṇḍāya pāvisi. Sāvatthiyaṃ piṇḍāya caritvā pacchābhattaṃ piṇḍa­pāta­paṭik­kanto attadutiyo yena rājakārāmo tenupasaṅkami. Addasaṃsu kho tā bhikkhuniyo āyasmantaṃ nandakaṃ dūratova āgacchantaṃ. Disvāna āsanaṃ paññāpesuṃ, udakañca pādānaṃ upaṭṭhapesuṃ. Nisīdi kho āyasmā nandako paññatte āsane. Nisajja pāde pakkhālesi. Tāpi kho bhikkhuniyo āyasmantaṃ nandakaṃ abhivādetvā ekamantaṃ nisīdiṃsu. Ekamantaṃ nisinnā kho tā bhikkhuniyo āyasmā nandako etadavoca: “paṭi­puccha­kathā kho, bhaginiyo, bhavissati. Tattha ājānantīhi: ‘ājānāmā’ tissa vacanīyaṃ, na ājānantīhi: ‘na ājānāmā’ tissa vacanīyaṃ. Yassā vā panassa kaṅkhā vā vimati vā ahameva tattha paṭi­pucchi­tabbo: ‘idaṃ, bhante, kathaṃ; imassa kvattho’”ti? “Ettakenapi mayaṃ, bhante, ayyassa nandakassa attamanā abhiraddhā yaṃ no ayyo nandako pavāretī”ti.

“Taṃ kiṃ maññatha, bhaginiyo, cakkhu niccaṃ vā aniccaṃ vā”ti? “Aniccaṃ, bhante”. “Yaṃ panāniccaṃ dukkhaṃ vā taṃ sukhaṃ vā”ti? “Dukkhaṃ, bhante”. “Yaṃ panāniccaṃ dukkhaṃ vipari­ṇāma­dhammaṃ, kallaṃ nu taṃ samanupassituṃ: ‘etaṃ mama, esohamasmi, eso me attā’”ti? “No hetaṃ, bhante”. “Taṃ kiṃ maññatha, bhaginiyo, sotaṃ niccaṃ vā aniccaṃ vā”ti? “Aniccaṃ, bhante … pe … ghānaṃ niccaṃ vā aniccaṃ vā”ti? “Aniccaṃ, bhante” … “jivhā niccā vā aniccā vā”ti? “Aniccā, bhante” … “kāyo nicco vā anicco vā”ti? “Anicco, bhante” … “mano nicco vā anicco vā”ti? “Anicco, bhante”. “Yaṃ panāniccaṃ dukkhaṃ vā taṃ sukhaṃ vā”ti? “Dukkhaṃ, bhante”. “Yaṃ panāniccaṃ dukkhaṃ vipari­ṇāma­dhammaṃ, kallaṃ nu taṃ samanupassituṃ: ‘etaṃ mama, esohamasmi, eso me attā’”ti? “No hetaṃ, bhante”. “Taṃ kissa hetu”? “Pubbeva no etaṃ, bhante, yathābhūtaṃ sammappaññāya sudiṭṭhaṃ: ‘itipime cha ajjhattikā āyatanā aniccā’”ti. “Sādhu sādhu, bhaginiyo. Evañhetaṃ, bhaginiyo, hoti ariyasāvakassa yathābhūtaṃ sammappaññāya passato.

Taṃ kiṃ maññatha, bhaginiyo, rūpā niccā vā aniccā vā”ti? “Aniccā, bhante”. “Yaṃ panāniccaṃ dukkhaṃ vā taṃ sukhaṃ vā”ti? “Dukkhaṃ, bhante”. “Yaṃ panāniccaṃ dukkhaṃ vipari­ṇāma­dhammaṃ, kallaṃ nu taṃ samanupassituṃ: ‘etaṃ mama, esohamasmi, eso me attā’”ti? “No hetaṃ, bhante”. “Taṃ kiṃ maññatha, bhaginiyo, saddā niccā vā aniccā vā”ti? “Aniccā, bhante … pe … gandhā niccā vā aniccā vā”ti? “Aniccā, bhante” … “rasā niccā vā aniccā vā”ti? “Aniccā, bhante” … “phoṭṭhabbā niccā vā aniccā vā”ti? “Aniccā, bhante” … “dhammā niccā vā aniccā vā”ti? “Aniccā, bhante”. “Yaṃ panāniccaṃ dukkhaṃ vā taṃ sukhaṃ vā”ti? “Dukkhaṃ, bhante”. “Yaṃ panāniccaṃ dukkhaṃ vipari­ṇāma­dhammaṃ, kallaṃ nu taṃ samanupassituṃ: ‘etaṃ mama, esohamasmi, eso me attā’”ti? “No hetaṃ, bhante”. “Taṃ kissa hetu”? “Pubbeva no etaṃ, bhante, yathābhūtaṃ sammappaññāya sudiṭṭhaṃ: ‘itipime cha bāhirā āyatanā aniccā’”ti. “Sādhu sādhu, bhaginiyo. Evañhetaṃ, bhaginiyo, hoti ariyasāvakassa yathābhūtaṃ sammappaññāya passato.

