Majjhima Nikāya 94

Ghoṭa­mukha­sutta

Evaṃ me sutaṃ—​   ekaṃ samayaṃ āyasmā udeno bārāṇasiyaṃ viharati khemiyambavane. Tena kho pana samayena ghoṭamukho brāhmaṇo bārāṇasiṃ anuppatto hoti kenacideva karaṇīyena. Atha kho ghoṭamukho brāhmaṇo jaṅghāvihāraṃ anucaṅkamamāno anuvicaramāno yena khemi­yamba­vanaṃ tenupasaṅkami. Tena kho pana samayena āyasmā udeno abbhokāse caṅkamati. Atha kho ghoṭamukho brāhmaṇo yenāyasmā udeno tenupasaṅkami; upasaṅkamitvā āyasmatā udenena saddhiṃ sammodi. Sammodanīyaṃ kathaṃ sāraṇīyaṃ vītisāretvā āyasmantaṃ udenaṃ caṅkamantaṃ anucaṅkamamāno evamāha: “ambho samaṇa, ‘natthi dhammiko paribbajo’—evaṃ me ettha hoti. Tañca kho bhavan­ta­rūpā­naṃ vā adassanā, yo vā panettha dhammo”ti.

Evaṃ vutte, āyasmā udeno caṅkamā orohitvā vihāraṃ pavisitvā paññatte āsane nisīdi. Ghoṭamukhopi kho brāhmaṇo caṅkamā orohitvā vihāraṃ pavisitvā ekamantaṃ aṭṭhāsi. Ekamantaṃ ṭhitaṃ kho ghoṭamukhaṃ brāhmaṇaṃ āyasmā udeno etadavoca: “saṃvijjanti kho, brāhmaṇa, āsanāni. Sace ākaṅkhasi, nisīdā”ti. “Etadeva kho pana mayaṃ bhoto udenassa āgamayamānā nisīdāma. Kathañhi nāma mādiso pubbe animantito āsane nisīditabbaṃ maññeyyā”ti? Atha kho ghoṭamukho brāhmaṇo aññataraṃ nīcaṃ āsanaṃ gahetvā ekamantaṃ nisīdi. Ekamantaṃ nisinno kho ghoṭamukho brāhmaṇo āyasmantaṃ udenaṃ etadavoca: “ambho samaṇa, ‘natthi dhammiko paribbajo’—evaṃ me ettha hoti. Tañca kho bhavan­ta­rūpā­naṃ vā adassanā, yo vā panettha dhammo”ti. “Sace kho pana me tvaṃ, brāhmaṇa, anuññeyyaṃ anujāneyyāsi, paṭik­kosi­tab­bañca paṭikkoseyyāsi; yassa ca pana me bhāsitassa atthaṃ na jāneyyāsi, mamaṃyeva tattha uttari paṭipuc­chey­yāsi: ‘idaṃ, bho udena, kathaṃ, imassa kvattho’ti? Evaṃ katvā siyā no ettha kathāsallāpo”ti. “Anuññeyyaṃ khvāhaṃ bhoto udenassa anujānissāmi, paṭik­kosi­tab­bañca paṭikkosissāmi; yassa ca panāhaṃ bhoto udenassa bhāsitassa atthaṃ na jānissāmi, bhavantaṃyeva tattha udenaṃ uttari paṭi­pucchis­sāmi: ‘idaṃ, bho udena, kathaṃ, imassa kvattho’ti? Evaṃ katvā hotu no ettha kathāsallāpo”ti.

“Cattārome, brāhmaṇa, puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasmiṃ. Katame cattāro? Idha, brāhmaṇa, ekacco puggalo attantapo hoti atta­pari­tāpa­nā­nu­yoga­manu­yutto. Idha pana, brāhmaṇa, ekacco puggalo parantapo hoti para­pari­tāpa­nā­nu­yoga­manu­yutto. Idha pana, brāhmaṇa, ekacco puggalo attantapo ca hoti atta­pari­tāpa­nā­nu­yoga­manu­yutto parantapo ca para­pari­tāpa­nā­nu­yoga­manu­yutto. Idha pana, brāhmaṇa, ekacco puggalo nevattantapo hoti nātta­pari­tāpa­nā­nu­yoga­manu­yutto, na parantapo na para­pari­tāpa­nā­nu­yoga­manu­yutto. So anattantapo aparantapo diṭṭheva dhamme nicchāto nibbuto sītībhūto sukhap­paṭi­saṃ­vedī brahmabhūtena attanā viharati. Imesaṃ, brāhmaṇa, catunnaṃ puggalānaṃ katamo te puggalo cittaṃ ārādhetī”ti?

