Saṃyutta Nikāya 16

1. Kassapavagga

8. Tatiya­ovāda­sutta

Rājagahe kalanda­ka­nivāpe. Atha kho āyasmā mahākassapo yena bhagavā tenupasaṅkami; upasaṅkamitvā bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā ekamantaṃ nisīdi. Ekamantaṃ nisinnaṃ kho āyasmantaṃ mahākassapaṃ bhagavā etadavoca: “ovada, kassapa, bhikkhū; karohi, kassapa, bhikkhūnaṃ dhammiṃ kathaṃ. Ahaṃ vā, kassapa, bhikkhūnaṃ ovadeyyaṃ tvaṃ vā; ahaṃ vā bhikkhūnaṃ dhammiṃ kathaṃ kareyyaṃ tvaṃ vā”ti.

“Dubbacā kho, bhante, etarahi bhikkhū, dova­cassaka­raṇehi dhammehi samannāgatā, akkhamā, appa­dak­khi­ṇag­gāhino anusāsanin”ti. “Tathā hi pana, kassapa, pubbe therā bhikkhū āraññikā ceva ahesuṃ āraññikattassa ca vaṇṇavādino, piṇḍapātikā ceva ahesuṃ piṇ­ḍapāti­kat­tassa ca vaṇṇavādino, paṃsukūlikā ceva ahesuṃ paṃsu­kūlikat­tassa ca vaṇṇavādino, tecīvarikā ceva ahesuṃ tecī­vari­kattassa ca vaṇṇavādino, appicchā ceva ahesuṃ appicchatāya ca vaṇṇavādino, santuṭṭhā ceva ahesuṃ santuṭṭhiyā ca vaṇṇavādino, pavivittā ceva ahesuṃ pavivekassa ca vaṇṇavādino, asaṃsaṭṭhā ceva ahesuṃ asaṃsaggassa ca vaṇṇavādino, āraddhavīriyā ceva ahesuṃ vīriyā­rambhassa ca vaṇṇavādino.

Tatra yo hoti bhikkhu āraññiko ceva āraññikattassa ca vaṇṇavādī, piṇḍapātiko ceva piṇ­ḍapāti­kat­tassa ca vaṇṇavādī, paṃsukūliko ceva paṃsu­kūlikat­tassa ca vaṇṇavādī, tecīvariko ceva tecī­vari­kattassa ca vaṇṇavādī, appiccho ceva appicchatāya ca vaṇṇavādī, santuṭṭho ceva santuṭṭhiyā ca vaṇṇavādī, pavivitto ceva pavivekassa ca vaṇṇavādī, asaṃsaṭṭho ceva asaṃsaggassa ca vaṇṇavādī, āraddhavīriyo ceva vīriyā­rambhassa ca vaṇṇavādī, taṃ therā bhikkhū āsanena nimantenti: ‘ehi, bhikkhu, ko nāmāyaṃ bhikkhu, bhaddako vatāyaṃ bhikkhu, sikkhākāmo vatāyaṃ bhikkhu; ehi, bhikkhu, idaṃ āsanaṃ nisīdāhī’ti.

Tatra, kassapa, navānaṃ bhikkhūnaṃ evaṃ hoti: ‘yo kira so hoti bhikkhu āraññiko ceva āraññikattassa ca vaṇṇavādī, piṇḍapātiko ceva … pe … paṃsukūliko ceva … tecīvariko ceva … appiccho ceva … santuṭṭho ceva … pavivitto ceva … asaṃsaṭṭho ceva … āraddhavīriyo ceva vīriyā­rambhassa ca vaṇṇavādī, taṃ therā bhikkhū āsanena nimantenti—ehi, bhikkhu, ko nāmāyaṃ bhikkhu, bhaddako vatāyaṃ bhikkhu, sikkhākāmo vatāyaṃ bhikkhu; ehi, bhikkhu, idaṃ āsanaṃ nisīdāhī’ti. Te tathattāya paṭipajjanti; tesaṃ taṃ hoti dīgharattaṃ hitāya sukhāya.

Etarahi pana, kassapa, therā bhikkhū na ceva āraññikā na ca āraññikattassa vaṇṇavādino, na ceva piṇḍapātikā na ca piṇ­ḍapāti­kat­tassa vaṇṇavādino, na ceva paṃsukūlikā na ca paṃsu­kūlikat­tassa vaṇṇavādino, na ceva tecīvarikā na ca tecī­vari­kattassa vaṇṇavādino, na ceva appicchā na ca appicchatāya vaṇṇavādino, na ceva santuṭṭhā na ca santuṭṭhiyā vaṇṇavādino, na ceva pavivittā na ca pavivekassa vaṇṇavādino, na ceva asaṃsaṭṭhā na ca asaṃsaggassa vaṇṇavādino, na ceva āraddhavīriyā na ca vīriyā­rambhassa vaṇṇavādino.

Tatra yo hoti bhikkhu ñāto yasassī lābhī cīvara­piṇḍa­pāta­se­nāsa­na­gilā­nappac­caya­bhesaj­ja­parik­khā­rā­naṃ taṃ therā bhikkhū āsanena nimantenti: ‘ehi, bhikkhu, ko nāmāyaṃ bhikkhu, bhaddako vatāyaṃ bhikkhu, sab­rahma­cāri­kāmo vatāyaṃ bhikkhu; ehi, bhikkhu, idaṃ āsanaṃ nisīdāhī’ti.

Tatra, kassapa, navānaṃ bhikkhūnaṃ evaṃ hoti: ‘yo kira so hoti bhikkhu ñāto yasassī lābhī cīvara­piṇḍa­pāta­se­nāsa­na­gilā­nappac­caya­bhesaj­ja­parik­khā­rā­naṃ taṃ therā bhikkhū āsanena nimantenti—ehi, bhikkhu, ko nāmāyaṃ bhikkhu, bhaddako vatāyaṃ bhikkhu, sab­rahma­cāri­kāmo vatāyaṃ bhikkhu; ehi, bhikkhu, idaṃ āsanaṃ nisīdāhī’ti. Te tathattāya paṭipajjanti. Tesaṃ taṃ hoti dīgharattaṃ ahitāya dukkhāya. Yañhi taṃ, kassapa, sammā vadamāno vadeyya: ‘upaddutā brahmacārī brahma­cārūpad­da­vena abhipatthanā brahmacārī brahma­cāri­abhi­pattha­nenā’ti, etarahi taṃ, kassapa, sammā vadamāno vadeyya: ‘upaddutā brahmacārī brahma­cārūpad­da­vena abhipatthanā brahmacārī brahma­cāri­abhi­pattha­nenā’”ti.

Aṭṭhamaṃ.