Theravāda Vinaya

Mahāvibhaṅga

­Nissag­giya­kaṇḍa

Cīvaravagga

1. Kathi­na­sikkhā­pada

Ime kho panāyasmanto tiṃsa nissaggiyā pācittiyā
dhammā uddesaṃ āgacchanti.

Tena samayena buddho bhagavā vesāliyaṃ viharati gotamake cetiye. Tena kho pana samayena bhagavatā bhikkhūnaṃ ticīvaraṃ anuññātaṃ hoti. Chabbaggiyā bhikkhū— “bhagavatā ticīvaraṃ anuññātan”ti aññeneva ticīvarena gāmaṃ pavisanti, aññena ticīvarena ārāme acchanti, aññena ticīvarena nahānaṃ otaranti. Ye te bhikkhū appicchā … pe … te ujjhāyanti khiyyanti vipācenti—“kathañhi nāma chabbaggiyā bhikkhū atirekacīvaraṃ dhāressantī”ti.

Atha kho te bhikkhū chabbaggiye bhikkhū aneka­pariyā­yena vigarahitvā bhagavato etamatthaṃ ārocesuṃ … pe … “saccaṃ kira tumhe, bhikkhave, atirekacīvaraṃ dhārethā”ti? “Saccaṃ, bhagavā”ti. Vigarahi buddho bhagavā … pe … kathañhi nāma tumhe, moghapurisā, atirekacīvaraṃ dhāressatha. Netaṃ, moghapurisā, appasannānaṃ vā pasādāya … pe … evañca pana, bhikkhave, imaṃ sikkhāpadaṃ uddiseyyātha—

“Yo pana bhikkhu atirekacīvaraṃ dhāreyya, nissaggiyaṃ pācittiyan”ti.

Evañcidaṃ bhagavatā bhikkhūnaṃ sikkhāpadaṃ paññattaṃ hoti.

Tena kho pana samayena āyasmato ānandassa atirekacīvaraṃ uppannaṃ hoti. Āyasmā ca ānando taṃ cīvaraṃ āyasmato sāriputtassa dātukāmo hoti. Āyasmā ca sāriputto sākete viharati. Atha kho āyasmato ānandassa etadahosi—“bhagavatā sikkhāpadaṃ paññattaṃ—‘na atirekacīvaraṃ dhāretabban’ti. Idañca me atirekacīvaraṃ uppannaṃ. Ahañcimaṃ cīvaraṃ āyasmato sāriputtassa dātukāmo. Āyasmā ca sāriputto sākete viharati. Kathaṃ nu kho mayā paṭi­pajji­tabban”ti? Atha kho āyasmā ānando bhagavato etamatthaṃ ārocesi. “Kīvaciraṃ panānanda, sāriputto āgacchissatī”ti? “Navamaṃ vā, bhagavā, divasaṃ dasamaṃ vā”ti. Atha kho bhagavā etasmiṃ nidāne etasmiṃ pakaraṇe dhammiṃ kathaṃ katvā bhikkhū āmantesi—“anujānāmi, bhikkhave, dasāhaparamaṃ atirekacīvaraṃ dhāretuṃ. Evañca pana, bhikkhave, imaṃ sikkhāpadaṃ uddiseyyātha—

“­Niṭṭhi­ta­cīvaras­miṃ bhikkhunā ubbhatasmiṃ kathine dasāhaparamaṃ atirekacīvaraṃ dhāretabbaṃ. Taṃ atikkāmayato nissaggiyaṃ pācittiyan”ti. (1:20)

­Niṭṭhi­ta­cīvaras­minti bhikkhuno cīvaraṃ kataṃ vā hoti naṭṭhaṃ vā vinaṭṭhaṃ vā daḍḍhaṃ vā cīvarāsā vā upacchinnā.

Ubbhatasmiṃ kathineti aṭṭhannaṃ mātikānaṃ aññatarāya mātikāya ubbhataṃ hoti, saṃghena vā antarā ubbhataṃ hoti.

Dasāhaparamanti dasāhaparamatā dhāretabbaṃ.

Atirekacīvaraṃ nāma anadhiṭṭhitaṃ avikappitaṃ.

Cīvaraṃ nāma channaṃ cīvarānaṃ aññataraṃ cīvaraṃ, vikappanupagaṃ pacchimaṃ.

