Theravāda Vinaya

Mahāvibhaṅga

Pācittiyakaṇḍa

Saha­dham­mika­vagga

82. Pari­ṇāma­na­sikkhā­pada

Tena samayena buddho bhagavā sāvatthiyaṃ viharati jetavane anātha­piṇḍi­kassa ārāme. Tena kho pana samayena sāvatthiyaṃ aññatarassa pūgassa saṃghassa sacīvara­bhattaṃ paṭiyattaṃ hoti—“bhojetvā cīvarena acchādessāmā”ti. Atha kho chabbaggiyā bhikkhū yena so pūgo tenu­pasaṅka­miṃsu; upasaṅkamitvā taṃ pūgaṃ etadavocuṃ—“dethāvuso, imāni cīvarāni imesaṃ bhikkhūnan”ti. “Na mayaṃ, bhante, dassāma. Amhākaṃ saṃghassa anuvassaṃ sacīvara­bhik­khā paññattā”ti. “Bahū, āvuso, saṃghassa dāyakā, bahū saṃghassa bhattā. Ime tumhe nissāya tumhe sampassantā idha viharanti. Tumhe ce imesaṃ na dassatha, atha ko carahi imesaṃ dassati? Dethāvuso, imāni cīvarāni imesaṃ bhikkhūnan”ti. Atha kho so pūgo chabbaggiyehi bhikkhūhi nippīḷiyamāno yathā­paṭi­yattaṃ cīvaraṃ chabbaggiyānaṃ bhikkhūnaṃ datvā saṃghaṃ bhattena parivisi. Ye te bhikkhū jānanti saṃghassa sacīvara­bhattaṃ paṭiyattaṃ “na ca jānanti chabbaggiyānaṃ bhikkhūnaṃ dinnan”ti te evamāhaṃsu—“oṇojethāvuso, saṃghassa cīvaran”ti. “Natthi, bhante. Yathā­paṭi­yattaṃ cīvaraṃ ayyā chabbaggiyā ayyānaṃ chabbaggiyānaṃ pariṇāmesun”ti.

Ye te bhikkhū appicchā … pe … te ujjhāyanti khiyyanti vipācenti—“kathañhi nāma chabbaggiyā bhikkhū jānaṃ saṃghikaṃ lābhaṃ pariṇataṃ puggalassa pariṇāmessantī”ti … pe … “saccaṃ kira tumhe, bhikkhave, jānaṃ saṃghikaṃ lābhaṃ pariṇataṃ puggalassa pariṇāmethā”ti? “Saccaṃ, bhagavā”ti. Vigarahi buddho bhagavā … pe … kathañhi nāma tumhe, moghapurisā, jānaṃ saṃghikaṃ lābhaṃ pariṇataṃ puggalassa pariṇāmessatha. Netaṃ, moghapurisā, appasannānaṃ vā pasādāya … pe … evañca pana, bhikkhave, imaṃ sikkhāpadaṃ uddiseyyātha—

“Yo pana bhikkhu jānaṃ saṃghikaṃ lābhaṃ pariṇataṃ puggalassa pariṇāmeyya, pācittiyan”ti. (82:131)

Yo panāti yo yādiso … pe … bhikkhūti … pe … ayaṃ imasmiṃ atthe adhippeto bhikkhūti.

Jānāti nāma sāmaṃ vā jānāti, aññe vā tassa ārocenti, so vā āroceti.

Saṃghikaṃ nāma saṃghassa dinnaṃ hoti pariccattaṃ.

Lābho nāma cīvara­piṇḍa­pāta­se­nāsa­na­gilā­nappac­caya­bhesaj­ja­parik­khārā, antamaso cuṇṇapiṇḍopi, dantakaṭṭhampi, dasikasuttampi.

Pariṇataṃ nāma “dassāma karissāmā”ti vācā bhinnā hoti, taṃ puggalassa pariṇāmeti, āpatti pācittiyassa.

Pariṇate pariṇatasaññī puggalassa pariṇāmeti, āpatti pācittiyassa. Pariṇate vematiko puggalassa pariṇāmeti, āpatti dukkaṭassa. Pariṇate apariṇatasaññī puggalassa pariṇāmeti, anāpatti. Saṃghassa pariṇataṃ aññasaṃghassa vā cetiyassa vā pariṇāmeti, āpatti dukkaṭassa. Cetiyassa pariṇataṃ aññacetiyassa vā saṃghassa vā puggalassa vā pariṇāmeti, āpatti dukkaṭassa. Puggalassa pariṇataṃ aññapuggalassa vā saṃghassa vā cetiyassa vā pariṇāmeti, āpatti dukkaṭassa. Apariṇate pariṇatasaññī, āpatti dukkaṭassa. Apariṇate vematiko, āpatti dukkaṭassa. Apariṇate apariṇatasaññī, anāpatti.

Anāpatti—“kattha demā”ti pucchīyamāno—“yattha tumhākaṃ deyyadhammo paribhogaṃ vā labheyya paṭisaṅkhāraṃ vā labheyya ciraṭṭhitiko vā assa yattha vā pana tumhākaṃ cittaṃ pasīdati tattha dethā”ti bhaṇati, ummattakassa, ādi­kammi­kas­sāti.

Pari­ṇāma­na­sikkhā­padaṃ niṭṭhitaṃ dvādasamaṃ.
Saha­dham­mika­vaggo aṭṭhamo.

Tassuddānaṃ

Sahadhamma vivaṇṇañca,
mohāpanaṃ pahārakaṃ;
Talasatti amūlañca,
sañcicca ca upassuti;
Paṭibāhana chandañca,
dabbañca pariṇāmananti.