Taṃ kiṃ maññatha, bhaginiyo, cakkhuviññāṇaṃ niccaṃ vā aniccaṃ vā”ti? “Aniccaṃ, bhante”. “Yaṃ panāniccaṃ dukkhaṃ vā taṃ sukhaṃ vā”ti? “Dukkhaṃ, bhante”. “Yaṃ panāniccaṃ dukkhaṃ vipari­ṇāma­dhammaṃ, kallaṃ nu taṃ samanupassituṃ: ‘etaṃ mama, esohamasmi, eso me attā’”ti? “No hetaṃ, bhante”. “Taṃ kiṃ maññatha, bhaginiyo, sotaviññāṇaṃ niccaṃ vā aniccaṃ vā”ti? “Aniccaṃ, bhante … pe … ghānaviññāṇaṃ niccaṃ vā aniccaṃ vā”ti? “Aniccaṃ, bhante” … “jivhāviññāṇaṃ niccaṃ vā aniccaṃ vā”ti? “Aniccaṃ, bhante” … “kāyaviññāṇaṃ niccaṃ vā aniccaṃ vā”ti? “Aniccaṃ, bhante” … “manoviññāṇaṃ niccaṃ vā aniccaṃ vā”ti? “Aniccaṃ, bhante”. “Yaṃ panāniccaṃ dukkhaṃ vā taṃ sukhaṃ vāti”? “Dukkhaṃ, bhante”. “Yaṃ panāniccaṃ dukkhaṃ vipari­ṇāma­dhammaṃ, kallaṃ nu taṃ samanupassituṃ: ‘etaṃ mama, esohamasmi, eso me attā’”ti? “No hetaṃ, bhante”. “Taṃ kissa hetu”? “Pubbeva no etaṃ, bhante, yathābhūtaṃ sammappaññāya sudiṭṭhaṃ: ‘itipime cha viññāṇakāyā aniccā’”ti. “Sādhu sādhu, bhaginiyo. Evañhetaṃ, bhaginiyo, hoti ariyasāvakassa yathābhūtaṃ sammappaññāya passato.

Seyyathāpi, bhaginiyo, telappadīpassa jhāyato telampi aniccaṃ vipari­ṇāma­dhammaṃ, vaṭṭipi aniccā vipari­ṇāma­dhammā, accipi aniccā vipari­ṇāma­dhammā, ābhāpi aniccā vipari­ṇāma­dhammā. Yo nu kho, bhaginiyo, evaṃ vadeyya: ‘amussa telappadīpassa jhāyato telampi aniccaṃ vipari­ṇāma­dhammaṃ, vaṭṭipi aniccā vipari­ṇāma­dhammā, accipi aniccā vipari­ṇāma­dhammā; yā ca khvāssa ābhā sā niccā dhuvā sassatā avi­pari­ṇāma­dhammā’ti; sammā nu kho so, bhaginiyo, vadamāno vadeyyā”ti? “No hetaṃ, bhante”. “Taṃ kissa hetu”? “Amussa hi, bhante, telappadīpassa jhāyato telampi aniccaṃ vipari­ṇāma­dhammaṃ, vaṭṭipi aniccā vipari­ṇāma­dhammā, accipi aniccā vipari­ṇāma­dhammā; pagevassa ābhā aniccā vipari­ṇāma­dhammā”ti. “Evameva kho, bhaginiyo, yo nu kho evaṃ vadeyya: ‘cha khome ajjhattikā āyatanā aniccā; yañca kho cha ajjhattike āyatane paṭicca paṭisaṃvedeti sukhaṃ vā dukkhaṃ vā aduk­kha­ma­su­khaṃ vā taṃ niccaṃ dhuvaṃ sassataṃ avi­pari­ṇāma­dhamman’ti; sammā nu kho so, bhaginiyo, vadamāno vadeyyā”ti? “No hetaṃ, bhante”. “Taṃ kissa hetu”? “Tajjaṃ tajjaṃ, bhante, paccayaṃ paṭicca tajjā tajjā vedanā uppajjanti. Tajjassa tajjassa paccayassa nirodhā tajjā tajjā vedanā nirujjhantī”ti. “Sādhu sādhu, bhaginiyo. Evañhetaṃ, bhaginiyo, hoti ariyasāvakassa yathābhūtaṃ sammappaññāya passato.

