Saṃyutta Nikāya 35

19. Āsīvisavagga

245. Kiṃsu­kopa­masutta

Atha kho aññataro bhikkhu yenaññataro bhikkhu tenupasaṅkami; upasaṅkamitvā taṃ bhikkhuṃ etadavoca: “kittāvatā nu kho, āvuso, bhikkhuno dassanaṃ suvisuddhaṃ hotī”ti? “Yato kho, āvuso, bhikkhu channaṃ phas­sāyata­nā­naṃ samudayañca atthaṅgamañca yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti, ettāvatā kho, āvuso, bhikkhuno dassanaṃ suvisuddhaṃ hotī”ti.

Atha kho so bhikkhu asantuṭṭho tassa bhikkhussa pañha­vey­yāka­ra­ṇena, yenaññataro bhikkhu tenupasaṅkami; upasaṅkamitvā taṃ bhikkhuṃ etadavoca: “kittāvatā nu kho, āvuso, bhikkhuno dassanaṃ suvisuddhaṃ hotī”ti? “Yato kho, āvuso, bhikkhu pañcannaṃ upādā­nak­khan­dhā­naṃ samudayañca atthaṅgamañca yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti, ettāvatā kho, āvuso, bhikkhuno dassanaṃ suvisuddhaṃ hotī”ti.

Atha kho so bhikkhu asantuṭṭho tassa bhikkhussa pañha­vey­yāka­ra­ṇena, yenaññataro bhikkhu tenupasaṅkami; upasaṅkamitvā taṃ bhikkhuṃ etadavoca: “kittāvatā nu kho, āvuso, bhikkhuno dassanaṃ suvisuddhaṃ hotī”ti? “Yato kho, āvuso, bhikkhu catunnaṃ mahābhūtānaṃ samudayañca atthaṅgamañca yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti, ettāvatā kho, āvuso, bhikkhuno dassanaṃ suvisuddhaṃ hotī”ti.

Atha kho so bhikkhu asantuṭṭho tassa bhikkhussa pañha­vey­yāka­ra­ṇena, yenaññataro bhikkhu tenupasaṅkami; upasaṅkamitvā taṃ bhikkhuṃ etadavoca: “kittāvatā nu kho, āvuso, bhikkhuno dassanaṃ suvisuddhaṃ hotī”ti? “Yato kho, āvuso, bhikkhu yaṃ kiñci samuda­ya­dhammaṃ, sabbaṃ taṃ nirodha­dhammanti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti, ettāvatā kho, āvuso, bhikkhuno dassanaṃ suvisuddhaṃ hotī”ti.

Atha kho so bhikkhu asantuṭṭho tassa bhikkhussa pañha­vey­yāka­ra­ṇena, yena bhagavā tenupasaṅkami; upasaṅkamitvā bhagavantaṃ etadavoca: “idhāhaṃ, bhante, yenaññataro bhikkhu tenupasaṅkamiṃ; upasaṅkamitvā taṃ bhikkhuṃ etadavocaṃ: ‘kittāvatā nu kho, āvuso, bhikkhuno dassanaṃ suvisuddhaṃ hotī’ti? Evaṃ vutte, bhante, so bhikkhu maṃ etadavoca: ‘yato kho, āvuso, bhikkhu channaṃ phas­sāyata­nā­naṃ samudayañca atthaṅgamañca yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti, ettāvatā kho, āvuso, bhikkhuno dassanaṃ suvisuddhaṃ hotī’ti. Atha khvāhaṃ, bhante, asantuṭṭho tassa bhikkhussa pañha­vey­yāka­ra­ṇena, yenaññataro bhikkhu tenupasaṅkamiṃ; upasaṅkamitvā taṃ bhikkhuṃ etadavocaṃ: ‘kittāvatā nu kho, āvuso, bhikkhuno dassanaṃ suvisuddhaṃ hotī’ti? Evaṃ vutte, bhante, so bhikkhu maṃ etadavoca: ‘yato kho, āvuso, bhikkhu pañcannaṃ upādā­nak­khan­dhā­naṃ … pe … catunnaṃ mahābhūtānaṃ samudayañca atthaṅgamañca yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti … pe … yaṃ kiñci samuda­ya­dhammaṃ sabbaṃ taṃ nirodha­dhammanti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti, ettāvatā kho, āvuso, bhikkhuno dassanaṃ suvisuddhaṃ hotī’ti. Atha khvāhaṃ, bhante, asantuṭṭho tassa bhikkhussa pañha­vey­yāka­ra­ṇena yena bhagavā tenupasaṅkamiṃ (). Kittāvatā nu kho, bhante, bhikkhuno dassanaṃ suvisuddhaṃ hotī”ti?

“Seyyathāpi, bhikkhu, purisassa kiṃsuko adiṭṭhapubbo assa. So yenaññataro puriso kiṃsukassa dassāvī tenu­pasaṅka­meyya. Upasaṅkamitvā taṃ purisaṃ evaṃ vadeyya: ‘kīdiso, bho purisa, kiṃsuko’ti? So evaṃ vadeyya: ‘kāḷako kho, ambho purisa, kiṃsuko—seyyathāpi jhāmakhāṇū’ti. Tena kho pana, bhikkhu, samayena tādisovassa kiṃsuko yathāpi tassa purisassa dassanaṃ.