“Yvāyaṃ, bho udena, puggalo attantapo atta­pari­tāpa­nā­nu­yoga­manu­yutto ayaṃ me puggalo cittaṃ nārādheti; yopāyaṃ, bho udena, puggalo parantapo para­pari­tāpa­nā­nu­yoga­manu­yutto ayampi me puggalo cittaṃ nārādheti; yopāyaṃ, bho udena, puggalo attantapo ca atta­pari­tāpa­nā­nu­yoga­manu­yutto parantapo ca para­pari­tāpa­nā­nu­yoga­manu­yutto ayampi me puggalo cittaṃ nārādheti; yo ca kho ayaṃ, bho udena, puggalo nevattantapo nātta­pari­tāpa­nā­nu­yoga­manu­yutto na parantapo na para­pari­tāpa­nā­nu­yoga­manu­yutto so anattantapo aparantapo diṭṭheva dhamme nicchāto nibbuto sītībhūto sukhap­paṭi­saṃ­vedī brahmabhūtena attanā viharati. Ayameva me puggalo cittaṃ ārādhetī”ti.

“Kasmā pana te, brāhmaṇa, ime tayo puggalā cittaṃ nārādhentī”ti? “Yvāyaṃ, bho udena, puggalo attantapo atta­pari­tāpa­nā­nu­yoga­manu­yutto so attānaṃ sukhakāmaṃ duk­kha­paṭik­kūlaṃ ātāpeti paritāpeti; iminā me ayaṃ puggalo cittaṃ nārādheti. Yopāyaṃ, bho udena, puggalo parantapo para­pari­tāpa­nā­nu­yoga­manu­yutto so paraṃ sukhakāmaṃ duk­kha­paṭik­kūlaṃ ātāpeti paritāpeti; iminā me ayaṃ puggalo cittaṃ nārādheti. Yopāyaṃ, bho udena, puggalo attantapo ca atta­pari­tāpa­nā­nu­yoga­manu­yutto parantapo ca para­pari­tāpa­nā­nu­yoga­manu­yutto so attānañca parañca sukhakāmaṃ duk­kha­paṭik­kūlaṃ ātāpeti paritāpeti; iminā me ayaṃ puggalo cittaṃ nārādheti. Yo ca kho ayaṃ, bho udena, puggalo nevattantapo nātta­pari­tāpa­nā­nu­yoga­manu­yutto na parantapo na para­pari­tāpa­nā­nu­yoga­manu­yutto so anattantapo aparantapo diṭṭheva dhamme nicchāto nibbuto sītībhūto sukhap­paṭi­saṃ­vedī brahmabhūtena attanā viharati, so attānañca parañca sukhakāmaṃ duk­kha­paṭik­kūlaṃ neva ātāpeti na paritāpeti; iminā me ayaṃ puggalo cittaṃ ārādhetī”ti.

“Dvemā, brāhmaṇa, parisā. Katamā dve? Idha, brāhmaṇa, ekaccā parisā sārattarattā maṇikuṇḍalesu puttabhariyaṃ pariyesati, dāsidāsaṃ pariyesati, khettavatthuṃ pariyesati, jāta­rūpa­rajataṃ pariyesati.

Idha pana, brāhmaṇa, ekaccā parisā asārattarattā maṇikuṇḍalesu puttabhariyaṃ pahāya, dāsidāsaṃ pahāya, khettavatthuṃ pahāya, jāta­rūpa­rajataṃ pahāya, agārasmā anagāriyaṃ pabbajitā. Svāyaṃ, brāhmaṇa, puggalo nevattantapo nātta­pari­tāpa­nā­nu­yoga­manu­yutto na parantapo na para­pari­tāpa­nā­nu­yoga­manu­yutto. So anattantapo aparantapo diṭṭheva dhamme nicchāto nibbuto sītībhūto sukhap­paṭi­saṃ­vedī brahmabhūtena attanā viharati. Idha katamaṃ tvaṃ, brāhmaṇa, puggalaṃ katamāya parisāya bahulaṃ samanupassasi—yā cāyaṃ parisā sārattarattā maṇikuṇḍalesu puttabhariyaṃ pariyesati dāsidāsaṃ pariyesati khettavatthuṃ pariyesati jāta­rūpa­rajataṃ pariyesati, yā cāyaṃ parisā asārattarattā maṇikuṇḍalesu puttabhariyaṃ pahāya dāsidāsaṃ pahāya khettavatthuṃ pahāya jāta­rūpa­rajataṃ pahāya agārasmā anagāriyaṃ pabbajitā”ti?

