Theravāda Vinaya

Mahāvibhaṅga

Pācittiyakaṇḍa

Ratanavagga

85. Vikāla­gāmap­pa­visa­na­sikkhā­pada

Tena samayena buddho bhagavā sāvatthiyaṃ viharati jetavane anātha­piṇḍi­kassa ārāme. Tena kho pana samayena chabbaggiyā bhikkhū vikāle gāmaṃ pavisitvā sabhāyaṃ nisīditvā anekavihitaṃ tiracchā­na­kathaṃ kathenti, seyyathidaṃ— rājakathaṃ corakathaṃ ­mahā­matta­kathaṃ senākathaṃ bhayakathaṃ yuddhakathaṃ annakathaṃ pānakathaṃ vatthakathaṃ sayanakathaṃ mālākathaṃ gandhakathaṃ ñātikathaṃ yānakathaṃ gāmakathaṃ nigamakathaṃ nagarakathaṃ janapadakathaṃ itthikathaṃ sūrakathaṃ visikhākathaṃ kum­bhaṭ­ṭhā­na­kathaṃ pubba­peta­kathaṃ nānattakathaṃ lokakkhāyikaṃ samud­dak­khā­yi­kaṃ iti­bhavā­bhava­kathaṃ iti vā. Manussā ujjhāyanti khiyyanti vipācenti—“kathañhi nāma samaṇā sakyaputtiyā vikāle gāmaṃ pavisitvā sabhāyaṃ nisīditvā anekavihitaṃ tiracchā­na­kathaṃ kathessanti, seyyathidaṃ—rājakathaṃ corakathaṃ … pe … iti­bhavā­bhava­kathaṃ iti vā, seyyathāpi gihī kāmabhogino”ti.

Assosuṃ kho bhikkhū tesaṃ manussānaṃ ujjhāyantānaṃ khiyyantānaṃ vipācentānaṃ. Ye te bhikkhū appicchā … pe … te ujjhāyanti khiyyanti vipācenti—“kathañhi nāma chabbaggiyā bhikkhū vikāle gāmaṃ pavisitvā sabhāyaṃ nisīditvā anekavihitaṃ tiracchā­na­kathaṃ kathessanti, seyyathidaṃ—rājakathaṃ corakathaṃ … pe … iti­bhavā­bhava­kathaṃ iti vā”ti … pe … “saccaṃ kira tumhe, bhikkhave, vikāle gāmaṃ pavisitvā sabhāyaṃ nisīditvā anekavihitaṃ tiracchā­na­kathaṃ kathetha, seyyathidaṃ—rājakathaṃ corakathaṃ … pe … iti­bhavā­bhava­kathaṃ iti vā”ti? “Saccaṃ, bhagavā”ti. Vigarahi buddho bhagavā … pe … kathañhi nāma tumhe, moghapurisā, vikāle gāmaṃ pavisitvā sabhāyaṃ nisīditvā anekavihitaṃ tiracchā­na­kathaṃ kathessatha, seyyathidaṃ—rājakathaṃ corakathaṃ … pe … iti­bhavā­bhava­kathaṃ iti vā. Netaṃ, moghapurisā, appasannānaṃ vā pasādāya … pe … evañca pana, bhikkhave, imaṃ sikkhāpadaṃ uddiseyyātha—

“Yo pana bhikkhu vikāle gāmaṃ paviseyya, pācittiyan”ti.

Evañcidaṃ bhagavatā bhikkhūnaṃ sikkhāpadaṃ paññattaṃ hoti.

Tena kho pana samayena sambahulā bhikkhū kosalesu janapade sāvatthiṃ gacchantā sāyaṃ aññataraṃ gāmaṃ upagacchiṃsu. Manussā te bhikkhū passitvā etadavocuṃ— “pavisatha, bhante”ti. Atha kho te bhikkhū—“bhagavatā paṭikkhittaṃ vikāle gāmaṃ pavisitun”ti kukkuccāyantā na pavisiṃsu. Corā te bhikkhū acchindiṃsu. Atha kho te bhikkhū sāvatthiṃ gantvā bhikkhūnaṃ etamatthaṃ ārocesuṃ. Bhikkhū bhagavato etamatthaṃ ārocesuṃ. Atha kho bhagavā etasmiṃ nidāne etasmiṃ pakaraṇe dhammiṃ kathaṃ katvā bhikkhū āmantesi—“anujānāmi, bhikkhave, āpucchā vikāle gāmaṃ pavisituṃ. Evañca pana, bhikkhave, imaṃ sikkhāpadaṃ uddiseyyātha—

“Yo pana bhikkhu anāpucchā vikāle gāmaṃ paviseyya, pācittiyan”ti.

