Theravāda Vinaya

Mahāvibhaṅga

­Nissag­giya­kaṇḍa

Pattavagga

22. Ūnapañ­ca­bandha­na­sikkhā­pada

Tena samayena buddho bhagavā sakkesu viharati kapila­vatthus­miṃ nigrodhārāme. Tena kho pana samayena aññatarena kumbhakārena bhikkhū pavāritā honti—“yesaṃ ayyānaṃ pattena attho ahaṃ pattenā”ti. Tena kho pana samayena bhikkhū na mattaṃ jānitvā bahū patte viññāpenti. Yesaṃ khuddakā pattā te mahante patte viññāpenti. Yesaṃ mahantā pattā te khuddake patte viññāpenti. Atha kho so kumbhakāro bhikkhūnaṃ bahū patte karonto na sakkoti aññaṃ vikkāyikaṃ bhaṇḍaṃ kātuṃ, attanāpi na yāpeti, puttadārāpissa kilamanti. Manussā ujjhāyanti khiyyanti vipācenti—“kathañhi nāma samaṇā sakyaputtiyā na mattaṃ jānitvā bahū patte viññāpessanti. Ayaṃ imesaṃ bahū patte karonto na sakkoti aññaṃ vikkāyikaṃ bhaṇḍaṃ kātuṃ, attanāpi na yāpeti, puttadārāpissa kilamantī”ti.

Assosuṃ kho bhikkhū tesaṃ manussānaṃ ujjhāyantānaṃ khiyyantānaṃ vipācentānaṃ. Ye te bhikkhū appicchā … pe … te ujjhāyanti khiyyanti vipācenti—“kathañhi nāma bhikkhū na mattaṃ jānitvā bahū patte viññāpessantī”ti.

Atha kho te bhikkhū te aneka­pariyā­yena vigarahitvā bhagavato etamatthaṃ ārocesuṃ … pe … saccaṃ kira, bhikkhave, bhikkhū na mattaṃ jānitvā bahū patte viññāpentīti? “Saccaṃ, bhagavā”ti. Vigarahi buddho bhagavā … pe … kathañhi nāma te, bhikkhave, moghapurisā na mattaṃ jānitvā bahū patte viññāpessanti. Netaṃ, bhikkhave, appasannānaṃ vā pasādāya … pe … vigarahitvā dhammiṃ kathaṃ katvā bhikkhū āmantesi—“na, bhikkhave, patto viññāpetabbo. Yo viññāpeyya, āpatti dukkaṭassā”ti.

Tena kho pana samayena aññatarassa bhikkhuno patto bhinno hoti. Atha kho so bhikkhu—“bhagavatā paṭikkhittaṃ pattaṃ viññāpetun”ti kukkuccāyanto na viññāpeti. Hatthesu piṇḍāya carati. Manussā ujjhāyanti khiyyanti vipācenti— “kathañhi nāma samaṇā sakyaputtiyā hatthesu piṇḍāya carissanti, seyyathāpi titthiyā”ti.

Assosuṃ kho bhikkhū tesaṃ manussānaṃ ujjhāyantānaṃ khiyyantānaṃ vipācentānaṃ. Atha kho te bhikkhū bhagavato etamatthaṃ ārocesuṃ. Atha kho bhagavā etasmiṃ nidāne etasmiṃ pakaraṇe dhammiṃ kathaṃ katvā bhikkhū āmantesi—“anujānāmi, bhikkhave, naṭṭhapattassa vā bhinnapattassa vā pattaṃ viññāpetun”ti.

Tena kho pana samayena chabbaggiyā bhikkhū—“bhagavatā anuññātaṃ naṭṭhapattassa vā bhinnapattassa vā pattaṃ viññāpetun”ti appa­matta­kenapi bhinnena appa­matta­kenapi khaṇḍena vilikhi­ta­mat­tenapi bahū patte viññāpenti. Atha kho so kumbhakāro bhikkhūnaṃ tatheva bahū patte karonto na sakkoti aññaṃ vikkāyikaṃ bhaṇḍaṃ kātuṃ, attanāpi na yāpeti, puttadārāpissa kilamanti. Manussā tatheva ujjhāyanti khiyyanti vipācenti—“kathañhi nāma samaṇā sakyaputtiyā na mattaṃ jānitvā bahū patte viññāpessanti. Ayaṃ imesaṃ bahū patte karonto na sakkoti aññaṃ vikkāyikaṃ bhaṇḍaṃ kātuṃ, attanāpi na yāpeti, puttadārāpissa kilamantī”ti.

