Majjhima Nikāya 95

Caṅkīsutta

Evaṃ me sutaṃ—​   ekaṃ samayaṃ bhagavā kosalesu cārikaṃ caramāno mahatā ­bhik­khu­saṅ­ghena saddhiṃ yena opāsādaṃ nāma kosalānaṃ brāhmaṇagāmo tadavasari. Tatra sudaṃ bhagavā opāsāde viharati uttarena opāsādaṃ devavane sālavane. Tena kho pana samayena caṅkī brāhmaṇo opāsādaṃ ajjhāvasati sattussadaṃ sati­ṇakaṭ­ṭho­dakaṃ sadhaññaṃ rājabhoggaṃ raññā pasenadinā kosalena dinnaṃ rājadāyaṃ brahmadeyyaṃ. Assosuṃ kho opāsādakā brāhma­ṇa­gaha­patikā: “samaṇo khalu, bho, gotamo sakyaputto sakyakulā pabbajito kosalesu cārikaṃ caramāno mahatā ­bhik­khu­saṅ­ghena saddhiṃ opāsādaṃ anuppatto, opāsāde viharati uttarena opāsādaṃ devavane sālavane. Taṃ kho pana bhavantaṃ gotamaṃ evaṃ kalyāṇo kittisaddo abbhuggato: ‘itipi so bhagavā arahaṃ sammāsambuddho vij­jācara­ṇa­sam­panno sugato lokavidū anuttaro purisa­damma­sāra­thi satthā devamanussānaṃ buddho bhagavā’ti. So imaṃ lokaṃ sadevakaṃ samārakaṃ sabrahmakaṃ ­sassama­ṇab­rāhma­ṇiṃ pajaṃ sadevamanussaṃ sayaṃ abhiññā sacchikatvā pavedeti. So dhammaṃ deseti ādikalyāṇaṃ majjhekalyāṇaṃ pari­yosāna­kal­yāṇaṃ sātthaṃ sabyañjanaṃ, kevala­pari­puṇṇaṃ parisuddhaṃ brahmacariyaṃ pakāseti. Sādhu kho pana tathārūpānaṃ arahataṃ dassanaṃ hotī”ti.

Atha kho opāsādakā brāhma­ṇa­gaha­patikā opāsādā nikkhamitvā saṅghasaṅghī gaṇībhūtā uttarenamukhā gacchanti yena devavanaṃ sālavanaṃ. Tena kho pana samayena caṅkī brāhmaṇo uparipāsāde divāseyyaṃ upagato. Addasā kho caṅkī brāhmaṇo opāsādake brāhma­ṇa­gaha­patike opāsādā nikkhamitvā saṅghasaṅghī gaṇībhūte uttarenamukhaṃ yena devavanaṃ sālavanaṃ tenupa­saṅka­mante. Disvā khattaṃ āmantesi: “kiṃ nu kho, bho khatte, opāsādakā brāhma­ṇa­gaha­patikā opāsādā nikkhamitvā saṅghasaṅghī gaṇībhūtā uttarenamukhā gacchanti yena devavanaṃ sālavanan”ti? “Atthi, bho caṅkī, samaṇo gotamo sakyaputto sakyakulā pabbajito kosalesu cārikaṃ caramāno mahatā ­bhik­khu­saṅ­ghena saddhiṃ opāsādaṃ anuppatto, opāsāde viharati uttarena opāsādaṃ devavane sālavane. Taṃ kho pana bhavantaṃ gotamaṃ evaṃ kalyāṇo kittisaddo abbhuggato: ‘itipi so bhagavā arahaṃ sammāsambuddho vij­jācara­ṇa­sam­panno sugato lokavidū anuttaro purisa­damma­sāra­thi satthā devamanussānaṃ buddho bhagavā’ti. Tamete bhavantaṃ gotamaṃ dassanāya gacchantī”ti. “Tena hi, bho khatte, yena opāsādakā brāhma­ṇa­gaha­patikā tenupasaṅkama; upasaṅkamitvā opāsādake brāhma­ṇa­gaha­patike evaṃ vadehi: ‘caṅkī, bho, brāhmaṇo evamāha—āgamentu kira bhonto, caṅkīpi brāhmaṇo samaṇaṃ gotamaṃ dassanāya upasaṅka­mis­satī’”ti. “Evaṃ, bho”ti kho so khatto caṅkissa brāhmaṇassa paṭissutvā yena opāsādakā brāhma­ṇa­gaha­patikā tenupasaṅkami; upasaṅkamitvā opāsādake brāhma­ṇa­gaha­patike etadavoca: “caṅkī, bho, brāhmaṇo evamāha: ‘āgamentu kira bhonto, caṅkīpi brāhmaṇo samaṇaṃ gotamaṃ dassanāya upasaṅka­mis­satī’”ti.

