Saṃyutta Nikāya 22

9. Theravagga

84. Tissasutta

Sāvatthi­nidānaṃ. Tena kho pana samayena āyasmā tisso bhagavato pitucchāputto sambahulānaṃ bhikkhūnaṃ evamāroceti: “api me, āvuso, madhurakajāto viya kāyo; disāpi me na pakkhāyanti; dhammāpi maṃ na paṭibhanti; thinamiddhañca me cittaṃ pariyādāya tiṭṭhati; anabhirato ca brahmacariyaṃ carāmi; hoti ca me dhammesu vicikicchā”ti.

Atha kho sambahulā bhikkhū yena bhagavā tenu­pasaṅka­miṃsu; upasaṅkamitvā bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā ekamantaṃ nisīdiṃsu. Ekamantaṃ nisinnā kho te bhikkhū bhagavantaṃ etadavocuṃ: “āyasmā, bhante, tisso bhagavato pitucchāputto sambahulānaṃ bhikkhūnaṃ evamāroceti: ‘api me, āvuso, madhurakajāto viya kāyo; disāpi me na pakkhāyanti; dhammāpi maṃ na paṭibhanti; thinamiddhañca me cittaṃ pariyādāya tiṭṭhati; anabhirato ca brahmacariyaṃ carāmi; hoti ca me dhammesu vicikicchā’”ti.

Atha kho bhagavā aññataraṃ bhikkhuṃ āmantesi: “ehi tvaṃ, bhikkhu, mama vacanena tissaṃ bhikkhuṃ āmantehī”ti. “Evaṃ, bhante”ti kho so bhikkhu bhagavato paṭissutvā yenāyasmā tisso tenupasaṅkami; upasaṅkamitvā āyasmantaṃ tissaṃ etadavoca: “satthā taṃ, āvuso tissa, āmantetī”ti. “Evamāvuso”ti kho āyasmā tisso tassa bhikkhuno paṭissutvā yena bhagavā tenupasaṅkami; upasaṅkamitvā bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā ekamantaṃ nisīdi. Ekamantaṃ nisinnaṃ kho āyasmantaṃ tissaṃ bhagavā etadavoca: “saccaṃ kira tvaṃ, tissa, sambahulānaṃ bhikkhūnaṃ evamārocesi: ‘api me, āvuso, madhurakajāto viya kāyo … pe … hoti ca me dhammesu vicikicchā’”ti? “Evaṃ, bhante”. “ Taṃ kiṃ maññasi, tissa, rūpe avigatarāgassa avi­ga­tac­chan­dassa avigatapemassa avi­gata­pipāsassa avigata­pari­ḷāhassa avigata­taṇhassa, tassa rūpassa vipari­ṇāmañ­ñathā­bhāvā uppajjanti soka­pari­deva­duk­kha­do­manas­supāyāsā”ti? “Evaṃ, bhante”.

“Sādhu sādhu, tissa. Evañhetaṃ, tissa, hoti. Yathā taṃ rūpe avigatarāgassa … vedanāya … saññāya … saṅkhāresu avigatarāgassa … pe … tesaṃ saṅkhārānaṃ vipari­ṇāmañ­ñathā­bhāvā uppajjanti soka­pari­deva­duk­kha­do­manas­supāyāsā”ti? “Evaṃ, bhante”.

“Sādhu sādhu, tissa. Evañhetaṃ, tissa, hoti. Yathā taṃ saṅkhāresu anigatarāgassa, viññāṇe avigatarāgassa avi­ga­tac­chan­dassa avigatapemassa avi­gata­pipāsassa avigata­pari­ḷāhassa avigata­taṇhassa, tassa viññāṇassa vipari­ṇāmañ­ñathā­bhāvā uppajjanti soka­pari­deva­duk­kha­do­manas­supāyāsā”ti? “Evaṃ, bhante”.

“Sādhu sādhu, tissa. Evañhetaṃ, tissa, hoti. Yathā taṃ viññāṇe avigatarāgassa. Taṃ kiṃ maññasi, tissa, rūpe vigatarāgassa viga­tac­chan­dassa vigatapemassa vigata­pipāsassa vigata­pari­ḷāhassa vigatataṇhassa, tassa rūpassa vipari­ṇāmañ­ñathā­bhāvā uppajjanti soka­pari­deva­duk­kha­do­manas­supāyāsā”ti? “No hetaṃ, bhante”.

