Saṃyutta Nikāya 46

6. Sākacchavagga

52. Pariyāyasutta

Atha kho sambahulā bhikkhū pubbaṇ­ha­samayaṃ nivāsetvā patta­cīvara­mādāya sāvatthiṃ piṇḍāya pavisiṃsu. Atha kho tesaṃ bhikkhūnaṃ etadahosi: “atippago kho tāva sāvatthiyaṃ piṇḍāya carituṃ. Yannūna mayaṃ yena añña­titthi­yā­naṃ paribbājakānaṃ ārāmo tenu­pasaṅka­mey­yāmā”ti.

Atha kho te bhikkhū yena añña­titthi­yā­naṃ paribbājakānaṃ ārāmo tenu­pasaṅka­miṃsu; upasaṅkamitvā tehi aññatitthiyehi paribbājakehi saddhiṃ sammodiṃsu. Sammodanīyaṃ kathaṃ sāraṇīyaṃ vītisāretvā ekamantaṃ nisīdiṃsu. Ekamantaṃ nisinne kho te bhikkhū aññatitthiyā paribbājakā etadavocuṃ: 

“Samaṇo, āvuso, gotamo sāvakānaṃ evaṃ dhammaṃ deseti: ‘etha tumhe, bhikkhave, pañca nīvaraṇe pahāya cetaso upakkilese paññāya dubbalīkaraṇe satta bojjhaṅge yathābhūtaṃ bhāvethā’ti. Mayampi kho, āvuso, sāvakānaṃ evaṃ dhammaṃ desema: ‘etha tumhe, āvuso, pañca nīvaraṇe pahāya cetaso upakkilese paññāya dubbalīkaraṇe satta bojjhaṅge yathābhūtaṃ bhāvethā’ti. Idha no, āvuso, ko viseso, ko adhippayāso, kiṃ nānākaraṇaṃ samaṇassa vā gotamassa amhākaṃ vā, yadidaṃ—dhammadesanāya vā dhammadesanaṃ, anusāsaniyā vā anusāsanin”ti?

Atha kho te bhikkhū tesaṃ añña­titthi­yā­naṃ paribbājakānaṃ bhāsitaṃ neva abhinandiṃsu nap­paṭik­kosiṃsu; anabhinanditvā appaṭikkositvā uṭṭhāyāsanā pakkamiṃsu: “bhagavato santike etassa bhāsitassa atthaṃ ājānissāmā”ti. Atha kho te bhikkhū sāvatthiṃ piṇḍāya caritvā pacchābhattaṃ piṇḍa­pāta­paṭik­kantā yena bhagavā tenu­pasaṅka­miṃsu; upasaṅkamitvā bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā ekamantaṃ nisīdiṃsu. Ekamantaṃ nisinnā kho te bhikkhū bhagavantaṃ etadavocuṃ: 

“Idha mayaṃ, bhante, pubbaṇ­ha­samayaṃ nivāsetvā patta­cīvara­mādāya sāvatthiṃ piṇḍāya pavisimha. Tesaṃ no, bhante, amhākaṃ etadahosi: ‘atippago kho tāva sāvatthiyaṃ piṇḍāya carituṃ, yannūna mayaṃ yena añña­titthi­yā­naṃ paribbājakānaṃ ārāmo tenu­pasaṅka­mey­yāmā’ti. Atha kho mayaṃ, bhante, yena añña­titthi­yā­naṃ paribbājakānaṃ ārāmo tenu­pasaṅka­mimha; upasaṅkamitvā tehi aññatitthiyehi paribbājakehi saddhiṃ sammodimha. Sammodanīyaṃ kathaṃ sāraṇīyaṃ vītisāretvā ekamantaṃ nisīdimha. Ekamantaṃ nisinne kho amhe, bhante, aññatitthiyā paribbājakā etadavocuṃ: 