Tena kho pana samayena nānā­ve­rajja­kā­naṃ brāhmaṇānaṃ pañcamattāni brāhmaṇasatāni opāsāde paṭivasanti kenacideva karaṇīyena. Assosuṃ kho te brāhmaṇā: “caṅkī kira brāhmaṇo samaṇaṃ gotamaṃ dassanāya upasaṅka­mis­satī”ti. Atha kho te brāhmaṇā yena caṅkī brāhmaṇo tenu­pasaṅka­miṃsu; upasaṅkamitvā caṅkiṃ brāhmaṇaṃ etadavocuṃ: “saccaṃ kira bhavaṃ caṅkī samaṇaṃ gotamaṃ dassanāya upasaṅka­mis­satī”ti? “Evaṃ kho me, bho, hoti: ‘ahaṃ samaṇaṃ gotamaṃ dassanāya upasaṅka­mis­sāmī’”ti. “Mā bhavaṃ caṅkī samaṇaṃ gotamaṃ dassanāya upasaṅkami. Na arahati bhavaṃ caṅkī samaṇaṃ gotamaṃ dassanāya upasaṅkamituṃ; samaṇotveva gotamo arahati bhavantaṃ caṅkiṃ dassanāya upasaṅkamituṃ. Bhavañhi caṅkī ubhato sujāto mātito ca pitito ca ­saṃsud­dha­gahaṇiko yāva sattamā pitāmahayugā akkhitto anupakkuṭṭho jātivādena. Yampi bhavaṃ caṅkī ubhato sujāto mātito ca pitito ca ­saṃsud­dha­gahaṇiko yāva sattamā pitāmahayugā akkhitto anupakkuṭṭho jātivādena, imināpaṅgena na arahati bhavaṃ caṅkī samaṇaṃ gotamaṃ dassanāya upasaṅkamituṃ; samaṇotveva gotamo arahati bhavantaṃ caṅkiṃ dassanāya upasaṅkamituṃ. Bhavañhi caṅkī aḍḍho mahaddhano mahābhogo … pe … bhavañhi caṅkī tiṇṇaṃ vedānaṃ pāragū sanighaṇ­ḍu­keṭu­bhānaṃ ­sāk­kha­rap­pa­bhe­dā­naṃ itihā­sa­pañca­mānaṃ, padako, veyyākaraṇo, lokāyata­ma­hāpuri­sa­lak­kha­ṇesu anavayo … pe … bhavañhi caṅkī abhirūpo dassanīyo pāsādiko paramāya vaṇṇa­pok­kha­ra­tāya samannāgato brahmavaṇṇī brahmavacchasī akhuddāvakāso dassanāya … pe … bhavañhi caṅkī sīlavā vuddhasīlī vuddhasīlena samannāgato … pe … bhavañhi caṅkī kalyāṇavāco kalyā­ṇa­vākka­raṇo poriyā vācāya samannāgato vissaṭṭhāya anelagalāya atthassa viññāpaniyā … pe … bhavañhi caṅkī bahūnaṃ ācari­ya­pācariyo, tīṇi māṇavakasatāni mante vāceti … pe … bhavañhi caṅkī rañño pasenadissa kosalassa sakkato garukato mānito pūjito apacito … pe … bhavañhi caṅkī brāhmaṇassa pok­kha­ra­sātissa sakkato garukato mānito pūjito apacito … pe … bhavañhi caṅkī opāsādaṃ ajjhāvasati sattussadaṃ sati­ṇakaṭ­ṭho­dakaṃ sadhaññaṃ rājabhoggaṃ raññā pasenadinā kosalena dinnaṃ rājadāyaṃ brahmadeyyaṃ. Yampi bhavaṃ caṅkī opāsādaṃ ajjhāvasati sattussadaṃ sati­ṇakaṭ­ṭho­dakaṃ sadhaññaṃ rājabhoggaṃ raññā pasenadinā kosalena dinnaṃ rājadāyaṃ brahmadeyyaṃ, imināpaṅgena na arahati bhavaṃ caṅkī samaṇaṃ gotamaṃ dassanāya upasaṅkamituṃ; samaṇotveva gotamo arahati bhavantaṃ caṅkiṃ dassanāya upasaṅkamitun”ti.

Evaṃ vutte, caṅkī brāhmaṇo te brāhmaṇe etadavoca: “ tena hi, bho, mamapi suṇātha, yathā mayameva arahāma taṃ samaṇaṃ gotamaṃ dassanāya upasaṅkamituṃ; na tveva arahati so bhavaṃ gotamo amhākaṃ dassanāya upasaṅkamituṃ. Samaṇo khalu, bho, gotamo ubhato sujāto mātito ca pitito ca ­saṃsud­dha­gahaṇiko yāva sattamā pitāmahayugā akkhitto anupakkuṭṭho jātivādena. Yampi, bho, samaṇo gotamo ubhato sujāto mātito ca pitito ca ­saṃsud­dha­gahaṇiko yāva sattamā pitāmahayugā akkhitto anupakkuṭṭho jātivādena, imināpaṅgena na arahati so bhavaṃ gotamo amhākaṃ dassanāya upasaṅkamituṃ; atha kho mayameva arahāma taṃ bhavantaṃ gotamaṃ dassanāya upasaṅkamituṃ.

