Theravāda Vinaya

Mahāvibhaṅga

Pācittiyakaṇḍa

Ovādavagga

21. Ovāda­sikkhā­pada

Tena samayena buddho bhagavā sāvatthiyaṃ viharati jetavane anātha­piṇḍi­kassa ārāme. Tena kho pana samayena therā bhikkhū bhikkhuniyo ovadantā lābhino honti cīvara­piṇḍa­pāta­se­nāsa­na­gilā­nappac­caya­bhesaj­ja­parik­khā­rā­naṃ. Atha kho chabbaggiyānaṃ bhikkhūnaṃ etadahosi—“etarahi kho, āvuso, therā bhikkhū bhikkhuniyo ovadantā lābhino honti cīvara­piṇḍa­pāta­se­nāsa­na­gilā­nappac­caya­bhesaj­ja­parik­khā­rā­naṃ. Handāvuso, mayampi bhikkhuniyo ovadāmā”ti. Atha kho chabbaggiyā bhikkhū bhikkhuniyo upasaṅkamitvā etadavocuṃ—“amhepi, bhaginiyo, upasaṅkamatha; mayampi ovadissāmā”ti.

Atha kho tā bhikkhuniyo yena chabbaggiyā bhikkhū tenu­pasaṅka­miṃsu; upasaṅkamitvā chabbaggiye bhikkhū abhivādetvā ekamantaṃ nisīdiṃsu. Atha kho chabbaggiyā bhikkhū bhikkhunīnaṃ parittaññeva dhammiṃ kathaṃ katvā divasaṃ tiracchā­na­kathāya vītināmetvā uyyojesuṃ—“gacchatha, bhaginiyo”ti. Atha kho tā bhikkhuniyo yena bhagavā tenu­pasaṅka­miṃsu; upasaṅkamitvā bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā ekamantaṃ aṭṭhaṃsu. Ekamantaṃ ṭhitā kho tā bhikkhuniyo bhagavā etadavoca—“kacci, bhikkhuniyo, ovādo iddho ahosī”ti? “Kuto, bhante, ovādo iddho bhavissati. Ayyā chabbaggiyā parittaññeva dhammiṃ kathaṃ katvā divasaṃ tiracchā­na­kathāya vītināmetvā uyyojesun”ti. Atha kho bhagavā tā bhikkhuniyo dhammiyā kathāya sandassesi samādapesi samuttejesi sampahaṃsesi. Atha kho tā bhikkhuniyo bhagavatā dhammiyā kathāya sandassitā samādapitā samuttejitā sampahaṃsitā bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā padakkhiṇaṃ katvā pakkamiṃsu.

Atha kho bhagavā etasmiṃ nidāne etasmiṃ pakaraṇe bhikkhusaṃghaṃ sannipātāpetvā chabbaggiye bhikkhū paṭipucchi—“saccaṃ kira tumhe, bhikkhave, bhikkhunīnaṃ parittaññeva dhammiṃ kathaṃ katvā divasaṃ tiracchā­na­kathāya vītināmetvā uyyojethā”ti? “Saccaṃ, bhagavā”ti. Vigarahi buddho bhagavā … pe … kathañhi nāma tumhe, moghapurisā, bhikkhunīnaṃ parittaññeva dhammiṃ kathaṃ katvā divasaṃ tiracchā­na­kathāya vītināmetvā uyyojessatha. Netaṃ, moghapurisā, appasannānaṃ vā pasādāya … pe … vigarahitvā … pe … dhammiṃ kathaṃ katvā bhikkhū āmantesi— “anujānāmi, bhikkhave, ­bhik­khu­novāda­kaṃ sammannituṃ. Evañca pana, bhikkhave, sammannitabbo. Paṭhamaṃ bhikkhu yācitabbo. Yācitvā byattena bhikkhunā paṭibalena saṃgho ñāpetabbo—

‘Suṇātu me, bhante, saṃgho. Yadi saṃghassa pattakallaṃ, saṃgho itthannāmaṃ bhikkhuṃ ­bhik­khu­novāda­kaṃ sammanneyya. Esā ñatti.