‘Samaṇo, āvuso, gotamo sāvakānaṃ evaṃ dhammaṃ deseti “etha tumhe, bhikkhave, pañca nīvaraṇe pahāya cetaso upakkilese paññāya dubbalīkaraṇe satta bojjhaṅge yathābhūtaṃ bhāvethā”ti. Mayampi kho, āvuso, sāvakānaṃ evaṃ dhammaṃ desema: “etha tumhe, āvuso, pañca nīvaraṇe pahāya cetaso upakkilese paññāya dubbalīkaraṇe satta bojjhaṅge yathābhūtaṃ bhāvethā”ti. Idha no, āvuso, ko viseso, ko adhippayāso, kiṃ nānākaraṇaṃ samaṇassa vā gotamassa amhākaṃ vā, yadidaṃ—dhammadesanāya vā dhammadesanaṃ, anusāsaniyā vā anusāsanin’ti?

Atha kho mayaṃ, bhante, tesaṃ añña­titthi­yā­naṃ paribbājakānaṃ bhāsitaṃ neva abhinandimha nap­paṭik­kosimha, anabhinanditvā appaṭikkositvā uṭṭhāyāsanā pakkamimha: ‘bhagavato santike etassa bhāsitassa atthaṃ ājānissāmā’”ti.

“Evaṃvādino, bhikkhave, aññatitthiyā paribbājakā evamassu vacanīyā: ‘atthi panāvuso, pariyāyo, yaṃ pariyāyaṃ āgamma pañca nīvaraṇā dasa honti, satta bojjhaṅgā catuddasā’ti. Evaṃ puṭṭhā, bhikkhave, aññatitthiyā paribbājakā na ceva sampāyissanti, uttariñca vighātaṃ āpajjissanti. Taṃ kissa hetu? Yathā taṃ, bhikkhave, avisayasmiṃ. Nāhaṃ taṃ, bhikkhave, passāmi sadevake loke samārake sabrahmake ­sassama­ṇab­rāhma­ṇiyā pajāya sade­va­manus­sāya, yo imesaṃ pañhānaṃ veyyākaraṇena cittaṃ ārādheyya, aññatra tathāgatena vā tathā­gata­sā­vakena vā ito vā pana sutvā.

Katamo ca, bhikkhave, pariyāyo, yaṃ pariyāyaṃ āgamma pañca nīvaraṇā dasa honti? Yadapi, bhikkhave, ajjhattaṃ kāmacchando tadapi nīvaraṇaṃ, yadapi bahiddhā kāmacchando tadapi nīvaraṇaṃ. ‘Kāmacchan­da­nīvara­ṇan’ti iti hidaṃ uddesaṃ gacchati. Tadamināpetaṃ pariyāyena dvayaṃ hoti. Yadapi, bhikkhave, ajjhattaṃ byāpādo tadapi nīvaraṇaṃ, yadapi bahiddhā byāpādo tadapi nīvaraṇaṃ. ‘Byāpā­da­nīvara­ṇan’ti iti hidaṃ uddesaṃ gacchati. Tadamināpetaṃ pariyāyena dvayaṃ hoti. Yadapi, bhikkhave, thinaṃ tadapi nīvaraṇaṃ, yadapi middhaṃ tadapi nīvaraṇaṃ. ‘Thina­middha­nīvara­ṇan’ti iti hidaṃ uddesaṃ gacchati. Tadamināpetaṃ pariyāyena dvayaṃ hoti. Yadapi, bhikkhave, uddhaccaṃ tadapi nīvaraṇaṃ, yadapi kukkuccaṃ tadapi nīvaraṇaṃ. ‘Uddhac­ca­kukkuc­ca­nīvara­ṇan’ti iti hidaṃ uddesaṃ gacchati. Tadamināpetaṃ pariyāyena dvayaṃ hoti. Yadapi, bhikkhave, ajjhattaṃ dhammesu vicikicchā tadapi nīvaraṇaṃ, yadapi bahiddhā dhammesu vicikicchā tadapi nīvaraṇaṃ. ‘Vici­kicchā­nīvara­ṇan’ti iti hidaṃ uddesaṃ gacchati. Tadamināpetaṃ pariyāyena dvayaṃ hoti. Ayaṃ kho, bhikkhave, pariyāyo, yaṃ pariyāyaṃ āgamma pañca nīvaraṇā dasa honti.

