Cūḷavagga

Pāti­mokkhaṭ­ṭhapa­nak­khan­dhaka

1. Pāti­mok­khuddesa­yācana

Tena samayena buddho bhagavā sāvatthiyaṃ viharati pubbārāme migāramātu pāsāde. Tena kho pana samayena bhagavā tadahuposathe ­bhik­khu­saṃgha­pari­vuto nisinno hoti. Atha kho āyasmā ānando abhikkantāya rattiyā nikkhante paṭhame yāme uṭṭhāyāsanā ekaṃsaṃ uttarāsaṅgaṃ karitvā yena bhagavā tenañjaliṃ paṇāmetvā bhagavantaṃ etadavoca—“abhikkantā, bhante, ratti, nikkhanto paṭhamo yāmo, ciranisinno bhikkhusaṃgho. Uddisatu, bhante, bhagavā bhikkhūnaṃ pātimokkhan”ti. Evaṃ vutte, bhagavā tuṇhī ahosi.

Dutiyampi kho āyasmā ānando abhikkantāya rattiyā nikkhante majjhime yāme uṭṭhāyāsanā ekaṃsaṃ uttarāsaṅgaṃ karitvā yena bhagavā tenañjaliṃ paṇāmetvā bhagavantaṃ etadavoca—“abhikkantā, bhante, ratti, nikkhanto majjhimo yāmo, ciranisinno bhikkhusaṃgho. Uddisatu, bhante, bhagavā bhikkhūnaṃ pātimokkhan”ti. Dutiyampi kho bhagavā tuṇhī ahosi.

Tatiyampi kho āyasmā ānando abhikkantāya rattiyā nikkhante pacchime yāme uddhaste aruṇe nandimukhiyā rattiyā uṭṭhāyāsanā ekaṃsaṃ uttarāsaṅgaṃ karitvā yena bhagavā tenañjaliṃ paṇāmetvā bhagavantaṃ etadavoca—“abhikkantā, bhante, ratti, nikkhanto pacchimo yāmo, uddhastaṃ aruṇaṃ nandimukhi ratti, ciranisinno bhikkhusaṃgho. Uddisatu, bhante, bhagavā bhikkhūnaṃ pātimokkhan”ti. “Aparisuddhā, ānanda, parisā”ti.

Atha kho āyasmato ­mahā­mog­gallā­nassa etadahosi—“kaṃ nu kho bhagavā puggalaṃ sandhāya evamāha—‘aparisuddhā, ānanda, parisā’”ti? Atha kho āyasmā mahāmoggallāno sabbāvantaṃ bhikkhusaṃghaṃ cetasā ceto paricca manasākāsi. Addasā kho āyasmā mahāmoggallāno taṃ puggalaṃ dussīlaṃ pāpadhammaṃ asuci­saṅ­kassa­ra­samā­cāraṃ paṭicchan­na­kamman­taṃ assamaṇaṃ samaṇapaṭiññaṃ abrahmacāriṃ brahma­cāri­paṭiñ­ñaṃ antopūtiṃ avassutaṃ kasambujātaṃ majjhe ­bhik­khu­saṃ­ghassa nisinnaṃ. Disvāna yena so puggalo tenupasaṅkami, upasaṅkamitvā taṃ puggalaṃ etadavoca—“uṭṭhehi, āvuso, diṭṭhosi bhagavatā; natthi te bhikkhūhi saddhiṃ saṃvāso”ti. Evaṃ vutte, so puggalo tuṇhī ahosi. Dutiyampi kho āyasmā mahāmoggallāno taṃ puggalaṃ etadavoca—“uṭṭhehi, āvuso, diṭṭhosi bhagavatā; natthi te bhikkhūhi saddhiṃ saṃvāso”ti. Dutiyampi kho so puggalo tuṇhī ahosi. Tatiyampi kho āyasmā mahāmoggallāno taṃ puggalaṃ etadavoca— “uṭṭhehi, āvuso, diṭṭhosi bhagavatā; natthi te bhikkhūhi saddhiṃ saṃvāso”ti. Tatiyampi kho so puggalo tuṇhī ahosi. Atha kho āyasmā mahāmoggallāno taṃ puggalaṃ bāhāyaṃ gahetvā bahid­vāra­koṭṭhakā nikkhāmetvā sūcighaṭikaṃ datvā yena bhagavā tenupasaṅkami, upasaṅkamitvā bhagavantaṃ etadavoca—“nikkhāmito so, bhante, puggalo mayā; suddhā parisā; uddisatu, bhante, bhagavā bhikkhūnaṃ pātimokkhan”ti.

“Acchariyaṃ, moggallāna, abbhutaṃ, moggallāna, yāva bāhāgahaṇāpi nāma so moghapuriso āgamessatī”ti. Atha kho bhagavā bhikkhū āmantesi—

2. Mahāsa­mudde­aṭ­ṭhaccha­riya

“Aṭṭhime, bhikkhave, mahāsamudde acchariyā abbhutā dhammā, ye disvā disvā asurā mahāsamudde abhiramanti. Katame aṭṭha?

Mahāsamuddo, bhikkhave, anupubbaninno anupubbapoṇo anu­pubba­pabbhāro na āyatakeneva papāto. Yampi, bhikkhave, mahāsamuddo anupubbaninno anupubbapoṇo anu­pubba­pabbhāro na āyatakeneva papāto—ayaṃ, bhikkhave, mahāsamudde paṭhamo acchariyo abbhuto dhammo, yaṃ disvā disvā asurā mahāsamudde abhiramanti.

Puna caparaṃ, bhikkhave, mahāsamuddo ṭhitadhammo velaṃ nātivattati. Yampi, bhikkhave, mahāsamuddo ṭhitadhammo velaṃ nātivattati—ayaṃ, bhikkhave, mahāsamudde dutiyo acchariyo abbhuto dhammo, yaṃ disvā disvā asurā mahāsamudde abhiramanti.

Puna caparaṃ, bhikkhave, mahāsamuddo na matena kuṇapena saṃvasati. Yaṃ hoti mahāsamudde mataṃ kuṇapaṃ, taṃ khippaññeva tīraṃ vāheti, thalaṃ ussāreti. Yampi, bhikkhave, mahāsamuddo na matena kuṇapena saṃvasati, yaṃ hoti mahāsamudde mataṃ kuṇapaṃ, taṃ khippaññeva tīraṃ vāheti, thalaṃ ussāreti— ayaṃ, bhikkhave, mahāsamudde tatiyo acchariyo abbhuto dhammo, yaṃ disvā disvā asurā mahāsamudde abhiramanti.

Puna caparaṃ, bhikkhave, yā kāci mahānadiyo, seyyathidaṃ—gaṅgā, yamunā, aciravatī, sarabhū, mahī, tā mahāsamuddaṃ pattā jahanti purimāni nāmagottāni, mahāsa­muddot­veva saṅkhaṃ gacchanti. Yampi, bhikkhave, yā kāci mahānadiyo, seyyathidaṃ—gaṅgā, yamunā, aciravatī, sarabhū, mahī, tā mahāsamuddaṃ pattā jahanti purimāni nāmagottāni, mahāsa­muddot­veva saṅkhaṃ gacchanti—ayaṃ, bhikkhave, mahāsamudde catuttho acchariyo abbhuto dhammo, yaṃ disvā disvā asurā mahāsamudde abhiramanti.

Puna caparaṃ, bhikkhave, yā ca loke savantiyo mahāsamuddaṃ appenti, yā ca antalikkhā dhārā papatanti, na tena mahāsamuddassa ūnattaṃ vā pūrattaṃ vā paññāyati. Yampi, bhikkhave, yā ca loke savantiyo mahāsamuddaṃ appenti, yā ca antalikkhā dhārā papatanti, na tena mahāsamuddassa ūnattaṃ vā pūrattaṃ vā paññāyati—ayaṃ, bhikkhave, mahāsamudde pañcamo acchariyo abbhuto dhammo, yaṃ disvā disvā asurā mahāsamudde abhiramanti.

Puna caparaṃ, bhikkhave, mahāsamuddo ekaraso loṇaraso. Yampi, bhikkhave, mahāsamuddo ekaraso loṇaraso—ayaṃ, bhikkhave, mahāsamudde chaṭṭho acchariyo abbhuto dhammo, yaṃ disvā disvā asurā mahāsamudde abhiramanti.

Puna caparaṃ, bhikkhave, mahāsamuddo bahuratano anekaratano. Tatrimāni ratanāni, seyyathidaṃ—muttā, maṇi, veḷuriyo, saṅkho, silā, pavāḷaṃ, rajataṃ, jātarūpaṃ, lohitako, masāragallaṃ. Yampi, bhikkhave, mahāsamuddo bahuratano anekaratano, tatrimāni ratanāni, seyyathidaṃ—muttā, maṇi, veḷuriyo, saṅkho, silā, pavāḷaṃ, rajataṃ, jātarūpaṃ, lohitako, masāragallaṃ—ayaṃ, bhikkhave, mahāsamudde sattamo acchariyo abbhuto dhammo, yaṃ disvā disvā asurā mahāsamudde abhiramanti.