Samaṇo khalu, bho, gotamo pahūtaṃ hirañ­ña­suvaṇ­ṇaṃ ohāya pabbajito bhūmigatañca vehāsaṭṭhañca … pe …

Samaṇo khalu, bho, gotamo daharova samāno yuvā susukāḷakeso bhadrena yobbanena samannāgato paṭhamena vayasā agārasmā anagāriyaṃ pabbajito … pe …

Samaṇo khalu, bho, gotamo akāmakānaṃ mātāpitūnaṃ assumukhānaṃ rudantānaṃ kesamassuṃ ohāretvā kāsāyāni vatthāni acchādetvā agārasmā anagāriyaṃ pabbajito … pe …

Samaṇo khalu, bho, gotamo abhirūpo dassanīyo pāsādiko paramāya vaṇṇa­pok­kha­ra­tāya samannāgato brahmavaṇṇī brahmavacchasī akhuddāvakāso dassanāya … pe …

Samaṇo khalu, bho, gotamo sīlavā ariyasīlī kusalasīlī kusalena sīlena samannāgato … pe …

Samaṇo khalu, bho, gotamo kalyāṇavāco kalyā­ṇa­vākka­raṇo poriyā vācāya samannāgato vissaṭṭhāya anelagalāya atthassa viññāpaniyā … pe …

Samaṇo khalu, bho, gotamo bahūnaṃ ācari­ya­pācariyo … pe …

Samaṇo khalu, bho, gotamo khīṇakāmarāgo vigatacāpallo … pe …

Samaṇo khalu, bho, gotamo kammavādī kiriyavādī apāpa­purek­khāro brahmaññāya pajāya … pe …

Samaṇo khalu, bho, gotamo uccā kulā pabbajito asambhinnā khattiyakulā … pe …

Samaṇo khalu, bho, gotamo aḍḍhā kulā pabbajito mahaddhanā mahābhogā … pe …

Samaṇaṃ khalu, bho, gotamaṃ tiroraṭṭhā tirojanapadā saṃpucchituṃ āgacchanti … pe …

Samaṇaṃ khalu, bho, gotamaṃ anekāni devatā­sahas­sāni pāṇehi saraṇaṃ gatāni … pe …

Samaṇaṃ khalu, bho, gotamaṃ evaṃ kalyāṇo kittisaddo abbhuggato: ‘itipi so bhagavā arahaṃ sammāsambuddho vij­jācara­ṇa­sam­panno sugato lokavidū anuttaro purisa­damma­sāra­thi satthā devamanussānaṃ buddho bhagavā’ti … pe …

Samaṇo khalu, bho, gotamo dvattiṃ­sama­hāpuri­sa­lak­kha­ṇehi samannāgato … pe …

Samaṇaṃ khalu, bho, gotamaṃ rājā māgadho seniyo bimbisāro saputtadāro pāṇehi saraṇaṃ gato … pe …

Samaṇaṃ khalu, bho, gotamaṃ rājā pasenadi kosalo saputtadāro pāṇehi saraṇaṃ gato … pe …

Samaṇaṃ khalu, bho, gotamaṃ brāhmaṇo pokkharasāti saputtadāro pāṇehi saraṇaṃ gato … pe …

Samaṇo khalu, bho, gotamo opāsādaṃ anuppatto opāsāde viharati uttarena opāsādaṃ devavane sālavane. Ye kho te samaṇā vā brāhmaṇā vā amhākaṃ gāmakkhettaṃ āgacchanti, atithī no te honti. Atithī kho panamhehi sakkātabbā garukātabbā mānetabbā pūjetabbā. Yampi samaṇo gotamo opāsādaṃ anuppatto opāsāde viharati uttarena opāsādaṃ devavane sālavane, atithimhākaṃ samaṇo gotamo. Atithi kho panamhehi sakkātabbo garukātabbo mānetabbo pūjetabbo. Imināpaṅgena na arahati so bhavaṃ gotamo amhākaṃ dassanāya upasaṅkamituṃ; atha kho mayameva arahāma taṃ bhavantaṃ gotamaṃ dassanāya upasaṅkamituṃ. Ettake kho ahaṃ, bho, tassa bhoto gotamassa vaṇṇe pariyāpuṇāmi, no ca kho so bhavaṃ gotamo ettakavaṇṇo; aparimāṇavaṇṇo hi so bhavaṃ gotamo. Ekamekenapi tena aṅgena samannāgato na arahati, so bhavaṃ gotamo amhākaṃ dassanāya upasaṅkamituṃ; atha kho mayameva arahāma taṃ bhavantaṃ gotamaṃ dassanāya upasaṅka­mi­tunti. Tena hi, bho, sabbeva mayaṃ samaṇaṃ gotamaṃ dassanāya upasaṅka­mis­sāmā”ti.

