Theravāda Vinaya

Mahāvibhaṅga

­Nissag­giya­kaṇḍa

Kosiyavagga

20. Kaya­vik­ka­ya­sikkhā­pada

Tena samayena buddho bhagavā sāvatthiyaṃ viharati jetavane anātha­piṇḍi­kassa ārāme. Tena kho pana samayena āyasmā upanando sakyaputto paṭṭo hoti cīvarakammaṃ kātuṃ. So paṭa­pi­lotikā­naṃ saṅghāṭiṃ karitvā surattaṃ supari­kamma­kataṃ katvā pārupi. Atha kho aññataro paribbājako mahagghaṃ paṭaṃ pārupitvā yenāyasmā upanando sakyaputto tenupasaṅkami; upasaṅkamitvā āyasmantaṃ upanandaṃ sakyaputtaṃ etadavoca—“sundarā kho tyāyaṃ, āvuso, saṅghāṭi; dehi me paṭenā”ti. “Jānāhi, āvuso”ti. “Āmāvuso, jānāmī”ti. “Handāvuso”ti, adāsi. Atha kho so paribbājako taṃ saṅghāṭiṃ pārupitvā parib­bāja­kā­rāmaṃ agamāsi. Paribbājakā taṃ paribbājakaṃ etadavocuṃ—“sundarā kho tyāyaṃ, āvuso, saṅghāṭi; kuto tayā laddhā”ti? “Tena me, āvuso, paṭena parivattitā”ti. “Katihipi tyāyaṃ, āvuso, saṅghāṭi bhavissati, soyeva te paṭo varo”ti.

Atha kho so paribbājako—“saccaṃ kho paribbājakā āhaṃsu—‘katihipi myāyaṃ saṅghāṭi bhavissati. Soyeva me paṭo varo’”ti yenāyasmā upanando sakyaputto tenupasaṅkami; upasaṅkamitvā āyasmantaṃ upanandaṃ sakyaputtaṃ etadavoca— “handa te, āvuso, saṅghāṭi; dehi me paṭan”ti. “Nanu tvaṃ, āvuso, mayā vutto— ‘jānāhi, āvuso’ti. Nāhaṃ dassāmī”ti. Atha kho so paribbājako ujjhāyati khiyyati vipāceti—“gihīpi naṃ gihissa vippaṭisārissa denti, kiṃ pana pabbajito pabbajitassa na dassatī”ti.

Assosuṃ kho bhikkhū tassa paribbājakassa ujjhāyantassa khiyyantassa vipācentassa. Ye te bhikkhū appicchā … pe … te ujjhāyanti khiyyanti vipācenti— “kathañhi nāma āyasmā upanando sakyaputto paribbājakena saddhiṃ kayavikkayaṃ samāpajjissatī”ti.

Atha kho te bhikkhū āyasmantaṃ upanandaṃ sakyaputtaṃ aneka­pariyā­yena vigarahitvā bhagavato etamatthaṃ ārocesuṃ … pe … “saccaṃ kira tvaṃ, upananda, paribbājakena saddhiṃ kayavikkayaṃ samāpajjasī”ti? “Saccaṃ, bhagavā”ti. Vigarahi buddho bhagavā … pe … kathañhi nāma tvaṃ, moghapurisa, paribbājakena saddhiṃ kayavikkayaṃ samāpajjissasi. Netaṃ, moghapurisa, appasannānaṃ vā pasādāya … pe … evañca pana, bhikkhave, imaṃ sikkhāpadaṃ uddiseyyātha—

“Yo pana bhikkhu nānappakārakaṃ kayavikkayaṃ samāpajjeyya, nissaggiyaṃ pācittiyan”ti. (20:39)

Yo panāti yo yādiso … pe … bhikkhūti … pe … ayaṃ imasmiṃ atthe adhippeto bhikkhūti.

Nānappakārakaṃ nāma cīvara­piṇḍa­pāta­se­nāsa­na­gilā­nappac­caya­bhesaj­ja­parik­khārā, antamaso cuṇṇapiṇḍopi dantakaṭṭhampi dasikasuttampi.

Kayavikkayaṃ samāpajjeyyāti iminā imaṃ dehi, iminā imaṃ āhara, iminā imaṃ parivattehi, iminā imaṃ cetāpehīti. Ajjhācarati, āpatti dukkaṭassa. Yato kayitañca hoti vikkayitañca attano bhaṇḍaṃ para­hattha­gataṃ parabhaṇḍaṃ attano hatthagataṃ, nissaggiyaṃ hoti. Nissajjitabbaṃ saṃghassa vā gaṇassa vā puggalassa vā. Evañca pana, bhikkhave, nissajjitabbaṃ … pe … “ahaṃ, bhante, nānappakārakaṃ kayavikkayaṃ samāpajjiṃ. Idaṃ me nissaggiyaṃ. Imāhaṃ saṃghassa nissajjāmī”ti … pe … dadeyyāti … pe … dadeyyunti … pe … āyasmato dammīti.

Kayavikkaye kaya­vik­ka­ya­saññī, nissaggiyaṃ pācittiyaṃ. Kayavikkaye vematiko, nissaggiyaṃ pācittiyaṃ. Kayavikkaye nakaya­vik­ka­ya­saññī, nissaggiyaṃ pācittiyaṃ.

Nakayavikkaye kaya­vik­ka­ya­saññī, āpatti dukkaṭassa. Nakayavikkaye vematiko, āpatti dukkaṭassa. Nakayavikkaye nakaya­vik­ka­ya­saññī, anāpatti.

Anāpatti—agghaṃ pucchati, kap­pi­ya­kārakassa ācikkhati, “idaṃ amhākaṃ atthi, amhākañca iminā ca iminā ca attho”ti bhaṇati, ummattakassa, ādi­kammi­kas­sāti.

Kaya­vik­ka­ya­sikkhā­padaṃ niṭṭhitaṃ dasamaṃ.
Kosiyavaggo dutiyo.

Tassuddānaṃ

Kosiyā suddhadvebhāgā,
chabbassāni nisīdanaṃ;
Dve ca lomāni uggaṇhe,
ubho ­nā­nappa­kā­ra­kāti.