Suṇātu me, bhante, saṃgho. Saṃgho itthannāmaṃ bhikkhuṃ ­bhik­khu­novāda­kaṃ sammannati. Yassāyasmato khamati itthannāmassa bhikkhuno ­bhik­khu­novāda­kassa sammuti, so tuṇhassa; yassa nakkhamati, so bhāseyya.

Dutiyampi etamatthaṃ vadāmi … pe … tatiyampi etamatthaṃ vadāmi—suṇātu me, bhante, saṃgho. Saṃgho itthannāmaṃ bhikkhuṃ ­bhik­khu­novāda­kaṃ sammannati. Yassāyasmato khamati itthannāmassa bhikkhuno ­bhik­khu­novāda­kassa sammuti, so tuṇhassa; yassa nakkhamati, so bhāseyya.

Sammato saṃghena itthannāmo bhikkhu ­bhik­khu­novādako. Khamati saṃghassa, tasmā tuṇhī, evametaṃ dhārayāmī’”ti.

Atha kho bhagavā chabbaggiye bhikkhū aneka­pariyā­yena vigarahitvā dubbharatāya … pe … evañca pana, bhikkhave, imaṃ sikkhāpadaṃ uddiseyyātha—

“Yo pana bhikkhu asammato bhikkhuniyo ovadeyya pācittiyan”ti. (21:70)

Evañcidaṃ bhagavatā bhikkhūnaṃ sikkhāpadaṃ paññattaṃ hoti.

Tena kho pana samayena therā bhikkhū sammatā bhikkhuniyo ovadantā tatheva lābhino honti cīvara­piṇḍa­pāta­se­nāsa­na­gilā­nappac­caya­bhesaj­ja­parik­khā­rā­naṃ. Atha kho chabbaggiyānaṃ bhikkhūnaṃ etadahosi—“etarahi kho, āvuso, therā bhikkhū sammatā bhikkhuniyo ovadantā tatheva lābhino honti cīvara­piṇḍa­pāta­se­nāsa­na­gilā­nappac­caya­bhesaj­ja­parik­khā­rā­naṃ. Handāvuso, mayampi nissīmaṃ gantvā aññamaññaṃ ­bhik­khu­novāda­kaṃ sammannitvā bhikkhuniyo ovadāmā”ti. Atha kho chabbaggiyā bhikkhū nissīmaṃ gantvā aññamaññaṃ ­bhik­khu­novāda­kaṃ sammannitvā bhikkhuniyo upasaṅkamitvā etadavocuṃ—“mayampi, bhaginiyo, sammatā. Amhepi upasaṅkamatha. Mayampi ovadissāmā”ti.

Atha kho tā bhikkhuniyo yena chabbaggiyā bhikkhū tenu­pasaṅka­miṃsu; upasaṅkamitvā chabbaggiye bhikkhū abhivādetvā ekamantaṃ nisīdiṃsu. Atha kho chabbaggiyā bhikkhū bhikkhunīnaṃ parittaññeva dhammiṃ kathaṃ katvā divasaṃ tiracchā­na­kathāya vītināmetvā uyyojesuṃ—“gacchatha, bhaginiyo”ti. Atha kho tā bhikkhuniyo yena bhagavā tenu­pasaṅka­miṃsu; upasaṅkamitvā bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā ekamantaṃ aṭṭhaṃsu. Ekamantaṃ ṭhitā kho tā bhikkhuniyo bhagavā etadavoca—“kacci, bhikkhuniyo, ovādo iddho ahosī”ti? “Kuto, bhante, ovādo iddho bhavissati. Ayyā chabbaggiyā parittaññeva dhammiṃ kathaṃ katvā divasaṃ tiracchā­na­kathāya vītināmetvā uyyojesun”ti.

