Theravāda Vinaya

Mahāvibhaṅga

Pācittiyakaṇḍa

Ovādavagga

28. Nāvābhiru­hana­sikkhā­pada

Tena samayena buddho bhagavā sāvatthiyaṃ viharati jetavane anātha­piṇḍi­kassa ārāme. Tena kho pana samayena chabbaggiyā bhikkhū bhikkhunīhi saddhiṃ saṃvidhāya ekaṃ nāvaṃ abhiruhanti. Manussā ujjhāyanti khiyyanti vipācenti— “yatheva mayaṃ sapajāpatikā nāvāya kīḷāma, evamevime samaṇā sakyaputtiyā bhikkhunīhi saddhiṃ saṃvidhāya nāvāya kīḷantī”ti.

Assosuṃ kho bhikkhū tesaṃ manussānaṃ ujjhāyantānaṃ khiyyantānaṃ vipācentānaṃ. Ye te bhikkhū appicchā … pe … te ujjhāyanti khiyyanti vipācenti—“kathañhi nāma chabbaggiyā bhikkhū bhikkhunīhi saddhiṃ saṃvidhāya ekaṃ nāvaṃ abhiruhissantī”ti … pe … “saccaṃ kira tumhe, bhikkhave, bhikkhunīhi saddhiṃ saṃvidhāya ekaṃ nāvaṃ abhiruhathā”ti? “Saccaṃ, bhagavā”ti. Vigarahi buddho bhagavā … pe … kathañhi nāma tumhe, moghapurisā, bhikkhunīhi saddhiṃ saṃvidhāya ekaṃ nāvaṃ abhiruhissatha. Netaṃ, moghapurisā, appasannānaṃ vā pasādāya … pe … evañca pana, bhikkhave, imaṃ sikkhāpadaṃ uddiseyyātha—

“Yo pana bhikkhu bhikkhuniyā saddhiṃ saṃvidhāya ekaṃ nāvaṃ abhiruheyya, uddhaṅgāminiṃ vā adhogāminiṃ vā, pācittiyan”ti.

Evañcidaṃ bhagavatā bhikkhūnaṃ sikkhāpadaṃ paññattaṃ hoti.

Tena kho pana samayena sambahulā bhikkhū ca bhikkhuniyo ca sāketā sāvatthiṃ addhā­na­maggap­paṭi­pannā honti. Antarāmagge nadī taritabbā hoti. Atha kho tā bhikkhuniyo te bhikkhū etadavocuṃ—“mayampi ayyehi saddhiṃ uttarissāmā”ti. “Na, bhaginī, kappati bhikkhuniyā saddhiṃ saṃvidhāya ekaṃ nāvaṃ abhiruhituṃ; tumhe vā paṭhamaṃ uttaratha mayaṃ vā uttarissāmā”ti. “Ayyā, bhante, aggapurisā. Ayyāva paṭhamaṃ uttarantū”ti. Atha kho tāsaṃ bhikkhunīnaṃ pacchā uttarantīnaṃ corā acchindiṃsu ca dūsesuñca. Atha kho tā bhikkhuniyo sāvatthiṃ gantvā bhikkhunīnaṃ etamatthaṃ ārocesuṃ. Bhikkhuniyo bhikkhūnaṃ etamatthaṃ ārocesuṃ. Bhikkhū bhagavato etamatthaṃ ārocesuṃ.

Atha kho bhagavā etasmiṃ nidāne etasmiṃ pakaraṇe dhammiṃ kathaṃ katvā bhikkhū āmantesi—“anujānāmi, bhikkhave, tiriyaṃ taraṇāya bhikkhuniyā saddhiṃ saṃvidhāya ekaṃ nāvaṃ abhiruhituṃ. Evañca pana, bhikkhave, imaṃ sikkhāpadaṃ uddiseyyātha—

“Yo pana bhikkhu bhikkhuniyā saddhiṃ saṃvidhāya ekaṃ nāvaṃ abhiruheyya uddhaṅgāminiṃ vā adhogāminiṃ vā, aññatra tiriyaṃ taraṇāya, pācittiyan”ti. (28:77)

Yo panāti yo yādiso … pe … bhikkhūti … pe … ayaṃ imasmiṃ atthe adhippeto bhikkhūti.

Bhikkhunī nāma ubhatosaṃghe upasampannā.

Saddhinti ekato.

Saṃvidhāyāti “abhiruhāma, bhagini, abhiruhāmāyya; abhiruhāmāyya, abhiruhāma, bhagini; ajja vā hiyyo vā pare vā abhiruhāmā”ti saṃvidahati āpatti dukkaṭassa.

Bhikkhuniyā abhiruḷhe bhikkhu abhiruhati, āpatti pācittiyassa. Bhikkhumhi abhiruḷhe bhikkhunī abhiruhati, āpatti pācittiyassa. Ubho vā abhiruhanti, āpatti pācittiyassa.

Uddhaṅgāmininti ujjavanikāya.

Adhogāmininti ojavanikāya.

Aññatra tiriyaṃ taraṇāyāti ṭhapetvā tiriyaṃ taraṇaṃ.

Kukkuṭasampāte gāme, gāmantare gāmantare āpatti pācittiyassa. Agāmake araññe, aḍḍhayojane aḍḍhayojane āpatti pācittiyassa.

Saṃvidahite saṃ­vida­hi­tasaññī ekaṃ nāvaṃ abhiruhati uddhaṅgāminiṃ vā adhogāminiṃ vā, aññatra tiriyaṃ taraṇāya, āpatti pācittiyassa. Saṃvidahite vematiko ekaṃ nāvaṃ abhiruhati uddhaṅgāminiṃ vā adhogāminiṃ vā, aññatra tiriyaṃ taraṇāya, āpatti pācittiyassa. Saṃvidahite asaṃ­vida­hi­tasaññī ekaṃ nāvaṃ abhiruhati uddhaṅgāminiṃ vā adhogāminiṃ vā, aññatra tiriyaṃ taraṇāya, āpatti pācittiyassa.

Bhikkhu saṃvidahati, bhikkhunī na saṃvidahati, āpatti dukkaṭassa. Asaṃvidahite saṃ­vida­hi­tasaññī, āpatti dukkaṭassa. Asaṃvidahite vematiko, āpatti dukkaṭassa. Asaṃvidahite, asaṃ­vida­hi­tasaññī, anāpatti.

Anāpatti—tiriyaṃ taraṇāya, asaṃvidahitvā abhiruhanti, bhikkhunī saṃvidahati, bhikkhu na saṃvidahati, visaṅketena abhiruhanti, āpadāsu ummattakassa, ādikammissāti.

Nāvābhiru­hana­sikkhā­padaṃ niṭṭhitaṃ aṭṭhamaṃ.