Puna caparaṃ, bhikkhave, mahāsamuddo mahataṃ bhūtānaṃ āvāso. Tatrime bhūtā— timi, timiṅgalo, timitimiṅgalo, asurā, nāgā, gandhabbā. Santi mahāsamudde yojanasatikāpi attabhāvā, dvi­yoja­nasati­kāpi attabhāvā, tiyoja­na­satikāpi attabhāvā, catu­yoja­nasati­kāpi attabhāvā, pañca­yoja­nasati­kāpi attabhāvā. Yampi, bhikkhave, mahāsamuddo mahataṃ bhūtānaṃ āvāso, tatrime bhūtā—timi, timiṅgalo, timitimiṅgalo, asurā, nāgā, gandhabbā; santi mahāsamudde, yojanasatikāpi attabhāvā … pe … pañca­yoja­nasati­kāpi attabhāvā—ayaṃ, bhikkhave, mahāsamudde aṭṭhamo acchariyo abbhuto dhammo, yaṃ disvā disvā asurā mahāsamudde abhiramanti. Ime kho, bhikkhave, mahāsamudde aṭṭha acchariyā abbhutā dhammā, ye disvā disvā asurā mahāsamudde abhiraman”ti.

3. Imasmiṃ­dhamma­vina­yeaṭ­ṭhaccha­riya

Evameva kho, bhikkhave, imasmiṃ dhammavinaye aṭṭha acchariyā abbhutā dhammā, ye disvā disvā bhikkhū imasmiṃ dhammavinaye abhiramanti. Katame aṭṭha?

Seyyathāpi, bhikkhave, mahāsamuddo anupubbaninno anupubbapoṇo anu­pubba­pabbhāro na āyatakeneva papāto; evameva kho, bhikkhave, imasmiṃ dhammavinaye anupubbasikkhā anupubbakiriyā anu­pubba­paṭi­padā na āyatakeneva aññāpaṭivedho. Yampi, bhikkhave, imasmiṃ dhammavinaye anupubbasikkhā anupubbakiriyā anu­pubba­paṭi­padā na āyatakeneva aññāpaṭivedho—ayaṃ, bhikkhave, imasmiṃ dhammavinaye paṭhamo acchariyo abbhuto dhammo, yaṃ disvā disvā bhikkhū imasmiṃ dhammavinaye abhiramanti.

Seyyathāpi, bhikkhave, mahāsamuddo ṭhitadhammo velaṃ nātivattati; evameva kho, bhikkhave, yaṃ mayā mama sāvakānaṃ sikkhāpadaṃ paññattaṃ, taṃ mama sāvakā jīvitahetupi nātikkamanti. Yampi, bhikkhave, mayā mama sāvakānaṃ sikkhāpadaṃ paññattaṃ, taṃ mama sāvakā jīvitahetupi nātikkamanti—ayaṃ, bhikkhave, imasmiṃ dhammavinaye dutiyo acchariyo abbhuto dhammo, yaṃ disvā disvā bhikkhū imasmiṃ dhammavinaye abhiramanti.

Seyyathāpi, bhikkhave, mahāsamuddo na matena kuṇapena saṃvasati, yaṃ hoti mahāsamudde mataṃ kuṇapaṃ taṃ khippameva tīraṃ vāheti, thalaṃ ussāreti; evameva kho, bhikkhave, yo so puggalo dussīlo pāpadhammo asuci­saṅkas­sarasa­mācāro paṭicchan­na­kammanto assamaṇo samaṇapaṭiñño abrahmacārī brahma­cāri­paṭiñño antopūti avassuto kasambujāto, na tena saṃgho saṃvasati, khippameva naṃ sannipatitvā ukkhipati, kiñcāpi kho so hoti majjhe ­bhik­khu­saṃ­ghassa nisinno. Atha kho so ārakāva saṃghamhā, saṃgho ca tena. Yampi, bhikkhave, yo so puggalo dussīlo pāpadhammo asuci­saṅkas­sarasa­mācāro paṭicchan­na­kammanto assamaṇo samaṇapaṭiñño abrahmacārī brahma­cāri­paṭiñño antopūti avassuto kasambujāto, na tena saṃgho saṃvasati, khippameva naṃ sannipatitvā ukkhipati, kiñcāpi kho so hoti majjhe ­bhik­khu­saṃ­ghassa nisinno, atha kho so ārakāva saṃghamhā, saṃgho ca tena—ayaṃ, bhikkhave, imasmiṃ dhammavinaye tatiyo acchariyo abbhuto dhammo, yaṃ disvā disvā bhikkhū imasmiṃ dhammavinaye abhiramanti.

Seyyathāpi, bhikkhave, yā kāci mahānadiyo, seyyathidaṃ—gaṅgā, yamunā, aciravatī, sarabhū, mahī, tā mahāsamuddaṃ pattā jahanti purimāni nāmagottāni, mahāsa­muddot­veva saṅkhaṃ gacchanti; evameva kho, bhikkhave, cattārome vaṇṇā— khattiyā, brāhmaṇā, vessā, suddā. Te tathā­gatap­pa­vedite dhammavinaye agārasmā anagāriyaṃ pabbajitvā jahanti purimāni nāmagottāni, samaṇā sakya­put­ti­yāt­veva saṅkhaṃ gacchanti. Yampi, bhikkhave, cattārome vaṇṇā khattiyā brāhmaṇā vessā suddā, te tathā­gatap­pa­vedite dhammavinaye agārasmā anagāriyaṃ pabbajitvā jahanti purimāni nāmagottāni, samaṇā sakya­put­ti­yāt­veva saṅkhaṃ gacchanti— ayaṃ, bhikkhave, imasmiṃ dhammavinaye catuttho acchariyo abbhuto dhammo, yaṃ disvā disvā bhikkhū imasmiṃ dhammavinaye abhiramanti.

Seyyathāpi, bhikkhave, yā ca loke savantiyo mahāsamuddaṃ appenti, yā ca antalikkhā dhārā papatanti, na tena mahāsamuddassa ūnattaṃ vā pūrattaṃ vā paññāyati; evameva kho, bhikkhave, bahū cepi bhikkhū anupādisesāya nibbānadhātuyā parinibbāyanti, na tena nibbānadhātuyā ūnattaṃ vā pūrattaṃ vā paññāyati. Yampi, bhikkhave, bahū cepi bhikkhū anupādisesāya nibbānadhātuyā parinibbāyanti, na tena nibbānadhātuyā ūnattaṃ vā pūrattaṃ vā paññāyati—ayaṃ, bhikkhave, imasmiṃ dhammavinaye pañcamo acchariyo abbhuto dhammo yaṃ disvā disvā bhikkhū imasmiṃ dhammavinaye abhiramanti.

Seyyathāpi, bhikkhave, mahāsamuddo ekaraso loṇaraso; evameva kho, bhikkhave, ayaṃ dhammavinayo ekaraso vimuttiraso. Yampi, bhikkhave, ayaṃ dhammavinayo ekaraso vimuttiraso—ayaṃ, bhikkhave, imasmiṃ dhammavinaye chaṭṭho acchariyo abbhuto dhammo, yaṃ disvā disvā bhikkhū imasmiṃ dhammavinaye abhiramanti.

Seyyathāpi, bhikkhave, mahāsamuddo bahuratano anekaratano, tatrimāni ratanāni, seyyathidaṃ—muttā, maṇi, veḷuriyo, saṅkho, silā, pavāḷaṃ, rajataṃ, jātarūpaṃ, lohitako, masāragallaṃ; evameva kho, bhikkhave, ayaṃ dhammavinayo bahuratano anekaratano. Tatrimāni ratanāni, seyyathidaṃ—cattāro satipaṭṭhānā, cattāro sammappadhānā, cattāro iddhipādā, pañcindriyāni, pañca balāni, satta bojjhaṅgā, ariyo aṭṭhaṅgiko maggo. Yampi, bhikkhave, ayaṃ dhammavinayo bahuratano anekaratano, tatrimāni ratanāni, seyyathidaṃ—cattāro satipaṭṭhānā … pe … ariyo aṭṭhaṅgiko maggo—ayaṃ, bhikkhave, imasmiṃ dhammavinaye sattamo acchariyo abbhuto dhammo, yaṃ disvā disvā bhikkhū imasmiṃ dhammavinaye abhiramanti.