Assosuṃ kho bhikkhū tesaṃ manussānaṃ ujjhāyantānaṃ khiyyantānaṃ vipācentānaṃ. Ye te bhikkhū appicchā … pe … te ujjhāyanti khiyyanti vipācenti—“kathañhi nāma chabbaggiyā bhikkhū appa­matta­kenapi bhinnena appa­matta­kenapi khaṇḍena vilikhi­ta­mat­tenapi bahū patte viññāpessantī”ti.

Atha kho te bhikkhū chabbaggiye bhikkhū aneka­pariyā­yena vigarahitvā bhagavato etamatthaṃ ārocesuṃ … pe … “saccaṃ kira tumhe, bhikkhave, appa­matta­kenapi bhinnena appa­matta­kenapi khaṇḍena vilikhi­ta­mat­tenapi bahū patte viññāpethā”ti? “Saccaṃ, bhagavā”ti. Vigarahi buddho bhagavā … pe … kathañhi nāma tumhe, moghapurisā, appa­matta­kenapi bhinnena appa­matta­kenapi khaṇḍena vilikhi­ta­mat­tenapi bahū patte viññāpessatha. Netaṃ, moghapurisā, appasannānaṃ vā pasādāya … pe … evañca pana, bhikkhave, imaṃ sikkhāpadaṃ uddiseyyātha—

“Yo pana bhikkhu ūnapañ­ca­bandha­nena pattena aññaṃ navaṃ pattaṃ cetāpeyya, nissaggiyaṃ pācittiyaṃ. Tena bhikkhunā so patto ­bhik­khu­parisāya nissajjitabbo. Yo ca tassā ­bhik­khu­parisāya pattapariyanto so tassa bhikkhuno padātabbo—‘ayaṃ te, bhikkhu, patto yāva bhedanāya dhāretabbo’ti. Ayaṃ tattha sāmīcī”ti. (22:41)

Yo panāti yo yādiso … pe … bhikkhūti … pe … ayaṃ imasmiṃ atthe adhippeto bhikkhūti.

Ūnapañ­ca­bandhano nāma patto abandhano vā ekabandhano vā dvibandhano vā tibandhano vā catubandhano vā. Abandhanokāso nāma patto yassa dvaṅgulā rāji na hoti. Bandhanokāso nāma patto yassa dvaṅgulā rāji hoti. Navo nāma patto viññattiṃ upādāya vuccati.

Cetāpeyyāti viññāpeti, payoge dukkaṭaṃ. Paṭilābhena nissaggiyo hoti. Saṃghamajjhe nissajjitabbo. Sabbeheva adhiṭṭhi­ta­pattaṃ gahetvā sanni­pati­tab­baṃ. Na lāmako patto adhiṭṭhātabbo—“mahagghaṃ pattaṃ gahessāmī”ti. Sace lāmakaṃ pattaṃ adhiṭṭheti—“mahagghaṃ pattaṃ gahessāmī”ti, āpatti dukkaṭassa. Evañca pana, bhikkhave, nissajjitabbo. Tena bhikkhunā saṃghaṃ upasaṅkamitvā ekaṃsaṃ uttarāsaṅgaṃ karitvā vuḍḍhānaṃ bhikkhūnaṃ pāde vanditvā ukkuṭikaṃ nisīditvā añjaliṃ paggahetvā evamassa vacanīyo—“ayaṃ me, bhante, patto ūnapañ­ca­bandha­nena pattena cetāpito nissaggiyo. Imāhaṃ saṃghassa nissajjāmī”ti. Nissajjitvā āpatti desetabbā. Byattena bhikkhunā paṭibalena āpatti paṭiggahetabbā. Pañcahaṅgehi samannāgato bhikkhu pattaggāhāpako sammannitabbo— yo na chandāgatiṃ gaccheyya, na dosāgatiṃ gaccheyya, na mohāgatiṃ gaccheyya, na bhayāgatiṃ gaccheyya, gāhitā­gāhitañca jāneyya. “Evañca pana, bhikkhave, sammannitabbo. Paṭhamaṃ bhikkhu yācitabbo. Yācitvā byattena bhikkhunā paṭibalena saṃgho ñāpetabbo—