“Yvāyaṃ, bho udena, puggalo nevattantapo nātta­pari­tāpa­nā­nu­yoga­manu­yutto na parantapo na para­pari­tāpa­nā­nu­yoga­manu­yutto so anattantapo aparantapo diṭṭheva dhamme nicchāto nibbuto sītībhūto sukhap­paṭi­saṃ­vedī brahmabhūtena attanā viharati; imāhaṃ puggalaṃ yāyaṃ parisā asārattarattā maṇikuṇḍalesu puttabhariyaṃ pahāya dāsidāsaṃ pahāya khettavatthuṃ pahāya jāta­rūpa­rajataṃ pahāya agārasmā anagāriyaṃ pabbajitā imissaṃ parisāyaṃ bahulaṃ samanupassāmī”ti.

“Idāneva kho pana te, brāhmaṇa, bhāsitaṃ: ‘mayaṃ evaṃ ājānāma—ambho samaṇa, natthi dhammiko paribbajo, evaṃ me ettha hoti. Tañca kho bhavan­ta­rūpā­naṃ vā adassanā, yo vā panettha dhammo’”ti. “Addhā mesā, bho udena, sānuggahā vācā bhāsitā. ‘Atthi dhammiko paribbajo’—evaṃ me ettha hoti. Evañca pana maṃ bhavaṃ udeno dhāretu. Ye ca me bhotā udenena cattāro puggalā saṅkhittena vuttā vitthārena avibhattā, sādhu me bhavaṃ, udeno ime cattāro puggale vitthārena vibhajatu anukampaṃ upādāyā”ti. “Tena hi, brāhmaṇa, suṇāhi, sādhukaṃ manasi karohi, bhāsissāmī”ti. “Evaṃ, bho”ti kho ghoṭamukho brāhmaṇo āyasmato udenassa paccassosi. Āyasmā udeno etadavoca: 

“Katamo ca, brāhmaṇa, puggalo attantapo atta­pari­tāpa­nā­nu­yoga­manu­yutto? Idha, brāhmaṇa, ekacco puggalo acelako hoti muttācāro hatthā­pa­lekhano naehi­bhaddan­tiko ­natiṭ­ṭha­bhaddan­tiko, nābhihaṭaṃ na uddissakataṃ na nimantanaṃ sādiyati. So na kumbhimukhā paṭiggaṇhāti, na kaḷopimukhā paṭiggaṇhāti, na eḷakamantaraṃ, na daṇḍamantaraṃ, na musalamantaraṃ, na dvinnaṃ bhuñjamānānaṃ, na gabbhiniyā, na pāyamānāya, na puri­santara­gatāya, na saṅkittīsu, na yattha sā upaṭṭhito hoti, na yattha makkhikā saṇḍa­saṇ­ḍa­cārinī, na macchaṃ na maṃsaṃ, na suraṃ na merayaṃ na thusodakaṃ pivati. So ekāgāriko vā hoti ekālopiko, dvāgāriko vā hoti dvālopiko … pe … sattāgāriko vā hoti sattālopiko; ekissāpi dattiyā yāpeti, dvīhipi dattīhi yāpeti … pe … sattahipi dattīhi yāpeti; ekāhikampi āhāraṃ āhāreti, dvīhikampi āhāraṃ āhāreti … pe … sattāhikampi āhāraṃ āhāreti—iti evarūpaṃ addhamāsikaṃ ­pariyā­ya­bhatta­bhoja­nā­nu­yoga­manu­yutto viharati. So sākabhakkho vā hoti, sāmākabhakkho vā hoti, nīvārabhakkho vā hoti, daddulabhakkho vā hoti, haṭabhakkho vā hoti, kaṇabhakkho vā hoti, ācāmabhakkho vā hoti, piññākabhakkho vā hoti, tiṇabhakkho vā hoti, gomayabhakkho vā hoti, vana­mū­laphalā­hāro yāpeti pavat­ta­phala­bhojī. So sāṇānipi dhāreti, masāṇānipi dhāreti, chavadussānipi dhāreti, paṃsukūlānipi dhāreti, tirīṭānipi dhāreti, ajinampi dhāreti, ajinakkhipampi dhāreti, kusacīrampi dhāreti, vākacīrampi dhāreti, phalakacīrampi dhāreti, kesakambalampi dhāreti, vāḷakambalampi dhāreti, ulūkapakkhampi dhāreti; kesa­massu­lo­ca­kopi hoti kesa­massu­loca­nānu­yoga­manu­yutto, ubbhaṭṭhakopi hoti āsana­pa­ṭikkhitto, ukkuṭikopi hoti ukkuṭi­kap­pa­dhā­na­manu­yutto, kaṇṭa­kā­passa­yi­kopi hoti kaṇṭakāpassaye seyyaṃ kappeti; sāya­tatiya­kampi uda­koro­ha­nā­nu­yoga­manu­yutto viharati—iti evarūpaṃ anekavihitaṃ kāyassa ātāpa­na­pari­tāpa­nā­nu­yoga­manu­yutto viharati. Ayaṃ vuccati, brāhmaṇa, puggalo attantapo atta­pari­tāpa­nā­nu­yoga­manu­yutto.

