Saṃyutta Nikāya 16

1. Kassapavagga

12. Paraṃ­maraṇa­sutta

Ekaṃ samayaṃ āyasmā ca mahākassapo āyasmā ca sāriputto bārāṇasiyaṃ viharanti isipatane migadāye. Atha kho āyasmā sāriputto sāyanhasamayaṃ paṭisallānā vuṭṭhito yenāyasmā mahākassapo tenupasaṅkami; upasaṅkamitvā āyasmatā mahākassapena saddhiṃ sammodi. Sammodanīyaṃ kathaṃ sāraṇīyaṃ vītisāretvā ekamantaṃ nisīdi. Ekamantaṃ nisinno kho āyasmā sāriputto āyasmantaṃ mahākassapaṃ etadavoca: “kiṃ nu kho, āvuso kassapa, hoti tathāgato paraṃ maraṇā”ti? “Abyākataṃ kho etaṃ, āvuso, bhagavatā: ‘hoti tathāgato paraṃ maraṇā’”ti. “Kiṃ panāvuso, na hoti tathāgato paraṃ maraṇā”ti? “Evampi kho, āvuso, abyākataṃ bhagavatā: ‘na hoti tathāgato paraṃ maraṇā’”ti. “Kiṃ nu kho, āvuso, hoti ca na ca hoti tathāgato paraṃ maraṇā”ti? “Abyākataṃ kho etaṃ, āvuso, bhagavatā: ‘hoti ca na ca hoti tathāgato paraṃ maraṇā’”ti. “Kiṃ panāvuso, neva hoti, na na hoti tathāgato paraṃ maraṇā”ti? “Evampi kho, āvuso, abyākataṃ bhagavatā: ‘neva hoti na na hoti tathāgato paraṃ maraṇā’”ti. “Kasmā cetaṃ, āvuso, abyākataṃ bhagavatā”ti? “Na hetaṃ, āvuso, atthasaṃhitaṃ nādib­rahma­cari­ya­kaṃ na nibbidāya na virāgāya na nirodhāya na upasamāya na abhiññāya na sambodhāya na nibbānāya saṃvattati. Tasmā taṃ abyākataṃ bhagavatā”ti.

“Atha kiñcarahāvuso, byākataṃ bhagavatā”ti? “Idaṃ ‘dukkhan’ti kho, āvuso, byākataṃ bhagavatā; ayaṃ ‘dukkhasamudayo’ti byākataṃ bhagavatā; ayaṃ ‘dukkhanirodho’ti byākataṃ bhagavatā; ayaṃ ‘duk­kha­nirodha­gāminī paṭipadā’ti byākataṃ bhagavatā”ti. “Kasmā cetaṃ, āvuso, byākataṃ bhagavatā”ti? “Etañhi, āvuso, atthasaṃhitaṃ etaṃ ādib­rahma­cari­ya­kaṃ etaṃ nibbidāya virāgāya nirodhāya upasamāya abhiññāya sambodhāya nibbānāya saṃvattati. Tasmā taṃ byākataṃ bhagavatā”ti.

Dvādasamaṃ.