Saṃyutta Nikāya 12

2. Āhāravagga

20. Paccayasutta

Sāvatthiyaṃ viharati. “Paṭic­ca­samup­pādañca vo, bhikkhave, desessāmi paṭic­ca­samup­panne ca dhamme. Taṃ suṇātha, sādhukaṃ manasi karotha, bhāsissāmī”ti. “Evaṃ, bhante”ti kho te bhikkhū bhagavato paccassosuṃ. Bhagavā etadavoca: 

“Katamo ca, bhikkhave, paṭic­ca­samup­pādo? Jātipaccayā, bhikkhave, jarāmaraṇaṃ. Uppādā vā tathāgatānaṃ anuppādā vā tathāgatānaṃ, ṭhitāva sā dhātu dhammaṭṭhitatā dhammaniyāmatā idappaccayatā. Taṃ tathāgato abhisam­buj­jhati abhisameti. Abhisam­bujjhitvā abhisametvā ācikkhati deseti paññāpeti paṭṭhapeti vivarati vibhajati uttānīkaroti. ‘Passathā’ti cāha: ‘jātipaccayā, bhikkhave, jarāmaraṇaṃ’.

Bhavapaccayā, bhikkhave, jāti … pe … upādānapaccayā, bhikkhave, bhavo … taṇhāpaccayā, bhikkhave, upādānaṃ … vedanāpaccayā, bhikkhave, taṇhā … phassapaccayā, bhikkhave, vedanā … saḷāya­tana­pac­cayā, bhikkhave, phasso … nāmarū­papaccayā, bhikkhave, saḷāyatanaṃ … viññāṇapaccayā, bhikkhave, nāmarūpaṃ … saṅ­khā­ra­pac­cayā, bhikkhave, viññāṇaṃ … avijjāpaccayā, bhikkhave, saṅkhārā uppādā vā tathāgatānaṃ anuppādā vā tathāgatānaṃ, ṭhitāva sā dhātu dhammaṭṭhitatā dhammaniyāmatā idappaccayatā. Taṃ tathāgato abhisam­buj­jhati abhisameti. Abhisam­bujjhitvā abhisametvā ācikkhati deseti paññāpeti paṭṭhapeti vivarati vibhajati uttānīkaroti. ‘Passathā’ti cāha: ‘avijjāpaccayā, bhikkhave, saṅkhārā’. Iti kho, bhikkhave, yā tatra tathatā avitathatā anaññathatā idappaccayatā—ayaṃ vuccati, bhikkhave, paṭic­ca­samup­pādo.

Katame ca, bhikkhave, paṭic­ca­samup­pannā dhammā? Jarāmaraṇaṃ, bhikkhave, aniccaṃ saṅkhataṃ paṭic­ca­samup­pannaṃ khayadhammaṃ vayadhammaṃ virāgadhammaṃ nirodhadhammaṃ. Jāti, bhikkhave, aniccā saṅkhatā paṭic­ca­samup­pannā khayadhammā vayadhammā virāgadhammā nirodhadhammā. Bhavo, bhikkhave, anicco saṅkhato paṭic­ca­samup­panno khayadhammo vayadhammo virāgadhammo nirodhadhammo. Upādānaṃ bhikkhave … pe … taṇhā, bhikkhave … vedanā, bhikkhave … phasso, bhikkhave … saḷāyatanaṃ, bhikkhave … nāmarūpaṃ, bhikkhave … viññāṇaṃ, bhikkhave … saṅkhārā, bhikkhave … avijjā, bhikkhave, aniccā saṅkhatā paṭic­ca­samup­pannā khayadhammā vayadhammā virāgadhammā nirodhadhammā. Ime vuccanti, bhikkhave, paṭic­ca­samup­pannā dhammā.

Yato kho, bhikkhave, ariyasāvakassa ‘ayañca paṭic­ca­samup­pādo, ime ca paṭic­ca­samup­pannā dhammā’ yathābhūtaṃ sammappaññāya sudiṭṭhā honti, so vata pubbantaṃ vā paṭidhāvissati: ‘ahosiṃ nu kho ahaṃ atītamaddhānaṃ, nanu kho ahosiṃ atītamaddhānaṃ, kiṃ nu kho ahosiṃ atītamaddhānaṃ, kathaṃ nu kho ahosiṃ atītamaddhānaṃ, kiṃ hutvā kiṃ ahosiṃ nu kho ahaṃ atītamaddhānan’ti; aparantaṃ vā upadhāvissati: ‘bhavissāmi nu kho ahaṃ anāga­ta­maddhā­naṃ, nanu kho bhavissāmi anāga­ta­maddhā­naṃ, kiṃ nu kho bhavissāmi anāga­ta­maddhā­naṃ, kathaṃ nu kho bhavissāmi anāga­ta­maddhā­naṃ, kiṃ hutvā kiṃ bhavissāmi nu kho ahaṃ anāga­ta­maddhā­nan’ti; etarahi vā paccuppannaṃ addhānaṃ ajjhattaṃ kathaṃkathī bhavissati: ‘ahaṃ nu khosmi, no nu khosmi, kiṃ nu khosmi, kathaṃ nu khosmi, ayaṃ nu kho satto kuto āgato, so kuhiṃ gamissatī’ti—netaṃ ṭhānaṃ vijjati. Taṃ kissa hetu? Tathā hi, bhikkhave, ariyasāvakassa ayañca paṭic­ca­samup­pādo ime ca paṭic­ca­samup­pannā dhammā yathābhūtaṃ sammappaññāya sudiṭṭhā”ti.

Dasamaṃ.

Āhāravaggo dutiyo.

Āhāraṃ phagguno ceva,
Dve ca samaṇabrāhmaṇā;
Kaccānagotta dhammakathikaṃ,
Acelaṃ timbarukena ca;
Bālapaṇḍitato ceva,
Dasamo paccayena cāti.