Seyyathāpi, bhaginiyo, mahato rukkhassa tiṭṭhato sāravato mūlampi aniccaṃ vipari­ṇāma­dhammaṃ, khandhopi anicco vipari­ṇāma­dhammo, sākhāpalāsampi aniccaṃ vipari­ṇāma­dhammaṃ, chāyāpi aniccā vipari­ṇāma­dhammā. Yo nu kho, bhaginiyo, evaṃ vadeyya: ‘amussa mahato rukkhassa tiṭṭhato sāravato mūlampi aniccaṃ vipari­ṇāma­dhammaṃ, khandhopi anicco vipari­ṇāma­dhammo, sākhāpalāsampi aniccaṃ vipari­ṇāma­dhammaṃ, yā ca khvāssa chāyā sā niccā dhuvā sassatā avi­pari­ṇāma­dhammā’ti; sammā nu kho so, bhaginiyo, vadamāno vadeyyā”ti? “No hetaṃ, bhante”. “Taṃ kissa hetu”? “Amussa hi, bhante, mahato rukkhassa tiṭṭhato sāravato mūlampi aniccaṃ vipari­ṇāma­dhammaṃ, khandhopi anicco vipari­ṇāma­dhammo, sākhāpalāsampi aniccaṃ vipari­ṇāma­dhammaṃ; pagevassa chāyā aniccā vipari­ṇāma­dhammā”ti. “Evameva kho, bhaginiyo, yo nu kho evaṃ vadeyya: ‘cha khome bāhirā āyatanā aniccā. Yañca kho cha bāhire āyatane paṭicca paṭisaṃvedeti sukhaṃ vā dukkhaṃ vā aduk­kha­ma­su­khaṃ vā taṃ niccaṃ dhuvaṃ sassataṃ avi­pari­ṇāma­dhamman’ti; sammā nu kho so, bhaginiyo, vadamāno vadeyyā”ti? “No hetaṃ, bhante”. “Taṃ kissa hetu”? “Tajjaṃ tajjaṃ, bhante, paccayaṃ paṭicca tajjā tajjā vedanā uppajjanti. Tajjassa tajjassa paccayassa nirodhā tajjā tajjā vedanā nirujjhantī”ti. “Sādhu sādhu, bhaginiyo. Evañhetaṃ, bhaginiyo, hoti ariyasāvakassa yathābhūtaṃ sammappaññāya passato.

Seyyathāpi, bhaginiyo, dakkho goghātako vā goghāta­kan­tevāsī vā gāviṃ vadhitvā tiṇhena govikantanena gāviṃ saṅkanteyya anupahacca antaraṃ maṃsakāyaṃ anupahacca bāhiraṃ cammakāyaṃ. Yaṃ yadeva tattha antarā vilimaṃsaṃ antarā nhāru antarā bandhanaṃ taṃ tadeva tiṇhena govikantanena sañchindeyya saṅkanteyya sampakanteyya sam­pari­kan­teyya. Sañchinditvā saṅkantitvā sampakantitvā sam­pari­kantitvā vidhunitvā bāhiraṃ cammakāyaṃ teneva cammena taṃ gāviṃ paṭicchādetvā evaṃ vadeyya: ‘tathevāyaṃ gāvī saṃyuttā imināva cammenā’ti; sammā nu kho so, bhaginiyo, vadamāno vadeyyā”ti? “No hetaṃ, bhante”. “Taṃ kissa hetu”? “Amu hi, bhante, dakkho goghātako vā goghāta­kan­tevāsī vā gāviṃ vadhitvā tiṇhena govikantanena gāviṃ saṅkanteyya anupahacca antaraṃ maṃsakāyaṃ anupahacca bāhiraṃ cammakāyaṃ. Yaṃ yadeva tattha antarā vilimaṃsaṃ antarā nhāru antarā bandhanaṃ taṃ tadeva tiṇhena govikantanena sañchindeyya saṅkanteyya sampakanteyya sam­pari­kan­teyya. Sañchinditvā saṅkantitvā sampakantitvā sam­pari­kantitvā vidhunitvā bāhiraṃ cammakāyaṃ teneva cammena taṃ gāviṃ paṭicchādetvā kiñcāpi so evaṃ vadeyya: ‘tathevāyaṃ gāvī saṃyuttā imināva cammenā’ti; atha kho sā gāvī visaṃyuttā teneva cammenā”ti.