Katamo ca, brāhmaṇa, puggalo parantapo para­pari­tāpa­nā­nu­yoga­manu­yutto? Idha, brāhmaṇa, ekacco puggalo orabbhiko hoti sūkariko sākuṇiko māgaviko luddo macchaghātako coro coraghātako goghātako bandhanāgāriko—ye vā panaññepi keci kurūrakammantā. Ayaṃ vuccati, brāhmaṇa, puggalo parantapo para­pari­tāpa­nā­nu­yoga­manu­yutto.

Katamo ca, brāhmaṇa, puggalo attantapo ca atta­pari­tāpa­nā­nu­yoga­manu­yutto, parantapo ca para­pari­tāpa­nā­nu­yoga­manu­yutto? Idha, brāhmaṇa, ekacco puggalo rājā vā hoti khattiyo muddhāvasitto, brāhmaṇo vā mahāsālo. So puratthimena nagarassa navaṃ santhāgāraṃ kārāpetvā kesamassuṃ ohāretvā kharājinaṃ nivāsetvā sappitelena kāyaṃ abbhañjitvā magavisāṇena piṭṭhiṃ kaṇḍuvamāno navaṃ santhāgāraṃ pavisati saddhiṃ mahesiyā brāhmaṇena ca purohitena. So tattha anantarahitāya bhūmiyā hari­tu­palittāya seyyaṃ kappeti. Ekissāya gāviyā sarūpavacchāya yaṃ ekasmiṃ thane khīraṃ hoti tena rājā yāpeti, yaṃ dutiyasmiṃ thane khīraṃ hoti tena mahesī yāpeti, yaṃ tatiyasmiṃ thane khīraṃ hoti tena brāhmaṇo purohito yāpeti, yaṃ catutthasmiṃ thane khīraṃ hoti tena aggiṃ juhati, avasesena vacchako yāpeti. So evamāha: ‘ettakā usabhā haññantu yaññatthāya, ettakā vacchatarā haññantu yaññatthāya, ettakā vacchatariyo haññantu yaññatthāya, ettakā ajā haññantu yaññatthāya, ettakā urabbhā haññantu yaññatthāya, ettakā assā haññantu yaññatthāya, ettakā rukkhā chijjantu yūpatthāya, ettakā dabbhā lūyantu barihisatthāyā’ti. Yepissa te honti ‘dāsā’ti vā ‘pessā’ti vā ‘kammakarā’ti vā tepi daṇḍatajjitā bhayatajjitā assumukhā rudamānā parikammāni karonti. Ayaṃ vuccati, brāhmaṇa, puggalo attantapo ca atta­pari­tāpa­nā­nu­yoga­manu­yutto, parantapo ca para­pari­tāpa­nā­nu­yoga­manu­yutto.