“Sādhu sādhu, tissa. Evañhetaṃ, tissa, hoti. Yathā taṃ rūpe vigatarāgassa … vedanāya … saññāya … saṅkhāresu vigatarāgassa … viññāṇe vigatarāgassa viga­tac­chan­dassa vigatapemassa vigata­pipāsassa vigata­pari­ḷāhassa vigatataṇhassa tassa viññāṇassa vipari­ṇāmañ­ñathā­bhāvā uppajjanti soka­pari­deva­duk­kha­do­manas­supāyāsā”ti? “No hetaṃ, bhante”.

“Sādhu sādhu, tissa. Evañhetaṃ, tissa, hoti. Yathā taṃ viññāṇe vigatarāgassa. Taṃ kiṃ maññasi, tissa, rūpaṃ niccaṃ vā aniccaṃ vā”ti? “Aniccaṃ, bhante”. “Vedanā … saññā … saṅkhārā … viññāṇaṃ niccaṃ vā aniccaṃ vā”ti? “Aniccaṃ, bhante”. “Tasmātiha … pe … evaṃ passaṃ … pe … nāparaṃ itthattāyāti pajānāti.

Seyyathāpi, tissa, dve purisā—eko puriso amaggakusalo, eko puriso maggakusalo. Tamenaṃ so amaggakusalo puriso amuṃ maggakusalaṃ purisaṃ maggaṃ puccheyya. So evaṃ vadeyya: ‘ehi, bho purisa, ayaṃ maggo. Tena muhuttaṃ gaccha. Tena muhuttaṃ gantvā dakkhissasi dvedhāpathaṃ, tattha vāmaṃ muñcitvā dakkhiṇaṃ gaṇhāhi. Tena muhuttaṃ gaccha. Tena muhuttaṃ gantvā dakkhissasi tibbaṃ vanasaṇḍaṃ. Tena muhuttaṃ gaccha. Tena muhuttaṃ gantvā dakkhissasi mahantaṃ ninnaṃ pallalaṃ. Tena muhuttaṃ gaccha. Tena muhuttaṃ gantvā dakkhissasi sobbhaṃ papātaṃ. Tena muhuttaṃ gaccha. Tena muhuttaṃ gantvā dakkhissasi samaṃ bhūmibhāgaṃ ramaṇīyan’ti.

Upamā kho myāyaṃ, tissa, katā atthassa viññāpanāya. Ayaṃ cevettha attho: ‘puriso amaggakusalo’ti kho, tissa, puthuj­janas­setaṃ adhivacanaṃ. ‘Puriso maggakusalo’ti kho, tissa, tathā­gatas­setaṃ adhivacanaṃ arahato sammā­sambud­dhassa. ‘Dvedhāpatho’ti kho, tissa, vici­kicchā­yetaṃ adhivacanaṃ. ‘Vāmo maggo’ti kho, tissa, aṭṭhaṅ­gikas­setaṃ micchāmaggassa adhivacanaṃ, seyyathidaṃ—micchādiṭṭhiyā … pe … micchā­samā­dhissa. ‘Dakkhiṇo maggo’ti kho, tissa, ariyassetaṃ aṭṭhaṅgikassa maggassa adhivacanaṃ, seyyathidaṃ— sammādiṭṭhiyā … pe … sammā­samā­dhissa. ‘Tibbo vanasaṇḍo’ti kho, tissa, avijjāyetaṃ adhivacanaṃ. ‘Mahantaṃ ninnaṃ pallalan’ti kho, tissa, kāmānametaṃ adhivacanaṃ. ‘Sobbho papāto’ti kho, tissa, kodhūpāyā­sas­setaṃ adhivacanaṃ. ‘Samo bhūmibhāgo ramaṇīyo’ti kho, tissa, nibbānassetaṃ adhivacanaṃ. Abhirama, tissa, abhirama, tissa. Ahamovādena ahamanuggahena aha­manu­sāsa­niyā”ti.

Idamavoca bhagavā. Attamano āyasmā tisso bhagavato bhāsitaṃ abhinandīti.

Dutiyaṃ.