Theravāda Vinaya

Mahāvibhaṅga

Saṃ­ghā­di­sesa­kaṇḍa

3. Duṭṭhul­la­vācā­sikkhā­pada

Tena samayena buddho bhagavā sāvatthiyaṃ viharati jetavane anātha­piṇḍi­kassa ārāme. Tena kho pana samayena āyasmā udāyī araññe viharati. Tassāyasmato vihāro abhirūpo hoti dassanīyo pāsādiko. Tena kho pana samayena sambahulā itthiyo ārāmaṃ āgamaṃsu vihā­ra­pekkhi­kāyo. Atha kho tā itthiyo yenāyasmā udāyī tenu­pasaṅka­miṃsu; upasaṅkamitvā āyasmantaṃ udāyiṃ etadavocuṃ—“icchāma mayaṃ, bhante, ayyassa vihāraṃ pekkhitun”ti. Atha kho āyasmā udāyī tā itthiyo vihāraṃ pekkhāpetvā tāsaṃ itthīnaṃ vaccamaggaṃ passāvamaggaṃ ādissa vaṇṇampi bhaṇati avaṇṇampi bhaṇati yācatipi āyācatipi pucchatipi paṭipucchatipi ācikkhatipi anusāsatipi akkosatipi. Yā tā itthiyo chinnikā dhuttikā ahirikāyo tā āyasmatā udāyinā saddhiṃ uhasantipi ullapantipi ujjagghantipi uppaṇḍentipi. Yā pana tā itthiyo hirimanā tā nikkhamitvā bhikkhū ujjhāpenti—“idaṃ, bhante, nacchannaṃ nappatirūpaṃ. Sāmikenapi mayaṃ evaṃ vuttā na iccheyyāma, kiṃ panāyyena udāyinā”ti. Ye te bhikkhū appicchā … pe … te ujjhāyanti khiyyanti vipācenti— “kathañhi nāma āyasmā udāyī mātugāmaṃ duṭṭhullāhi vācāhi obhāsissatī”ti.

Atha kho te bhikkhū āyasmantaṃ udāyiṃ aneka­pariyā­yena vigarahitvā bhagavato etamatthaṃ ārocesuṃ. Atha kho bhagavā etasmiṃ nidāne etasmiṃ pakaraṇe bhikkhusaṃghaṃ sannipātāpetvā āyasmantaṃ udāyiṃ paṭipucchi—“saccaṃ kira tvaṃ, udāyi, mātugāmaṃ duṭṭhullāhi vācāhi obhāsasī”ti? “Saccaṃ, bhagavā”ti. Vigarahi buddho bhagavā—“ananucchavikaṃ, moghapurisa, ananulomikaṃ appatirūpaṃ assāmaṇakaṃ akappiyaṃ akaraṇīyaṃ. Kathañhi nāma tvaṃ, moghapurisa, mātugāmaṃ duṭṭhullāhi vācāhi obhāsissasi. Nanu mayā, moghapurisa, aneka­pariyā­yena virāgāya dhammo desito no sarāgāya … pe … kāma­pari­ḷāhā­naṃ vūpasamo akkhāto. Netaṃ, moghapurisa, appasannānaṃ vā pasādāya … pe … evañca pana, bhikkhave, imaṃ sikkhāpadaṃ uddiseyyātha—

“Yo pana bhikkhu otiṇṇo vipariṇatena cittena mātugāmaṃ duṭṭhullāhi vācāhi obhāseyya yathā taṃ yuvā yuvatiṃ methu­nu­pa­saṃhi­tāhi, saṃghādiseso”ti. (3:7)

Yo panāti yo yādiso … pe … bhikkhūti … pe … ayaṃ imasmiṃ atthe adhippeto bhikkhūti.

Otiṇṇo nāma sāratto apekkhavā paṭi­baddha­citto.

Vipariṇatanti rattampi cittaṃ vipariṇataṃ, duṭṭhampi cittaṃ vipariṇataṃ mūḷhampi cittaṃ vipariṇataṃ. Api ca rattaṃ cittaṃ imasmiṃ atthe adhippetaṃ vipariṇatanti.

Mātugāmo nāma manussitthī, na yakkhī, na petī, na tiracchānagatā. Viññū paṭibalā subhā­sita­dub­bhāsi­taṃ duṭṭhul­lā­duṭṭhul­laṃ ājānituṃ.