Atha kho caṅkī brāhmaṇo mahatā brāhmaṇagaṇena saddhiṃ yena bhagavā tenupasaṅkami; upasaṅkamitvā bhagavatā saddhiṃ sammodi. Sammodanīyaṃ kathaṃ sāraṇīyaṃ vītisāretvā ekamantaṃ nisīdi. Tena kho pana samayena bhagavā vuddhehi vuddhehi brāhmaṇehi saddhiṃ kiñci kiñci kathaṃ sāraṇīyaṃ vītisāretvā nisinno hoti. Tena kho pana samayena kāpaṭiko nāma māṇavo daharo vuttasiro soḷasavas­suddesiko jātiyā, tiṇṇaṃ vedānaṃ pāragū sanighaṇ­ḍu­keṭu­bhānaṃ ­sāk­kha­rap­pa­bhe­dā­naṃ itihā­sa­pañca­mānaṃ, padako, veyyākaraṇo, lokāyata­ma­hāpuri­sa­lak­kha­ṇesu anavayo tassaṃ parisāyaṃ nisinno hoti. So vuddhānaṃ vuddhānaṃ brāhmaṇānaṃ bhagavatā saddhiṃ mantayamānānaṃ antarantarā kathaṃ opāteti. Atha kho bhagavā kāpaṭikaṃ māṇavaṃ apasādeti: “māyasmā bhāradvājo vuddhānaṃ vuddhānaṃ brāhmaṇānaṃ mantayamānānaṃ antarantarā kathaṃ opātetu. Kathā­pari­yosānaṃ āyasmā bhāradvājo āgametū”ti. Evaṃ vutte, caṅkī brāhmaṇo bhagavantaṃ etadavoca: “mā bhavaṃ gotamo kāpaṭikaṃ māṇavaṃ apasādesi. Kulaputto ca kāpaṭiko māṇavo, bahussuto ca kāpaṭiko māṇavo, paṇḍito ca kāpaṭiko māṇavo, kalyā­ṇa­vākka­raṇo ca kāpaṭiko māṇavo, pahoti ca kāpaṭiko māṇavo bhotā gotamena saddhiṃ asmiṃ vacane paṭimantetun”ti. Atha kho bhagavato etadahosi: “addhā kho kāpaṭikassa māṇavassa tevijjake pāvacane kathā bhavissati. Tathā hi naṃ brāhmaṇā sam­purek­kha­rontī”ti. Atha kho kāpaṭikassa māṇavassa etadahosi: “yadā me samaṇo gotamo cakkhuṃ upasaṃ­haris­sati, athāhaṃ samaṇaṃ gotamaṃ pañhaṃ pucchissāmī”ti. Atha kho bhagavā kāpaṭikassa māṇavassa cetasā ceto­pari­vitak­ka­maññāya yena kāpaṭiko māṇavo tena cakkhūni upasaṃhāsi.

Atha kho kāpaṭikassa māṇavassa etadahosi: “samannāharati kho maṃ samaṇo gotamo. Yannūnāhaṃ samaṇaṃ gotamaṃ pañhaṃ puccheyyan”ti. Atha kho kāpaṭiko māṇavo bhagavantaṃ etadavoca: “yadidaṃ, bho gotama, brāhmaṇānaṃ porāṇaṃ mantapadaṃ itihi­tiha­param­parāya piṭaka­sam­padāya, tattha ca brāhmaṇā ekaṃsena niṭṭhaṃ gacchanti: ‘idameva saccaṃ, moghamaññan’ti. Idha bhavaṃ gotamo kimāhā”ti? “Kiṃ pana, bhāradvāja, atthi koci brāhmaṇānaṃ ekabrāhmaṇopi yo evamāha: ‘ahametaṃ jānāmi, ahametaṃ passāmi. Idameva saccaṃ, moghamaññan’”ti? “No hidaṃ, bho gotama”. “Kiṃ pana, bhāradvāja, atthi koci brāhmaṇānaṃ ekācariyopi, ekā­cari­ya­pācari­yopi, yāva sattamā ācari­ya­maha­yugāpi, yo evamāha: ‘ahametaṃ jānāmi, ahametaṃ passāmi. Idameva saccaṃ, moghamaññan’”ti? “No hidaṃ, bho gotama”. “Kiṃ pana, bhāradvāja, yepi te brāhmaṇānaṃ pubbakā isayo mantānaṃ kattāro mantānaṃ pavattāro yesamidaṃ etarahi brāhmaṇā porāṇaṃ mantapadaṃ gītaṃ pavuttaṃ samihitaṃ tadanugāyanti tadanubhāsanti bhāsi­ta­manu­bhāsanti vācita­manu­vā­centi seyyathidaṃ—aṭṭhako vāmako vāmadevo vessāmitto yamataggi aṅgīraso bhāradvājo vāseṭṭho kassapo bhagu, tepi evamāhaṃsu: ‘mayametaṃ jānāma, mayametaṃ passāma. Idameva saccaṃ, moghamaññan’”ti? “No hidaṃ, bho gotama”.