“Upamā kho me ayaṃ, bhaginiyo, katā atthassa viññāpanāya. Ayamevettha attho; ‘antarā maṃsakāyo’ti kho, bhaginiyo, channetaṃ ajjhattikānaṃ āyatanānaṃ adhivacanaṃ; ‘bāhiro cammakāyo’ti kho, bhaginiyo, channetaṃ bāhirānaṃ āyatanānaṃ adhivacanaṃ; ‘antarā vilimaṃsaṃ, antarā nhāru, antarā bandhanan’ti kho, bhaginiyo, nandī­rāgas­setaṃ adhivacanaṃ; ‘tiṇhaṃ govikantanan’ti kho, bhaginiyo, ariyāyetaṃ paññāya adhivacanaṃ; yāyaṃ ariyā paññā antarā kilesaṃ antarā saṃyojanaṃ antarā bandhanaṃ sañchindati saṅkantati sampakantati samparikantati.

Satta kho panime, bhaginiyo, bojjhaṅgā, yesaṃ bhāvitattā bahulīkatattā bhikkhu āsavānaṃ khayā anāsavaṃ cetovimuttiṃ paññāvimuttiṃ diṭṭheva dhamme sayaṃ abhiññā sacchikatvā upasampajja viharati. Katame satta? Idha, bhaginiyo, bhikkhu sati­sam­boj­jhaṅ­gaṃ bhāveti vivekanissitaṃ virāganissitaṃ nirodha­nissitaṃ vos­sagga­pari­ṇāmiṃ, dhamma­vicaya­sam­boj­jhaṅ­gaṃ bhāveti … pe … vīriya­sam­boj­jhaṅ­gaṃ bhāveti … pīti­sam­boj­jhaṅ­gaṃ bhāveti … passad­dhi­sam­boj­jhaṅ­gaṃ bhāveti … samā­dhi­sam­boj­jhaṅ­gaṃ bhāveti … upekkhā­sam­boj­jhaṅ­gaṃ bhāveti vivekanissitaṃ virāganissitaṃ nirodha­nissitaṃ vos­sagga­pari­ṇāmiṃ. Ime kho, bhaginiyo, satta bojjhaṅgā, yesaṃ bhāvitattā bahulīkatattā bhikkhu āsavānaṃ khayā anāsavaṃ cetovimuttiṃ paññāvimuttiṃ diṭṭheva dhamme sayaṃ abhiññā sacchikatvā upasampajja viharatī”ti.

Atha kho āyasmā nandako tā bhikkhuniyo iminā ovādena ovaditvā uyyojesi: “gacchatha, bhaginiyo; kālo”ti. Atha kho tā bhikkhuniyo āyasmato nandakassa bhāsitaṃ abhinanditvā anumoditvā uṭṭhāyāsanā āyasmantaṃ nandakaṃ abhivādetvā padakkhiṇaṃ katvā yena bhagavā tenu­pasaṅka­miṃsu; upasaṅkamitvā bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā ekamantaṃ aṭṭhaṃsu. Ekamantaṃ ṭhitā kho tā bhikkhuniyo bhagavā etadavoca: “gacchatha, bhikkhuniyo; kālo”ti. Atha kho tā bhikkhuniyo bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā padakkhiṇaṃ katvā pakkamiṃsu. Atha kho bhagavā acira­pakkan­tīsu tāsu bhikkhunīsu bhikkhū āmantesi: “seyyathāpi, bhikkhave, tadahuposathe cātuddase na hoti bahuno janassa kaṅkhā vā vimati vā: ‘ūno nu kho cando, puṇṇo nu kho cando’ti, atha kho ūno cando tveva hoti. Evameva kho, bhikkhave, tā bhikkhuniyo nandakassa dhammadesanāya attamanā honti no ca kho pari­puṇṇa­saṅkappā”ti.

