Theravāda Vinaya

Mahāvibhaṅga

Pācittiyakaṇḍa

Bhojanavagga

33. Param­para­bhoja­na­sikkhā­pada

Tena samayena buddho bhagavā vesāliyaṃ viharati mahāvane kūṭā­gāra­sālāyaṃ. Tena kho pana samayena vesāliyaṃ paṇītānaṃ bhattānaṃ bhattapaṭipāṭi adhiṭṭhitā hoti. Atha kho aññatarassa daliddassa kammakārassa etadahosi—“na kho idaṃ orakaṃ bhavissati yathayime manussā sakkaccaṃ bhattaṃ karonti; yannūnāhampi bhattaṃ kareyyan”ti. Atha kho so daliddo kammakāro yena kirapatiko tenupasaṅkami; upasaṅkamitvā taṃ kirapatikaṃ etadavoca—“icchāmahaṃ, ayyaputta, buddhap­pamu­khassa ­bhik­khu­saṃ­ghassa bhattaṃ kātuṃ. Dehi me vetanan”ti. Sopi kho kirapatiko saddho hoti pasanno. Atha kho so kirapatiko tassa daliddassa kammakārassa abbhātirekaṃ vetanaṃ adāsi. Atha kho so daliddo kammakāro yena bhagavā tenupasaṅkami; upasaṅkamitvā bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā ekamantaṃ nisīdi. Ekamantaṃ nisinno kho so daliddo kammakāro bhagavantaṃ etadavoca—“adhivāsetu me, bhante, bhagavā svātanāya bhattaṃ saddhiṃ ­bhik­khu­saṃ­ghenā”ti. “Mahā kho, āvuso, bhikkhusaṃgho, jānāhī”ti. “Hotu, bhante, mahā bhikkhusaṃgho. Bahū me badarā paṭiyattā badaramissena peyyā paripūrissantī”ti. Adhivāsesi bhagavā tuṇhībhāvena.

Atha kho so daliddo kammakāro bhagavato adhivāsanaṃ viditvā uṭṭhāyāsanā bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā padakkhiṇaṃ katvā pakkāmi. Assosuṃ kho bhikkhū— “daliddena kira kammakārena svātanāya buddhappamukho bhikkhusaṃgho nimantito, badaramissena peyyā paripūrissantī”ti. Te kālasseva piṇḍāya caritvā bhuñjiṃsu. Assosuṃ kho manussā—“daliddena kira kammakārena buddhappamukho bhikkhusaṃgho nimantito”ti. Te daliddassa kammakārassa pahūtaṃ khādanīyaṃ bhojanīyaṃ abhihariṃsu. Atha kho so daliddo kammakāro tassā rattiyā accayena paṇītaṃ khādanīyaṃ bhojanīyaṃ paṭiyādāpetvā bhagavato kālaṃ ārocāpesi—“kālo, bhante, niṭṭhitaṃ bhattan”ti.

Atha kho bhagavā pubbaṇ­ha­samayaṃ nivāsetvā patta­cīvara­mādāya yena tassa daliddassa kammakārassa nivesanaṃ tenupasaṅkami; upasaṅkamitvā paññatte āsane nisīdi saddhiṃ ­bhik­khu­saṃ­ghena. Atha kho so daliddo kammakāro bhattagge bhikkhū parivisati. Bhikkhū evamāhaṃsu—“thokaṃ, āvuso, dehi. Thokaṃ, āvuso, dehī”ti. “Mā kho tumhe, bhante, ‘ayaṃ daliddo kammakāro’ti thokaṃ thokaṃ paṭiggaṇhittha. Pahūtaṃ me khādanīyaṃ bhojanīyaṃ paṭiyattaṃ. Paṭiggaṇhatha, bhante, yāvadatthan”ti. “Na kho mayaṃ, āvuso, etaṃkāraṇā thokaṃ thokaṃ paṭiggaṇhāma. Api ca, mayaṃ kālasseva piṇḍāya caritvā bhuñjimhā; tena mayaṃ thokaṃ thokaṃ paṭiggaṇhāmā”ti.