Seyyathāpi, bhikkhave, mahāsamuddo mahataṃ bhūtānaṃ āvāso, tatrime bhūtā— timi, timiṅgalo, timitimiṅgalo, asurā, nāgā, gandhabbā, santi mahāsamudde yojanasatikāpi attabhāvā, dvi­yoja­nasati­kāpi attabhāvā, tiyoja­na­satikāpi attabhāvā, catu­yoja­nasati­kāpi attabhāvā, pañca­yoja­nasati­kāpi attabhāvā; evameva kho, bhikkhave, ayaṃ dhammavinayo mahataṃ bhūtānaṃ āvāso. Tatrime bhūtā— sotāpanno, sotā­patti­phala­sacchi­kiriyāya paṭipanno; sakadāgāmī, sakadā­gāmi­phala­sacchi­kiriyāya paṭipanno; anāgāmī, anāgā­mi­phala­sacchi­kiriyāya paṭipanno; arahā, arahat­ta­phala­sacchi­kiriyāya paṭipanno. Yampi, bhikkhave, ayaṃ dhammavinayo mahataṃ bhūtānaṃ āvāso, tatrime bhūtā—sotāpanno, sotā­patti­phala­sacchi­kiriyāya paṭipanno … pe … arahā, arahat­ta­phala­sacchi­kiriyāya paṭipanno—ayaṃ, bhikkhave, imasmiṃ dhammavinaye aṭṭhamo acchariyo abbhuto dhammo, yaṃ disvā disvā bhikkhū imasmiṃ dhammavinaye abhiramanti. Ime kho, bhikkhave, imasmiṃ dhammavinaye aṭṭha acchariyā abbhutā dhammā, ye disvā disvā bhikkhū imasmiṃ dhammavinaye abhiramantī”ti.

Atha kho bhagavā etamatthaṃ viditvā tāyaṃ velāyaṃ imaṃ udānaṃ udānesi—

Channa­mativas­sati,
vivaṭaṃ nātivassati;
Tasmā channaṃ vivaretha,
evaṃ taṃ nātivassatī”ti.

4. Pāti­mokkha­sa­vanāraha

Atha kho bhagavā bhikkhū āmantesi—“nadānāhaṃ, bhikkhave, ito paraṃ uposathaṃ karissāmi, pātimokkhaṃ uddisissāmi. Tumhevadāni, bhikkhave, ito paraṃ uposathaṃ kareyyātha, pātimokkhaṃ uddiseyyātha. Aṭṭhānametaṃ, bhikkhave, anavakāso yaṃ tathāgato aparisuddhāya parisāya uposathaṃ kareyya, pātimokkhaṃ uddiseyya. Na ca, bhikkhave, sāpattikena pātimokkhaṃ sotabbaṃ. Yo suṇeyya, āpatti dukkaṭassa. Anujānāmi, bhikkhave, yo sāpattiko pātimokkhaṃ suṇāti, tassa pātimokkhaṃ ṭhapetuṃ. Evañca pana, bhikkhave, ṭhapetabbaṃ. Tadahuposathe cātuddase vā pannarase vā tasmiṃ puggale sammukhībhūte saṃghamajjhe udāharitabbaṃ—

‘Suṇātu me, bhante, saṃgho. Itthannāmo puggalo sāpattiko, tassa pātimokkhaṃ ṭhapemi, na tasmiṃ sammukhībhūte pātimokkhaṃ uddisitabban’ti ṭhapitaṃ hoti pātimokkhan”ti.

Tena kho pana samayena chabbaggiyā bhikkhū—“nāmhe koci jānātī”ti sāpattikāva pātimokkhaṃ suṇanti. Therā bhikkhū para­citta­viduno bhikkhūnaṃ ārocenti— “itthannāmo ca itthannāmo ca, āvuso, chabbaggiyā bhikkhū—‘nāmhe koci jānātī’ti sāpattikāva pātimokkhaṃ suṇantī”ti. Assosuṃ kho chabbaggiyā bhikkhū— “therā kira bhikkhū para­citta­viduno amhe bhikkhūnaṃ ārocenti—‘itthannāmo ca itthannāmo ca, āvuso, chabbaggiyā bhikkhū—“nāmhe koci jānātī”ti sāpattikāva pātimokkhaṃ suṇantī’”ti.

Te—“puramhākaṃ pesalā bhikkhū pātimokkhaṃ ṭhapentī”ti—paṭikacceva suddhānaṃ bhikkhūnaṃ anāpattikānaṃ avatthusmiṃ akāraṇe pātimokkhaṃ ṭhapenti. Ye te bhikkhū appicchā … pe … te ujjhāyanti khiyyanti vipācenti—“kathañhi nāma chabbaggiyā bhikkhū suddhānaṃ bhikkhūnaṃ anāpattikānaṃ avatthusmiṃ akāraṇe pātimokkhaṃ ṭhapessantī”ti. Atha kho te bhikkhū bhagavato etamatthaṃ ārocesuṃ … pe … “saccaṃ kira, bhikkhave, chabbaggiyā bhikkhū suddhānaṃ bhikkhūnaṃ anāpattikānaṃ avatthusmiṃ akāraṇe pātimokkhaṃ ṭhapentī”ti? “Saccaṃ, bhagavā”ti … pe … vigarahitvā … pe … dhammiṃ kathaṃ katvā bhikkhū āmantesi—“na, bhikkhave, suddhānaṃ bhikkhūnaṃ anāpattikānaṃ avatthusmiṃ akāraṇe pātimokkhaṃ ṭhapetabbaṃ. Yo ṭhapeyya, āpatti dukkaṭassa.

5. Dham­mikā­dham­mika­pāti­mokkhaṭ­ṭhapana

Ekaṃ, bhikkhave, adhammikaṃ pāti­mokkhaṭ­ṭhapa­naṃ, ekaṃ dhammikaṃ; pāti­mokkhaṭ­ṭhapa­naṃ, dve adhammikāni; pāti­mokkhaṭ­ṭhapa­nāni, dve dhammikāni; tīṇi adhammikāni pāti­mokkhaṭ­ṭhapa­nāni, tīṇi dhammikāni; cattāri adhammikāni pāti­mokkhaṭ­ṭhapa­nāni, cattāri dhammikāni; pañca adhammikāni pāti­mokkhaṭ­ṭhapa­nāni, pañca dhammikāni; cha adhammikāni pāti­mokkhaṭ­ṭhapa­nāni, cha dhammikāni; satta adhammikāni pāti­mokkhaṭ­ṭhapa­nāni, satta dhammikāni; aṭṭha adhammikāni pāti­mokkhaṭ­ṭhapa­nāni, aṭṭha dhammikāni; nava adhammikāni pāti­mokkhaṭ­ṭhapa­nāni, nava dhammikāni; dasa adhammikāni pāti­mokkhaṭ­ṭhapa­nāni, dasa dhammikāni.

Katamaṃ ekaṃ adhammikaṃ pāti­mokkhaṭ­ṭhapa­naṃ? Amūlikāya sīlavipattiyā pātimokkhaṃ ṭhapeti—idaṃ ekaṃ adhammikaṃ pāti­mokkhaṭ­ṭhapa­naṃ. Katamaṃ ekaṃ dhammikaṃ pāti­mokkhaṭ­ṭhapa­naṃ? Samūlikāya sīlavipattiyā pātimokkhaṃ ṭhapeti— idaṃ ekaṃ dhammikaṃ pāti­mokkhaṭ­ṭhapa­naṃ.

Katamāni dve adhammikāni pāti­mokkhaṭ­ṭhapa­nāni? Amūlikāya sīlavipattiyā pātimokkhaṃ ṭhapeti, amūlikāya ācāravipattiyā pātimokkhaṃ ṭhapeti—imāni dve adhammikāni pāti­mokkhaṭ­ṭhapa­nāni. Katamāni dve dhammikāni pāti­mokkhaṭ­ṭhapa­nāni? Samūlikāya sīlavipattiyā pātimokkhaṃ ṭhapeti, samūlikāya ācāravipattiyā pātimokkhaṃ ṭhapeti—imāni dve dhammikāni pāti­mokkhaṭ­ṭhapa­nāni.

Katamāni tīṇi adhammikāni pāti­mokkhaṭ­ṭhapa­nāni? Amūlikāya sīlavipattiyā pātimokkhaṃ ṭhapeti, amūlikāya ācāravipattiyā pātimokkhaṃ ṭhapeti, amūlikāya diṭṭhi­vi­pat­tiyā pātimokkhaṃ ṭhapeti—imāni tīṇi adhammikāni pāti­mokkhaṭ­ṭhapa­nāni. Katamāni tīṇi dhammikāni pāti­mokkhaṭ­ṭhapa­nāni? Samūlikāya sīlavipattiyā pātimokkhaṃ ṭhapeti, samūlikāya ācāravipattiyā pātimokkhaṃ ṭhapeti, samūlikāya diṭṭhi­vi­pat­tiyā pātimokkhaṃ ṭhapeti—imāni tīṇi dhammikāni pāti­mokkhaṭ­ṭhapa­nāni.