Katamo ca, brāhmaṇa, puggalo nevattantapo nātta­pari­tāpa­nā­nu­yoga­manu­yutto, na parantapo na para­pari­tāpa­nā­nu­yoga­manu­yutto; so anattantapo aparantapo diṭṭheva dhamme nicchāto nibbuto sītībhūto sukhap­paṭi­saṃ­vedī brahmabhūtena attanā viharati? Idha, brāhmaṇa, tathāgato loke uppajjati arahaṃ sammāsambuddho vij­jācara­ṇa­sam­panno sugato lokavidū anuttaro purisa­damma­sāra­thi satthā devamanussānaṃ buddho bhagavā. So imaṃ lokaṃ sadevakaṃ samārakaṃ sabrahmakaṃ ­sassama­ṇab­rāhma­ṇiṃ pajaṃ sadevamanussaṃ sayaṃ abhiññā sacchikatvā pavedeti. So dhammaṃ deseti ādikalyāṇaṃ majjhekalyāṇaṃ pari­yosāna­kal­yāṇaṃ sātthaṃ sabyañjanaṃ, kevala­pari­puṇṇaṃ parisuddhaṃ brahmacariyaṃ pakāseti. Taṃ dhammaṃ suṇāti gahapati vā gahapatiputto vā aññatarasmiṃ vā kule paccājāto. So taṃ dhammaṃ sutvā tathāgate saddhaṃ paṭilabhati. So tena saddhā­paṭi­lā­bhena samannāgato iti paṭi­sañcik­khati: ‘sambādho gharāvāso rajopatho abbhokāso pabbajjā. Nayidaṃ sukaraṃ agāraṃ ajjhāvasatā ekanta­pari­puṇṇaṃ ekanta­pari­suddhaṃ saṅkhalikhitaṃ brahmacariyaṃ carituṃ. Yannūnāhaṃ kesamassuṃ ohāretvā kāsāyāni vatthāni acchādetvā agārasmā anagāriyaṃ pabbajeyyan’ti. So aparena samayena appaṃ vā bhogakkhandhaṃ pahāya mahantaṃ vā bhogakkhandhaṃ pahāya, appaṃ vā ñātiparivaṭṭaṃ pahāya mahantaṃ vā ñātiparivaṭṭaṃ pahāya, kesamassuṃ ohāretvā kāsāyāni vatthāni acchādetvā agārasmā anagāriyaṃ pabbajati. So evaṃ pabbajito samāno bhikkhūnaṃ sikkhā­sājīva­samā­panno pāṇātipātaṃ pahāya pāṇātipātā paṭivirato hoti, nihitadaṇḍo nihitasattho lajjī dayāpanno sabba­pāṇa­bhūta­hi­tānukampī viharati.

Adinnādānaṃ pahāya adinnādānā paṭivirato hoti dinnādāyī dinna­pāṭikaṅ­khī. Athenena sucibhūtena attanā viharati.

Abrahmacariyaṃ pahāya brahmacārī hoti ārācārī virato methunā gāmadhammā.

Musāvādaṃ pahāya musāvādā paṭivirato hoti saccavādī saccasandho theto paccayiko avisaṃvādako lokassa.

Pisuṇaṃ vācaṃ pahāya pisuṇāya vācāya paṭivirato hoti; ito sutvā na amutra akkhātā imesaṃ bhedāya, amutra vā sutvā na imesaṃ akkhātā amūsaṃ bhedāya. Iti bhinnānaṃ vā sandhātā sahitānaṃ vā anuppadātā, samaggārāmo samaggarato samagganandī samaggakaraṇiṃ vācaṃ bhāsitā hoti.

Pharusaṃ vācaṃ pahāya pharusāya vācāya paṭivirato hoti. Yā sā vācā nelā kaṇṇasukhā pemanīyā hadayaṅgamā porī bahujanakantā bahujanamanāpā tathārūpiṃ vācaṃ bhāsitā hoti.

Samphappalāpaṃ pahāya samphappalāpā paṭivirato hoti, kālavādī bhūtavādī atthavādī dhammavādī vinayavādī, nidhānavatiṃ vācaṃ bhāsitā kālena sāpadesaṃ pariyantavatiṃ atthasaṃhitaṃ.

So bīja­gāma­bhūta­gāma­samāram­bhā paṭivirato hoti. Ekabhattiko hoti rattūparato virato vikālabhojanā. Nacca­gīta­vādita­visūka­dassanā paṭivirato hoti. Mālā­gandha­vi­lepa­na­dhāra­ṇa­maṇḍa­na­vi­bhū­sa­naṭ­ṭhānā paṭivirato hoti. Uccāsaya­na­ma­hāsayanā paṭivirato hoti. Jāta­rūpa­rajata­paṭig­gahaṇā paṭivirato hoti. Āmaka­dhañña­paṭig­gahaṇā paṭivirato hoti. Āmaka­maṃsa­paṭig­gahaṇā paṭivirato hoti. Itthi­kumāri­ka­paṭig­gahaṇā paṭivirato hoti. Dāsi­dāsa­paṭig­gahaṇā paṭivirato hoti. Ajeḷa­ka­paṭig­gahaṇā paṭivirato hoti. Kukku­ṭa­sūkara­paṭig­gahaṇā paṭivirato hoti. Hatthi­ga­vassava­ḷava­paṭig­gahaṇā paṭivirato hoti. Khetta­vatthu­paṭig­gahaṇā paṭivirato hoti. Dūteyya­pahiṇa­gamanā­nuyogā paṭivirato hoti. Kayavikkayā paṭivirato hoti. Tulā­kūṭa­kaṃsa­kūṭa­māna­kūṭā paṭivirato hoti. Ukko­ṭana­vañ­cana­nikati­sāci­yogā paṭivirato hoti. Cheda­na­va­dha­bandha­na­vi­parā­mo­sa­ālo­pa­saha­sā­kārā paṭivirato hoti.

