Saṃyutta Nikāya 12

2. Āhāravagga

17. Acela­kas­sa­pasutta

Evaṃ me sutaṃ—​   ekaṃ samayaṃ bhagavā rājagahe viharati veḷuvane kalanda­ka­nivāpe. Atha kho bhagavā pubbaṇ­ha­samayaṃ nivāsetvā patta­cīvara­mādāya rājagahaṃ piṇḍāya pāvisi. Addasā kho acelo kassapo bhagavantaṃ dūratova āgacchantaṃ. Disvāna yena bhagavā tenupasaṅkami; upasaṅkamitvā bhagavatā saddhiṃ sammodi. Sammodanīyaṃ kathaṃ sāraṇīyaṃ vītisāretvā ekamantaṃ aṭṭhāsi. Ekamantaṃ ṭhito kho acelo kassapo bhagavantaṃ etadavoca: “puccheyyāma mayaṃ bhavantaṃ gotamaṃ kañcideva desaṃ, sace no bhavaṃ gotamo okāsaṃ karoti pañhassa veyyākaraṇāyā”ti. “Akālo kho tāva, kassapa, pañhassa; antaragharaṃ paviṭṭhamhā”ti.

Dutiyampi kho acelo kassapo bhagavantaṃ etadavoca: “puccheyyāma mayaṃ bhavantaṃ gotamaṃ kañcideva desaṃ, sace no bhavaṃ gotamo okāsaṃ karoti pañhassa veyyākaraṇāyā”ti. “Akālo kho tāva, kassapa, pañhassa; antaragharaṃ paviṭṭhamhā”ti. Tatiyampi kho acelo kassapo … pe … antaragharaṃ paviṭṭhamhāti. Evaṃ vutte, acelo kassapo bhagavantaṃ etadavoca: “na kho pana mayaṃ bhavantaṃ gotamaṃ bahudeva pucchitukāmā”ti. “Puccha, kassapa, yadākaṅkhasī”ti.

“Kiṃ nu kho, bho gotama, ‘sayaṅkataṃ dukkhan’ti? ‘Mā hevaṃ, kassapā’ti bhagavā avoca. ‘Kiṃ pana, bho gotama, paraṅkataṃ dukkhan’ti? ‘Mā hevaṃ, kassapā’ti bhagavā avoca. ‘Kiṃ nu kho, bho gotama, sayaṅkatañca paraṅkatañca dukkhan’ti? ‘Mā hevaṃ, kassapā’ti bhagavā avoca. ‘Kiṃ pana, bho gotama, asayaṅkāraṃ aparaṅkāraṃ adhic­ca­samup­pannaṃ dukkhan’ti? ‘Mā hevaṃ, kassapā’ti bhagavā avoca. ‘Kiṃ nu kho, bho gotama, natthi dukkhan’ti? ‘Na kho, kassapa, natthi dukkhaṃ. Atthi kho, kassapa, dukkhan’ti. ‘Tena hi bhavaṃ gotamo dukkhaṃ na jānāti, na passatī’ti. ‘Na khvāhaṃ, kassapa, dukkhaṃ na jānāmi, na passāmi. Jānāmi khvāhaṃ, kassapa, dukkhaṃ; passāmi khvāhaṃ, kassapa, dukkhan’”ti.

“Kiṃ nu kho, bho gotama, ‘sayaṃkataṃ dukkhan’ti iti puṭṭho samāno ‘mā hevaṃ, kassapā’ti vadesi. ‘Kiṃ pana, bho gotama, paraṃkataṃ dukkhan’ti iti puṭṭho samāno ‘mā hevaṃ, kassapā’ti vadesi. ‘Kiṃ nu kho, bho gotama, sayaṃkatañca paraṃkatañca dukkhan’ti iti puṭṭho samāno ‘mā hevaṃ, kassapā’ti vadesi. ‘Kiṃ pana, bho gotama, asayaṃkāraṃ aparaṅkāraṃ adhic­ca­samup­pannaṃ dukkhan’ti iti puṭṭho samāno ‘mā hevaṃ, kassapā’ti vadesi. ‘Kiṃ nu kho, bho gotama, natthi dukkhan’ti iti puṭṭho samāno ‘na kho, kassapa, natthi dukkhaṃ, atthi kho, kassapa, dukkhan’ti vadesi. ‘Tena hi bhavaṃ gotamo dukkhaṃ na jānāti na passatī’ti iti puṭṭho samāno ‘na khvāhaṃ, kassapa, dukkhaṃ na jānāmi na passāmi. Jānāmi khvāhaṃ, kassapa, dukkhaṃ; passāmi khvāhaṃ, kassapa, dukkhan’ti vadesi. Ācikkhatu ca me, bhante, bhagavā dukkhaṃ. Desetu ca me, bhante, bhagavā dukkhan”ti.

