Theravāda Vinaya

Bhik­khu­ni­vibhaṅga

­Nissag­giya­kaṇḍa

Pattavagga

1. Pat­tasanni­caya­sikkhā­pada

Ime kho panāyyāyo tiṃsa nissaggiyā pācittiyā
dhammā uddesaṃ āgacchanti.

Tena samayena buddho bhagavā sāvatthiyaṃ viharati jetavane anātha­piṇḍi­kassa ārāme. Tena kho pana samayena chabbaggiyā bhikkhuniyo bahū patte sannicayaṃ karonti. Manussā vihāracārikaṃ āhiṇḍantā passitvā ujjhāyanti khiyyanti vipācenti—“kathañhi nāma bhikkhuniyo bahū patte sannicayaṃ karissanti, pattavāṇijjaṃ vā bhikkhuniyo karissanti, āmattikāpaṇaṃ vā pasāressantī”ti.

Assosuṃ kho bhikkhuniyo tesaṃ manussānaṃ ujjhāyantānaṃ khiyyantānaṃ vipācentānaṃ. Yā tā bhikkhuniyo appicchā … pe … tā ujjhāyanti khiyyanti vipācenti—“kathañhi nāma chabbaggiyā bhikkhuniyo patta­sanni­cayaṃ karissantī”ti … pe … “saccaṃ kira, bhikkhave, chabbaggiyā bhikkhuniyo patta­sanni­cayaṃ karontī”ti? “Saccaṃ, bhagavā”ti. Vigarahi buddho bhagavā … pe … kathañhi nāma, bhikkhave, chabbaggiyā bhikkhuniyo patta­sanni­cayaṃ karissanti. Netaṃ, bhikkhave, appasannānaṃ vā pasādāya … pe … evañca pana, bhikkhave, bhikkhuniyo imaṃ sikkhāpadaṃ uddisantu—

“Yā pana bhikkhunī patta­sanni­cayaṃ kareyya, nissaggiyaṃ pācittiyan”ti. (1:26)

Yā panāti yā yādisā … pe … bhikkhunīti … pe … ayaṃ imasmiṃ atthe adhippetā bhikkhunīti.

Patto nāma dve pattā—ayopatto, mattikāpatto. Tayo pattassa vaṇṇā—ukkaṭṭho patto, majjhimo patto, omako patto. Ukkaṭṭho nāma patto aḍḍhāḷ­ha­kodanaṃ gaṇhāti catubhāgaṃ khādanaṃ tadupiyaṃ byañjanaṃ. Majjhimo nāma patto nāḷikodanaṃ gaṇhāti catubhāgaṃ khādanaṃ tadupiyaṃ byañjanaṃ. Omako nāma patto patthodanaṃ gaṇhāti catubhāgaṃ khādanaṃ tadupiyaṃ byañjanaṃ. Tato ukkaṭṭho apatto omako apatto.

Sannicayaṃ kareyyāti anadhiṭṭhito avikappito.

Nissaggiyo hotīti saha aruṇuggamanā nissaggiyo hoti. Nissajjitabbo saṃghassa vā gaṇassa vā ekabhikkhuniyā vā. Evañca pana, bhikkhave, nissajjitabbo. Tāya bhikkhuniyā saṃghaṃ upasaṅkamitvā ekaṃsaṃ uttarāsaṅgaṃ karitvā vuḍḍhānaṃ bhikkhunīnaṃ pāde vanditvā ukkuṭikaṃ nisīditvā añjaliṃ paggahetvā evamassa vacanīyo—“ayaṃ me, ayye, patto rattātikkanto nissaggiyo, imāhaṃ saṃghassa nissajjāmī”ti. Nissajjitvā āpatti desetabbā. Byattāya bhikkhuniyā paṭibalāya āpatti paṭiggahetabbā. Nissaṭṭhapatto dātabbo—

“Suṇātu me, ayye, saṃgho. Ayaṃ patto itthannāmāya bhikkhuniyā nissaggiyo saṃghassa nissaṭṭho. Yadi saṃghassa pattakallaṃ, saṃgho imaṃ pattaṃ itthannāmāya bhikkhuniyā dadeyyā”ti.

Tāya bhikkhuniyā sambahulā bhikkhuniyo upasaṅkamitvā ekaṃsaṃ uttarāsaṅgaṃ karitvā vuḍḍhānaṃ bhikkhunīnaṃ pāde vanditvā ukkuṭikaṃ nisīditvā añjaliṃ paggahetvā evamassu vacanīyā—“ayaṃ me, ayyāyo, patto rattātikkanto nissaggiyo, imāhaṃ ayyānaṃ nissajjāmī”ti. Nissajjitvā āpatti desetabbā. Byattāya bhikkhuniyā paṭibalāya āpatti paṭiggahetabbā. Nissaṭṭhapatto dātabbo—

“Suṇantu me, ayyāyo. Ayaṃ patto itthannāmāya bhikkhuniyā nissaggiyo ayyānaṃ nissaṭṭho. Yadi ayyānaṃ pattakallaṃ, ayyāyo, imaṃ pattaṃ itthannāmāya bhikkhuniyā dadeyyun”ti.

Tāya bhikkhuniyā ekaṃ bhikkhuniṃ upasaṅkamitvā ekaṃsaṃ uttarāsaṅgaṃ karitvā ukkuṭikaṃ nisīditvā añjaliṃ paggahetvā evamassa vacanīyā—“ayaṃ me, ayye, patto rattātikkanto nissaggiyo. Imāhaṃ ayyāya nissajjāmī”ti. Nissajjitvā āpatti desetabbā. Tāya bhikkhuniyā āpatti paṭiggahetabbā. Nissaṭṭhapatto dātabbo— “imaṃ pattaṃ ayyāya dammī”ti.

Rattātikkante atikkantasaññā, nissaggiyaṃ pācittiyaṃ. Rattātikkante vematikā, nissaggiyaṃ pācittiyaṃ. Rattātikkante anatik­kanta­saññā, nissaggiyaṃ pācittiyaṃ. Anadhiṭṭhite adhiṭṭhi­ta­saññā, nissaggiyaṃ pācittiyaṃ. Avikappite vikappitasaññā, nissaggiyaṃ pācittiyaṃ. Avissajjite vis­sajji­ta­saññā, nissaggiyaṃ pācittiyaṃ. Anaṭṭhe naṭṭhasaññā … avinaṭṭhe vinaṭṭhasaññā … abhinne bhinnasaññā … avilutte viluttasaññā, nissaggiyaṃ pācittiyaṃ.

Nissaggiyaṃ pattaṃ anissajjitvā paribhuñjati, āpatti dukkaṭassa. ­Rattāna­tik­kante atikkantasaññā, āpatti dukkaṭassa. ­Rattāna­tik­kante vematikā, āpatti dukkaṭassa. ­Rattāna­tik­kante anatik­kanta­saññā anāpatti.

Anāpatti—antoaruṇe adhiṭṭheti, vikappeti, vissajjeti, nassati, vinassati, bhijjati, acchinditvā gaṇhanti, vissāsaṃ gaṇhanti, ummattikāya, ādikammikāyāti.

Tena kho pana samayena chabbaggiyā bhikkhuniyo ­nissaṭ­ṭha­pattaṃ na denti. Bhagavato etamatthaṃ ārocesuṃ. “Na, bhikkhave, nissaṭṭhapatto na dātabbo. Yā na dadeyya, āpatti dukkaṭassā”ti.

Paṭha­ma­sikkhā­padaṃ niṭṭhitaṃ.