Atha kho bhagavā tā bhikkhuniyo dhammiyā kathāya sandassesi … pe … atha kho tā bhikkhuniyo bhagavatā dhammiyā kathāya sandassitā samādapitā samuttejitā sampahaṃsitā bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā padakkhiṇaṃ katvā pakkamiṃsu. Atha kho bhagavā etasmiṃ nidāne etasmiṃ pakaraṇe bhikkhusaṃghaṃ sannipātāpetvā chabbaggiye bhikkhū paṭipucchi—“saccaṃ kira tumhe, bhikkhave, bhikkhunīnaṃ parittaññeva dhammiṃ kathaṃ katvā divasaṃ tiracchā­na­kathāya vītināmetvā uyyojethā”ti? “Saccaṃ, bhagavā”ti. Vigarahi buddho bhagavā … pe … kathañhi nāma tumhe, moghapurisā, bhikkhunīnaṃ parittaññeva dhammiṃ kathaṃ katvā divasaṃ tiracchā­na­kathāya vītināmetvā uyyojessatha. Netaṃ, moghapurisā, appasannānaṃ vā pasādāya … pe … vigarahitvā … pe … dhammiṃ kathaṃ katvā bhikkhū āmantesi— “anujānāmi, bhikkhave, aṭṭhahaṅgehi samannāgataṃ bhikkhuṃ ­bhik­khu­novāda­kaṃ sammannituṃ. Sīlavā hoti, pāti­mokkha­saṃ­vara­saṃ­vuto viharati ācāra­gocara­sam­panno aṇumattesu vajjesu bhayadassāvī, samādāya sikkhati sikkhāpadesu; bahussuto hoti sutadharo sutasannicayo, ye te dhammā ādikalyāṇā majjhekalyāṇā pari­yosāna­kal­yāṇā sātthaṃ sabyañjanaṃ kevala­pari­puṇṇaṃ parisuddhaṃ brahmacariyaṃ abhivadanti tathārūpāssa dhammā bahussutā honti dhātā vacasā paricitā manasā anupekkhitā diṭṭhiyā suppaṭividdhā; ubhayāni kho panassa pātimokkhāni vitthārena svāgatāni honti suvibhattāni suppavattīni suvinicchitāni suttaso anubyañjanaso; kalyāṇavāco hoti kalyā­ṇa­vākka­raṇo; yebhuyyena bhikkhunīnaṃ piyo hoti manāpo; paṭibalo hoti bhikkhuniyo ovadituṃ; na kho panetaṃ bhagavantaṃ uddissa pabbajitāya kāsāya­vat­thava­sa­nāya garudhammaṃ ajjhāpan­na­pubbo hoti; vīsativasso vā hoti atire­ka­vīsa­ti­vasso vā—anujānāmi, bhikkhave, imehi aṭṭhahaṅgehi samannāgataṃ bhikkhuṃ ­bhik­khu­novāda­kaṃ sammannitun”ti.

Yo panāti yo yādiso … pe … bhikkhūti … pe … ayaṃ imasmiṃ atthe adhippeto bhikkhūti.

Asammato nāma ñatti­catut­thena kammena asammato.

Bhikkhuniyo nāma ubhatosaṃghe upasampannā.

Ovadeyyāti aṭṭhahi garudhammehi ovadati, āpatti pācittiyassa. Aññena dhammena ovadati, āpatti dukkaṭassa. Ekato­u­pasam­pannaṃ ovadati, āpatti dukkaṭassa.