“Iti kira, bhāradvāja, natthi koci brāhmaṇānaṃ ekabrāhmaṇopi yo evamāha: ‘ahametaṃ jānāmi, ahametaṃ passāmi. Idameva saccaṃ, moghamaññan’ti; natthi koci brāhmaṇānaṃ ekācariyopi ekā­cari­ya­pācari­yopi, yāva sattamā ācari­ya­maha­yugāpi, yo evamāha: ‘ahametaṃ jānāmi, ahametaṃ passāmi. Idameva saccaṃ, moghamaññan’ti; yepi te brāhmaṇānaṃ pubbakā isayo mantānaṃ kattāro mantānaṃ pavattāro yesamidaṃ etarahi brāhmaṇā porāṇaṃ mantapadaṃ gītaṃ pavuttaṃ samihitaṃ tadanugāyanti tadanubhāsanti bhāsi­ta­manu­bhāsanti vācita­manu­vā­centi seyyathidaṃ—aṭṭhako vāmako vāmadevo vessāmitto yamataggi aṅgīraso bhāradvājo vāseṭṭho kassapo bhagu, tepi na evamāhaṃsu: ‘mayametaṃ jānāma, mayametaṃ passāma. Idameva saccaṃ, moghamaññan’ti.

Seyyathāpi, bhāradvāja, andhaveṇi param­parā­saṃsattā purimopi na passati majjhimopi na passati pacchimopi na passati; evameva kho, bhāradvāja, andhaveṇūpamaṃ maññe brāhmaṇānaṃ bhāsitaṃ sampajjati—purimopi na passati majjhimopi na passati pacchimopi na passati. Taṃ kiṃ maññasi, bhāradvāja, nanu evaṃ sante brāhmaṇānaṃ amūlikā saddhā sampajjatī”ti? “Na khvettha, bho gotama, brāhmaṇā saddhāyeva payirupāsanti, anussavāpettha brāhmaṇā payirupāsantī”ti. “Pubbeva kho tvaṃ, bhāradvāja, saddhaṃ agamāsi, anussavaṃ idāni vadesi. Pañca kho ime, bhāradvāja, dhammā diṭṭheva dhamme dvedhā vipākā. Katame pañca? Saddhā, ruci, anussavo, ākāra­pari­vitakko, diṭṭhi­nij­jhā­nak­khanti—ime kho, bhāradvāja, pañca dhammā diṭṭheva dhamme dvedhā vipākā. Api ca, bhāradvāja, susadda­hi­taṃ­yeva hoti, tañca hoti rittaṃ tucchaṃ musā; no cepi susaddahitaṃ hoti, tañca hoti bhūtaṃ tacchaṃ anaññathā. Api ca, bhāradvāja, surucitaṃyeva hoti … pe … svānus­sutaṃ­yeva hoti … pe … suparivi­takki­taṃ­yeva hoti … pe … sunij­jhā­yi­taṃ­yeva hoti, tañca hoti rittaṃ tucchaṃ musā; no cepi sunijjhāyitaṃ hoti, tañca hoti bhūtaṃ tacchaṃ anaññathā. Sacca­ma­nurak­khatā, bhāradvāja, viññunā purisena nālamettha ekaṃsena niṭṭhaṃ gantuṃ: ‘idameva saccaṃ, moghamaññan’”ti.

“Kittāvatā pana, bho gotama, sac­cā­nurak­khaṇā hoti, kittāvatā sacca­ma­nurak­khati? Sac­cā­nurak­kha­ṇaṃ mayaṃ bhavantaṃ gotamaṃ pucchāmā”ti. “Saddhā cepi, bhāradvāja, purisassa hoti; ‘evaṃ me saddhā’ti—iti vadaṃ sacca­ma­nurak­khati, na tveva tāva ekaṃsena niṭṭhaṃ gacchati: ‘idameva saccaṃ, moghamaññan’ti (). Ruci cepi, bhāradvāja, purisassa hoti … pe … anussavo cepi, bhāradvāja, purisassa hoti … pe … ākāra­pari­vitakko cepi, bhāradvāja, purisassa hoti … pe … diṭṭhi­nij­jhā­nak­khanti cepi, bhāradvāja, purisassa hoti; ‘evaṃ me diṭṭhi­nij­jhā­nak­khantī’ti—iti vadaṃ sacca­ma­nurak­khati, na tveva tāva ekaṃsena niṭṭhaṃ gacchati: ‘idameva saccaṃ, moghamaññan’ti. Ettāvatā kho, bhāradvāja, sac­cā­nurak­khaṇā hoti, ettāvatā sacca­ma­nurak­khati, ettāvatā ca mayaṃ sac­cā­nurak­kha­ṇaṃ paññapema; na tveva tāva saccānubodho hotī”ti.