Atha kho bhagavā āyasmantaṃ nandakaṃ āmantesi: “tena hi tvaṃ, nandaka, svepi tā bhikkhuniyo tenevovādena ovadeyyāsī”ti. “Evaṃ, bhante”ti kho āyasmā nandako bhagavato paccassosi. Atha kho āyasmā nandako tassā rattiyā accayena pubbaṇ­ha­samayaṃ nivāsetvā patta­cīvara­mādāya sāvatthiṃ piṇḍāya pāvisi. Sāvatthiyaṃ piṇḍāya caritvā pacchābhattaṃ piṇḍa­pāta­paṭik­kanto attadutiyo yena rājakārāmo tenupasaṅkami. Addasaṃsu kho tā bhikkhuniyo āyasmantaṃ nandakaṃ dūratova āgacchantaṃ. Disvāna āsanaṃ paññāpesuṃ, udakañca pādānaṃ upaṭṭhapesuṃ. Nisīdi kho āyasmā nandako paññatte āsane. Nisajja pāde pakkhālesi. Tāpi kho bhikkhuniyo āyasmantaṃ nandakaṃ abhivādetvā ekamantaṃ nisīdiṃsu. Ekamantaṃ nisinnā kho tā bhikkhuniyo āyasmā nandako etadavoca: “paṭi­puccha­kathā kho, bhaginiyo, bhavissati. Tattha ājānantīhi ‘ājānāmā’ tissa vacanīyaṃ, na ājānantīhi ‘na ājānāmā’ tissa vacanīyaṃ. Yassā vā panassa kaṅkhā vā vimati vā, ahameva tattha paṭi­pucchi­tabbo: ‘idaṃ, bhante, kathaṃ; imassa kvattho’”ti. “Ettakenapi mayaṃ, bhante, ayyassa nandakassa attamanā abhiraddhā yaṃ no ayyo nandako pavāretī”ti.

“Taṃ kiṃ maññatha, bhaginiyo, cakkhu niccaṃ vā aniccaṃ vā”ti? “Aniccaṃ, bhante”. “Yaṃ panāniccaṃ dukkhaṃ vā taṃ sukhaṃ vā”ti? “Dukkhaṃ, bhante”. “Yaṃ panāniccaṃ dukkhaṃ vipari­ṇāma­dhammaṃ, kallaṃ nu taṃ samanupassituṃ: ‘etaṃ mama, esohamasmi, eso me attā’”ti? “No hetaṃ, bhante”. “Taṃ kiṃ maññatha, bhaginiyo, sotaṃ niccaṃ vā aniccaṃ vā”ti? “Aniccaṃ, bhante … pe … ghānaṃ niccaṃ vā aniccaṃ vā”ti? “Aniccaṃ, bhante … jivhā … kāyo … mano nicco vā anicco vā”ti? “Anicco, bhante”. “Yaṃ panāniccaṃ dukkhaṃ vā taṃ sukhaṃ vā”ti? “Dukkhaṃ, bhante”. “Yaṃ panāniccaṃ dukkhaṃ vipari­ṇāma­dhammaṃ, kallaṃ nu taṃ samanupassituṃ: ‘etaṃ mama, esohamasmi, eso me attā’”ti? “No hetaṃ, bhante”. “Taṃ kissa hetu”? “Pubbeva no etaṃ, bhante, yathābhūtaṃ sammappaññāya sudiṭṭhaṃ: ‘itipime cha ajjhattikā āyatanā aniccā’”ti. “Sādhu sādhu, bhaginiyo. Evañhetaṃ, bhaginiyo, hoti ariyasāvakassa yathābhūtaṃ sammappaññāya passato.

Taṃ kiṃ maññatha, bhaginiyo, rūpā niccā vā aniccā vā”ti? “Aniccā, bhante”. “Yaṃ panāniccaṃ dukkhaṃ vā taṃ sukhaṃ vā”ti? “Dukkhaṃ, bhante”. “Yaṃ panāniccaṃ dukkhaṃ vipari­ṇāma­dhammaṃ, kallaṃ nu taṃ samanupassituṃ: ‘etaṃ mama, esohamasmi, eso me attā’”ti? “No hetaṃ, bhante”. “Taṃ kiṃ maññatha, bhaginiyo, saddā niccā vā aniccā vā”ti? “Aniccā, bhante … pe … gandhā niccā vā aniccā vā”ti? “Aniccā, bhante … rasā niccā vā aniccā vā”ti? “Aniccā, bhante … phoṭṭhabbā niccā vā aniccā vā”ti? “Aniccā, bhante … dhammā niccā vā aniccā vā”ti? “Aniccā, bhante”. “Yaṃ panāniccaṃ dukkhaṃ vā taṃ sukhaṃ vā”ti? “Dukkhaṃ, bhante”. “Yaṃ panāniccaṃ dukkhaṃ vipari­ṇāma­dhammaṃ, kallaṃ nu taṃ samanupassituṃ: ‘etaṃ mama, esohamasmi, eso me attā’”ti? “No hetaṃ, bhante”. “Taṃ kissa hetu”? “Pubbeva no etaṃ, bhante, yathābhūtaṃ sammappaññāya sudiṭṭhaṃ: ‘itipime cha bāhirā āyatanā aniccā’”ti. “Sādhu sādhu, bhaginiyo. Evañhetaṃ, bhaginiyo, hoti ariyasāvakassa yathābhūtaṃ sammappaññāya passato.