Evañcidaṃ bhagavatā bhikkhūnaṃ sikkhāpadaṃ paññattaṃ hoti.

Tena kho pana samayena aññataro bhikkhu kosalesu janapade sāvatthiṃ gacchanto sāyaṃ aññataraṃ gāmaṃ upagacchi. Manussā taṃ bhikkhuṃ passitvā etadavocuṃ— “pavisatha, bhante”ti. Atha kho so bhikkhu—“bhagavatā paṭikkhittaṃ anāpucchā vikāle gāmaṃ pavisitun”ti kukkuccāyanto na pāvisi. Corā taṃ bhikkhuṃ acchindiṃsu. Atha kho so bhikkhu sāvatthiṃ gantvā bhikkhūnaṃ etamatthaṃ ārocesi. Bhikkhū bhagavato etamatthaṃ ārocesuṃ. Atha kho bhagavā etasmiṃ nidāne etasmiṃ pakaraṇe dhammiṃ kathaṃ katvā bhikkhū āmantesi—“anujānāmi, bhikkhave, santaṃ bhikkhuṃ āpucchā vikāle gāmaṃ pavisituṃ. Evañca pana, bhikkhave, imaṃ sikkhāpadaṃ uddiseyyātha—

“Yo pana bhikkhu santaṃ bhikkhuṃ anāpucchā vikāle gāmaṃ paviseyya, pācittiyan”ti.

Evañcidaṃ bhagavatā bhikkhūnaṃ sikkhāpadaṃ paññattaṃ hoti.

Tena kho pana samayena aññataro bhikkhu ahinā daṭṭho hoti. Aññataro bhikkhu “aggiṃ āharissāmī”ti gāmaṃ gacchati. Atha kho so bhikkhu—“bhagavatā paṭikkhittaṃ santaṃ bhikkhuṃ anāpucchā vikāle gāmaṃ pavisitun”ti kukkuccāyanto na pāvisi … pe … bhagavato etamatthaṃ ārocesuṃ. Atha kho bhagavā etasmiṃ nidāne etasmiṃ pakaraṇe dhammiṃ kathaṃ katvā bhikkhū āmantesi—“anujānāmi, bhikkhave, tathārūpe accāyike karaṇīye santaṃ bhikkhuṃ anāpucchā vikāle gāmaṃ pavisituṃ. Evañca pana, bhikkhave, imaṃ sikkhāpadaṃ uddiseyyātha—

“Yo pana bhikkhu santaṃ bhikkhuṃ anāpucchā vikāle gāmaṃ paviseyya, aññatra tathārūpā accāyikā karaṇīyā, pācittiyan”ti. (85:134)

Yo panāti yo yādiso … pe … bhikkhūti … pe … ayaṃ imasmiṃ atthe adhippeto bhikkhūti.

Santo nāma bhikkhu sakkā hoti āpucchā pavisituṃ.

Asanto nāma bhikkhu na sakkā hoti āpucchā pavisituṃ.

Vikālo nāma majjhanhike vītivatte yāva aruṇuggamanā.

Gāmaṃ paviseyyāti parikkhittassa gāmassa parikkhepaṃ atikkamantassa āpatti pācittiyassa. Aparik­khit­tassa gāmassa upacāraṃ okkamantassa āpatti pācittiyassa.

Aññatra tathārūpā accāyikā karaṇīyāti ṭhapetvā tathārūpaṃ accāyikaṃ karaṇīyaṃ.

Vikāle vikālasaññī santaṃ bhikkhuṃ anāpucchā gāmaṃ pavisati, aññatra tathārūpā accāyikā karaṇīyā, āpatti pācittiyassa. Vikāle vematiko santaṃ bhikkhuṃ anāpucchā gāmaṃ pavisati, aññatra tathārūpā accāyikā karaṇīyā, āpatti pācittiyassa. Vikāle kālasaññī santaṃ bhikkhuṃ anāpucchā gāmaṃ pavisati, aññatra tathārūpā accāyikā karaṇīyā, āpatti pācittiyassa.

Kāle vikālasaññī, āpatti dukkaṭassa. Kāle vematiko, āpatti dukkaṭassa. Kāle kālasaññī, anāpatti.

Anāpatti—tathārūpe accāyike karaṇīye, santaṃ bhikkhuṃ āpucchā pavisati, asantaṃ bhikkhuṃ anāpucchā pavisati, antarārāmaṃ gacchati, ­bhik­khu­nu­passa­yaṃ gacchati, titthiyaseyyaṃ gacchati, paṭikkamanaṃ gacchati, gāmena maggo hoti, āpadāsu, ummattakassa, ādi­kammi­kas­sāti.

Vikāla­gāmap­pa­visa­na­sikkhā­padaṃ niṭṭhitaṃ tatiyaṃ.