“Ettāvatā, bho gotama, sac­cā­nurak­khaṇā hoti, ettāvatā sacca­ma­nurak­khati, ettāvatā ca mayaṃ sac­cā­nurak­kha­ṇaṃ pekkhāma. Kittāvatā pana, bho gotama, saccānubodho hoti, kittāvatā sacca­manu­buj­jhati? Saccānubodhaṃ mayaṃ bhavantaṃ gotamaṃ pucchāmā”ti. Idha, bhāradvāja, bhikkhu aññataraṃ gāmaṃ vā nigamaṃ vā upanissāya viharati. Tamenaṃ gahapati vā gahapatiputto vā upasaṅkamitvā tīsu dhammesu samannesati—lobhanīyesu dhammesu, dosanīyesu dhammesu, mohanīyesu dhammesu. Atthi nu kho imassāyasmato tathārūpā lobhanīyā dhammā yathārūpehi lobhanīyehi dhammehi ­pariyā­dinna­citto ajānaṃ vā vadeyya—jānāmīti, apassaṃ vā vadeyya—passāmīti, paraṃ vā tadatthāya samādapeyya yaṃ paresaṃ assa dīgharattaṃ ahitāya dukkhāyāti? Tamenaṃ samannesamāno evaṃ jānāti: ‘natthi kho imassāyasmato tathārūpā lobhanīyā dhammā yathārūpehi lobhanīyehi dhammehi ­pariyā­dinna­citto ajānaṃ vā vadeyya—jānāmīti, apassaṃ vā vadeyya—passāmīti, paraṃ vā tadatthāya samādapeyya yaṃ paresaṃ assa dīgharattaṃ ahitāya dukkhāya. Tathārūpo kho pani­massā­yasmato kāyasamācāro tathārūpo vacīsamācāro yathā taṃ aluddhassa. Yaṃ kho pana ayamāyasmā dhammaṃ deseti, gambhīro so dhammo duddaso duranubodho santo paṇīto atakkāvacaro nipuṇo ­paṇ­ḍita­veda­nīyo; na so dhammo sudesiyo luddhenā’ti.

Yato naṃ samannesamāno visuddhaṃ lobhanīyehi dhammehi samanupassati tato naṃ uttari samannesati dosanīyesu dhammesu. Atthi nu kho imassāyasmato tathārūpā dosanīyā dhammā yathārūpehi dosanīyehi dhammehi ­pariyā­dinna­citto ajānaṃ vā vadeyya—jānāmīti, apassaṃ vā vadeyya—passāmīti, paraṃ vā tadatthāya samādapeyya yaṃ paresaṃ assa dīgharattaṃ ahitāya dukkhāyāti? Tamenaṃ samannesamāno evaṃ jānāti: ‘natthi kho imassāyasmato tathārūpā dosanīyā dhammā yathārūpehi dosanīyehi dhammehi ­pariyā­dinna­citto ajānaṃ vā vadeyya—jānāmīti, apassaṃ vā vadeyya—passāmīti, paraṃ vā tadatthāya samādapeyya yaṃ paresaṃ assa dīgharattaṃ ahitāya dukkhāya. Tathārūpo kho pani­massā­yasmato kāyasamācāro tathārūpo vacīsamācāro yathā taṃ aduṭṭhassa. Yaṃ kho pana ayamāyasmā dhammaṃ deseti, gambhīro so dhammo duddaso duranubodho santo paṇīto atakkāvacaro nipuṇo ­paṇ­ḍita­veda­nīyo; na so dhammo sudesiyo duṭṭhenā’ti.

Yato naṃ samannesamāno visuddhaṃ dosanīyehi dhammehi samanupassati, tato naṃ uttari samannesati mohanīyesu dhammesu. Atthi nu kho imassāyasmato tathārūpā mohanīyā dhammā yathārūpehi mohanīyehi dhammehi ­pariyā­dinna­citto ajānaṃ vā vadeyya—jānāmīti, apassaṃ vā vadeyya—passāmīti, paraṃ vā tadatthāya samādapeyya yaṃ paresaṃ assa dīgharattaṃ ahitāya dukkhāyāti? Tamenaṃ samannesamāno evaṃ jānāti: ‘natthi kho imassāyasmato tathārūpā mohanīyā dhammā yathārūpehi mohanīyehi dhammehi ­pariyā­dinna­citto ajānaṃ vā vadeyya—jānāmīti, apassaṃ vā vadeyya—passāmīti, paraṃ vā tadatthāya samādapeyya yaṃ paresaṃ assa dīgharattaṃ ahitāya dukkhāya. Tathārūpo kho pani­massā­yasmato kāyasamācāro tathārūpo vacīsamācāro yathā taṃ amūḷhassa. Yaṃ kho pana ayamāyasmā dhammaṃ deseti, gambhīro so dhammo duddaso duranubodho santo paṇīto atakkāvacaro nipuṇo ­paṇ­ḍita­veda­nīyo; na so dhammo sudesiyo mūḷhenā’ti.

Yato naṃ samannesamāno visuddhaṃ mohanīyehi dhammehi samanupassati; atha tamhi saddhaṃ niveseti, saddhājāto upasaṅkamati, upasaṅkamanto payirupāsati, payirupāsanto sotaṃ odahati, ohitasoto dhammaṃ suṇāti, sutvā dhammaṃ dhāreti, dhatānaṃ dhammānaṃ atthaṃ upaparikkhati, atthaṃ upaparikkhato dhammā nijjhānaṃ khamanti, dhamma­nij­jhānak­khan­tiyā sati chando jāyati, chandajāto ussahati, ussahitvā tuleti, tulayitvā padahati, pahitatto samāno kāyena ceva paramasaccaṃ sacchikaroti paññāya ca naṃ ativijjha passati. Ettāvatā kho, bhāradvāja, saccānubodho hoti, ettāvatā sacca­manu­buj­jhati, ettāvatā ca mayaṃ saccānubodhaṃ paññapema; na tveva tāva saccānuppatti hotī”ti.