Taṃ kiṃ maññatha, bhaginiyo, cakkhuviññāṇaṃ niccaṃ vā aniccaṃ vā”ti? “Aniccaṃ, bhante … pe … sotaviññāṇaṃ niccaṃ vā aniccaṃ vā”ti? “Aniccaṃ, bhante … ghānaviññāṇaṃ niccaṃ vā aniccaṃ vā”ti? “Aniccaṃ, bhante … jivhāviññāṇaṃ niccaṃ vā aniccaṃ vā”ti? “Aniccaṃ, bhante … kāyaviññāṇaṃ niccaṃ vā aniccaṃ vā”ti? “Aniccaṃ, bhante … manoviññāṇaṃ niccaṃ vā aniccaṃ vā”ti? “Aniccaṃ, bhante”. “Yaṃ panāniccaṃ dukkhaṃ vā taṃ sukhaṃ vā”ti? “Dukkhaṃ, bhante”. “Yaṃ panāniccaṃ dukkhaṃ vipari­ṇāma­dhammaṃ, kallaṃ nu taṃ samanupassituṃ: ‘etaṃ mama, esohamasmi, eso me attā’”ti? “No hetaṃ, bhante”. “Taṃ kissa hetu”? “Pubbeva no etaṃ, bhante, yathābhūtaṃ sammappaññāya sudiṭṭhaṃ: ‘itipime cha viññāṇakāyā aniccā’”ti. “Sādhu sādhu, bhaginiyo. Evañhetaṃ, bhaginiyo, hoti ariyasāvakassa yathābhūtaṃ sammappaññāya passato.

Seyyathāpi, bhaginiyo, telappadīpassa jhāyato telampi aniccaṃ vipari­ṇāma­dhammaṃ, vaṭṭipi aniccā vipari­ṇāma­dhammā, accipi aniccā vipari­ṇāma­dhammā, ābhāpi aniccā vipari­ṇāma­dhammā. Yo nu kho, bhaginiyo, evaṃ vadeyya: ‘amussa telappadīpassa jhāyato telampi aniccaṃ vipari­ṇāma­dhammaṃ, vaṭṭipi aniccā vipari­ṇāma­dhammā, accipi aniccā vipari­ṇāma­dhammā; yā ca khvāssa ābhā sā niccā dhuvā sassatā avi­pari­ṇāma­dhammā’ti; sammā nu kho so, bhaginiyo, vadamāno vadeyyā”ti? “No hetaṃ, bhante”. “Taṃ kissa hetu”? “Amussa hi, bhante, telappadīpassa jhāyato telampi aniccaṃ vipari­ṇāma­dhammaṃ, vaṭṭipi aniccā vipari­ṇāma­dhammā, accipi aniccā vipari­ṇāma­dhammā; pagevassa ābhā aniccā vipari­ṇāma­dhammā”ti. “Evameva kho, bhaginiyo, yo nu kho evaṃ vadeyya: ‘cha khome ajjhattikā āyatanā aniccā. Yañca kho cha ajjhattike āyatane paṭicca paṭisaṃvedeti sukhaṃ vā dukkhaṃ vā aduk­kha­ma­su­khaṃ vā taṃ niccaṃ dhuvaṃ sassataṃ avi­pari­ṇāma­dhamman’ti; sammā nu kho so, bhaginiyo, vadamāno vadeyyā”ti? “No hetaṃ, bhante”. “Taṃ kissa hetu”? “Tajjaṃ tajjaṃ, bhante, paccayaṃ paṭicca tajjā tajjā vedanā uppajjanti. Tajjassa tajjassa paccayassa nirodhā tajjā tajjā vedanā nirujjhantī”ti. “Sādhu sādhu, bhaginiyo. Evañhetaṃ, bhaginiyo, hoti ariyasāvakassa yathābhūtaṃ sammappaññāya passato.