Katamo ca, bhikkhave, pariyāyo, yaṃ pariyāyaṃ āgamma satta bojjhaṅgā catuddasa honti? Yadapi, bhikkhave, ajjhattaṃ dhammesu sati tadapi sati­sam­boj­jhaṅgo, yadapi bahiddhā dhammesu sati tadapi sati­sam­boj­jhaṅgo. ‘Sati­sam­boj­jhaṅgo’ti iti hidaṃ uddesaṃ gacchati. Tadamināpetaṃ pariyāyena dvayaṃ hoti.

Yadapi, bhikkhave, ajjhattaṃ dhammesu paññāya pavicinati pavicarati pari­vīmaṃ­samā­pajjati tadapi dhamma­vicaya­sam­boj­jhaṅgo, yadapi bahiddhā dhammesu paññāya pavicinati pavicarati pari­vīmaṃ­samā­pajjati tadapi dhamma­vicaya­sam­boj­jhaṅgo. ‘Dhamma­vicaya­sam­boj­jhaṅgo’ti iti hidaṃ uddesaṃ gacchati. Tadamināpetaṃ pariyāyena dvayaṃ hoti.

Yadapi, bhikkhave, kāyikaṃ vīriyaṃ tadapi vīriya­sam­boj­jhaṅgo, yadapi cetasikaṃ vīriyaṃ tadapi vīriya­sam­boj­jhaṅgo. ‘Vīriya­sam­boj­jhaṅgo’ti iti hidaṃ uddesaṃ gacchati. Tadamināpetaṃ pariyāyena dvayaṃ hoti.

Yadapi, bhikkhave, savitak­ka­savi­cārā pīti tadapi pīti­sam­boj­jhaṅgo, yadapi avitak­ka­avi­cārā pīti tadapi pīti­sam­boj­jhaṅgo. ‘Pīti­sam­boj­jhaṅgo’ti iti hidaṃ uddesaṃ gacchati. Tadamināpetaṃ pariyāyena dvayaṃ hoti.

Yadapi, bhikkhave, kāyappassaddhi tadapi passad­dhi­sam­boj­jhaṅgo, yadapi cittap­passad­dhi tadapi passad­dhi­sam­boj­jhaṅgo. ‘Passad­dhi­sam­boj­jhaṅgo’ti iti hidaṃ uddesaṃ gacchati. Tadamināpetaṃ pariyāyena dvayaṃ hoti.

Yadapi, bhikkhave, savitakko savicāro samādhi tadapi samā­dhi­sam­boj­jhaṅgo, yadapi avitak­ka­avi­cāro samādhi tadapi samā­dhi­sam­boj­jhaṅgo. ‘Samā­dhi­sam­boj­jhaṅgo’ti iti hidaṃ uddesaṃ gacchati. Tadamināpetaṃ pariyāyena dvayaṃ hoti.

Yadapi, bhikkhave, ajjhattaṃ dhammesu upekkhā tadapi upekkhā­sam­boj­jhaṅgo, yadapi bahiddhā dhammesu upekkhā tadapi upekkhā­sam­boj­jhaṅgo. ‘Upekkhā­sam­boj­jhaṅgo’ti iti hidaṃ uddesaṃ gacchati. Tadamināpetaṃ pariyāyena dvayaṃ hoti. Ayaṃ kho, bhikkhave, pariyāyo, yaṃ pariyāyaṃ āgamma satta bojjhaṅgā catuddasā”ti.

Dutiyaṃ.