Tena sammatena bhikkhunā pariveṇaṃ sammajjitvā pānīyaṃ paribhojanīyaṃ upaṭṭhāpetvā āsanaṃ paññapetvā dutiyaṃ gahetvā nisīditabbaṃ. Bhikkhunīhi tattha gantvā taṃ bhikkhuṃ abhivādetvā ekamantaṃ nisīditabbaṃ. Tena bhikkhunā pucchitabbā—“samaggāttha, bhaginiyo”ti? Sace “samaggāmhāyyā”ti bhaṇanti, “vattanti, bhaginiyo, aṭṭha garudhammā”ti? Sace “vattantāyyā”ti bhaṇanti, “eso, bhaginiyo, ovādo”ti niyyādetabbo. Sace “na vattantāyyā”ti bhaṇanti, osāretabbā. “ ­Vassasa­tū­pasam­pannāya bhikkhuniyā tada­hu­pasam­pannassa bhikkhuno abhivādanaṃ paccuṭṭhānaṃ añjalikammaṃ sāmīcikammaṃ kātabbaṃ; ayampi dhammo sakkatvā garukatvā mānetvā pūjetvā yāvajīvaṃ anatikkamanīyo. Na bhikkhuniyā abhikkhuke āvāse vassaṃ vasitabbaṃ; ayampi dhammo sakkatvā garukatvā mānetvā pūjetvā yāvajīvaṃ anatikkamanīyo. Anvaddhamāsaṃ bhikkhuniyā ­bhik­khu­saṃ­ghato dve dhammā paccāsīsitabbā uposa­tha­puccha­kañca ovā­dūpa­saṅka­ma­nañca, ayampi dhammo … pe … vassaṃ vuṭṭhāya bhikkhuniyā ubhatosaṃghe tīhi ṭhānehi pavāretabbaṃ diṭṭhena vā sutena vā parisaṅkāya vā; ayampi dhammo … pe … garudhammaṃ ajjhāpannāya bhikkhuniyā ubhatosaṃghe pakkhamānattaṃ caritabbaṃ; ayampi dhammo … pe … dve vassāni chasu dhammesu sikkhi­ta­sikkhāya sikkhamānāya ubhatosaṃghe upasampadā pariyesitabbā; ayampi dhammo … pe … na bhikkhuniyā kenaci pariyāyena bhikkhu akkositabbo paribhāsitabbo; ayampi dhammo … pe … ajjatagge ovaṭo bhikkhunīnaṃ bhikkhūsu vacanapatho, anovaṭo bhikkhūnaṃ bhikkhunīsu vacanapatho; ayampi dhammo sakkatvā garukatvā mānetvā pūjetvā yāvajīvaṃ anatikkamanīyo”ti.

Sace “samaggāmhāyyā”ti bhaṇantaṃ aññaṃ dhammaṃ bhaṇati, āpatti dukkaṭassa. Sace “vaggāmhāyyā”ti bhaṇantaṃ aṭṭha garudhamme bhaṇati, āpatti dukkaṭassa. Ovādaṃ aniyyādetvā aññaṃ dhammaṃ bhaṇati, āpatti dukkaṭassa.

Adhammakamme adhamma­kamma­saññī vaggaṃ ­bhik­khu­ni­saṃ­ghaṃ vaggasaññī ovadati, āpatti pācittiyassa. Adhammakamme adhamma­kamma­saññī vaggaṃ ­bhik­khu­ni­saṃ­ghaṃ vematiko ovadati, āpatti pācittiyassa. Adhammakamme adhamma­kamma­saññī vaggaṃ ­bhik­khu­ni­saṃ­ghaṃ samaggasaññī ovadati, āpatti pācittiyassa.

Adhammakamme vematiko vaggaṃ ­bhik­khu­ni­saṃ­ghaṃ vaggasaññī ovadati, āpatti pācittiyassa. Adhammakamme vematiko vaggaṃ ­bhik­khu­ni­saṃ­ghaṃ vematiko ovadati, āpatti pācittiyassa. Adhammakamme vematiko vaggaṃ ­bhik­khu­ni­saṃ­ghaṃ samaggasaññī ovadati, āpatti pācittiyassa.

