Theravāda Vinaya

Mahāvibhaṅga

Pācittiyakaṇḍa

Bhojanavagga

40. Danta­pona­sikkhā­pada

Tena samayena buddho bhagavā vesāliyaṃ viharati mahāvane kūṭā­gāra­sālāyaṃ. Tena kho pana samayena aññataro bhikkhu sabba­paṃsu­kūliko susāne viharati. So manussehi diyyamānaṃ na icchati paṭiggahetuṃ, susānepi rukkhamūlepi ummārepi ayya­vo­sāṭita­kāni sāmaṃ gahetvā paribhuñjati. Manussā ujjhāyanti khiyyanti vipācenti—“kathañhi nāma ayaṃ bhikkhu amhākaṃ ayya­vo­sāṭita­kāni sāmaṃ gahetvā pari­bhuñjis­sati. Theroyaṃ bhikkhu vaṭharo manussamaṃsaṃ maññe khādatī”ti.

Assosuṃ kho bhikkhū tesaṃ manussānaṃ ujjhāyantānaṃ khiyyantānaṃ vipācentānaṃ. Ye te bhikkhū appicchā … pe … te ujjhāyanti khiyyanti vipācenti—“kathañhi nāma bhikkhu adinnaṃ mukhadvāraṃ āhāraṃ āharissatī”ti … pe … “saccaṃ kira tvaṃ, bhikkhu, adinnaṃ mukhadvāraṃ āhāraṃ āharasī”ti? “Saccaṃ, bhagavā”ti. Vigarahi buddho bhagavā … pe … kathañhi nāma tvaṃ, moghapurisa, adinnaṃ mukhadvāraṃ āhāraṃ āharissasi. Netaṃ, moghapurisa, appasannānaṃ vā pasādāya … pe … evañca pana, bhikkhave, imaṃ sikkhāpadaṃ uddiseyyātha—

“Yo pana bhikkhu adinnaṃ mukhadvāraṃ āhāraṃ āhareyya, pācittiyan”ti.

Evañcidaṃ bhagavatā bhikkhūnaṃ sikkhāpadaṃ paññattaṃ hoti.

Tena kho pana samayena bhikkhū udakadantapone kukkuccāyanti. Bhagavato etamatthaṃ ārocesuṃ … pe … “anujānāmi, bhikkhave, udaka­danta­ponaṃ sāmaṃ gahetvā paribhuñjituṃ. Evañca pana, bhikkhave, imaṃ sikkhāpadaṃ uddiseyyātha—

“Yo pana bhikkhu adinnaṃ mukhadvāraṃ āhāraṃ āhareyya, aññatra udakadantaponā, pācittiyan”ti. (40:89)

Yo panāti yo yādiso … pe … bhikkhūti … pe … ayaṃ imasmiṃ atthe adhippeto bhikkhūti.

Adinnaṃ nāma appaṭig­gahita­kaṃ vuccati.

Dinnaṃ nāma kāyena vā kāyapaṭi­bad­dhena vā nissaggiyena vā dente hatthapāse ṭhito kāyena vā kāyapaṭi­bad­dhena vā paṭiggaṇhāti, etaṃ dinnaṃ nāma.

Āhāro nāma udaka­danta­ponaṃ ṭhapetvā yaṃ kiñci ajjhoharaṇīyaṃ, eso āhāro nāma.

Aññatra udakadantaponāti ṭhapetvā udaka­danta­ponaṃ.

“Khādissāmi bhuñjissāmī”ti gaṇhāti, āpatti dukkaṭassa. Ajjhohāre ajjhohāre āpatti pācittiyassa.

Appaṭig­gahitake appaṭig­gahita­kasaññī adinnaṃ mukhadvāraṃ āhāraṃ āhāreti, aññatra udakadantaponā, āpatti pācittiyassa. Appaṭig­gahitake vematiko adinnaṃ mukhadvāraṃ āhāraṃ āhāreti, aññatra udakadantaponā, āpatti pācittiyassa. Appaṭig­gahitake paṭig­gahita­kasaññī adinnaṃ mukhadvāraṃ āhāraṃ āhāreti, aññatra udakadantaponā, āpatti pācittiyassa.

Paṭiggahitake appaṭig­gahita­kasaññī, āpatti dukkaṭassa. Paṭiggahitake vematiko, āpatti dukkaṭassa. Paṭiggahitake paṭig­gahita­kasaññī, anāpatti.

Anāpatti—udakadantapone, cattāri mahāvikaṭāni sati paccaye asati kappiyakārake sāmaṃ gahetvā paribhuñjati, ummattakassa, ādi­kammi­kas­sāti.

Danta­pona­sikkhā­padaṃ niṭṭhitaṃ dasamaṃ.
Bhojanavaggo catuttho.

Tassuddānaṃ

Piṇḍo gaṇaṃ paraṃ pūvaṃ,
dve ca vuttā pavāraṇā;
Vikāle sannidhī khīraṃ,
dantaponena te dasāti.