Katamāni cattāri adhammikāni pāti­mokkhaṭ­ṭhapa­nāni? Amūlikāya sīlavipattiyā pātimokkhaṃ ṭhapeti, amūlikāya ācāravipattiyā pātimokkhaṃ ṭhapeti, amūlikāya diṭṭhi­vi­pat­tiyā pātimokkhaṃ ṭhapeti, amūlikāya ājīvavipattiyā pātimokkhaṃ ṭhapeti—imāni cattāri adhammikāni pāti­mokkhaṭ­ṭhapa­nāni. Katamāni cattāri dhammikāni pāti­mokkhaṭ­ṭhapa­nāni? Samūlikāya sīlavipattiyā pātimokkhaṃ ṭhapeti, samūlikāya ācāravipattiyā pātimokkhaṃ ṭhapeti, samūlikāya diṭṭhi­vi­pat­tiyā pātimokkhaṃ ṭhapeti, samūlikāya ājīvavipattiyā pātimokkhaṃ ṭhapeti—imāni cattāri dhammikāni pāti­mokkhaṭ­ṭhapa­nāni.

Katamāni pañca adhammikāni pāti­mokkhaṭ­ṭhapa­nāni? Amūlakena pārājikena pātimokkhaṃ ṭhapeti, amūlakena saṃghādisesena … pe … amūlakena pācittiyena … amūlakena pāṭidesanīyena … amūlakena dukkaṭena pātimokkhaṃ ṭhapeti—imāni pañca adhammikāni pāti­mokkhaṭ­ṭhapa­nāni. Katamāni pañca dhammikāni pāti­mokkhaṭ­ṭhapa­nāni? Samūlakena pārājikena pātimokkhaṃ ṭhapeti, samūlakena saṃghādisesena … pe … pācittiyena … pāṭidesanīyena … dukkaṭena pātimokkhaṃ ṭhapeti—imāni pañca dhammikāni pāti­mokkhaṭ­ṭhapa­nāni.

Katamāni cha adhammikāni pāti­mokkhaṭ­ṭhapa­nāni? Amūlikāya sīlavipattiyā pātimokkhaṃ ṭhapeti akatāya, amūlikāya sīlavipattiyā pātimokkhaṃ ṭhapeti katāya; amūlikāya ācāravipattiyā pātimokkhaṃ ṭhapeti akatāya, amūlikāya ācāravipattiyā pātimokkhaṃ ṭhapeti katāya; amūlikāya diṭṭhi­vi­pat­tiyā pātimokkhaṃ ṭhapeti akatāya, amūlikāya diṭṭhi­vi­pat­tiyā pātimokkhaṃ ṭhapeti katāya—imāni cha adhammikāni pāti­mokkhaṭ­ṭhapa­nāni. Katamāni cha dhammikāni pāti­mokkhaṭ­ṭhapa­nāni? Samūlikāya sīlavipattiyā pātimokkhaṃ ṭhapeti akatāya, samūlikāya sīlavipattiyā pātimokkhaṃ ṭhapeti katāya; samūlikāya ācāravipattiyā … pe … diṭṭhi­vi­pat­tiyā pātimokkhaṃ ṭhapeti akatāya … pe … katāya— imāni cha dhammikāni pāti­mokkhaṭ­ṭhapa­nāni.

Katamāni satta adhammikāni pāti­mokkhaṭ­ṭhapa­nāni? Amūlakena pārājikena pātimokkhaṃ ṭhapeti, amūlakena saṃghādisesena … pe … thullaccayena pācittiyena pāṭidesanīyena dukkaṭena dubbhāsitena pātimokkhaṃ ṭhapeti—imāni satta adhammikāni pāti­mokkhaṭ­ṭhapa­nāni. Katamāni satta dhammikāni pāti­mokkhaṭ­ṭhapa­nāni? Samūlakena pārājikena pātimokkhaṃ ṭhapeti, samūlakena saṃghādisesena … pe … thullaccayena pācittiyena pāṭidesanīyena dukkaṭena dubbhāsitena pātimokkhaṃ ṭhapeti—imāni satta dhammikāni pāti­mokkhaṭ­ṭhapa­nāni.

Katamāni aṭṭha adhammikāni pāti­mokkhaṭ­ṭhapa­nāni? Amūlikāya sīlavipattiyā pātimokkhaṃ ṭhapeti akatāya, amūlikāya sīlavipattiyā pātimokkhaṃ ṭhapeti katāya; amūlikāya ācāravipattiyā … pe … diṭṭhi­vi­pat­tiyā … pe … ājīvavipattiyā pātimokkhaṃ ṭhapeti akatāya … pe … katāya—imāni aṭṭha adhammikāni pāti­mokkhaṭ­ṭhapa­nāni. Katamāni aṭṭha dhammikāni pāti­mokkhaṭ­ṭhapa­nāni? Samūlikāya sīlavipattiyā pātimokkhaṃ ṭhapeti akatāya, samūlikāya sīlavipattiyā pātimokkhaṃ ṭhapeti katāya; samūlikāya ācāravipattiyā … pe … diṭṭhi­vi­pat­tiyā … pe … ājīvavipattiyā pātimokkhaṃ ṭhapeti akatāya … pe … katāya—imāni aṭṭha dhammikāni pāti­mokkhaṭ­ṭhapa­nāni.

Katamāni nava adhammikāni pāti­mokkhaṭ­ṭhapa­nāni? Amūlikāya sīlavipattiyā pātimokkhaṃ ṭhapeti akatāya, amūlikāya sīlavipattiyā pātimokkhaṃ ṭhapeti katāya, amūlikāya sīlavipattiyā pātimokkhaṃ ṭhapeti katākatāya; amūlikāya ācāravipattiyā … pe … diṭṭhi­vi­pat­tiyā pātimokkhaṃ ṭhapeti akatāya … pe … katāya … pe … katākatāya—imāni nava adhammikāni pāti­mokkhaṭ­ṭhapa­nāni. Katamāni nava dhammikāni pāti­mokkhaṭ­ṭhapa­nāni? Samūlikāya sīlavipattiyā pātimokkhaṃ ṭhapeti akatāya, samūlikāya sīlavipattiyā pātimokkhaṃ ṭhapeti katāya, samūlikāya sīlavipattiyā pātimokkhaṃ ṭhapeti katākatāya; samūlikāya ācāravipattiyā … pe … diṭṭhi­vi­pat­tiyā pātimokkhaṃ ṭhapeti akatāya … pe … katāya … pe … katākatāya—imāni nava dhammikāni pāti­mokkhaṭ­ṭhapa­nāni.

Katamāni dasa adhammikāni pāti­mokkhaṭ­ṭhapa­nāni? Na pārājiko tassaṃ parisāyaṃ nisinno hoti, na pārājikakathā vippakatā hoti; na sikkhaṃ paccakkhātako tassaṃ parisāyaṃ nisinno hoti, na sikkhaṃ pac­cak­khā­ta­kathā vippakatā hoti; dhammikaṃ sāmaggiṃ upeti, na dhammikaṃ sāmaggiṃ paccādiyati, na dhammikāya sāmaggiyā paccādānakathā vippakatā hoti; na sīlavipattiyā diṭṭha­suta­parisaṅ­kito hoti, na ācāravipattiyā diṭṭha­suta­parisaṅ­kito hoti, na diṭṭhi­vi­pat­tiyā diṭṭha­suta­parisaṅ­kito hoti—imāni dasa adhammikāni pāti­mokkhaṭ­ṭhapa­nāni. Katamāni dasa dhammikāni pāti­mokkhaṭ­ṭhapa­nāni? Pārājiko tassaṃ parisāyaṃ nisinno hoti, pārājikakathā vippakatā hoti; sikkhaṃ paccakkhātako tassaṃ parisāyaṃ nisinno hoti, sikkhaṃ pac­cak­khā­ta­kathā vippakatā hoti; dhammikaṃ sāmaggiṃ na upeti, dhammikaṃ sāmaggiṃ paccādiyati, dhammikāya sāmaggiyā paccādānakathā vippakatā hoti; sīlavipattiyā diṭṭha­suta­parisaṅ­kito hoti, ācāravipattiyā diṭṭha­suta­parisaṅ­kito hoti, diṭṭhi­vi­pat­tiyā diṭṭha­suta­parisaṅ­kito hoti—imāni dasa dhammikāni pāti­mokkhaṭ­ṭhapa­nāni.