‘Suṇātu me, bhante, saṃgho. Yadi saṃghassa pattakallaṃ, saṃgho itthannāmaṃ bhikkhuṃ pattag­gāhā­pakaṃ sammanneyya. Esā ñatti.

Suṇātu me, bhante, saṃgho. Saṃgho itthannāmaṃ bhikkhuṃ pattag­gāhā­pakaṃ sammannati. Yassāyasmato khamati itthannāmassa bhikkhuno pattag­gāhā­pakassa sammuti, so tuṇhassa; yassa nakkhamati, so bhāseyya.

Sammato saṃghena itthannāmo bhikkhu pattaggāhāpako. Khamati saṃghassa, tasmā tuṇhī, evametaṃ dhārayāmī’”ti.

Tena sammatena bhikkhunā patto gāhetabbo. Thero vattabbo—“gaṇhātu, bhante, thero pattan”ti. Sace thero gaṇhāti, therassa patto dutiyassa gāhetabbo. Na ca tassa anuddayatāya na gahetabbo. Yo na gaṇheyya, āpatti dukkaṭassa. Apattakassa na gāhetabbo. Eteneva upāyena yāva saṃghanavakā gāhetabbo. Yo ca tassā ­bhik­khu­parisāya pattapariyanto, so tassa bhikkhuno padātabbo—“ayaṃ te, bhikkhu, patto yāva bhedanāya dhāretabbo”ti.

Tena bhikkhunā so patto na adese nikkhipitabbo, na abhogena bhuñjitabbo, na vissajjetabbo—“kathāyaṃ patto nasseyya vā vinasseyya vā bhijjeyya vā”ti? Sace adese vā nikkhipati abhogena vā bhuñjati vissajjeti vā, āpatti dukkaṭassa.

Ayaṃ tattha sāmīcīti ayaṃ tattha anudhammatā.

Abandhanena pattena abandhanaṃ pattaṃ cetāpeti, nissaggiyaṃ pācittiyaṃ. Abandhanena pattena ekabandhanaṃ pattaṃ cetāpeti, nissaggiyaṃ pācittiyaṃ. Abandhanena pattena dvibandhanaṃ pattaṃ cetāpeti, nissaggiyaṃ pācittiyaṃ. Abandhanena pattena tibandhanaṃ pattaṃ cetāpeti, nissaggiyaṃ pācittiyaṃ. Abandhanena pattena catubandhanaṃ pattaṃ cetāpeti, nissaggiyaṃ pācittiyaṃ.

Ekabandhanena pattena abandhanaṃ pattaṃ cetāpeti, nissaggiyaṃ pācittiyaṃ. Ekabandhanena pattena ekabandhanaṃ pattaṃ cetāpeti, nissaggiyaṃ pācittiyaṃ. Ekabandhanena pattena dvibandhanaṃ pattaṃ cetāpeti, nissaggiyaṃ pācittiyaṃ. Ekabandhanena pattena tibandhanaṃ pattaṃ cetāpeti, nissaggiyaṃ pācittiyaṃ. Ekabandhanena pattena catubandhanaṃ pattaṃ cetāpeti, nissaggiyaṃ pācittiyaṃ.

Dvibandhanena pattena abandhanaṃ pattaṃ cetāpeti, nissaggiyaṃ pācittiyaṃ. Dvibandhanena pattena ekabandhanaṃ pattaṃ … pe … dvibandhanaṃ pattaṃ … tibandhanaṃ pattaṃ … catubandhanaṃ pattaṃ cetāpeti, nissaggiyaṃ pācittiyaṃ.