Seyyathāpi, bhaginiyo, mahato rukkhassa tiṭṭhato sāravato mūlampi aniccaṃ vipari­ṇāma­dhammaṃ, khandhopi anicco vipari­ṇāma­dhammo, sākhāpalāsampi aniccaṃ vipari­ṇāma­dhammaṃ, chāyāpi aniccā vipari­ṇāma­dhammā. Yo nu kho, bhaginiyo, evaṃ vadeyya: ‘amussa mahato rukkhassa tiṭṭhato sāravato mūlampi aniccaṃ vipari­ṇāma­dhammaṃ, khandhopi anicco vipari­ṇāma­dhammo, sākhāpalāsampi aniccaṃ vipari­ṇāma­dhammaṃ; yā ca khvāssa chāyā sā niccā dhuvā sassatā avi­pari­ṇāma­dhammā’ti; sammā nu kho so bhaginiyo, vadamāno vadeyyā”ti? “No hetaṃ, bhante”. “Taṃ kissa hetu”? “Amussa hi, bhante, mahato rukkhassa tiṭṭhato sāravato mūlampi aniccaṃ vipari­ṇāma­dhammaṃ, khandhopi anicco vipari­ṇāma­dhammo, sākhāpalāsampi aniccaṃ vipari­ṇāma­dhammaṃ; pagevassa chāyā aniccā vipari­ṇāma­dhammā”ti. “Evameva kho, bhaginiyo, yo nu kho evaṃ vadeyya: ‘cha khome bāhirā āyatanā aniccā. Yañca kho bāhire āyatane paṭicca paṭisaṃvedeti sukhaṃ vā dukkhaṃ vā aduk­kha­ma­su­khaṃ vā taṃ niccaṃ dhuvaṃ sassataṃ avi­pari­ṇāma­dhamman’ti; sammā nu kho so, bhaginiyo, vadamāno vadeyyā”ti? “No hetaṃ, bhante”. “Taṃ kissa hetu”? “Tajjaṃ tajjaṃ, bhante, paccayaṃ paṭicca tajjā tajjā vedanā uppajjanti. Tajjassa tajjassa paccayassa nirodhā tajjā tajjā vedanā nirujjhantī”ti. “Sādhu sādhu, bhaginiyo. Evañhetaṃ, bhaginiyo, hoti ariyasāvakassa yathābhūtaṃ sammappaññāya passato.

Seyyathāpi, bhaginiyo, dakkho goghātako vā goghāta­kan­tevāsī vā gāviṃ vadhitvā tiṇhena govikantanena gāviṃ saṅkanteyya anupahacca antaraṃ maṃsakāyaṃ anupahacca bāhiraṃ cammakāyaṃ. Yaṃ yadeva tattha antarā vilimaṃsaṃ antarā nhāru antarā bandhanaṃ taṃ tadeva tiṇhena govikantanena sañchindeyya saṅkanteyya sampakanteyya sam­pari­kan­teyya. Sañchinditvā saṅkantitvā sampakantitvā sam­pari­kantitvā vidhunitvā bāhiraṃ cammakāyaṃ teneva cammena taṃ gāviṃ paṭicchādetvā evaṃ vadeyya: ‘tathevāyaṃ gāvī saṃyuttā imināva cammenā’ti; sammā nu kho so, bhaginiyo, vadamāno vadeyyā”ti? “No hetaṃ, bhante”. “Taṃ kissa hetu”? “Amu hi, bhante, dakkho goghātako vā goghāta­kan­tevāsī vā gāviṃ vadhitvā tiṇhena govikantanena gāviṃ saṅkanteyya anupahacca antaraṃ maṃsakāyaṃ anupahacca bāhiraṃ cammakāyaṃ. Yaṃ yadeva tattha antarā vilimaṃsaṃ antarā nhāru antarā bandhanaṃ taṃ tadeva tiṇhena govikantanena sañchindeyya saṅkanteyya sampakanteyya sam­pari­kan­teyya. Sañchinditvā saṅkantitvā sampakantitvā sam­pari­kantitvā vidhunitvā bāhiraṃ cammakāyaṃ teneva cammena taṃ gāviṃ paṭicchādetvā kiñcāpi so evaṃ vadeyya: ‘tathevāyaṃ gāvī saṃyuttā imināva cammenā’ti; atha kho sā gāvī visaṃyuttā teneva cammenā”ti.