Duṭṭhullā nāma vācā vacca­magga­passā­va­magga­me­thuna­dhammap­paṭi­saṃ­yuttā vācā.

Obhāseyyāti ajjhācāro vuccati.

Yathā taṃ yuvā yuvatinti daharo dahariṃ, taruṇo taruṇiṃ, kāmabhogī kāmabhoginiṃ.

Methu­nu­pa­saṃhi­tāhīti methuna­dhammap­paṭi­saṃ­yuttāhi.

Saṃghādisesoti … pe … tenapi vuccati saṃghādisesoti.

Dve magge ādissa vaṇṇampi bhaṇati, avaṇṇampi bhaṇati, yācatipi, āyācatipi, pucchatipi, paṭipucchatipi, ācikkhatipi, anusāsatipi, akkosatipi.

Vaṇṇaṃ bhaṇati nāma dve magge thometi vaṇṇeti pasaṃsati.

Avaṇṇaṃ bhaṇati nāma dve magge khuṃseti vambheti garahati.

Yācati nāma dehi me, arahasi me dātunti.

Āyācati nāma kadā te mātā pasīdissati, kadā te pitā pasīdissati, kadā te devatāyo pasīdissanti, kadā sukhaṇo sulayo sumuhutto bhavissati, kadā te methunaṃ dhammaṃ labhissāmīti.

Pucchati nāma kathaṃ tvaṃ sāmikassa desi, kathaṃ jārassa desīti?

Paṭipucchati nāma evaṃ kira tvaṃ sāmikassa desi, evaṃ jārassa desīti.

Ācikkhati nāma puṭṭho bhaṇati—“evaṃ dehi. Evaṃ dentā sāmikassa piyā bhavissati manāpā cā”ti.

Anusāsati nāma apuṭṭho bhaṇati—“evaṃ dehi. Evaṃ dentā sāmikassa piyā bhavissati manāpā cā”ti.

Akkosati nāma animittāsi, nimittamattāsi, alohitāsi, dhuvalohitāsi, dhuvacoḷāsi, paggharantīsi, sikharaṇīsi, itthipaṇḍakāsi, vepurisikāsi, sambhinnāsi, ubhatob­yañ­janā­sīti.

Itthī ca hoti itthisaññī sāratto ca. Bhikkhu ca naṃ itthiyā vaccamaggaṃ passāvamaggaṃ ādissa vaṇṇampi bhaṇati avaṇṇampi bhaṇati yācatipi āyācatipi pucchatipi paṭipucchatipi ācikkhatipi anusāsatipi akkosatipi, āpatti saṃ­ghā­di­sesassa … pe ….

Dve itthiyo dvinnaṃ itthīnaṃ itthisaññī sāratto ca. Bhikkhu ca naṃ dvinnaṃ itthīnaṃ vaccamaggaṃ passāvamaggaṃ ādissa vaṇṇampi bhaṇati avaṇṇampi bhaṇati … pe … akkosatipi, āpatti dvinnaṃ saṃ­ghādi­sesānaṃ … pe ….

Itthī ca paṇḍako ca ubhinnaṃ itthisaññī sāratto ca. Bhikkhu ca naṃ ubhinnaṃ vaccamaggaṃ passāvamaggaṃ ādissa vaṇṇampi bhaṇati avaṇṇampi bhaṇati … pe … akkosatipi, āpatti saṃghādisesena dukkaṭassa … pe ….

Itthī ca hoti itthisaññī sāratto ca. Bhikkhu ca naṃ itthiyā vaccamaggaṃ passāvamaggaṃ ṭhapetvā adhakkhakaṃ ubbha­jāṇu­maṇḍa­laṃ ādissa vaṇṇampi bhaṇati avaṇṇampi bhaṇati … pe … akkosatipi, āpatti thullaccayassa … pe ….

Dve itthiyo dvinnaṃ itthīnaṃ itthisaññī sāratto ca. Bhikkhu ca naṃ dvinnaṃ itthīnaṃ vaccamaggaṃ passāvamaggaṃ ṭhapetvā adhakkhakaṃ ubbha­jāṇu­maṇḍa­laṃ ādissa vaṇṇampi bhaṇati avaṇṇampi bhaṇati … pe … akkosatipi, āpatti dvinnaṃ thullaccayānaṃ … pe ….