Tibandhanena pattena abandhanaṃ pattaṃ … pe … ekabandhanaṃ pattaṃ dvibandhanaṃ pattaṃ … tibandhanaṃ pattaṃ … catubandhanaṃ pattaṃ cetāpeti, nissaggiyaṃ pācittiyaṃ.

Catubandhanena pattena abandhanaṃ pattaṃ … pe … ekabandhanaṃ pattaṃ … dvibandhanaṃ pattaṃ … tibandhanaṃ pattaṃ … catubandhanaṃ pattaṃ cetāpeti, nissaggiyaṃ pācittiyaṃ.

Abandhanena pattena abandhanokāsaṃ pattaṃ cetāpeti, nissaggiyaṃ pācittiyaṃ. Abandhanena pattena eka­bandha­nokāsaṃ pattaṃ … pe … dvi­ban­dha­nokāsaṃ pattaṃ … tiban­dhanokā­saṃ pattaṃ … catu­ban­dhanokā­saṃ pattaṃ cetāpeti, nissaggiyaṃ pācittiyaṃ.

Ekabandhanena pattena abandhanokāsaṃ pattaṃ … pe … eka­bandha­nokāsaṃ pattaṃ … dvi­ban­dha­nokāsaṃ pattaṃ … tiban­dhanokā­saṃ pattaṃ … catu­ban­dhanokā­saṃ pattaṃ cetāpeti, nissaggiyaṃ pācittiyaṃ.

Dvibandhanena pattena abandhanokāsaṃ pattaṃ … pe … catu­ban­dhanokā­saṃ pattaṃ cetāpeti, nissaggiyaṃ pācittiyaṃ.

Tibandhanena pattena abandhanokāsaṃ pattaṃ … pe … catu­ban­dhanokā­saṃ pattaṃ cetāpeti, nissaggiyaṃ pācittiyaṃ.

Catubandhanena pattena abandhanokāsaṃ pattaṃ … pe … eka­bandha­nokāsaṃ pattaṃ … dvi­ban­dha­nokāsaṃ pattaṃ … tiban­dhanokā­saṃ pattaṃ … catu­ban­dhanokā­saṃ pattaṃ cetāpeti, nissaggiyaṃ pācittiyaṃ.

Abandha­nokā­sena pattena abandhanaṃ pattaṃ cetāpeti, nissaggiyaṃ pācittiyaṃ. Abandha­nokā­sena pattena ekabandhanaṃ pattaṃ … pe … dvibandhanaṃ pattaṃ … tibandhanaṃ pattaṃ … catubandhanaṃ pattaṃ cetāpeti, nissaggiyaṃ pācittiyaṃ.

Catu­bandha­nokā­sena pattena abandhanaṃ pattaṃ cetāpeti, nissaggiyaṃ pācittiyaṃ. Catu­bandha­nokā­sena pattena ekabandhanaṃ pattaṃ … pe … dvibandhanaṃ pattaṃ … tibandhanaṃ pattaṃ … catubandhanaṃ pattaṃ cetāpeti, nissaggiyaṃ pācittiyaṃ.

Abandha­nokā­sena pattena abandhanokāsaṃ pattaṃ … pe … eka­bandha­nokāsaṃ pattaṃ … dvi­ban­dha­nokāsaṃ pattaṃ … tiban­dhanokā­saṃ pattaṃ … catu­ban­dhanokā­saṃ pattaṃ cetāpeti, nissaggiyaṃ pācittiyaṃ.

Catu­bandha­nokā­sena pattena abandhanokāsaṃ pattaṃ … pe … eka­bandha­nokāsaṃ pattaṃ … dvi­ban­dha­nokāsaṃ pattaṃ … tiban­dhanokā­saṃ pattaṃ … catu­ban­dhanokā­saṃ pattaṃ cetāpeti, nissaggiyaṃ pācittiyaṃ.

Anāpatti—naṭṭhapattassa, bhinnapattassa, ñātakānaṃ pavāritānaṃ, aññassatthāya, attano dhanena, ummattakassa, ādi­kammi­kas­sāti.

Ūnapañ­ca­bandha­na­sikkhā­padaṃ niṭṭhitaṃ dutiyaṃ.