Theravāda Vinaya

Mahāvibhaṅga

­Nissag­giya­kaṇḍa

Pattavagga

25. Cīvara­acchin­dana­sikkhā­pada

Tena samayena buddho bhagavā sāvatthiyaṃ viharati jetavane anātha­piṇḍi­kassa ārāme. Tena kho pana samayena āyasmā upanando sakyaputto bhātuno sad­dhi­vihā­ri­kaṃ bhikkhuṃ etadavoca—“ehāvuso, jana­pada­cārikaṃ pakkamissāmā”ti. “Nāhaṃ, bhante, gamissāmi; dubba­la­cīva­romhī”ti. “Ehāvuso, ahaṃ te cīvaraṃ dassāmī”ti tassa cīvaraṃ adāsi. Assosi kho so bhikkhu—“bhagavā kira jana­pada­cārikaṃ pakkamissatī”ti. Atha kho tassa bhikkhuno etadahosi—“na dānāhaṃ āyasmatā upanandena sakyaputtena saddhiṃ jana­pada­cārikaṃ pakkamissāmi, bhagavatā saddhiṃ jana­pada­cārikaṃ pakkamissāmī”ti. Atha kho āyasmā upanando sakyaputto taṃ bhikkhuṃ etadavoca—“ehi dāni, āvuso, jana­pada­cārikaṃ pakkamissāmā”ti. “Nāhaṃ, bhante, tayā saddhiṃ jana­pada­cārikaṃ pakkamissāmi, bhagavatā saddhiṃ jana­pada­cārikaṃ pakkamissāmī”ti. “Yampi tyāhaṃ, āvuso, cīvaraṃ adāsiṃ, mayā saddhiṃ jana­pada­cārikaṃ pakkamissatī”ti, kupito anattamano acchindi. Atha kho so bhikkhu bhikkhūnaṃ etamatthaṃ ārocesi. Ye te bhikkhū appicchā … pe … te ujjhāyanti khiyyanti vipācenti—“kathañhi nāma āyasmā upanando sakyaputto bhikkhussa sāmaṃ cīvaraṃ datvā kupito anattamano acchindissatī”ti.

Atha kho te bhikkhū āyasmantaṃ upanandaṃ sakyaputtaṃ aneka­pariyā­yena vigarahitvā bhagavato etamatthaṃ ārocesuṃ … pe … “saccaṃ kira tvaṃ, upananda, bhikkhussa sāmaṃ cīvaraṃ datvā kupito anattamano acchindī”ti? “Saccaṃ, bhagavā”ti. Vigarahi buddho bhagavā … pe … kathañhi nāma tvaṃ, moghapurisa, bhikkhussa sāmaṃ cīvaraṃ datvā kupito anattamano acchindissasi. Netaṃ, moghapurisa, appasannānaṃ vā pasādāya … pe … evañca pana, bhikkhave, imaṃ sikkhāpadaṃ uddiseyyātha—

“Yo pana bhikkhu bhikkhussa sāmaṃ cīvaraṃ datvā kupito anattamano acchindeyya vā acchindāpeyya vā, nissaggiyaṃ pācittiyan”ti. (25:44)

Yo panāti yo yādiso … pe … bhikkhūti … pe … ayaṃ imasmiṃ atthe adhippeto bhikkhūti.

Bhikkhussāti aññassa bhikkhussa.

Sāmanti sayaṃ datvā.

Cīvaraṃ nāma channaṃ cīvarānaṃ aññataraṃ cīvaraṃ, vikappanupagaṃ pacchimaṃ.

Kupito anattamanoti anabhiraddho āhatacitto khilajāto.

Acchindeyyāti sayaṃ acchindati, nissaggiyaṃ pācittiyaṃ.

Acchindāpeyyāti aññaṃ āṇāpeti, āpatti dukkaṭassa. Sakiṃ āṇatto bahukampi acchindati, nissaggiyaṃ hoti. Nissajjitabbaṃ saṃghassa vā gaṇassa vā puggalassa vā. Evañca pana, bhikkhave, nissajjitabbaṃ … pe … “idaṃ me, bhante, cīvaraṃ bhikkhussa sāmaṃ datvā acchinnaṃ nissaggiyaṃ imāhaṃ saṃghassa nissajjāmī”ti … pe … dadeyyāti … pe … dadeyyunti … pe … āyasmato dammīti.

Upasampanne upasam­panna­saññī cīvaraṃ datvā kupito anattamano acchindati vā acchindāpeti vā, nissaggiyaṃ pācittiyaṃ. Upasampanne vematiko cīvaraṃ datvā kupito anattamano acchindati vā acchindāpeti vā, nissaggiyaṃ pācittiyaṃ. Upasampanne anupa­sam­panna­saññī cīvaraṃ datvā kupito anattamano acchindati vā acchindāpeti vā, nissaggiyaṃ pācittiyaṃ.

Aññaṃ parikkhāraṃ datvā kupito anattamano acchindati vā acchindāpeti vā, āpatti dukkaṭassa. Anupa­sam­pannassa cīvaraṃ vā aññaṃ vā parikkhāraṃ datvā kupito anattamano acchindati vā acchindāpeti vā, āpatti dukkaṭassa. Anupasampanne upasam­panna­saññī, āpatti dukkaṭassa. Anupasampanne vematiko, āpatti dukkaṭassa. Anupasampanne anupa­sam­panna­saññī, āpatti dukkaṭassa.

Anāpatti—so vā deti, tassa vā vissasanto gaṇhāti, ummattakassa, ādi­kammi­kas­sāti.

Cīvara­acchin­dana­sikkhā­padaṃ niṭṭhitaṃ pañcamaṃ.