6. Dham­mika­pāti­mokkhaṭ­ṭhapana

Kathaṃ pārājiko tassaṃ parisāyaṃ nisinno hoti? Idha, bhikkhave, yehi ākārehi yehi liṅgehi yehi nimittehi pārājikassa dhammassa ajjhāpatti hoti, tehi ākārehi tehi liṅgehi tehi nimittehi bhikkhu bhikkhuṃ passati pārājikaṃ dhammaṃ ajjhāpajjantaṃ. Na heva kho bhikkhu bhikkhuṃ passati pārājikaṃ dhammaṃ ajjhāpajjantaṃ, api ca añño bhikkhu bhikkhussa āroceti—‘itthannāmo, āvuso, bhikkhu pārājikaṃ dhammaṃ ajjhāpanno’ti. Na heva kho bhikkhu bhikkhuṃ passati pārājikaṃ dhammaṃ ajjhāpajjantaṃ, nāpi añño bhikkhu bhikkhussa āroceti— ‘itthannāmo, āvuso, bhikkhu pārājikaṃ dhammaṃ ajjhāpanno’ti, api ca sova bhikkhu bhikkhussa āroceti—‘ahaṃ, āvuso, pārājikaṃ dhammaṃ ajjhāpanno’ti. Ākaṅkhamāno, bhikkhave, bhikkhu tena diṭṭhena tena sutena tāya parisaṅkāya tadahuposathe cātuddase vā pannarase vā tasmiṃ puggale sammukhībhūte saṃghamajjhe udāhareyya—

‘Suṇātu me, bhante, saṃgho. Itthannāmo puggalo pārājikaṃ dhammaṃ ajjhāpanno, tassa pātimokkhaṃ ṭhapemi, na tasmiṃ sammukhībhūte pātimokkhaṃ uddisitabbanti— dhammikaṃ pāti­mokkhaṭ­ṭhapa­naṃ’.

Bhikkhussa pātimokkhe ṭhapite parisā vuṭṭhāti, dasannaṃ antarāyānaṃ aññatarena—rājantarāyena vā, corantarāyena vā, agyantarāyena vā, udakantarāyena vā, ­manus­san­tarā­yena vā, amanus­san­tarā­yena vā, vāḷantarāyena vā, ­sarīsa­pan­tarā­yena vā, jīvitan­tarā­yena vā, brahma­cari­yan­tarā­yena vā. Ākaṅkhamāno, bhikkhave, bhikkhu tasmiṃ vā āvāse, aññasmiṃ vā āvāse, tasmiṃ puggale sammukhībhūte saṃghamajjhe udāhareyya—

‘Suṇātu me, bhante, saṃgho. Itthannāmassa puggalassa pārājikakathā vippakatā, taṃ vatthu avinicchitaṃ. Yadi saṃghassa pattakallaṃ, saṃgho taṃ vatthuṃ vinicchineyyā’ti.

Evañcetaṃ labhetha, iccetaṃ kusalaṃ. No ce labhetha, tadahuposathe cātuddase vā pannarase vā tasmiṃ puggale sammukhībhūte saṃghamajjhe udāharitabbaṃ—

‘Suṇātu me, bhante, saṃgho. Itthannāmassa puggalassa pārājikakathā vippakatā, taṃ vatthu avinicchitaṃ. Tassa pātimokkhaṃ ṭhapemi, na tasmiṃ sammukhībhūte pātimokkhaṃ uddisitabbanti—dhammikaṃ pāti­mokkhaṭ­ṭhapa­naṃ’.

Kathaṃ sikkhaṃ paccakkhātako tassaṃ parisāyaṃ nisinno hoti? Idha pana, bhikkhave, bhikkhu yehi ākārehi yehi liṅgehi yehi nimittehi sikkhā paccakkhātā hoti, tehi ākārehi tehi liṅgehi tehi nimittehi bhikkhu bhikkhuṃ passati sikkhaṃ paccakkhantaṃ. Na heva kho bhikkhu bhikkhuṃ passati sikkhaṃ paccakkhantaṃ, api ca añño bhikkhu bhikkhussa āroceti—‘itthannāmena, āvuso, bhikkhunā sikkhā paccakkhātā’ti. Na heva kho bhikkhu bhikkhuṃ passati sikkhaṃ paccakkhantaṃ, nāpi añño bhikkhu bhikkhussa āroceti—‘itthannāmena, āvuso, bhikkhunā sikkhā paccakkhātā’ti, api ca sova bhikkhu bhikkhussa āroceti—‘mayā, āvuso, sikkhā paccakkhātā’ti. Ākaṅkhamāno, bhikkhave, bhikkhu tena diṭṭhena tena sutena tāya parisaṅkāya tadahuposathe cātuddase vā pannarase vā tasmiṃ puggale sammukhībhūte saṃghamajjhe udāhareyya—

‘Suṇātu me, bhante, saṃgho. Itthannāmena puggalena sikkhā paccakkhātā, tassa pātimokkhaṃ ṭhapemi, na tasmiṃ sammukhībhūte pātimokkhaṃ uddisitabbanti— dhammikaṃ pāti­mokkhaṭ­ṭhapa­naṃ’.

Bhikkhussa pātimokkhe ṭhapite parisā vuṭṭhāti, dasannaṃ antarāyānaṃ aññatarena—rājantarāyena vā … pe … brahma­cari­yan­tarā­yena vā, ākaṅkhamāno, bhikkhave, bhikkhu tasmiṃ vā āvāse, aññasmiṃ vā āvāse, tasmiṃ puggale sammukhībhūte saṃghamajjhe udāhareyya—

‘Suṇātu me, bhante, saṃgho. Itthannāmassa puggalassa sikkhaṃ pac­cak­khā­ta­kathā vippakatā, taṃ vatthu avinicchitaṃ. Yadi saṃghassa pattakallaṃ, saṃgho taṃ vatthuṃ vinicchineyyā’ti.

Evañcetaṃ labhetha, iccetaṃ kusalaṃ. No ce labhetha, tadahuposathe cātuddase vā pannarase vā tasmiṃ puggale sammukhībhūte saṃghamajjhe udāharitabbaṃ—

‘Suṇātu me, bhante, saṃgho. Itthannāmassa puggalassa sikkhaṃ pac­cak­khā­ta­kathā vippakatā, taṃ vatthu avinicchitaṃ. Tassa pātimokkhaṃ ṭhapemi, na tasmiṃ sammukhībhūte pātimokkhaṃ uddisitabbanti—dhammikaṃ pāti­mokkhaṭ­ṭhapa­naṃ’.

Kathaṃ dhammikaṃ sāmaggiṃ na upeti? Idha pana, bhikkhave, bhikkhu yehi ākārehi yehi liṅgehi yehi nimittehi dhammikāya sāmag­gi­yā­nupaga­manaṃ hoti, tehi ākārehi tehi liṅgehi tehi nimittehi bhikkhu bhikkhuṃ passati dhammikaṃ sāmaggiṃ na upentaṃ. Na heva kho bhikkhu bhikkhuṃ passati dhammikaṃ sāmaggiṃ na upentaṃ, api ca añño bhikkhu bhikkhussa āroceti—‘itthannāmo, āvuso, bhikkhu dhammikaṃ sāmaggiṃ na upetī’ti. Na heva kho bhikkhu bhikkhuṃ passati dhammikaṃ sāmaggiṃ na upentaṃ, nāpi añño bhikkhu bhikkhussa āroceti—‘itthannāmo, āvuso, bhikkhu dhammikaṃ sāmaggiṃ na upetī’ti, api ca sova bhikkhu bhikkhussa āroceti—‘ahaṃ, āvuso, dhammikaṃ sāmaggiṃ na upemī’ti. Ākaṅkhamāno, bhikkhave, bhikkhu tena diṭṭhena tena sutena tāya parisaṅkāya tadahuposathe cātuddase vā pannarase vā tasmiṃ puggale sammukhībhūte saṃghamajjhe udāhareyya—

‘Suṇātu me, bhante, saṃgho. Itthannāmo puggalo dhammikaṃ sāmaggiṃ na upeti, tassa pātimokkhaṃ ṭhapemi, na tasmiṃ sammukhībhūte pātimokkhaṃ uddisitabbanti— dhammikaṃ pāti­mokkhaṭ­ṭhapa­naṃ’.

Kathaṃ dhammikaṃ sāmaggiṃ paccādiyati? Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu yehi ākārehi yehi liṅgehi yehi nimittehi dhammikāya sāmaggiyā paccādānaṃ hoti, tehi ākārehi tehi liṅgehi tehi nimittehi bhikkhu bhikkhuṃ passati dhammikaṃ sāmaggiṃ paccādiyantaṃ na heva kho bhikkhu bhikkhuṃ passati dhammikaṃ sāmaggiṃ paccādiyantaṃ, api ca añño bhikkhu bhikkhussa āroceti—‘itthannāmo, āvuso, bhikkhu dhammikaṃ sāmaggiṃ paccādiyatī’ti. Na heva kho bhikkhu bhikkhuṃ passati dhammikaṃ sāmaggiṃ paccādiyantaṃ, nāpi añño bhikkhu bhikkhussa āroceti— ‘itthannāmo, āvuso, bhikkhu dhammikaṃ sāmaggiṃ paccādiyatī’ti, api ca sova bhikkhu bhikkhussa āroceti—‘ahaṃ, āvuso, dhammikaṃ sāmaggiṃ paccādiyāmī’ti. Ākaṅkhamāno, bhikkhave, bhikkhu tena diṭṭhena tena sutena tāya parisaṅkāya tadahuposathe cātuddase vā pannarase vā tasmiṃ puggale sammukhībhūte saṃghamajjhe udāhareyya—

‘Suṇātu me, bhante, saṃgho. Itthannāmo puggalo dhammikaṃ sāmaggiṃ paccādiyati, tassa pātimokkhaṃ ṭhapemi, na tasmiṃ sammukhībhūte pātimokkhaṃ uddisitabbanti— dhammikaṃ pāti­mokkhaṭ­ṭhapa­naṃ’.