Itthī ca paṇḍako ca ubhinnaṃ itthisaññī sāratto ca. Bhikkhu ca naṃ ubhinnaṃ vaccamaggaṃ passāvamaggaṃ ṭhapetvā adhakkhakaṃ ubbha­jāṇu­maṇḍa­laṃ ādissa vaṇṇampi bhaṇati avaṇṇampi bhaṇati … pe … akkosatipi, āpatti thullaccayena dukkaṭassa … pe ….

Itthī ca hoti itthisaññī sāratto ca. Bhikkhu ca naṃ itthiyā ubbhakkhakaṃ adho­jāṇu­maṇḍa­laṃ ādissa vaṇṇampi bhaṇati avaṇṇampi bhaṇati … pe … akkosatipi, āpatti dukkaṭassa … pe ….

Dve itthiyo dvinnaṃ itthīnaṃ itthisaññī sāratto ca. Bhikkhu ca naṃ dvinnaṃ itthīnaṃ ubbhakkhakaṃ adho­jāṇu­maṇḍa­laṃ ādissa vaṇṇampi bhaṇati avaṇṇampi bhaṇati … pe … akkosatipi, āpatti dvinnaṃ dukkaṭānaṃ … pe ….

Itthī ca paṇḍako ca ubhinnaṃ itthisaññī sāratto ca. Bhikkhu ca naṃ ubhinnaṃ ubbhakkhakaṃ adho­jāṇu­maṇḍa­laṃ ādissa vaṇṇampi bhaṇati avaṇṇampi bhaṇati … pe … akkosatipi, āpatti dvinnaṃ dukkaṭānaṃ … pe ….

Itthī ca hoti itthisaññī sāratto ca. Bhikkhu ca naṃ itthiyā kāyapaṭi­baddhaṃ ādissa vaṇṇampi bhaṇati avaṇṇampi bhaṇati … pe … akkosatipi, āpatti dukkaṭassa … pe ….

Dve itthiyo dvinnaṃ itthīnaṃ itthisaññī sāratto ca. Bhikkhu ca naṃ dvinnaṃ itthīnaṃ kāyapaṭi­baddhaṃ ādissa vaṇṇampi bhaṇati avaṇṇampi bhaṇati … pe … akkosatipi, āpatti dvinnaṃ dukkaṭānaṃ … pe ….

Itthī ca paṇḍako ca ubhinnaṃ itthisaññī sāratto ca. Bhikkhu ca naṃ ubhinnaṃ kāyapaṭi­baddhaṃ ādissa vaṇṇampi bhaṇati avaṇṇampi bhaṇati … pe … akkosatipi, āpatti dvinnaṃ dukkaṭānaṃ … pe ….

Anāpatti—attha­purek­khā­rassa, dhamma­purek­khā­rassa, anu­sāsa­ni­purek­khā­rassa, ummattakassa, ādi­kammi­kas­sāti.

3.1. Vinīta­vatthu­uddāna­gāthā

Lohitaṃ kakkasākiṇṇaṃ,
kharaṃ dīghañca vāpitaṃ;
Kacci saṃsīdati maggo,
saddhā dānena kammunāti.

3.2. Vinītavatthu

Tena kho pana samayena aññatarā itthī navarattaṃ kambalaṃ pārutā hoti. Aññataro bhikkhu sāratto taṃ itthiṃ etadavoca—“lohitaṃ kho te, bhaginī”ti. Sā na paṭivijāni. “Āmāyya, navaratto kambalo”ti. Tassa kukkuccaṃ ahosi “bhagavatā sikkhāpadaṃ paññattaṃ, kacci nu kho ahaṃ saṃghādisesaṃ āpattiṃ āpanno”ti? Bhagavato etamatthaṃ ārocesi. “Anāpatti, bhikkhu, saṃ­ghā­di­sesassa; āpatti dukkaṭassā”ti. (1)

Tena kho pana samayena aññatarā itthī kharakambalaṃ pārutā hoti. Aññataro bhikkhu sāratto taṃ itthiṃ etadavoca—“kakkasalomaṃ kho te, bhaginī”ti. Sā na paṭivijāni. “Āmāyya, kharakambalo”ti. Tassa kukkuccaṃ ahosi … pe … “anāpatti, bhikkhu, saṃ­ghā­di­sesassa; āpatti dukkaṭassā”ti. (2)