“Ettāvatā, bho gotama, saccānubodho hoti, ettāvatā sacca­manu­buj­jhati, ettāvatā ca mayaṃ saccānubodhaṃ pekkhāma. Kittāvatā pana, bho gotama, saccānuppatti hoti, kittāvatā sacca­manupā­puṇāti? Saccānuppattiṃ mayaṃ bhavantaṃ gotamaṃ pucchāmā”ti. “Tesaṃyeva, bhāradvāja, dhammānaṃ āsevanā bhāvanā bahulīkammaṃ saccānuppatti hoti. Ettāvatā kho, bhāradvāja, saccānuppatti hoti, ettāvatā sacca­manupā­puṇāti, ettāvatā ca mayaṃ saccānuppattiṃ paññapemā”ti.

“Ettāvatā, bho gotama, saccānuppatti hoti, ettāvatā sacca­manupā­puṇāti, ettāvatā ca mayaṃ saccānuppattiṃ pekkhāma. Sac­cānup­pattiyā pana, bho gotama, katamo dhammo bahukāro? Sac­cānup­pattiyā bahukāraṃ dhammaṃ mayaṃ bhavantaṃ gotamaṃ pucchāmā”ti. “Sac­cānup­pattiyā kho, bhāradvāja, padhānaṃ bahukāraṃ. No cetaṃ padaheyya, nayidaṃ sacca­manupā­puṇeyya. Yasmā ca kho padahati tasmā sacca­manupā­puṇāti. Tasmā sac­cānup­pattiyā padhānaṃ bahukāran”ti.

“Padhānassa pana, bho gotama, katamo dhammo bahukāro? Padhānassa bahukāraṃ dhammaṃ mayaṃ bhavantaṃ gotamaṃ pucchāmā”ti. “Padhānassa kho, bhāradvāja, tulanā bahukārā. No cetaṃ tuleyya, nayidaṃ padaheyya. Yasmā ca kho tuleti tasmā padahati. Tasmā padhānassa tulanā bahukārā”ti.

“Tulanāya pana, bho gotama, katamo dhammo bahukāro? Tulanāya bahukāraṃ dhammaṃ mayaṃ bhavantaṃ gotamaṃ pucchāmā”ti. “Tulanāya kho, bhāradvāja, ussāho bahukāro. No cetaṃ ussaheyya, nayidaṃ tuleyya. Yasmā ca kho ussahati tasmā tuleti. Tasmā tulanāya ussāho bahukāro”ti.

“Ussāhassa pana, bho gotama, katamo dhammo bahukāro? Ussāhassa bahukāraṃ dhammaṃ mayaṃ bhavantaṃ gotamaṃ pucchāmā”ti. “Ussāhassa kho, bhāradvāja, chando bahukāro. No cetaṃ chando jāyetha, nayidaṃ ussaheyya. Yasmā ca kho chando jāyati tasmā ussahati. Tasmā ussāhassa chando bahukāro”ti.

“Chandassa pana, bho gotama, katamo dhammo bahukāro? Chandassa bahukāraṃ dhammaṃ mayaṃ bhavantaṃ gotamaṃ pucchāmā”ti. “Chandassa kho, bhāradvāja, dhamma­nij­jhā­nak­khanti bahukārā. No cete dhammā nijjhānaṃ khameyyuṃ, nayidaṃ chando jāyetha. Yasmā ca kho dhammā nijjhānaṃ khamanti tasmā chando jāyati. Tasmā chandassa dhamma­nij­jhā­nak­khanti bahukārā”ti.

“Dhamma­nij­jhānak­khan­tiyā pana, bho gotama, katamo dhammo bahukāro? Dhamma­nij­jhānak­khan­tiyā bahukāraṃ dhammaṃ mayaṃ bhavantaṃ gotamaṃ pucchāmā”ti. “Dhamma­nij­jhānak­khan­tiyā kho, bhāradvāja, atthūpa­parik­khā bahukārā. No cetaṃ atthaṃ upaparikkheyya, nayidaṃ dhammā nijjhānaṃ khameyyuṃ. Yasmā ca kho atthaṃ upaparikkhati tasmā dhammā nijjhānaṃ khamanti. Tasmā dhamma­nij­jhānak­khan­tiyā atthūpa­parik­khā bahukārā”ti.

“Atthū­papa­rikkhāya pana, bho gotama, katamo dhammo bahukāro? Atthū­papa­rikkhāya bahukāraṃ dhammaṃ mayaṃ bhavantaṃ gotamaṃ pucchāmā”ti. “Atthū­papa­rikkhāya kho, bhāradvāja, dhammadhāraṇā bahukārā. No cetaṃ dhammaṃ dhāreyya, nayidaṃ atthaṃ upaparikkheyya. Yasmā ca kho dhammaṃ dhāreti tasmā atthaṃ upaparikkhati. Tasmā atthū­papa­rikkhāya dhammadhāraṇā bahukārā”ti.