So santuṭṭho hoti kāya­pari­hāri­kena cīvarena, kucchi­pari­hāri­kena piṇḍapātena. So yena yeneva pakkamati samādāyeva pakkamati. Seyyathāpi nāma pakkhī sakuṇo yena yeneva ḍeti sapattabhārova ḍeti; evameva bhikkhu santuṭṭho hoti kāya­pari­hāri­kena cīvarena, kucchi­pari­hāri­kena piṇḍapātena. So yena yeneva pakkamati samādāyeva pakkamati. So iminā ariyena sīlakkhandhena samannāgato ajjhattaṃ anavajjasukhaṃ paṭisaṃvedeti.

So cakkhunā rūpaṃ disvā na nimittaggāhī hoti ­nānub­yañ­janag­gāhī. Yat­vādhika­ra­ṇa­menaṃ cakkhundriyaṃ asaṃvutaṃ viharantaṃ abhij­jhā­do­manassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāssaveyyuṃ tassa saṃvarāya paṭipajjati, rakkhati cakkhundriyaṃ, cakkhundriye saṃvaraṃ āpajjati. Sotena saddaṃ sutvā … pe … ghānena gandhaṃ ghāyitvā … jivhāya rasaṃ sāyitvā … kāyena phoṭṭhabbaṃ phusitvā … manasā dhammaṃ viññāya na nimittaggāhī hoti ­nānub­yañ­janag­gāhī. Yat­vādhika­ra­ṇa­menaṃ manindriyaṃ asaṃvutaṃ viharantaṃ abhij­jhā­do­manassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāssaveyyuṃ tassa saṃvarāya paṭipajjati, rakkhati manindriyaṃ, manindriye saṃvaraṃ āpajjati. So iminā ariyena indriya­saṃ­varena samannāgato ajjhattaṃ abyāsekasukhaṃ paṭisaṃvedeti.

So abhikkante paṭikkante sampajānakārī hoti, ālokite vilokite sampajānakārī hoti, samiñjite pasārite sampajānakārī hoti, saṅghā­ṭi­patta­cīvara­dhāraṇe sampajānakārī hoti, asite pīte khāyite sāyite sampajānakārī hoti, uccāra­passā­va­kamme sampajānakārī hoti, gate ṭhite nisinne sutte jāgarite bhāsite tuṇhībhāve sampajānakārī hoti.

So iminā ca ariyena sīlakkhandhena samannāgato, imāya ca ariyāya santuṭṭhiyā samannāgato, iminā ca ariyena indriya­saṃ­varena samannāgato, iminā ca ariyena sati­sam­pajañ­ñena samannāgato vivittaṃ senāsanaṃ bhajati araññaṃ rukkhamūlaṃ pabbataṃ kandaraṃ giriguhaṃ susānaṃ vanapatthaṃ abbhokāsaṃ palālapuñjaṃ. So pacchābhattaṃ piṇḍa­pāta­paṭik­kanto nisīdati pallaṅkaṃ ābhujitvā, ujuṃ kāyaṃ paṇidhāya, parimukhaṃ satiṃ upaṭṭhapetvā. So abhijjhaṃ loke pahāya vigatā­bhij­jhena cetasā viharati, abhijjhāya cittaṃ parisodheti; byāpādapadosaṃ pahāya abyāpannacitto viharati sabba­pāṇa­bhūta­hi­tānukampī, byāpādapadosā cittaṃ parisodheti; thinamiddhaṃ pahāya vigata­thina­middho viharati ālokasaññī sato sampajāno, thinamiddhā cittaṃ parisodheti; uddhac­ca­kukkuc­caṃ pahāya anuddhato viharati ajjhattaṃ vūpasantacitto, uddhac­ca­kukkuccā cittaṃ parisodheti; vicikicchaṃ pahāya tiṇ­ṇavici­kiccho viharati akathaṃkathī kusalesu dhammesu, vicikicchāya cittaṃ parisodheti.

So ime pañca nīvaraṇe pahāya cetaso upakkilese paññāya dubbalīkaraṇe vivicceva kāmehi vivicca akusalehi dhammehi savitakkaṃ savicāraṃ vivekajaṃ pītisukhaṃ paṭhamaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. Vitak­ka­vicārā­naṃ vūpasamā ajjhattaṃ sampasādanaṃ cetaso ekodibhāvaṃ avitakkaṃ avicāraṃ samādhijaṃ pītisukhaṃ dutiyaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. Pītiyā ca virāgā upekkhako ca viharati sato ca sampajāno, sukhañca kāyena paṭisaṃvedeti, yaṃ taṃ ariyā ācikkhanti: ‘upekkhako satimā sukhavihārī’ti tatiyaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. Sukhassa ca pahānā dukkhassa ca pahānā, pubbeva somanas­sa­do­manas­sā­naṃ atthaṅgamā, aduk­kha­ma­su­khaṃ upekkhā­sati­pāri­suddhiṃ catutthaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati.