Bhikkhussa pātimokkhe ṭhapite parisā vuṭṭhāti, dasannaṃ antarāyānaṃ aññatarena—rājantarāyena vā … pe … brahma­cari­yan­tarā­yena vā. Ākaṅkhamāno, bhikkhave, bhikkhu tasmiṃ vā āvāse, aññasmiṃ vā āvāse, tasmiṃ puggale sammukhībhūte saṃghamajjhe udāhareyya—

‘Suṇātu me, bhante, saṃgho. Itthannāmassa puggalassa dhammikāya sāmaggiyā paccādānakathā vippakatā, taṃ vatthu avinicchitaṃ. Yadi saṃghassa pattakallaṃ, saṃgho taṃ vatthuṃ vinicchineyyā’ti.

Evañcetaṃ labhetha, iccetaṃ kusalaṃ. No ce labhetha, tadahuposathe cātuddase vā pannarase vā tasmiṃ puggale sammukhībhūte saṃghamajjhe udāharitabbaṃ—

‘Suṇātu me, bhante, saṃgho. Itthannāmassa puggalassa dhammikāya sāmaggiyā paccādānakathā vippakatā, taṃ vatthu avinicchitaṃ. Tassa pātimokkhaṃ ṭhapemi, na tasmiṃ sammukhībhūte pātimokkhaṃ uddisitabbanti—dhammikaṃ pāti­mokkhaṭ­ṭhapa­naṃ’.

Kathaṃ sīlavipattiyā diṭṭha­suta­parisaṅ­kito hoti? Idha pana, bhikkhave, bhikkhu yehi ākārehi yehi liṅgehi yehi nimittehi sīlavipattiyā diṭṭha­suta­parisaṅ­kito hoti, tehi ākārehi tehi liṅgehi tehi nimittehi bhikkhu bhikkhuṃ passati sīlavipattiyā diṭṭha­suta­parisaṅ­ki­taṃ. Na heva kho bhikkhu bhikkhuṃ passati sīlavipattiyā diṭṭha­suta­parisaṅ­ki­taṃ, api ca añño bhikkhu bhikkhussa āroceti— ‘itthannāmo, āvuso, bhikkhu sīlavipattiyā diṭṭha­suta­parisaṅ­kito’ti. Na heva kho bhikkhu bhikkhuṃ passati sīlavipattiyā diṭṭha­suta­parisaṅ­ki­taṃ, nāpi añño bhikkhu bhikkhussa āroceti—‘itthannāmo, āvuso, bhikkhu sīlavipattiyā diṭṭha­suta­parisaṅ­kito’ti, api ca sova bhikkhu bhikkhussa āroceti—‘ahaṃ, āvuso, sīlavipattiyā diṭṭha­suta­parisaṅ­ki­tomhī’ti. Ākaṅkhamāno, bhikkhave, bhikkhu tena diṭṭhena tena sutena tāya parisaṅkāya tadahuposathe cātuddase vā pannarase vā tasmiṃ puggale sammukhībhūte saṃghamajjhe udāhareyya—

‘Suṇātu me, bhante, saṃgho. Itthannāmo puggalo sīlavipattiyā diṭṭha­suta­parisaṅ­kito, tassa pātimokkhaṃ ṭhapemi, na tasmiṃ sammukhībhūte pātimokkhaṃ uddisitabbanti—dhammikaṃ pāti­mokkhaṭ­ṭhapa­naṃ’.

Kathaṃ ācāravipattiyā diṭṭha­suta­parisaṅ­kito hoti? Idha pana, bhikkhave, bhikkhu yehi ākārehi yehi liṅgehi yehi nimittehi ācāravipattiyā diṭṭha­suta­parisaṅ­kito hoti tehi ākārehi tehi liṅgehi tehi nimittehi bhikkhu bhikkhuṃ passati ācāravipattiyā diṭṭha­suta­parisaṅ­ki­taṃ. Na heva kho bhikkhu bhikkhuṃ passati ācāravipattiyā diṭṭha­suta­parisaṅ­ki­taṃ, api ca añño bhikkhu bhikkhussa āroceti— ‘itthannāmo, āvuso, bhikkhu ācāravipattiyā diṭṭha­suta­parisaṅ­kito’ti. Na heva kho bhikkhu bhikkhuṃ passati ācāravipattiyā diṭṭha­suta­parisaṅ­ki­taṃ, nāpi añño bhikkhu bhikkhussa āroceti—‘itthannāmo, āvuso, bhikkhu ācāravipattiyā diṭṭha­suta­parisaṅ­kito’ti, api ca sova bhikkhu bhikkhussa āroceti—‘ahaṃ, āvuso, ācāravipattiyā diṭṭha­suta­parisaṅ­ki­tomhī’ti. Ākaṅkhamāno, bhikkhave, bhikkhu tena diṭṭhena tena sutena tāya parisaṅkāya tadahuposathe cātuddase vā pannarase vā tasmiṃ puggale sammukhībhūte saṃghamajjhe udāhareyya—

‘Suṇātu me, bhante, saṃgho. Itthannāmo puggalo ācāravipattiyā diṭṭha­suta­parisaṅ­kito, tassa pātimokkhaṃ ṭhapemi, na tasmiṃ sammukhībhūte pātimokkhaṃ uddisitabbanti—dhammikaṃ pāti­mokkhaṭ­ṭhapa­naṃ’.

Kathaṃ diṭṭhi­vi­pat­tiyā diṭṭha­suta­parisaṅ­kito hoti? Idha pana, bhikkhave, bhikkhu yehi ākārehi yehi liṅgehi yehi nimittehi diṭṭhi­vi­pat­tiyā diṭṭha­suta­parisaṅ­kito hoti, tehi ākārehi tehi liṅgehi tehi nimittehi bhikkhu bhikkhuṃ passati diṭṭhi­vi­pat­tiyā diṭṭha­suta­parisaṅ­ki­taṃ. Na heva kho bhikkhu bhikkhuṃ passati diṭṭhi­vi­pat­tiyā diṭṭha­suta­parisaṅ­ki­taṃ, api ca añño bhikkhu bhikkhussa āroceti—‘itthannāmo, āvuso, bhikkhu diṭṭhi­vi­pat­tiyā diṭṭha­suta­parisaṅ­kito’ti. Na heva kho bhikkhu bhikkhuṃ passati diṭṭhi­vi­pat­tiyā diṭṭha­suta­parisaṅ­ki­taṃ, nāpi añño bhikkhu bhikkhussa āroceti—‘itthannāmo, āvuso, bhikkhu diṭṭhi­vi­pat­tiyā diṭṭha­suta­parisaṅ­kito’ti, api ca sova bhikkhu bhikkhussa āroceti—‘ahaṃ, āvuso, diṭṭhi­vi­pat­tiyā diṭṭha­suta­parisaṅ­ki­tomhī’ti. Ākaṅkhamāno, bhikkhave, bhikkhu tena diṭṭhena tena sutena tāya parisaṅkāya tadahuposathe cātuddase vā pannarase vā tasmiṃ puggale sammukhībhūte saṃghamajjhe udāhareyya—

‘Suṇātu me, bhante, saṃgho. Itthannāmo puggalo diṭṭhi­vi­pat­tiyā diṭṭha­suta­parisaṅ­kito, tassa pātimokkhaṃ ṭhapemi, na tasmiṃ sammukhībhūte pātimokkhaṃ uddisitabbanti—dhammikaṃ pāti­mokkhaṭ­ṭhapa­naṃ’.

Imāni dasa dhammikāni pāti­mokkhaṭ­ṭhapa­nānī”ti.

Paṭha­ma­bhā­ṇavāro niṭṭhito.

7. Attādānaaṅga

Atha kho āyasmā upāli yena bhagavā tenupasaṅkami, upasaṅkamitvā bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā ekamantaṃ nisīdi. Ekamantaṃ nisinno kho āyasmā upāli bhagavantaṃ etadavoca—“attādānaṃ ādātukāmena, bhante, bhikkhunā katamaṅ­ga­saman­nā­gataṃ attādānaṃ ādātabban”ti?

“Attādānaṃ ādātukāmena, upāli, bhikkhunā pañcaṅ­ga­saman­nā­gataṃ attādānaṃ ādātabbaṃ. Attādānaṃ ādātukāmena, upāli, bhikkhunā evaṃ pacca­vek­khi­tab­baṃ— ‘yaṃ kho ahaṃ imaṃ attādānaṃ ādātukāmo, kālo nu kho imaṃ attādānaṃ ādātuṃ udāhu no’ti? Sace, upāli, bhikkhu pacca­vek­kha­māno evaṃ jānāti—‘akālo imaṃ attādānaṃ ādātuṃ, no kālo’ti, na taṃ, upāli, attādānaṃ ādātabbaṃ.