Atha kho so, bhikkhu, puriso asantuṭṭho tassa purisassa pañha­vey­yāka­ra­ṇena, yenaññataro puriso kiṃsukassa dassāvī tenu­pasaṅka­meyya; upasaṅkamitvā taṃ purisaṃ evaṃ vadeyya: ‘kīdiso, bho purisa, kiṃsuko’ti? So evaṃ vadeyya: ‘lohitako kho, ambho purisa, kiṃsuko—seyyathāpi maṃsapesī’ti. Tena kho pana, bhikkhu, samayena tādisovassa kiṃsuko yathāpi tassa purisassa dassanaṃ. Atha kho so bhikkhu puriso asantuṭṭho tassa purisassa pañha­vey­yāka­ra­ṇena, yenaññataro puriso kiṃsukassa dassāvī tenu­pasaṅka­meyya; upasaṅkamitvā taṃ purisaṃ evaṃ vadeyya: ‘kīdiso, bho purisa, kiṃsuko’ti? So evaṃ vadeyya: ‘ocīrakajāto kho, ambho purisa, kiṃsuko ādinnasipāṭiko—seyyathāpi sirīso’ti. Tena kho pana, bhikkhu, samayena tādisovassa kiṃsuko, yathāpi tassa purisassa dassanaṃ. Atha kho so bhikkhu puriso asantuṭṭho tassa purisassa pañha­vey­yāka­ra­ṇena, yenaññataro puriso kiṃsukassa dassāvī tenu­pasaṅka­meyya; upasaṅkamitvā taṃ purisaṃ evaṃ vadeyya: ‘kīdiso, bho purisa, kiṃsuko’ti? So evaṃ vadeyya: ‘bahala­patta­palāso sandacchāyo kho, ambho purisa, kiṃsuko— seyyathāpi nigrodho’ti. Tena kho pana, bhikkhu, samayena tādisovassa kiṃsuko, yathāpi tassa purisassa dassanaṃ. Evameva kho, bhikkhu, yathā yathā adhimuttānaṃ tesaṃ sappurisānaṃ dassanaṃ suvisuddhaṃ hoti tathā tathā kho tehi sappurisehi byākataṃ.

Seyyathāpi, bhikkhu, rañño paccantimaṃ nagaraṃ daḷhuddhāpaṃ daḷ­ha­pākā­ra­toraṇaṃ chadvāraṃ. Tatrassa dovāriko paṇḍito byatto medhāvī, aññātānaṃ nivāretā, ñātānaṃ pavesetā. Puratthimāya disāya āgantvā sīghaṃ dūtayugaṃ taṃ dovārikaṃ evaṃ vadeyya: ‘kahaṃ, bho purisa, imassa nagarassa nagarassāmī’ti? So evaṃ vadeyya: ‘eso, bhante, majjhe siṅghāṭake nisinno’ti. Atha kho taṃ sīghaṃ dūtayugaṃ nagaras­sāmikassa yathābhūtaṃ vacanaṃ niyyātetvā yathāgata­maggaṃ paṭipajjeyya. Pacchimāya disāya āgantvā sīghaṃ dūtayugaṃ … pe … uttarāya disāya … dakkhiṇāya disāya āgantvā sīghaṃ dūtayugaṃ taṃ dovārikaṃ evaṃ vadeyya: ‘kahaṃ, bho purisa, imassa nagarassāmī’ti? So evaṃ vadeyya: ‘eso, bhante, majjhe siṅghāṭake nisinno’ti. Atha kho taṃ sīghaṃ dūtayugaṃ nagaras­sāmikassa yathābhūtaṃ vacanaṃ niyyātetvā yathāgata­maggaṃ paṭipajjeyya.

Upamā kho myāyaṃ, bhikkhu, katā atthassa viññāpanāya. Ayañcettha attho: ‘nagaran’ti kho, bhikkhu, imassetaṃ ­cātuma­hā­bhū­tikassa kāyassa adhivacanaṃ mātā­pet­ti­ka­sam­bha­vassa odana­kummā­sūpa­ca­yassa anic­cuc­chāda­na­parimad­dana­bheda­na­viddhaṃ­sana­dhammassa. ‘Cha dvārā’ti kho, bhikkhu, channetaṃ ajjhattikānaṃ āyatanānaṃ adhivacanaṃ. ‘Dovāriko’ti kho, bhikkhu, satiyā etaṃ adhivacanaṃ. ‘Sīghaṃ dūtayugan’ti kho, bhikkhu, sama­tha­vi­passa­nā­netaṃ adhivacanaṃ. ‘Nagarassāmī’ti kho, bhikkhu, viññāṇassetaṃ adhivacanaṃ. ‘Majjhe siṅghāṭako’ti kho, bhikkhu, catunnetaṃ mahābhūtānaṃ adhivacanaṃ—pathavīdhātuyā, āpodhātuyā, tejodhātuyā, vāyodhātuyā. ‘Yathābhūtaṃ vacanan’ti kho, bhikkhu, nibbānassetaṃ adhivacanaṃ. ‘Yathāgatamaggo’ti kho, bhikkhu, ariyassetaṃ aṭṭhaṅgikassa maggassa adhivacanaṃ, seyyathidaṃ—sammādiṭṭhiyā … pe … sammā­samā­dhissā”ti.

Aṭṭhamaṃ.