So evaṃ samāhite citte parisuddhe pariyodāte anaṅgaṇe viga­tū­pak­kilese mudubhūte kammaniye ṭhite āneñjappatte pubbe­nivāsā­nus­sati­ñāṇāya cittaṃ abhininnāmeti. So anekavihitaṃ pubbenivāsaṃ anussarati, seyyathidaṃ—ekampi jātiṃ dvepi jātiyo tissopi jātiyo catassopi jātiyo pañcapi jātiyo dasapi jātiyo vīsampi jātiyo tiṃsampi jātiyo cattālīsampi jātiyo paññāsampi jātiyo jātisatampi jātisahassampi jāti­sata­sahas­sampi, anekepi saṃvaṭṭakappe anekepi vivaṭṭakappe anekepi saṃ­vaṭṭa­vi­vaṭṭa­kappe: ‘amutrāsiṃ evaṃnāmo evaṅgotto evaṃvaṇṇo evamāhāro evaṃsu­kha­duk­khap­paṭi­saṃ­vedī evamā­yu­pariyanto; so tato cuto amutra udapādiṃ; tatrāpāsiṃ evaṃnāmo evaṅgotto evaṃvaṇṇo evamāhāro evaṃsu­kha­duk­khap­paṭi­saṃ­vedī evamā­yu­pariyanto; so tato cuto idhūpapanno’ti. Iti sākāraṃ sauddesaṃ anekavihitaṃ pubbenivāsaṃ anussarati.

So evaṃ samāhite citte parisuddhe pariyodāte anaṅgaṇe viga­tū­pak­kilese mudubhūte kammaniye ṭhite āneñjappatte sattānaṃ cutū­papāta­ñā­ṇāya cittaṃ abhininnāmeti. So dibbena cakkhunā visuddhena atik­kanta­mānusa­kena satte passati cavamāne upapajjamāne hīne paṇīte suvaṇṇe dubbaṇṇe sugate duggate yathākammūpage satte pajānāti: ‘ime vata bhonto sattā kāya­ducca­ritena samannāgatā … pe … ariyānaṃ upavādakā micchādiṭṭhikā micchā­diṭṭhi­kamma­sa­mādānā, te kāyassa bhedā paraṃ maraṇā apāyaṃ duggatiṃ vinipātaṃ nirayaṃ upapannā. Ime vā pana bhonto sattā kāyasucaritena samannāgatā … pe … ariyānaṃ anupavādakā sammādiṭṭhikā sammā­diṭṭhi­kam­masamā­dānā, te kāyassa bhedā paraṃ maraṇā sugatiṃ saggaṃ lokaṃ upapannā’ti. Iti dibbena cakkhunā visuddhena atik­kanta­mānusa­kena satte passati cavamāne upapajjamāne hīne paṇīte suvaṇṇe dubbaṇṇe sugate duggate yathākammūpage satte pajānāti.

So evaṃ samāhite citte parisuddhe pariyodāte anaṅgaṇe viga­tū­pak­kilese mudubhūte kammaniye ṭhite āneñjappatte āsavānaṃ khayañāṇāya cittaṃ abhininnāmeti. So ‘idaṃ dukkhan’ti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti, ‘ayaṃ dukkhasamudayo’ti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti, ‘ayaṃ dukkhanirodho’ti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti, ‘ayaṃ duk­kha­nirodha­gāminī paṭipadā’ti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti; ‘ime āsavā’ti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti, ‘ayaṃ āsavasamudayo’ti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti, ‘ayaṃ āsavanirodho’ti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti, ‘ayaṃ āsava­nirodha­gāminī paṭipadā’ti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. Tassa evaṃ jānato evaṃ passato kāmāsavāpi cittaṃ vimuccati, bhavāsavāpi cittaṃ vimuccati, avijjāsavāpi cittaṃ vimuccati. Vimuttasmiṃ vimuttamiti ñāṇaṃ hoti. ‘Khīṇā jāti, vusitaṃ brahmacariyaṃ, kataṃ karaṇīyaṃ, nāparaṃ itthattāyā’ti pajānāti.