Taṃ atikkāmayato nissaggiyaṃ hotīti ekādase aruṇuggamane nissaggiyaṃ hoti. Nissajjitabbaṃ saṃghassa vā gaṇassa vā puggalassa vā. Evañca pana, bhikkhave, nissajjitabbaṃ. Tena bhikkhunā saṃghaṃ upasaṅkamitvā ekaṃsaṃ uttarāsaṅgaṃ karitvā vuḍḍhānaṃ bhikkhūnaṃ pāde vanditvā ukkuṭikaṃ nisīditvā añjaliṃ paggahetvā evamassa vacanīyo—“idaṃ me, bhante, cīvaraṃ dasā­hātik­kantaṃ nissaggiyaṃ, imāhaṃ saṃghassa nissajjāmī”ti. Nissajjitvā āpatti desetabbā. Byattena bhikkhunā paṭibalena āpatti paṭiggahetabbā. ­Nissaṭ­ṭha­cīvaraṃ dātabbaṃ

“Suṇātu me, bhante, saṃgho. Idaṃ cīvaraṃ itthannāmassa bhikkhuno nissaggiyaṃ saṃghassa nissaṭṭhaṃ. Yadi saṃghassa pattakallaṃ, saṃgho imaṃ cīvaraṃ itthannāmassa bhikkhuno dadeyyā”ti.

Tena bhikkhunā sambahule bhikkhū upasaṅkamitvā ekaṃsaṃ uttarāsaṅgaṃ karitvā vuḍḍhānaṃ bhikkhūnaṃ pāde vanditvā ukkuṭikaṃ nisīditvā añjaliṃ paggahetvā evamassu vacanīyā—“idaṃ me, bhante, cīvaraṃ dasā­hātik­kantaṃ nissaggiyaṃ. Imāhaṃ āyasmantānaṃ nissajjāmī”ti. Nissajjitvā āpatti desetabbā. Byattena bhikkhunā paṭibalena āpatti paṭiggahetabbā. ­Nissaṭ­ṭha­cīvaraṃ dātabbaṃ—

“Suṇantu me āyasmantā. Idaṃ cīvaraṃ itthannāmassa bhikkhuno nissaggiyaṃ āyasmantānaṃ nissaṭṭhaṃ. Yadā­yasman­tānaṃ pattakallaṃ, āyasmantā imaṃ cīvaraṃ itthannāmassa bhikkhuno dadeyyun”ti.

Tena bhikkhunā ekaṃ bhikkhuṃ upasaṅkamitvā ekaṃsaṃ uttarāsaṅgaṃ karitvā ukkuṭikaṃ nisīditvā añjaliṃ paggahetvā evamassa vacanīyo—“idaṃ me, āvuso, cīvaraṃ dasā­hātik­kantaṃ nissaggiyaṃ. Imāhaṃ āyasmato nissajjāmī”ti. Nissajjitvā āpatti desetabbā. Tena bhikkhunā āpatti paṭiggahetabbā. ­Nissaṭ­ṭha­cīvaraṃ dātabbaṃ—“imaṃ cīvaraṃ āyasmato dammī”ti.

Dasāhātikkante atikkantasaññī, nissaggiyaṃ pācittiyaṃ. Dasāhātikkante vematiko, nissaggiyaṃ pācittiyaṃ. Dasāhātikkante anatik­kanta­saññī, nissaggiyaṃ pācittiyaṃ. Anadhiṭṭhite adhiṭṭhi­ta­saññī, nissaggiyaṃ pācittiyaṃ. Avikappite vikappitasaññī, nissaggiyaṃ pācittiyaṃ. Avissajjite vis­sajji­ta­saññī, nissaggiyaṃ pācittiyaṃ. Anaṭṭhe naṭṭhasaññī, nissaggiyaṃ pācittiyaṃ. Avinaṭṭhe vinaṭṭhasaññī, nissaggiyaṃ pācittiyaṃ. Adaḍḍhe daḍḍhasaññī, nissaggiyaṃ pācittiyaṃ. Avilutte viluttasaññī, nissaggiyaṃ pācittiyaṃ.

Nissaggiyaṃ cīvaraṃ anissajjitvā paribhuñjati, āpatti dukkaṭassa. ­Da­sāhā­na­tik­kante atikkantasaññī, āpatti dukkaṭassa. ­Da­sāhā­na­tik­kante vematiko, āpatti dukkaṭassa. ­Da­sāhā­na­tik­kante anatik­kanta­saññī, anāpatti.

Anāpatti—antodasāhaṃ adhiṭṭheti, vikappeti, vissajjeti, nassati, vinassati, ḍayhati, acchinditvā gaṇhanti, vissāsaṃ gaṇhanti, ummattakassa, ādi­kammi­kas­sāti.

Tena kho pana samayena chabbaggiyā bhikkhū ­nissaṭ­ṭha­cīvaraṃ na denti. Bhagavato etamatthaṃ ārocesuṃ. () “Na, bhikkhave, ­nissaṭ­ṭha­cīvaraṃ na dātabbaṃ. Yo na dadeyya, āpatti dukkaṭassā”ti.

Kathi­na­sikkhā­padaṃ niṭṭhitaṃ paṭhamaṃ.