Atha kho so daliddo kammakāro ujjhāyati khiyyati vipāceti—“kathañhi nāma bhadantā mayā nimantitā aññatra bhuñjissanti. Na cāhaṃ paṭibalo yāvadatthaṃ dātun”ti?

Assosuṃ kho bhikkhū tassa daliddassa kammakārassa ujjhāyantassa khiyyantassa vipācentassa. Ye te bhikkhū appicchā … pe … te ujjhāyanti khiyyanti vipācenti— “kathañhi nāma bhikkhū aññatra nimantitā aññatra bhuñjissantī”ti … pe … “saccaṃ kira, bhikkhave, bhikkhū aññatra nimantitā aññatra bhuñjantī”ti? “Saccaṃ, bhagavā”ti. Vigarahi buddho bhagavā … pe … kathañhi nāma te, bhikkhave, moghapurisā aññatra nimantitā aññatra bhuñjissanti. Netaṃ, bhikkhave, appasannānaṃ vā pasādāya … pe … evañca pana, bhikkhave, imaṃ sikkhāpadaṃ uddiseyyātha—

“Param­para­bhojane pācittiyan”ti.

Evañcidaṃ bhagavatā bhikkhūnaṃ sikkhāpadaṃ paññattaṃ hoti.

Tena kho pana samayena aññataro bhikkhu gilāno hoti. Aññataro bhikkhu piṇḍapātaṃ ādāya yena so bhikkhu tenupasaṅkami; upasaṅkamitvā taṃ bhikkhuṃ etadavoca—“bhuñjāhi, āvuso”ti. “Alaṃ, āvuso, atthi me bhattapaccāsā”ti. Tassa bhikkhuno piṇḍapāto ussūre āharīyittha. So bhikkhu na cittarūpaṃ bhuñji. Bhagavato etamatthaṃ ārocesuṃ. Atha kho bhagavā etasmiṃ nidāne etasmiṃ pakaraṇe dhammiṃ kathaṃ katvā bhikkhū āmantesi—“anujānāmi, bhikkhave, gilānena bhikkhunā param­para­bhoja­naṃ bhuñjituṃ. Evañca pana, bhikkhave, imaṃ sikkhāpadaṃ uddiseyyātha—

“Param­para­bhojane, aññatra samayā, pācittiyaṃ. Tatthāyaṃ samayo. Gilānasamayo— ayaṃ tattha samayo”ti.

Evañcidaṃ bhagavatā bhikkhūnaṃ sikkhāpadaṃ paññattaṃ hoti.

Tena kho pana samayena manussā cīvara­dāna­samaye sacīvara­bhattaṃ paṭiyādetvā bhikkhū nimantenti—“bhojetvā cīvarena acchādessāmā”ti. Bhikkhū kukkuccāyantā nādhivāsenti—“paṭikkhittaṃ bhagavatā param­para­bhoja­nan”ti. Cīvaraṃ parittaṃ uppajjati. Bhagavato etamatthaṃ ārocesuṃ … pe … anujānāmi, bhikkhave, cīvara­dāna­samaye param­para­bhoja­naṃ bhuñjituṃ. Evañca pana, bhikkhave, imaṃ sikkhāpadaṃ uddiseyyātha—

“Param­para­bhojane, aññatra samayā, pācittiyaṃ. Tatthāyaṃ samayo. Gilānasamayo, cīvara­dāna­samayo—ayaṃ tattha samayo”ti.

Evañcidaṃ bhagavatā bhikkhūnaṃ sikkhāpadaṃ paññattaṃ hoti.