Adhammakamme dhamma­kamma­saññī vaggaṃ ­bhik­khu­ni­saṃ­ghaṃ vaggasaññī ovadati, āpatti pācittiyassa. Adhammakamme dhamma­kamma­saññī vaggaṃ ­bhik­khu­ni­saṃ­ghaṃ vematiko ovadati, āpatti pācittiyassa. Adhammakamme dhamma­kamma­saññī vaggaṃ ­bhik­khu­ni­saṃ­ghaṃ samaggasaññī ovadati, āpatti pācittiyassa.

Adhammakamme adhamma­kamma­saññī samaggaṃ ­bhik­khu­ni­saṃ­ghaṃ vaggasaññī ovadati, āpatti pācittiyassa. Adhammakamme adhamma­kamma­saññī samaggaṃ ­bhik­khu­ni­saṃ­ghaṃ vematiko ovadati, āpatti pācittiyassa. Adhammakamme adhamma­kamma­saññī samaggaṃ ­bhik­khu­ni­saṃ­ghaṃ samaggasaññī ovadati, āpatti pācittiyassa.

Adhammakamme vematiko samaggaṃ ­bhik­khu­ni­saṃ­ghaṃ vaggasaññī ovadati … pe … vematiko ovadati … pe … samaggasaññī ovadati, āpatti pācittiyassa.

Adhammakamme dhamma­kamma­saññī samaggaṃ ­bhik­khu­ni­saṃ­ghaṃ vaggasaññī ovadati … pe … vematiko ovadati … pe … samaggasaññī ovadati, āpatti pācittiyassa.

Dhammakamme adhamma­kamma­saññī vaggaṃ ­bhik­khu­ni­saṃ­ghaṃ vaggasaññī ovadati, āpatti dukkaṭassa. Dhammakamme adhamma­kamma­saññī vaggaṃ ­bhik­khu­ni­saṃ­ghaṃ vematiko ovadati … pe … samaggasaññī ovadati, āpatti dukkaṭassa.

Dhammakamme vematiko vaggaṃ ­bhik­khu­ni­saṃ­ghaṃ vaggasaññī ovadati … pe … vematiko ovadati … pe … samaggasaññī ovadati, āpatti dukkaṭassa.

Dhammakamme dhamma­kamma­saññī vaggaṃ ­bhik­khu­ni­saṃ­ghaṃ vaggasaññī ovadati … pe … vematiko ovadati … pe … samaggasaññī ovadati, āpatti dukkaṭassa.

Dhammakamme adhamma­kamma­saññī samaggaṃ ­bhik­khu­ni­saṃ­ghaṃ vaggasaññī ovadati … pe … vematiko ovadati … pe … samaggasaññī ovadati, āpatti dukkaṭassa.

Dhammakamme vematiko samaggaṃ ­bhik­khu­ni­saṃ­ghaṃ vaggasaññī ovadati … pe … vematiko ovadati … pe … samaggasaññī ovadati, āpatti dukkaṭassa.

Dhammakamme dhamma­kamma­saññī samaggaṃ ­bhik­khu­ni­saṃ­ghaṃ vaggasaññī ovadati, āpatti dukkaṭassa. Dhammakamme dhamma­kamma­saññī samaggaṃ ­bhik­khu­ni­saṃ­ghaṃ vematiko ovadati, āpatti dukkaṭassa. Dhammakamme dhamma­kamma­saññī samaggaṃ ­bhik­khu­ni­saṃ­ghaṃ samaggasaññī ovadati, anāpatti.

Anāpatti—uddesaṃ dento, paripucchaṃ dento, “osārehi ayyā”ti vuccamāno, osāreti, pañhaṃ pucchati, pañhaṃ puṭṭho katheti, aññassatthāya bhaṇantaṃ bhikkhuniyo suṇanti, sikkhamānāya, sāmaṇeriyā, ummattakassa, ādi­kammi­kas­sāti.

Ovāda­sikkhā­padaṃ niṭṭhitaṃ paṭhamaṃ.