“‘So karoti so paṭi­saṃve­dayatī’ti kho, kassapa, ādito sato ‘sayaṃkataṃ dukkhan’ti iti vadaṃ sassataṃ etaṃ pareti. ‘Añño karoti añño paṭi­saṃve­dayatī’ti kho, kassapa, veda­nābhi­tun­nassa sato ‘paraṃkataṃ dukkhan’ti iti vadaṃ ucchedaṃ etaṃ pareti. Ete te, kassapa, ubho ante anupagamma majjhena tathāgato dhammaṃ deseti: ‘avijjāpaccayā saṅkhārā; saṅ­khā­ra­pac­cayā viññāṇaṃ … pe … evametassa kevalassa duk­khak­khan­dhassa samudayo hoti. Avijjāya tveva asesa­virāga­nirodhā saṅ­khā­ra­nirodho; saṅ­khā­ra­nirodhā viññāṇanirodho … pe … evametassa kevalassa duk­khak­khan­dhassa nirodho hotī’”ti.

Evaṃ vutte, acelo kassapo bhagavantaṃ etadavoca: “abhikkantaṃ, bhante, abhikkantaṃ, bhante. Seyyathāpi, bhante, nikkujjitaṃ vā ukkujjeyya … pe … ‘cakkhumanto rūpāni dakkhantī’ti; evamevaṃ bhagavatā aneka­pariyā­yena dhammo pakāsito. Esāhaṃ, bhante, bhagavantaṃ saraṇaṃ gacchāmi dhammañca ­bhik­khu­saṅghañca. Labheyyāhaṃ, bhante, bhagavato santike pabbajjaṃ, labheyyaṃ upasampadan”ti.

“Yo kho, kassapa, añña­titthi­ya­pubbo imasmiṃ dhammavinaye ākaṅkhati pabbajjaṃ, ākaṅkhati upasampadaṃ, so cattāro māse parivasati. Catunnaṃ māsānaṃ accayena āraddhacittā bhikkhū pabbājenti upasampādenti bhikkhubhāvāya. Api ca mayā ­pugga­la­vemat­tatā viditā”ti.

“Sace, bhante, añña­titthi­ya­pubbo imasmiṃ dhammavinaye ākaṅkhati pabbajjaṃ, ākaṅkhati upasampadaṃ, cattāro māse parivasati. Catunnaṃ māsānaṃ accayena āraddhacittā bhikkhū pabbājenti upasampādenti bhikkhubhāvāya. Ahaṃ cattāri vassāni parivasissāmi, catunnaṃ vassānaṃ accayena āraddhacittā bhikkhū pabbājentu upasampādentu bhikkhubhāvāyā”ti.

Alattha kho acelo kassapo bhagavato santike pabbajjaṃ, alattha upasampadaṃ. Acirū­pasam­panno ca panāyasmā kassapo eko vūpakaṭṭho appamatto ātāpī pahitatto viharanto nacirasseva—yassatthāya kulaputtā sammadeva agārasmā anagāriyaṃ pabbajanti tadanuttaraṃ—brahma­cari­ya­pari­yosānaṃ diṭṭheva dhamme sayaṃ abhiññā sacchikatvā upasampajja vihāsi. “Khīṇā jāti, vusitaṃ brahmacariyaṃ, kataṃ karaṇīyaṃ, nāparaṃ itthattāyā”ti abbhaññāsi. Aññataro ca panāyasmā kassapo arahataṃ ahosīti.

Sattamaṃ.