Sace panupāli, bhikkhu pacca­vek­kha­māno evaṃ jānāti—‘kālo imaṃ attādānaṃ ādātuṃ, no akālo’ti, tenupāli, bhikkhunā uttari pacca­vek­khi­tab­baṃ—‘yaṃ kho ahaṃ imaṃ attādānaṃ ādātukāmo, bhūtaṃ nu kho idaṃ attādānaṃ udāhu no’ti? Sace, upāli, bhikkhu pacca­vek­kha­māno evaṃ jānāti—‘abhūtaṃ idaṃ attādānaṃ, no bhūtan’ti, na taṃ, upāli, attādānaṃ ādātabbaṃ.

Sace panupāli, bhikkhu pacca­vek­kha­māno evaṃ jānāti—‘bhūtaṃ idaṃ attādānaṃ, no abhūtan’ti, tenupāli, bhikkhunā uttari pacca­vek­khi­tab­baṃ—‘yaṃ kho ahaṃ imaṃ attādānaṃ ādātukāmo, atthasañhitaṃ nu kho idaṃ attādānaṃ udāhu no’ti? Sace, upāli, bhikkhu pacca­vek­kha­māno evaṃ jānāti—‘anat­tha­sañ­hi­taṃ idaṃ attādānaṃ, no atthasañhitan’ti, na taṃ, upāli, attādānaṃ ādātabbaṃ.

Sace panupāli, bhikkhu pacca­vek­kha­māno evaṃ jānāti—‘atthasañhitaṃ idaṃ attādānaṃ, no anat­tha­sañ­hi­tan’ti, tenupāli, bhikkhunā uttari pacca­vek­khi­tab­baṃ—‘imaṃ kho ahaṃ attādānaṃ ādiyamāno labhissāmi sandiṭṭhe sambhatte bhikkhū dhammato vinayato pakkhe udāhu no’ti? Sace, upāli, bhikkhu pacca­vek­kha­māno evaṃ jānāti—‘imaṃ kho ahaṃ attādānaṃ ādiyamāno na labhissāmi sandiṭṭhe sambhatte bhikkhū dhammato vinayato pakkhe’ti, na taṃ, upāli, attādānaṃ ādātabbaṃ.

Sace panupāli, bhikkhu pacca­vek­kha­māno evaṃ jānāti—‘imaṃ kho ahaṃ attādānaṃ ādiyamāno labhissāmi sandiṭṭhe sambhatte bhikkhū dhammato vinayato pakkhe’ti, tenupāli, bhikkhunā uttari pacca­vek­khi­tab­baṃ—‘imaṃ kho me attādānaṃ ādiyato bhavissati saṃghassa tatonidānaṃ bhaṇḍanaṃ kalaho viggaho vivādo saṃghabhedo saṃgharāji saṃ­gha­va­vatthā­naṃ saṃgha­nānāka­raṇaṃ udāhu no’ti? Sace upāli, bhikkhu pacca­vek­kha­māno evaṃ jānāti—‘imaṃ kho me attādānaṃ ādiyato bhavissati saṃghassa tatonidānaṃ bhaṇḍanaṃ kalaho viggaho vivādo saṃghabhedo saṃgharāji saṃ­gha­va­vatthā­naṃ saṃgha­nānāka­raṇan’ti, na taṃ, upāli, attādānaṃ ādātabbaṃ.

Sace panupāli, bhikkhu pacca­vek­kha­māno evaṃ jānāti—‘imaṃ kho me attādānaṃ ādiyato na bhavissati saṃghassa tatonidānaṃ bhaṇḍanaṃ kalaho viggaho vivādo saṃghabhedo saṃgharāji saṃ­gha­va­vatthā­naṃ saṃgha­nānāka­raṇan’ti, ādātabbaṃ taṃ, upāli, attādānaṃ. Evaṃ pañcaṅ­ga­saman­nā­gataṃ kho, upāli, attādānaṃ ādinnaṃ, pacchāpi avippa­ṭisāra­karaṃ bhavissatī”ti.

8. Coda­kena­pacca­vek­khi­tab­badhamma

“Codakena, bhante, bhikkhunā paraṃ codetukāmena kati dhamme ajjhattaṃ paccavekkhitvā paro codetabbo”ti? “Codakena, upāli, bhikkhunā paraṃ codetukāmena pañca dhamme ajjhattaṃ paccavekkhitvā paro codetabbo.

Codakena, upāli, bhikkhunā paraṃ codetukāmena evaṃ pacca­vek­khi­tab­baṃ— ‘pari­suddha­kā­yasamā­cāro nu khomhi, pari­sud­dhenamhi kāyasamācārena samannāgato— acchiddena appaṭimaṃsena? Saṃvijjati nu kho me eso dhammo udāhu no’ti? No ce, upāli, bhikkhu pari­suddha­kā­yasamā­cāro hoti, parisuddhena kāyasamācārena samannāgato—acchiddena appaṭimaṃsena, tassa bhavanti vattāro—‘iṅgha tāva āyasmā kāyikaṃ sikkhassū’ti. Itissa bhavanti vattāro.

Puna caparaṃ, upāli, codakena bhikkhunā paraṃ codetukāmena evaṃ pacca­vek­khi­tab­baṃ—‘pari­suddha­vacī­samā­cāro nu khomhi, pari­sud­dhenamhi vacīsamācārena samannāgato—acchiddena appaṭimaṃsena? Saṃvijjati nu kho me eso dhammo udāhu no’ti? No ce, upāli, bhikkhu pari­suddha­vacī­samā­cāro hoti, parisuddhena vacīsamācārena samannāgato—acchiddena appaṭimaṃsena, tassa bhavanti vattāro—‘iṅgha tāva āyasmā vācasikaṃ sikkhassū’ti. Itissa bhavanti vattāro.

Puna caparaṃ, upāli, codakena bhikkhunā paraṃ codetukāmena evaṃ pacca­vek­khi­tab­baṃ—‘mettaṃ nu kho me cittaṃ paccupaṭṭhitaṃ sabrahmacārīsu anāghātaṃ, saṃvijjati nu kho me eso dhammo udāhu no’ti? No ce, upāli, bhikkhuno mettacittaṃ paccupaṭṭhitaṃ hoti sabrahmacārīsu anāghātaṃ, tassa bhavanti vattāro—‘iṅgha tāva āyasmā sabrahmacārīsu mettacittaṃ upaṭṭhāpehī’ti. Itissa bhavanti vattāro.

Puna caparaṃ, upāli, codakena bhikkhunā paraṃ codetukāmena evaṃ pacca­vek­khi­tab­baṃ—‘bahussuto nu khomhi, sutadharo, sutasannicayo? Ye te dhammā ādikalyāṇā majjhekalyāṇā pari­yosāna­kal­yāṇā sātthaṃ sabyañjanaṃ kevala­pari­puṇṇaṃ parisuddhaṃ brahmacariyaṃ abhivadanti, tathārūpā me dhammā bahussutā honti dhātā vacasā paricitā mana­sānu­pekkhitā diṭṭhiyā suppaṭividdhā? Saṃvijjati nu kho me eso dhammo udāhu no’ti? No ce, upāli, bhikkhu bahussuto hoti, sutadharo, sutasannicayo; ye te dhammā ādikalyāṇā majjhekalyāṇā pari­yosāna­kal­yāṇā sātthaṃ sabyañjanaṃ kevala­pari­puṇṇaṃ parisuddhaṃ brahmacariyaṃ abhivadanti, tathārūpassa dhammā na bahussutā honti dhātā vacasā paricitā mana­sānu­pekkhitā diṭṭhiyā suppaṭividdhā, tassa bhavanti vattāro— ‘iṅgha tāva āyasmā āgamaṃ pariyāpuṇassū’ti. Itissa bhavanti vattāro.

Puna caparaṃ, upāli, codakena bhikkhunā paraṃ codetukāmena evaṃ pacca­vek­khi­tab­baṃ—‘ubhayāni kho me pātimokkhāni vitthārena svāgatāni honti, suvibhattāni, suppavattīni, suvinicchitāni—suttaso, anubyañjanaso? Saṃvijjati nu kho me eso dhammo udāhu no’ti? No ce, upāli, bhikkhuno ubhayāni pātimokkhāni vitthārena svāgatāni honti, suvibhattāni, suppavattīni, suvinicchitāni— suttaso, anubyañjanaso, ‘idaṃ panāvuso, kattha vuttaṃ bhagavatā’ti, iti puṭṭho na sampāyati, tassa bhavanti vattāro—‘iṅgha tāva āyasmā vinayaṃ pariyāpuṇassū’ti. Itissa bhavanti vattāro. Codakenupāli, bhikkhunā paraṃ codetukāmena ime pañca dhamme ajjhattaṃ paccavekkhitvā paro codetabbo”ti.

