Saṃyutta Nikāya 3

2. Dutiyavagga

18. Kal­yāṇa­mitta­sutta

Sāvatthi­nidānaṃ. Ekamantaṃ nisinno kho rājā pasenadi kosalo bhagavantaṃ etadavoca: “idha mayhaṃ, bhante, rahogatassa paṭisallīnassa evaṃ cetaso parivitakko udapādi: ‘svākkhāto bhagavatā dhammo, so ca kho kal­yāṇa­mittassa kal­yāṇa­sahāyassa kal­yāṇa­sampa­vaṅkassa, no pāpamittassa no pāpasahāyassa no pāpa­sampa­vaṅkassā’”ti.

“Evametaṃ, mahārāja, evametaṃ, mahārāja. Svākkhāto, mahārāja, mayā dhammo. So ca kho kal­yāṇa­mittassa kal­yāṇa­sahāyassa kal­yāṇa­sampa­vaṅkassa, no pāpamittassa no pāpasahāyassa no pāpa­sampa­vaṅkas­sāti.

Ekamidāhaṃ, mahārāja, samayaṃ sakkesu viharāmi nagarakaṃ nāma sakyānaṃ nigamo. Atha kho, mahārāja, ānando bhikkhu yenāhaṃ tenupasaṅkami; upasaṅkamitvā maṃ abhivādetvā ekamantaṃ nisīdi. Ekamantaṃ nisinno kho, mahārāja, ānando bhikkhu maṃ etadavoca: ‘upaḍḍhamidaṃ, bhante, brahma­cari­yassa—yadidaṃ kalyāṇamittatā kal­yāṇa­sahāyatā kal­yāṇa­sampa­vaṅkatā’ti.

Evaṃ vuttāhaṃ, mahārāja, ānandaṃ bhikkhuṃ etadavocaṃ: ‘mā hevaṃ, ānanda, mā hevaṃ, ānanda. Sakalameva hidaṃ, ānanda, brahmacariyaṃ—yadidaṃ kalyāṇamittatā kal­yāṇa­sahāyatā kal­yāṇa­sampa­vaṅkatā. Kal­yāṇa­mittas­setaṃ, ānanda, bhikkhuno pāṭikaṅkhaṃ kal­yāṇa­sahāyassa kal­yāṇa­sampa­vaṅkassa ariyaṃ aṭṭhaṅgikaṃ maggaṃ bhāvessati ariyaṃ aṭṭhaṅgikaṃ maggaṃ bahu­līka­ris­sati.

Kathañca, ānanda, bhikkhu kalyāṇamitto kalyāṇasahāyo kal­yāṇa­sam­pa­vaṅko ariyaṃ aṭṭhaṅgikaṃ maggaṃ bhāveti, ariyaṃ aṭṭhaṅgikaṃ maggaṃ bahulīkaroti? Idhānanda, bhikkhu sammādiṭṭhiṃ bhāveti vivekanissitaṃ virāganissitaṃ nirodha­nissitaṃ vos­sagga­pari­ṇāmiṃ, sammāsaṅkappaṃ bhāveti … sammāvācaṃ bhāveti … sammākammantaṃ bhāveti … sammāājīvaṃ bhāveti … sammāvāyāmaṃ bhāveti … sammāsatiṃ bhāveti … sammāsamādhiṃ bhāveti vivekanissitaṃ virāganissitaṃ nirodha­nissitaṃ vos­sagga­pari­ṇāmiṃ. Evaṃ kho, ānanda, bhikkhu kalyāṇamitto kalyāṇasahāyo kal­yāṇa­sam­pa­vaṅko ariyaṃ aṭṭhaṅgikaṃ maggaṃ bhāveti, ariyaṃ aṭṭhaṅgikaṃ maggaṃ bahulīkaroti. Tadamināpetaṃ, ānanda, pariyāyena veditabbaṃ yathā sakalamevidaṃ brahmacariyaṃ—yadidaṃ kalyāṇamittatā kal­yāṇa­sahāyatā kal­yāṇa­sampa­vaṅka­tāti.

Mamañhi, ānanda, kalyāṇamittaṃ āgamma jātidhammā sattā jātiyā parimuccanti, jarādhammā sattā jarāya parimuccanti, byādhidhammā sattā byādhito parimuccanti, maraṇadhammā sattā maraṇena parimuccanti, soka­pari­deva­duk­kha­do­manas­supāyā­sa­dhammā sattā soka­pari­deva­duk­kha­do­manas­supāyā­sehi parimuccanti. Iminā kho etaṃ, ānanda, pariyāyena veditabbaṃ yathā sakalamevidaṃ brahmacariyaṃ—yadidaṃ kalyāṇamittatā kal­yāṇa­sahāyatā kal­yāṇa­sampa­vaṅkatā’ti.

Tasmātiha te, mahārāja, evaṃ sikkhitabbaṃ: ‘kalyāṇamitto bhavissāmi kalyāṇasahāyo kal­yāṇa­sam­pa­vaṅko’ti. Evañhi te, mahārāja, sikkhitabbaṃ.

Kal­yāṇa­mittassa te, mahārāja, kal­yāṇa­sahāyassa kal­yāṇa­sampa­vaṅkassa ayaṃ eko dhammo upanissāya vihātabbo—appamādo kusalesu dhammesu.

Appamattassa te, mahārāja, viharato appamādaṃ upanissāya, itthāgārassa anuyantassa evaṃ bhavissati: ‘rājā kho appamatto viharati, appamādaṃ upanissāya. Handa mayampi appamattā viharāma, appamādaṃ upanissāyā’ti.

Appamattassa te, mahārāja, viharato appamādaṃ upanissāya, khattiyānampi anuyantānaṃ evaṃ bhavissati: ‘rājā kho appamatto viharati appamādaṃ upanissāya. Handa mayampi appamattā viharāma, appamādaṃ upanissāyā’ti.

Appamattassa te, mahārāja, viharato appamādaṃ upanissāya, balakāyassapi evaṃ bhavissati: ‘rājā kho appamatto viharati appamādaṃ upanissāya. Handa mayampi appamattā viharāma, appamādaṃ upanissāyā’ti.

Appamattassa te, mahārāja, viharato appamādaṃ upanissāya, negama­jāna­padas­sapi evaṃ bhavissati: ‘rājā kho appamatto viharati, appamādaṃ upanissāya. Handa mayampi appamattā viharāma, appamādaṃ upanissāyā’ti?

Appamattassa te, mahārāja, viharato appamādaṃ upanissāya, attāpi gutto rakkhito bhavissati—itthāgārampi guttaṃ rakkhitaṃ bhavissati, kosa­koṭṭhā­gārampi guttaṃ rakkhitaṃ bhavissatī”ti. Idamavoca … pe …

“Bhoge patthayamānena,
uḷāre aparāpare;
Appamādaṃ pasaṃsanti,
puññakiriyāsu paṇḍitā;
Appamatto ubho atthe,
adhiggaṇhāti paṇḍito.

Diṭṭhe dhamme ca yo attho,
yo cattho samparāyiko;
Atthābhisamayā dhīro,
paṇḍitoti pavuccatī”ti.