“Upamā kho me ayaṃ, bhaginiyo, katā atthassa viññāpanāya ayamevettha attho. ‘Antarā maṃsakāyo’ti kho, bhaginiyo, channetaṃ ajjhattikānaṃ āyatanānaṃ adhivacanaṃ; ‘bāhiro cammakāyo’ti kho, bhaginiyo, channetaṃ bāhirānaṃ āyatanānaṃ adhivacanaṃ; ‘antarā vilimaṃsaṃ antarā nhāru antarā bandhanan’ti kho, bhaginiyo, nandī­rāgas­setaṃ adhivacanaṃ; ‘tiṇhaṃ govikantanan’ti kho, bhaginiyo, ariyāyetaṃ paññāya adhivacanaṃ; yāyaṃ ariyā paññā antarā kilesaṃ antarā saṃyojanaṃ antarā bandhanaṃ sañchindati saṅkantati sampakantati samparikantati.

Satta kho panime, bhaginiyo, bojjhaṅgā, yesaṃ bhāvitattā bahulīkatattā bhikkhu āsavānaṃ khayā anāsavaṃ cetovimuttiṃ paññāvimuttiṃ diṭṭheva dhamme sayaṃ abhiññā sacchikatvā upasampajja viharati. Katame satta? Idha, bhaginiyo, bhikkhu sati­sam­boj­jhaṅ­gaṃ bhāveti vivekanissitaṃ virāganissitaṃ nirodha­nissitaṃ vos­sagga­pari­ṇāmiṃ. Dhamma­vicaya­sam­boj­jhaṅ­gaṃ bhāveti … pe … vīriya­sam­boj­jhaṅ­gaṃ bhāveti … pīti­sam­boj­jhaṅ­gaṃ bhāveti … passad­dhi­sam­boj­jhaṅ­gaṃ bhāveti … samā­dhi­sam­boj­jhaṅ­gaṃ bhāveti … upekkhā­sam­boj­jhaṅ­gaṃ bhāveti vivekanissitaṃ virāganissitaṃ nirodha­nissitaṃ vos­sagga­pari­ṇāmiṃ. Ime kho, bhaginiyo, satta bojjhaṅgā yesaṃ bhāvitattā bahulīkatattā bhikkhu āsavānaṃ khayā anāsavaṃ cetovimuttiṃ paññāvimuttiṃ diṭṭheva dhamme sayaṃ abhiññā sacchikatvā upasampajja viharatī”ti.

Atha kho āyasmā nandako tā bhikkhuniyo iminā ovādena ovaditvā uyyojesi: “gacchatha, bhaginiyo; kālo”ti. Atha kho tā bhikkhuniyo āyasmato nandakassa bhāsitaṃ abhinanditvā anumoditvā uṭṭhāyāsanā āyasmantaṃ nandakaṃ abhivādetvā padakkhiṇaṃ katvā yena bhagavā tenu­pasaṅka­miṃsu; upasaṅkamitvā bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā ekamantaṃ aṭṭhaṃsu. Ekamantaṃ ṭhitā kho tā bhikkhuniyo bhagavā etadavoca: “gacchatha, bhikkhuniyo; kālo”ti. Atha kho tā bhikkhuniyo bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā padakkhiṇaṃ katvā pakkamiṃsu. Atha kho bhagavā acira­pakkan­tīsu tāsu bhikkhunīsu bhikkhū āmantesi: “seyyathāpi, bhikkhave, tadahuposathe pannarase na hoti bahuno janassa kaṅkhā vā vimati vā: ‘ūno nu kho cando, puṇṇo nu kho cando’ti, atha kho puṇṇo cando tveva hoti; evameva kho, bhikkhave, tā bhikkhuniyo nandakassa dhammadesanāya attamanā ceva pari­puṇṇa­saṅkappā ca. Tāsaṃ, bhikkhave, pañcannaṃ ­bhik­khu­ni­satānaṃ yā pacchimikā bhikkhunī sotāpannā avini­pāta­dhammā niyatā sam­bodhi­parā­yanā”ti.

Idamavoca bhagavā. Attamanā te bhikkhū bhagavato bhāsitaṃ abhinandunti.

Nanda­kovāda­suttaṃ niṭṭhitaṃ catutthaṃ.