9. Coda­kena­upaṭ­ṭhāpetab­ba­dhamma

“Codakena, bhante, bhikkhunā paraṃ codetukāmena kati dhamme ajjhattaṃ upaṭṭhāpetvā paro codetabbo”ti? “Codakenupāli, bhikkhunā paraṃ codetukāmena pañca dhamme ajjhattaṃ upaṭṭhāpetvā paro codetabbo—kālena vakkhāmi, no akālena; bhūtena vakkhāmi, no abhūtena; saṇhena vakkhāmi, no pharusena; atthasaṃhitena vakkhāmi, no anat­tha­saṃhi­tena; mettacitto vakkhāmi, no dosantaroti. Codakenupāli, bhikkhunā paraṃ codetukāmena ime pañca dhamme ajjhattaṃ upaṭṭhāpetvā paro codetabbo”ti.

10. Codaka­cudita­ka­paṭi­saṃ­yutta­kathā

“Adham­ma­codakassa, bhante, bhikkhuno katihākārehi vippaṭisāro upadahātabbo”ti? “Adham­ma­codakassa, upāli, bhikkhuno pañcahākārehi vippaṭisāro upadahātabbo— akālenāyasmā codesi, no kālena, alaṃ te vippaṭisārāya; abhūtenāyasmā codesi, no bhūtena, alaṃ te vippaṭisārāya; pharusenāyasmā codesi, no saṇhena, alaṃ te vippaṭisārāya; anat­tha­saṃhi­tenā­yasmā codesi, no atthasaṃhitena, alaṃ te vippaṭisārāya; dosantaro āyasmā codesi, no mettacitto, alaṃ te vippa­ṭisārā­yāti. Adham­ma­codakassa, upāli, bhikkhuno imehi pañcahākārehi vippaṭisāro upadahātabbo. Taṃ kissa hetu? Yathā na aññopi bhikkhu abhūtena codetabbaṃ maññeyyā”ti.

“Adham­ma­cuditassa pana, bhante, bhikkhuno katihākārehi avippaṭisāro upadahātabbo”ti? “Adham­ma­cuditassa, upāli, bhikkhuno pañcahākārehi avippaṭisāro upadahātabbo—akālenāyasmā cudito, no kālena, alaṃ te avippaṭisārāya; abhūtenāyasmā cudito, no bhūtena, alaṃ te avippaṭisārāya; pharusenāyasmā cudito, no saṇhena, alaṃ te avippaṭisārāya; anat­tha­saṃhi­tenā­yasmā cudito, no atthasaṃhitena, alaṃ te avippaṭisārāya; dosantare­nā­yasmā cudito, no mettacittena, alaṃ te avippa­ṭisārā­yāti. Adham­ma­cuditassa, upāli, bhikkhuno imehi pañcahākārehi avippaṭisāro upadahātabbo”ti.

“Dhamma­codakassa, bhante, bhikkhuno katihākārehi avippaṭisāro upadahātabbo”ti? “Dhamma­codakassa, upāli, bhikkhuno pañcahākārehi avippaṭisāro upadahātabbo— kālenāyasmā codesi, no akālena, alaṃ te avippaṭisārāya; bhūtenāyasmā codesi, no abhūtena, alaṃ te avippaṭisārāya; saṇhenāyasmā codesi, no pharusena, alaṃ te avippaṭisārāya; attha­saṃhi­tenā­yasmā codesi, no anat­tha­saṃhi­tena, alaṃ te avippaṭisārāya; mettacitto āyasmā codesi, no dosantaro, alaṃ te avippa­ṭisārā­yāti. Dhamma­codakassa, upāli, bhikkhuno imehi pañcahākārehi avippaṭisāro upadahātabbo. Taṃ kissa hetu? Yathā aññopi bhikkhu bhūtena codetabbaṃ maññeyyā”ti.

“Dhamma­cuditassa pana, bhante, bhikkhuno katihākārehi vippaṭisāro upadahātabbo”ti? “Dhamma­cuditassa, upāli, bhikkhuno pañcahākārehi vippaṭisāro upadahātabbo—kālenāyasmā cudito, no akālena, alaṃ te vippaṭisārāya; bhūtenāyasmā cudito, no abhūtena, alaṃ te vippaṭisārāya; saṇhenāyasmā cudito, no pharusena, alaṃ te vippaṭisārāya; attha­saṃhi­tenā­yasmā cudito, no anat­tha­saṃhi­tena, alaṃ te vippaṭisārāya; metta­citte­nāyasmā cudito, no dosantarena, alaṃ te vippa­ṭisārā­yāti. Dhamma­cuditassa, upāli, bhikkhuno imehi pañcahākārehi vippaṭisāro upadahātabbo”ti.

“Codakena, bhante, bhikkhunā paraṃ codetukāmena kati dhamme ajjhattaṃ manasi karitvā paro codetabbo”ti? “Codakenupāli, bhikkhunā paraṃ codetukāmena pañca dhamme ajjhattaṃ manasi karitvā paro codetabbo—kāruññatā, hitesitā, anukampitā, āpatti­vuṭṭhā­natā, vinaya­purek­khā­ra­tāti. Codakenupāli, bhikkhunā paraṃ codetukāmena ime pañca dhamme ajjhattaṃ manasi karitvā paro codetabbo”ti.

“Cuditena pana, bhante, bhikkhunā katisu dhammesu patiṭṭhātabban”ti? “Cuditenupāli, bhikkhunā dvīsu dhammesu patiṭṭhātabbaṃ—sacce ca akuppe cā”ti.

Dutiya­bhā­ṇavāro niṭṭhito.
Pāti­mokkhaṭ­ṭhapa­nak­khan­dhako navamo.
Imamhi khandhake vatthū tiṃsa.

Tassuddānaṃ

Uposathe yāvatikaṃ,
pāpabhikkhu na nikkhami;
Moggallānena nicchuddho,
accherā jinasāsane.

Nin­no­nu­pubba­sikkhā ca,
ṭhitadhammo nātikkamma;
Kuṇapukkhipati saṃgho,
savantiyo jahanti ca.

Savanti parinibbanti,
ekarasa vimutti ca;
Bahu dhammavinayopi,
bhū­taṭṭhā­ri­ya­puggalā.

Samuddaṃ upamaṃ katvā,
vācesi sāsane guṇaṃ;
Uposathe pātimokkhaṃ,
na amhe koci jānāti.

Paṭikacceva ujjhanti,
eko dve tīṇi cattāri;
Pañca cha satta aṭṭhāni,
navā ca dasamāni ca.

Sīla­ācāra­diṭṭhi ca,
ājīvaṃ catubhāgike;
Pārājikañca saṃghādi,
pācitti pāṭidesani.

Dukkaṭaṃ pañcabhāgesu,
sīlācāra­vi­patti ca;
Akatāya katāya ca,
chabhāgesu yathāvidhi.

Pārājikañca saṃghādi,
thullaṃ pācittiyena ca;
Pāṭi­de­saniyañ­ceva,
dukkaṭañca dubbhāsitaṃ.

Sīlācāra­vi­patti ca,
Diṭṭhi­ājīva­vi­patti;
Yā ca aṭṭhā katākate,
Tenetā sīlā­cāra­diṭṭhiyā.

Akatāya katāyāpi,
katākatāyameva ca;
Evaṃ navavidhā vuttā,
yathābhūtena ñāyato.

Pārājiko vippakatā,
paccakkhāto tatheva ca;
Upeti paccādiyati,
paccādānakathā ca yā.

Sīlācāra­vi­patti ca,
tathā diṭṭhi­vi­pat­tiyā;
Diṭṭha­suta­parisaṅ­ki­taṃ,
dasadhā taṃ vijānātha.

Bhikkhu vipassati bhikkhuṃ,
añño cārocayāti taṃ;
Soyeva tassa akkhāti,
pātimokkhaṃ ṭhapeti so.

Vuṭṭhāti antarāyena,
Rāja­corag­gudakā ca;
­Manus­sa­a­manussā ca,
Vāḷasarīsapā jīvibrahmaṃ.

Dasanna­mañña­tarena,
tasmiṃ aññataresu vā;
Dham­mikā­dham­mikā ceva,
yathā maggena jānātha.

Kālabhūtat­tha­saṃhi­taṃ,
labhissāmi bhavissati;
Kāyavācasikā mettā,
bāhusaccaṃ ubhayāni.

Kālabhūtena saṇhena,
atthamettena codaye;
Vippa­ṭisāra­dham­mena,
tathā vācā vinodaye.

Dhamma­coda­cuditassa,
vinodeti vippaṭisāro;
Karuṇā hitānukampi,
vuṭṭhā­na­purek­khā­rato.

Codakassa paṭipatti,
sambuddhena pakāsitā;
Sacce ceva akuppe ca,
cuditasseva dhammatāti.

Pāti­mokkhaṭ­ṭhapa­nak­khan­dhako niṭṭhito.