Theravāda Vinaya

Mahāvibhaṅga

Pācittiyakaṇḍa

Saha­dham­mika­vagga

71. Saha­dham­mika­sikkhā­pada

Tena samayena buddho bhagavā kosambiyaṃ viharati ghositārāme. Tena kho pana samayena āyasmā channo anācāraṃ ācarati. Bhikkhū evamāhaṃsu—“māvuso channa, evarūpaṃ akāsi. Netaṃ kappatī”ti. So evaṃ vadeti—“na tāvāhaṃ, āvuso, etasmiṃ sikkhāpade sikkhissāmi yāva na aññaṃ bhikkhuṃ byattaṃ vinayadharaṃ paripucchāmī”ti.

Ye te bhikkhū appicchā … pe … te ujjhāyanti khiyyanti vipācenti—“kathañhi nāma āyasmā channo bhikkhūhi sahadhammikaṃ vuccamāno evaṃ vakkhati—‘na tāvāhaṃ, āvuso, etasmiṃ sikkhāpade sikkhissāmi yāva na aññaṃ bhikkhuṃ byattaṃ vinayadharaṃ paripucchāmī’”ti … pe … “saccaṃ kira tvaṃ, channa, bhikkhūhi sahadhammikaṃ vuccamāno evaṃ vadesi—‘na tāvāhaṃ, āvuso, etasmiṃ sikkhāpade sikkhissāmi yāva na aññaṃ bhikkhuṃ byattaṃ vinayadharaṃ paripucchāmī’”ti? “Saccaṃ, bhagavā”ti. Vigarahi buddho bhagavā … pe … kathañhi nāma tvaṃ, moghapurisa, bhikkhūhi sahadhammikaṃ vuccamāno evaṃ vakkhasi—‘na tāvāhaṃ, āvuso, etasmiṃ sikkhāpade sikkhissāmi yāva na aññaṃ bhikkhuṃ byattaṃ vinayadharaṃ paripucchāmī’ti. Netaṃ, moghapurisa, appasannānaṃ vā pasādāya … pe … evañca pana, bhikkhave, imaṃ sikkhāpadaṃ uddiseyyātha—

“Yo pana bhikkhu bhikkhūhi sahadhammikaṃ vuccamāno evaṃ vadeyya—‘na tāvāhaṃ, āvuso, etasmiṃ sikkhāpade sikkhissāmi yāva na aññaṃ bhikkhuṃ byattaṃ vinayadharaṃ paripucchāmī’ti, pācittiyaṃ. Sikkhamānena, bhikkhave, bhikkhunā aññātabbaṃ pari­pucchi­tab­baṃ pari­pañhi­tabbaṃ. Ayaṃ tattha sāmīcī”ti. (71:120)

Yo panāti yo yādiso … pe … bhikkhūti … pe … ayaṃ imasmiṃ atthe adhippeto bhikkhūti.

Bhikkhūhīti aññehi bhikkhūhi.

Sahadhammikaṃ nāma yaṃ bhagavatā paññattaṃ sikkhāpadaṃ etaṃ sahadhammikaṃ nāma. Tena vuccamāno evaṃ vadeti—“na tāvāhaṃ, āvuso, etasmiṃ sikkhāpade sikkhissāmi yāva na aññaṃ bhikkhuṃ byattaṃ vinayadharaṃ paripucchāmī”ti. Paṇḍitaṃ byattaṃ medhāviṃ bahussutaṃ dhammakathikaṃ paripucchāmīti bhaṇati, āpatti pācittiyassa.

Upasampanne upasam­panna­saññī evaṃ vadeti, āpatti pācittiyassa. Upasampanne vematiko evaṃ vadeti, āpatti pācittiyassa. Upasampanne anupa­sam­panna­saññī evaṃ vadeti, āpatti pācittiyassa.

Apaññattena vuccamāno—“idaṃ na sallekhāya na dhutatthāya na pāsādikatāya na apacayāya na vīriyārambhāya saṃvattatī”ti evaṃ vadeti, “na tāvāhaṃ, āvuso, etasmiṃ sikkhāpade sikkhissāmi yāva na aññaṃ bhikkhuṃ byattaṃ vinayadharaṃ paṇḍitaṃ medhāviṃ bahussutaṃ dhammakathikaṃ paripucchāmī”ti bhaṇati, āpatti dukkaṭassa.

Anupa­sam­pan­nena paññattena vā apaññattena vā vuccamāno—“idaṃ na sallekhāya na dhutatthāya na pāsādikatāya na apacayāya na vīriyārambhāya saṃvattatī”ti evaṃ vadeti, “na tāvāhaṃ, āvuso, etasmiṃ sikkhāpade sikkhissāmi yāva na aññaṃ bhikkhuṃ byattaṃ vinayadharaṃ paṇḍitaṃ medhāviṃ bahussutaṃ dhammakathikaṃ paripucchāmī”ti bhaṇati, āpatti dukkaṭassa. Anupasampanne upasam­panna­saññī, āpatti dukkaṭassa. Anupasampanne vematiko, āpatti dukkaṭassa. Anupasampanne anupa­sam­panna­saññī, āpatti dukkaṭassa.

Sikkhamānenāti sikkhitukāmena.

Aññātabbanti jānitabbaṃ.

Pari­pucchi­tab­banti “idaṃ, bhante, kathaṃ; imassa vā kvattho”ti?

Pari­pañhi­tabbanti cintetabbaṃ tulayitabbaṃ.

Ayaṃ tattha sāmīcīti ayaṃ tattha anudhammatā.

Anāpatti—“jānissāmi sikkhissāmī”ti bhaṇati, ummattakassa, ādi­kammi­kas­sāti.

Saha­dham­mika­sikkhā­padaṃ niṭṭhitaṃ paṭhamaṃ.