Theravāda Vinaya

Mahāvibhaṅga

Pācittiyakaṇḍa

Ovādavagga

27. Saṃ­vidhā­na­sikkhā­pada

Tena samayena buddho bhagavā sāvatthiyaṃ viharati jetavane anātha­piṇḍi­kassa ārāme. Tena kho pana samayena chabbaggiyā bhikkhū bhikkhunīhi saddhiṃ saṃvidhāya ekaddhā­na­maggaṃ paṭipajjanti. Manussā ujjhāyanti khiyyanti vipācenti—“yatheva mayaṃ sapajāpatikā āhiṇḍāma, evamevime samaṇā sakyaputtiyā bhikkhunīhi saddhiṃ saṃvidhāya āhiṇḍantī”ti.

Assosuṃ kho bhikkhū tesaṃ manussānaṃ ujjhāyantānaṃ khiyyantānaṃ vipācentānaṃ. Ye te bhikkhū appicchā … pe … te ujjhāyanti khiyyanti vipācenti—“kathañhi nāma chabbaggiyā bhikkhū bhikkhunīhi saddhiṃ saṃvidhāya ekaddhā­na­maggaṃ paṭi­pajjis­santī”ti … pe … “saccaṃ kira tumhe, bhikkhave, bhikkhunīhi saddhiṃ saṃvidhāya ekaddhā­na­maggaṃ paṭipajjathā”ti? “Saccaṃ, bhagavā”ti. Vigarahi buddho bhagavā … pe … kathañhi nāma tumhe, moghapurisā, bhikkhunīhi saddhiṃ saṃvidhāya ekaddhā­na­maggaṃ paṭi­pajjis­satha. Netaṃ, moghapurisā, appasannānaṃ vā pasādāya … pe … evañca pana, bhikkhave, imaṃ sikkhāpadaṃ uddiseyyātha.

“Yo pana bhikkhu bhikkhuniyā saddhiṃ saṃvidhāya ekaddhā­na­maggaṃ paṭipajjeyya, antamaso gāmantarampi, pācittiyan”ti.

Evañcidaṃ bhagavatā bhikkhūnaṃ sikkhāpadaṃ paññattaṃ hoti.

Tena kho pana samayena sambahulā bhikkhū ca bhikkhuniyo ca sāketā sāvatthiṃ addhā­na­maggap­paṭi­pannā honti. Atha kho tā bhikkhuniyo te bhikkhū etadavocuṃ— “mayampi ayyehi saddhiṃ gamissāmā”ti. “Na, bhaginī, kappati bhikkhuniyā saddhiṃ saṃvidhāya ekaddhā­na­maggaṃ paṭipajjituṃ. Tumhe vā paṭhamaṃ gacchatha mayaṃ vā gamissāmā”ti. “Ayyā, bhante, aggapurisā. Ayyāva paṭhamaṃ gacchantū”ti. Atha kho tāsaṃ bhikkhunīnaṃ pacchā gacchantīnaṃ antarāmagge corā acchindiṃsu ca dūsesuñca. Atha kho tā bhikkhuniyo sāvatthiṃ gantvā bhikkhunīnaṃ etamatthaṃ ārocesuṃ. Bhikkhuniyo bhikkhūnaṃ etamatthaṃ ārocesuṃ. Bhikkhū bhagavato etamatthaṃ ārocesuṃ.

Atha kho bhagavā etasmiṃ nidāne etasmiṃ pakaraṇe dhammiṃ kathaṃ katvā bhikkhū āmantesi—“anujānāmi, bhikkhave, satthagamanīye magge sāsaṅkasammate sappaṭibhaye bhikkhuniyā saddhiṃ saṃvidhāya ekaddhā­na­maggaṃ paṭipajjituṃ. Evañca pana, bhikkhave, imaṃ sikkhāpadaṃ uddiseyyātha—

“Yo pana bhikkhu bhikkhuniyā saddhiṃ saṃvidhāya ekaddhā­na­maggaṃ paṭipajjeyya, antamaso gāmantarampi, aññatra samayā, pācittiyaṃ. Tatthāyaṃ samayo. Satthagamanīyo hoti maggo sāsaṅkasammato sappaṭibhayo—ayaṃ tattha samayo”ti. (27:76)

Yo panāti yo yādiso … pe … bhikkhūti … pe … ayaṃ imasmiṃ atthe adhippeto bhikkhūti.

Bhikkhunī nāma ubhatosaṃghe upasampannā.

Saddhinti ekato.

Saṃvidhāyāti—“gacchāma, bhagini, gacchāmāyya; gacchāmāyya, gacchāma, bhagini; ajja vā hiyyo vā pare vā gacchāmā”ti saṃvidahati, āpatti dukkaṭassa.

Antamaso gāmantarampīti kukkuṭasampāte gāme, gāmantare gāmantare āpatti pācittiyassa. Agāmake araññe, addhayojane addhayojane āpatti pācittiyassa.

Aññatra samayāti ṭhapetvā samayaṃ.

Satthagamanīyo nāma maggo na sakkā hoti vinā satthena gantuṃ.

Sāsaṅkaṃ nāma tasmiṃ magge corānaṃ niviṭṭhokāso dissati, bhuttokāso dissati, ṭhitokāso dissati, nisinnokāso dissati, nipannokāso dissati.

Sappaṭibhayaṃ nāma tasmiṃ magge corehi manussā hatā dissanti, viluttā dissanti, ākoṭitā dissanti, sappaṭibhayaṃ gantvā appaṭibhayaṃ dassetvā uyyojetabbā—“gacchatha, bhaginiyo”ti.

Saṃvidahite saṃ­vida­hi­tasaññī ekaddhā­na­maggaṃ paṭipajjati, antamaso gāmantarampi, aññatra samayā, āpatti pācittiyassa. Saṃvidahite vematiko ekaddhā­na­maggaṃ paṭipajjati, antamaso gāmantarampi, aññatra samayā, āpatti pācittiyassa. Saṃvidahite, asaṃ­vida­hi­tasaññī ekaddhā­na­maggaṃ paṭipajjati, antamaso gāmantarampi, aññatra samayā, āpatti pācittiyassa.

Bhikkhu saṃvidahati bhikkhunī na saṃvidahati, āpatti dukkaṭassa. Asaṃvidahite saṃ­vida­hi­tasaññī, āpatti dukkaṭassa. Asaṃvidahite vematiko, āpatti dukkaṭassa. Asaṃvidahite asaṃ­vida­hi­tasaññī, anāpatti.

Anāpatti—samaye, asaṃvidahitvā gacchati, bhikkhunī saṃvidahati, bhikkhu na saṃvidahati, visaṅketena gacchanti, āpadāsu, ummattakassa, ādi­kammi­kas­sāti.

Saṃ­vidhā­na­sikkhā­padaṃ niṭṭhitaṃ sattamaṃ.