Tena kho pana samayena manussā cīvarakārake bhikkhū bhattena nimantenti. Bhikkhū kukkuccāyantā nādhivāsenti—“paṭikkhittaṃ bhagavatā param­para­bhoja­nan”ti. Bhagavato etamatthaṃ ārocesuṃ … pe … anujānāmi, bhikkhave, cīvara­kāra­samaye param­para­bhoja­naṃ bhuñjituṃ. Evañca pana, bhikkhave, imaṃ sikkhāpadaṃ uddiseyyātha—

“Param­para­bhojane, aññatra samayā, pācittiyaṃ. Tatthāyaṃ samayo. Gilānasamayo, cīvara­dāna­samayo, cīvara­kāra­samayo—ayaṃ tattha samayo”ti. (33:82)

Evañcidaṃ bhagavatā bhikkhūnaṃ sikkhāpadaṃ paññattaṃ hoti.

Atha kho bhagavā pubbaṇ­ha­samayaṃ nivāsetvā patta­cīvara­mādāya āyasmatā ānandena pacchāsamaṇena yena aññataraṃ kulaṃ tenupasaṅkami; upasaṅkamitvā paññatte āsane nisīdi. Atha kho te manussā bhagavato ca āyasmato ca ānandassa bhojanaṃ adaṃsu. Āyasmā ānando kukkuccāyanto na paṭiggaṇhāti. “Gaṇhāhi, ānandā”ti. “Alaṃ, bhagavā, atthi me bhattapaccāsā”ti. “Tenahānanda, vikappetvā gaṇhāhī”ti. Atha kho bhagavā etasmiṃ nidāne etasmiṃ pakaraṇe dhammiṃ kathaṃ katvā bhikkhū āmantesi—“anujānāmi, bhikkhave, vikappetvā param­para­bhoja­naṃ bhuñjituṃ. Evañca pana, bhikkhave, vikappetabbaṃ—‘mayhaṃ bhattapaccāsaṃ itthannāmassa dammī’”ti.

Param­para­bhoja­naṃ nāma pañcannaṃ bhojanānaṃ aññatarena bhojanena nimantito, taṃ ṭhapetvā aññaṃ pañcannaṃ bhojanānaṃ aññataraṃ bhojanaṃ bhuñjati, etaṃ param­para­bhoja­naṃ nāma.

Aññatra samayāti ṭhapetvā samayaṃ.

Gilānasamayo nāma na sakkoti ekāsane nisinno yāvadatthaṃ bhuñjituṃ. “Gilānasamayo”ti bhuñjitabbaṃ.

Cīvara­dāna­samayo nāma anatthate kathine vassānassa pacchimo māso, atthate kathine pañca māsā. “Cīvara­dāna­samayo”ti bhuñjitabbaṃ.

Cīvara­kāra­samayo nāma cīvare kayiramāne. “Cīvara­kāra­samayo”ti bhuñjitabbaṃ.

“Aññatra samayā bhuñjissāmī”ti paṭiggaṇhāti, āpatti dukkaṭassa. Ajjhohāre ajjhohāre āpatti pācittiyassa.

Param­para­bhojane param­para­bhoja­na­saññī, aññatra samayā, bhuñjati, āpatti pācittiyassa. Param­para­bhojane vematiko, aññatra samayā, bhuñjati, āpatti pācittiyassa. Param­para­bhojane naparam­para­bhoja­na­saññī, aññatra samayā, bhuñjati, āpatti pācittiyassa.

Naparam­para­bhojane param­para­bhoja­na­saññī, āpatti dukkaṭassa. Naparam­para­bhojane vematiko, āpatti dukkaṭassa. Naparam­para­bhojane naparam­para­bhoja­na­saññī, anāpatti.

Anāpatti—samaye, vikappetvā bhuñjati, dve tayo nimantane ekato bhuñjati, nimanta­na­paṭi­pāṭiyā bhuñjati, sakalena gāmena nimantito tasmiṃ gāme yattha katthaci bhuñjati, sakalena pūgena nimantito tasmiṃ pūge yattha katthaci bhuñjati, nimantiyamāno bhikkhaṃ gahessāmīti bhaṇati, niccabhatte, salākabhatte, pakkhike, uposathike, pāṭipadike, pañca bhojanāni ṭhapetvā sabbattha anāpatti, ummattakassa, ādi­kammi­kas­sāti.

Param­para­bhoja­na­sikkhā­padaṃ niṭṭhitaṃ tatiyaṃ.