Tena kho pana samayena aññatarā itthī navāvutaṃ kambalaṃ pārutā hoti. Aññataro bhikkhu sāratto taṃ itthiṃ etadavoca—“ākiṇṇalomaṃ kho te, bhaginī”ti. Sā na paṭivijāni. “Āmāyya, navāvuto kambalo”ti. Tassa kukkuccaṃ ahosi … pe … “anāpatti, bhikkhu, saṃ­ghā­di­sesassa; āpatti dukkaṭassā”ti. (3)

Tena kho pana samayena aññatarā itthī kha­ra­kam­balakaṃ pārutā hoti. Aññataro bhikkhu sāratto taṃ itthiṃ etadavoca—“kharalomaṃ kho te, bhaginī”ti. Sā na paṭivijāni. “Āmāyya, kharakambalako”ti. Tassa kukkuccaṃ ahosi … pe … “anāpatti, bhikkhu, saṃ­ghā­di­sesassa; āpatti dukkaṭassā”ti. (4)

Tena kho pana samayena aññatarā itthī pāvāraṃ pārutā hoti. Aññataro bhikkhu sāratto taṃ itthiṃ etadavoca—“dīghalomaṃ kho te, bhaginī”ti. Sā na paṭivijāni. “Āmāyya, pāvāro”ti. Tassa kukkuccaṃ ahosi … pe … “anāpatti, bhikkhu, saṃ­ghā­di­sesassa; āpatti dukkaṭassā”ti. (5)

Tena kho pana samayena aññatarā itthī khettaṃ vapāpetvā āgacchati. Aññataro bhikkhu sāratto taṃ itthiṃ etadavoca—“vāpitaṃ kho te, bhaginī”ti? Sā na paṭivijāni. “Āmāyya, no ca kho paṭivuttan”ti. Tassa kukkuccaṃ ahosi … pe … “anāpatti, bhikkhu, saṃ­ghā­di­sesassa; āpatti dukkaṭassā”ti. (6)

Tena kho pana samayena aññataro bhikkhu paribbājikaṃ paṭipathe passitvā sāratto taṃ paribbājikaṃ etadavoca—“kacci, bhagini, maggo saṃsīdatī”ti? Sā na paṭivijāni. “Āma, bhikkhu, paṭipajjissasī”ti. Tassa kukkuccaṃ ahosi … pe … “anāpatti, bhikkhu, saṃ­ghā­di­sesassa; āpatti thullaccayassā”ti. (7)

Tena kho pana samayena aññataro bhikkhu sāratto aññataraṃ itthiṃ etadavoca— “saddhāsi tvaṃ, bhagini. Api ca yaṃ sāmikassa desi taṃ nāmhākaṃ desī”ti. “Kiṃ, bhante”ti? “Methunadhamman”ti. Tassa kukkuccaṃ ahosi … pe … “āpattiṃ tvaṃ, bhikkhu, āpanno saṃghādisesan”ti. (8)

Tena kho pana samayena aññataro bhikkhu sāratto aññataraṃ itthiṃ etadavoca— “saddhāsi tvaṃ, bhagini. Api ca yaṃ aggadānaṃ taṃ nāmhākaṃ desī”ti. “Kiṃ, bhante, aggadānan”ti? “Methunadhamman”ti. Tassa kukkuccaṃ ahosi … pe … “āpattiṃ tvaṃ, bhikkhu, āpanno saṃghādisesan”ti. (9)

Tena kho pana samayena aññatarā itthī kammaṃ karoti. Aññataro bhikkhu sāratto taṃ itthiṃ etadavoca—“tiṭṭha, bhagini, ahaṃ karissāmī”ti … pe … nisīda, bhagini, ahaṃ karissāmī”ti … pe … nipajja, bhagini, ahaṃ karissāmī”ti. Sā na paṭivijāni. Tassa kukkuccaṃ ahosi … pe … “anāpatti, bhikkhu, saṃ­ghā­di­sesassa; āpatti dukkaṭassā”ti. (10–‍12)

Duṭṭhul­la­vācā­sikkhā­padaṃ niṭṭhitaṃ tatiyaṃ.