Ayaṃ vuccati, brāhmaṇa, puggalo nevattantapo nātta­pari­tāpa­nā­nu­yoga­manu­yutto, na parantapo na para­pari­tāpa­nā­nu­yoga­manu­yutto. So anattantapo aparantapo diṭṭheva dhamme nicchāto nibbuto sītībhūto sukhap­paṭi­saṃ­vedī brahmabhūtena attanā viharatī”ti.

Evaṃ vutte, ghoṭamukho brāhmaṇo āyasmantaṃ udenaṃ etadavoca: “abhikkantaṃ, bho udena, abhikkantaṃ, bho udena. Seyyathāpi, bho udena, nikkujjitaṃ vā ukkujjeyya, paṭicchannaṃ vā vivareyya, mūḷhassa vā maggaṃ ācikkheyya, andhakāre vā telapajjotaṃ dhāreyya ‘cakkhumanto rūpāni dakkhantī’ti; evamevaṃ bhotā udenena aneka­pariyā­yena dhammo pakāsito. Esāhaṃ bhavantaṃ udenaṃ saraṇaṃ gacchāmi dhammañca ­bhik­khu­saṅghañca. Upāsakaṃ maṃ bhavaṃ udeno dhāretu ajjatagge pāṇupetaṃ saraṇaṃ gatan”ti. “Mā kho maṃ tvaṃ, brāhmaṇa, saraṇaṃ agamāsi. Tameva bhagavantaṃ saraṇaṃ gacchāhi yamahaṃ saraṇaṃ gato”ti. “Kahaṃ pana, bho udena, etarahi so bhavaṃ gotamo viharati arahaṃ sammāsambuddho”ti? “Parinibbuto kho, brāhmaṇa, etarahi so bhagavā arahaṃ sammāsambuddho”ti.

Sacepi mayaṃ, bho udena, suṇeyyāma taṃ bhavantaṃ gotamaṃ dasasu yojanesu, dasapi mayaṃ yojanāni gaccheyyāma taṃ bhavantaṃ gotamaṃ dassanāya arahantaṃ sammā­sambud­dhaṃ. Sacepi mayaṃ, bho udena, suṇeyyāma taṃ bhavantaṃ gotamaṃ vīsatiyā yojanesu … tiṃsāya yojanesu … cattārīsāya yojanesu … paññāsāya yojanesu, paññāsampi mayaṃ yojanāni gaccheyyāma taṃ bhavantaṃ gotamaṃ dassanāya arahantaṃ sammā­sambud­dhaṃ. Yojanasate cepi mayaṃ, bho udena, suṇeyyāma taṃ bhavantaṃ gotamaṃ, yojanasatampi mayaṃ gaccheyyāma taṃ bhavantaṃ gotamaṃ dassanāya arahantaṃ sammā­sambud­dhaṃ.

Yato ca kho, bho udena, parinibbuto so bhavaṃ gotamo, parinibbutampi mayaṃ taṃ bhavantaṃ gotamaṃ saraṇaṃ gacchāma dhammañca ­bhik­khu­saṅghañca. Upāsakaṃ maṃ bhavaṃ udeno dhāretu ajjatagge pāṇupetaṃ saraṇaṃ gataṃ. Atthi ca me, bho udena, aṅgarājā devasikaṃ niccabhikkhaṃ dadāti, tato ahaṃ bhoto udenassa ekaṃ niccabhikkhaṃ dadāmī”ti. “Kiṃ pana te, brāhmaṇa, aṅgarājā devasikaṃ niccabhikkhaṃ dadātī”ti? “Pañca, bho udena, kahāpaṇasatānī”ti. “Na kho no, brāhmaṇa, kappati jāta­rūpa­rajataṃ paṭiggahetun”ti. “Sace taṃ bhoto udenassa na kappati vihāraṃ bhoto udenassa kārāpessāmī”ti. “Sace kho me tvaṃ, brāhmaṇa, vihāraṃ, kārāpetukāmo, pāṭaliputte saṅghassa upaṭṭhānasālaṃ kārāpehī”ti. “Imināpāhaṃ bhoto udenassa bhiyyoso mattāya attamano abhiraddho yaṃ maṃ bhavaṃ udeno saṅghe dāne samādapeti. Esāhaṃ, bho udena, etissā ca niccabhikkhāya aparāya ca niccabhikkhāya pāṭaliputte saṅghassa upaṭṭhānasālaṃ kārāpessāmī”ti.

Atha kho ghoṭamukho brāhmaṇo etissā ca niccabhikkhāya aparāya ca niccabhikkhāya pāṭaliputte saṅghassa upaṭṭhānasālaṃ kārāpesi. Sā etarahi “ghoṭamukhī”ti vuccatīti.

Ghoṭa­mukha­suttaṃ niṭṭhitaṃ catutthaṃ.