“Dhamma­dhāra­ṇāya pana, bho gotama, katamo dhammo bahukāro? Dhamma­dhāra­ṇāya bahukāraṃ dhammaṃ mayaṃ bhavantaṃ gotamaṃ pucchāmā”ti. “Dhamma­dhāra­ṇāya kho, bhāradvāja, dhammassavanaṃ bahukāraṃ. No cetaṃ dhammaṃ suṇeyya, nayidaṃ dhammaṃ dhāreyya. Yasmā ca kho dhammaṃ suṇāti tasmā dhammaṃ dhāreti. Tasmā dhamma­dhāra­ṇāya dhammassavanaṃ bahukāran”ti.

“Dhammas­savanassa pana, bho gotama, katamo dhammo bahukāro? Dhammas­savanassa bahukāraṃ dhammaṃ mayaṃ bhavantaṃ gotamaṃ pucchāmā”ti. “Dhammas­savanassa kho, bhāradvāja, sotāvadhānaṃ bahukāraṃ. No cetaṃ sotaṃ odaheyya, nayidaṃ dhammaṃ suṇeyya. Yasmā ca kho sotaṃ odahati tasmā dhammaṃ suṇāti. Tasmā dhammas­savanassa sotāvadhānaṃ bahukāran”ti.

“Sotāvadhānassa pana, bho gotama, katamo dhammo bahukāro? Sotāvadhānassa bahukāraṃ dhammaṃ mayaṃ bhavantaṃ gotamaṃ pucchāmā”ti. “Sotāvadhānassa kho, bhāradvāja, payirupāsanā bahukārā. No cetaṃ payirupāseyya, nayidaṃ sotaṃ odaheyya. Yasmā ca kho payirupāsati tasmā sotaṃ odahati. Tasmā sotāvadhānassa payirupāsanā bahukārā”ti.

“Payirupāsanāya pana, bho gotama, katamo dhammo bahukāro? Payirupāsanāya bahukāraṃ dhammaṃ mayaṃ bhavantaṃ gotamaṃ pucchāmā”ti. “Payirupāsanāya kho, bhāradvāja, upasaṅkamanaṃ bahukāraṃ. No cetaṃ upasaṅkameyya, nayidaṃ payirupāseyya. Yasmā ca kho upasaṅkamati tasmā payirupāsati. Tasmā payirupāsanāya upasaṅkamanaṃ bahukāran”ti.

“Upa­saṅka­ma­nassa pana, bho gotama, katamo dhammo bahukāro? Upa­saṅka­ma­nassa bahukāraṃ dhammaṃ mayaṃ bhavantaṃ gotamaṃ pucchāmā”ti. “Upa­saṅka­ma­nassa kho, bhāradvāja, saddhā bahukārā. No cetaṃ saddhā jāyetha, nayidaṃ upasaṅkameyya. Yasmā ca kho saddhā jāyati tasmā upasaṅkamati. Tasmā upa­saṅka­ma­nassa saddhā bahukārā”ti.

“Sac­cā­nurak­kha­ṇaṃ mayaṃ bhavantaṃ gotamaṃ apucchimha, sac­cā­nurak­kha­ṇaṃ bhavaṃ gotamo byākāsi; tañca panamhākaṃ ruccati ceva khamati ca tena camha attamanā. Saccānubodhaṃ mayaṃ bhavantaṃ gotamaṃ apucchimha, saccānubodhaṃ bhavaṃ gotamo byākāsi; tañca panamhākaṃ ruccati ceva khamati ca tena camha attamanā. Saccānuppattiṃ mayaṃ bhavantaṃ gotamaṃ apucchimha, saccānuppattiṃ bhavaṃ gotamo byākāsi; tañca panamhākaṃ ruccati ceva khamati ca tena camha attamanā. Sac­cānup­pattiyā bahukāraṃ dhammaṃ mayaṃ bhavantaṃ gotamaṃ apucchimha, sac­cānup­pattiyā bahukāraṃ dhammaṃ bhavaṃ gotamo byākāsi; tañca panamhākaṃ ruccati ceva khamati ca tena camha attamanā. Yaṃyadeva ca mayaṃ bhavantaṃ gotamaṃ apucchimha taṃtadeva bhavaṃ gotamo byākāsi; tañca panamhākaṃ ruccati ceva khamati ca tena camha attamanā. Mayañhi, bho gotama, pubbe evaṃ jānāma: ‘ke ca muṇḍakā samaṇakā ibbhā kaṇhā bandhu­pādāpaccā, ke ca dhammassa aññātāro’ti? Ajanesi vata me bhavaṃ gotamo samaṇesu samaṇapemaṃ, samaṇesu samaṇapasādaṃ, samaṇesu samaṇagāravaṃ. Abhikkantaṃ, bho gotama … pe … upāsakaṃ maṃ bhavaṃ gotamo dhāretu ajjatagge pāṇupetaṃ saraṇaṃ gatan”ti.

Caṅkīsuttaṃ niṭṭhitaṃ pañcamaṃ.