Saṃyutta Nikāya 42

1. Gāmaṇivagga

9. Kulasutta

Ekaṃ samayaṃ bhagavā kosalesu cārikaṃ caramāno mahatā ­bhik­khu­saṅ­ghena saddhiṃ yena nāḷandā tadavasari. Tatra sudaṃ bhagavā nāḷandāyaṃ viharati ­pāvāri­kam­ba­vane.

Tena kho pana samayena nāḷandā dubbhikkhā hoti dvīhitikā setaṭṭhikā salākāvuttā. Tena kho pana samayena nigaṇṭho nāṭaputto nāḷandāyaṃ paṭivasati mahatiyā nigaṇ­ṭha­parisāya saddhiṃ. Atha kho asi­bandha­ka­putto gāmaṇi nigaṇṭhasāvako yena nigaṇṭho nāṭaputto tenupasaṅkami; upasaṅkamitvā nigaṇṭhaṃ nāṭaputtaṃ abhivādetvā ekamantaṃ nisīdi. Ekamantaṃ nisinnaṃ kho asi­bandha­ka­puttaṃ gāmaṇiṃ nigaṇṭho nāṭaputto etadavoca: “ehi tvaṃ, gāmaṇi, samaṇassa gotamassa vādaṃ āropehi. Evaṃ te kalyāṇo kittisaddo abbhuggac­chis­sati: ‘asi­bandha­ka­puttena gāmaṇinā samaṇassa gotamassa evaṃ­ma­hiddhi­kassa evaṃma­hā­nubhā­vassa vādo āropito’”ti.

“Kathaṃ panāhaṃ, bhante, samaṇassa gotamassa evaṃ­ma­hiddhi­kassa evaṃma­hā­nubhā­vassa vādaṃ āropessāmī”ti? “Ehi tvaṃ, gāmaṇi, yena samaṇo gotamo tenupasaṅkama; upasaṅkamitvā samaṇaṃ gotamaṃ evaṃ vadehi: ‘nanu, bhante, bhagavā aneka­pariyā­yena kulānaṃ anuddayaṃ vaṇṇeti, anurakkhaṃ vaṇṇeti, anukampaṃ vaṇṇetī’ti? Sace kho, gāmaṇi, samaṇo gotamo evaṃ puṭṭho evaṃ byākaroti: ‘evaṃ, gāmaṇi, tathāgato aneka­pariyā­yena kulānaṃ anuddayaṃ vaṇṇeti, anurakkhaṃ vaṇṇeti, anukampaṃ vaṇṇetī’ti, tamenaṃ tvaṃ evaṃ vadeyyāsi: ‘atha kiñcarahi, bhante, bhagavā dubbhikkhe dvīhitike setaṭṭhike salākāvutte mahatā ­bhik­khu­saṃ­ghena saddhiṃ cārikaṃ carati? Ucchedāya bhagavā kulānaṃ paṭipanno, anayāya bhagavā kulānaṃ paṭipanno, upaghātāya bhagavā kulānaṃ paṭipanno’ti. Imaṃ kho te, gāmaṇi, samaṇo gotamo ubhatokoṭikaṃ pañhaṃ puṭṭho neva sakkhati uggilituṃ, neva sakkhati ogilitun”ti. “Evaṃ, bhante”ti kho asi­bandha­ka­putto gāmaṇi nigaṇṭhassa nāṭaputtassa paṭissutvā uṭṭhāyāsanā nigaṇṭhaṃ nāṭaputtaṃ abhivādetvā padakkhiṇaṃ katvā yena bhagavā tenupasaṅkami; upasaṅkamitvā bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā ekamantaṃ nisīdi. Ekamantaṃ nisinno kho asi­bandha­ka­putto gāmaṇi bhagavantaṃ etadavoca:

“Nanu, bhante, bhagavā aneka­pariyā­yena kulānaṃ anuddayaṃ vaṇṇeti, anurakkhaṃ vaṇṇeti, anukampaṃ vaṇṇetī”ti? “Evaṃ, gāmaṇi, tathāgato aneka­pariyā­yena kulānaṃ anuddayaṃ vaṇṇeti, anurakkhaṃ vaṇṇeti, anukampaṃ vaṇṇetī”ti. “Atha kiñcarahi, bhante, bhagavā dubbhikkhe dvīhitike setaṭṭhike salākāvutte mahatā ­bhik­khu­saṃ­ghena saddhiṃ cārikaṃ carati? Ucchedāya bhagavā kulānaṃ paṭipanno, anayāya bhagavā kulānaṃ paṭipanno, upaghātāya bhagavā kulānaṃ paṭipanno”ti. “Ito so, gāmaṇi, ekanavutikappe yamahaṃ anussarāmi, nābhijānāmi kiñci kulaṃ pakka­bhik­khā­nuppadā­na­mat­tena upahatapubbaṃ. Atha kho yāni tāni kulāni aḍḍhāni mahaddhanāni mahābhogāni pahūta­jāta­rūpa­rajatāni pahūta­vit­tūpaka­ra­ṇāni pahūta­dhana­dhaññāni, sabbāni tāni dānasambhūtāni ceva sacca­sam­bhū­tāni ca sāmañ­ña­sam­bhū­tāni ca. Aṭṭha kho, gāmaṇi, hetū, aṭṭha paccayā kulānaṃ upaghātāya. Rājato vā kulāni upaghātaṃ gacchanti, corato vā kulāni upaghātaṃ gacchanti, aggito vā kulāni upaghātaṃ gacchanti, udakato vā kulāni upaghātaṃ gacchanti, nihitaṃ vā ṭhānā vigacchati, duppayuttā vā kammantā vipajjanti, kule vā kulaṅgāroti uppajjati, yo te bhoge vikirati vidhamati viddhaṃseti, aniccatāyeva aṭṭhamīti. Ime kho, gāmaṇi, aṭṭha hetū, aṭṭha paccayā kulānaṃ upaghātāya. Imesu kho, gāmaṇi, aṭṭhasu hetūsu, aṭṭhasu paccayesu saṃvijjamānesu yo maṃ evaṃ vadeyya: ‘ucchedāya bhagavā kulānaṃ paṭipanno, anayāya bhagavā kulānaṃ paṭipanno, upaghātāya bhagavā kulānaṃ paṭipanno’ti, taṃ, gāmaṇi, vācaṃ appahāya taṃ cittaṃ appahāya taṃ diṭṭhiṃ appaṭi­nissaj­jitvā yathābhataṃ nikkhitto evaṃ niraye”ti.

Evaṃ vutte, asi­bandha­ka­putto gāmaṇi bhagavantaṃ etadavoca: “abhikkantaṃ, bhante, abhikkantaṃ, bhante … pe … upāsakaṃ maṃ bhagavā dhāretu ajjatagge pāṇupetaṃ saraṇaṃ gatan”ti.

Navamaṃ.